The Evolution Deceit

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CALAMITIES

And when you said, ‘Musa, we will not believe in you until we see Allah with our own eyes.’ So the thunder-bolt struck you dead while you were looking. (2:55)

What are they waiting for but for Allah to come to them in the shadows of the clouds, together with the angels, in which case the matter will have been settled? All matters return to Allah. (2:210)

They will be plunged into abasement wherever they are found, unless they have a treaty with Allah and with the people. They have brought down anger from Allah upon themselves, and they have been plunged into destitution. That was because they rejected Allah’s Signs and killed the Prophets without any right to do so. That was because they disobeyed and went beyond the limits. (3:112)

The People of the Book will ask you to bring down a Book from heaven to them. They asked Musa for even more than that. They said, ‘Let us see Allah with our own eyes.’ So the lightning-bolt struck them down for their wrongdoing. Then they adopted the Calf after the Clear Signs had come to them, but We pardoned them for that and gave Musa clear authority. (4:153)

Children of Adam! Do not let Satan tempt you into trouble as He expelled your parents from the Garden, stripping them of their covering and disclosing to them their private parts. He and his tribe see you from where you do not see them. We have made the Satans friends of those who have no faith. (7:27)

But they denied him (Nuh) so We rescued him and those with him in the Ark. And We drowned the people who denied Our Signs. They were a blind people. (7:64)

So We rescued him and those with him by mercy from Us, and We cut off the last remnant of those who denied Our Signs and were not believers. (7:72)

So the earthquake seized them and morning found them lying flattened in their homes. (7:78)

We rained down a rain upon them. See the final fate of the evildoers! (7:84)

So the earthquake seized them and morning found them lying flattened in their homes. (7:91)

We have never sent a Prophet to any city without seizing its people with hardship and distress so that hopefully they would be humble. (7:94)

We seized Pharaoh’s people with years of drought and scarcity of fruits so that hopefully they would pay heed. (7:130)

So We sent down on them floods, locusts, lice, frogs and blood, Signs, clear and distinct, but they proved arrogant and were an evildoing people. (7:133)

Then We took revenge on them and drowned them in the sea because they denied Our Signs and paid no attention to them. (7:136)

And We bequeathed to the people who had been oppressed the easternmost part of the land We had blessed, and its westernmost part as well. The most excellent Word of your Lord was fulfilled for the tribe of Israel on account of their steadfastness. And We utterly destroyed what Pharaoh and his people made and the buildings they constructed. (7:137)

Let them (those who were left behind) laugh little and weep much, in repayment for what they have earned. (9:82)

Do they not see that they are tried once or twice in every year? But still they do not turn back. They do not pay heed. (9:126)

But they denied him (Nuh) so We rescued him, and all those with him, in the Ark and We made them the successors and We drowned the people who denied Our Signs. See the final fate of those who were warned! (10:73)

No one believed in Musa except for a few of his people out of fear that Pharaoh, and the elders, would persecute them. Pharaoh was high and mighty in the land. He was one of the profligate. (10:83)

The Great Blast seized hold of those who did wrong and morning found them lying flattened in their homes. (11:67)

When Our command came, We turned their cities upside down and rained down on them stones of hard baked clay, piled on top of one another in layers, each one earmarked by your Lord. And they are never far from the wrongdoers. (11:82-83)

When Our command came, We rescued Shu‘ayb and those who believed along with him by a mercy from Us. The Great Blast seized hold of those who did wrong and morning found them lying flattened in their homes. (11:94)

Even if there was a Qur’an which moved mountains, or split the earth open or spoke to the dead...! On the contrary! The affair is Allah’s altogether. Do those who believe not know that if Allah had wanted to He could have guided all mankind? Those who disbelieve will not cease to be struck by disaster for what they have done–or a disaster will happen close to their homes–until Allah’s promise is fulfilled. Allah will not fail to keep His promise. (13:31)

So the Great Blast seized hold of them at the break of day. (15:73)

We turned the place completely upside down and rained down on them stones of hard-baked clay. (15:74)

But the Great Blast seized hold of them in the morning, (15:83)

How many cities We have destroyed which lived in insolent ingratitude! There are their houses, never again inhabited after them, except a little. It was We who were their Heir. Your Lord would never destroy any cities without first sending to the chief of them a Messenger to recite Our Signs to them. We would never destroy any cities unless their inhabitants were wrongdoers. (28:58-59)

They (the inhabitants of the city) said (to Our Messengers), ‘We see an evil omen in you. If you do not stop we will stone you and you will suffer a painful punishment at our hands.’ ( 36:18)

In fact the Hour is their promised appointment and the Hour is more disastrous and bitter! (54:46)

We have tried them as We tried the owners of the garden when they swore that they would harvest in the morning. (68:17)

So a visitation from your Lord came upon it while they slept. (68:19)

Those before them also denied the truth but these people do not have even a tenth of what We gave to them. They denied My Messengers. And how complete was My denial! ( 34:45)

And they say, ‘When will this promise come about if you are telling the truth?’(36:48)

How many generations We have destroyed before them! And they cried out when it was too late to escape. (38:3)

The assembly will be routed and will turn their backs in flight. In fact the Hour is their promised appointment and the Hour is more disastrous and bitter! (54:45-46)

CALENDAR

There have been twelve months with Allah in the Book of Allah, from the day He first created the heavens and earth. Four of them are forbidden. That is the True Religion. So do not wrong one another during them. However, fight the idolaters totally just as they fight you totally, and know that Allah is with those who guard against evil. (9:36)

CALF (ADOPTED AS IDOL)

And when We allotted to Musa forty nights. Then you adopted the Calf when he had gone and you were wrongdoers. (2:51)

And when Musa said to his people, ‘My people, You wronged yourselves by adopting the Calf so turn towards your Maker and kill yourselves. That is the best thing for you in your Maker’s sight.’ And He turned towards you. He is the Ever-Returning, the Most Merciful. (2:54)

Musa brought you the Clear Signs; then, after he left, you adopted the Calf and were wrongdoers. (2:92)

Remember when We made a covenant with you and lifted up the Mount above your heads: ‘Take hold vigorously of what We have given you and listen.’ They said, ‘We hear and disobey.’ They were made to drink the Calf into their hearts because of their disbelief. Say, ‘If you are believers, what an evil thing your faith has made you do.’ (2:93)

The People of the Book will ask you to bring down a Book from heaven to them. They asked Musa for even more than that. They said, ‘Let us see Allah with our own eyes.’ So the lightning-bolt struck them down for their wrongdoing. Then they adopted the Calf after the Clear Signs had come to them, but We pardoned them for that and gave Musa clear authority. (4:153)

After he left, Musa’s people adopted a calf made from their ornaments, a form which made a lowing sound. Did they not see that it could not speak to them or guide them to any way? They adopted it and so they were wrongdoers. (7:148)

As for those who adopted the Calf, anger from their Lord will overtake them together with abasement in the life of this world. That is how we repay the purveyors of falsehood. (7:152)

Then he (Samaritan) produced a calf for them, a physical form which made a lowing sound. So they said, ‘This is your god–and Musa’s god as well, but he forgot.’ (20:88)

Could they not see that it did not reply to them and that it possessed no power to either harm or benefit them? (20:89)

Harun had earlier said to them, ‘My people! It is just a trial for you. Your Lord is the All-Merciful, so follow me and obey my command!’ (20:90)

They said, ‘We will not stop devoting ourselves to it until Musa returns to us.’ (20:91)

CALLING ON (DU´A)

And when Ibrahim built the foundations of the House with Isma‘il: ‘Our Lord, accept this from us! You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.’ (2:127)

If My servants ask you about Me, I am near. I answer the call of the caller when he calls on Me. They should therefore respond to Me and believe in Me so that hopefully they will be rightly guided. (2:186)

Then and there Zakariyya called on his Lord and said, ‘O Lord, grant me by Your favour an upright child. You are the Hearer of Prayer.’ (3:38)

Do not chase away those who call on their Lord morning and evening, seeking His Face. Their reckoning is in no way your responsibility and your reckoning is in no way their responsibility. Indeed if you did chase them away, you would be among the wrongdoers. (6:52)

Say: ‘Who rescues you from the darkness of the land and sea? You call on Him humbly and secretly: "If you rescue us from this, we will truly be among the thankful."’ (6:63)

Say: ‘Are we to call on something besides Allah which can neither help nor harm us, and to turn on our heels after Allah has guided us, like someone the Satans have lured away in the earth, leaving him confused and stupefied, despite the fact that he has companions calling him to guidance, saying, "Come with us!"?’ Say: ‘Allah's guidance, that is true guidance. We are commanded to submit as Muslims to the Lord of all the worlds.’ (6:71)

Do not curse those they call upon besides Allah, in case that makes them curse Allah in animosity, without knowledge. In this way We make the actions of every nation seem attractive to them. Then they will return to their Lord, and He will inform them about what they did. (6:108)

Say: ‘My Lord has commanded justice. Stand and face Him in every mosque and call on Him, making your religion sincerely His. As He originated you, so you will return.’ (7:29)

Call on your Lord humbly and secretly. He does not love those who overstep the limits. (7:55)

Do not corrupt the earth after it has been put right. Call on Him fearfully and eagerly. Allah’s mercy is close to the good-doers. (7:56)

To Allah belong the Most Beautiful Names, so call on Him by them and abandon those who desecrate His Names. They will be repaid for what they did. (7:180)

It is He Who created you from a single self and made from him his spouse so that he might find repose in her. Then when he covered her she bore a light load and carried it around. Then when it became heavy they called on Allah, their Lord, ‘If You grant us a healthy child, we will be among the thankful!’ (7:189)

Their call there is: ‘Glory be to You, O Allah!’ Their greeting there is: ‘Peace!’ The end of their call is: ‘Praise be to Allah, the Lord of all the worlds!’ (10:10)

When harm touches man, he calls on Us, lying on his side or sitting down or standing up. Then when We remove the harm from him he carries on as if he had never called on Us when the harm first touched him. In that way We make what they have done appear good to the profligate. (10:12)

It is He Who conveys you on both land and sea so that when some of you are on a boat, running before a fair wind, rejoicing at it, and then a violent squall comes upon them and the waves come at them from every side and they realise there is no way of escape, they call on Allah, making their religion sincerely His: ‘If You rescue us from this, we will truly be among the thankful.’ (10:22)

The call of truth is made to Him alone. Those they call upon apart from Him do not respond to them at all. It is like someone stretching out his cupped hands towards water to convey it to his mouth: it will never get there. The call of the disbelievers only goes astray. (13:14)

Restrain yourself patiently with those who call on their Lord morning and evening, desiring His face. Do not turn your eyes from them, desiring the attractions of this world. And do not obey someone whose heart We have made neglectful of Our remembrance and who follows his own whims and desires and whose life has transgressed all bounds. (18:28)

And (Zakariyya) said, ‘My Lord, my bones have lost their strength and my head is crowned with white, but in calling on You, My Lord, I have never been disappointed.’ (19:4)

(Ibrahim said,) ‘I will separate myself from you and all you call upon besides Allah and I will call upon my Lord. It may well be that, in calling on my Lord, I will not be disappointed.’ (19:48)

We responded to him and gave him Yahya, restoring for him his wife’s fertility. They outdid one another in good actions, calling out to Us in yearning and in awe, and humbling themselves to Us. (21:90)

Say: ‘What has My Lord to do with you if you do not call on Him? But you have denied the truth, so punishment is bound to come.’ (25:77)

So do not call on any other god along with Allah or you will be among those who will be punished. (26:213)

Ibrahim said, ‘Do they hear you when you call or do they help you or do you harm?’ (26:72-73)

He Who responds to the oppressed when they call on Him and removes their distress, and has appointed you as inheritors of the earth. Is there another god besides Allah? How little you pay heed! (27:62)

When they embark in ships, they call on Allah, making their religion sincerely His, but then when He delivers them safely to the land, they associate others with Him. (29:65)

When harm touches people they call on their Lord, repenting to Him. But then, when He gives them a taste of mercy from Him, a group of them immediately associate others with their Lord. (30:33)

When the waves hang over them like canopies, they call on Allah, making their religion sincerely His. But then when He delivers them safely to the land, some of them are ambivalent. None but a treacherous, thankless man denies Our Signs. (31:32)

Their sides eschew their beds as they call on their Lord in fear and ardent hope. And they give of what We have provided for them. (32:16)

When harm touches man he calls upon his Lord, repenting to Him. Then when He grants him a blessing from Him, he forgets what he was calling for before and ascribes rivals to Allah, so as to misguide others from His Way. Say: ‘Enjoy your disbelief for a little while. You are among the Companions of the Fire.’ (39:8)

So call upon Allah, making your religion sincerely His, even though the disbelievers detest it. (40:14)

Pharaoh said, ‘Let me kill Musa and let him call upon his Lord! I am afraid that he may change your religion and bring about corruption in the land.’ (40:26)

Those in the Fire will say to the custodians of Hell, ‘Call on your Lord to make the punishment less for us for just one day.’ (40:49)

They will ask, ‘Did your Messengers not bring you the Clear Signs?’   They will answer, ‘Yes.’ They will say, ‘Then you call!’ But the calling of the disbelievers only goes astray. (40:50)

Your Lord says, ‘Call on Me and I will answer you. Those who who are too proud to worship Me will enter Hell abject.’ (40:60)

He is the Living–there is no god but Him–so call on Him, making your religion sincerely His. Praise be to Allah, the Lord of all the worlds. (40:65)

They said, ‘Magician, invoke your Lord for us by the contract He has made with you and we shall certainly follow the guidance.’ (43:49)

He (Musa) called out to his Lord, ‘These are evildoing people.’ (44:22)

(Believers will say,) ‘Beforehand we certainly used to call on Him because He is the All-Good, the Most Merciful.’ (52:28)

Nuh called upon his Lord: ‘I am overwhelmed, so help me!’ (54:10)

When the servant of Allah stands calling on Him, they almost swarm all over him. (72:19)

Say: ‘I call only upon my Lord and do not associate anyone else with Him.’ (72:20)

CALLING WITH DEROGATORY NICKNAMES

You who believe! People should not ridicule others who may be better than themselves; nor should any women ridicule other women who may be better than themselves. And do not find fault with one another or insult each other with derogatory nicknames. How evil it is to have a name for evil conduct after coming to faith! Those people who do not turn from it are wrongdoers. (49:11)

CAMEL

And a pair of camels and a pair of cattle–Say: ‘Is it the two males He has made forbidden, or the two females, or what the wombs of the two females contain? Were you then witnesses when Allah gave you this instruction?’ Who could do greater wrong than someone who invents lies against Allah thus leading people astray without any knowledge? Allah does not guide the people of the wrongdoers. (6:144)

As for those who deny Our Signs and are arrogant regarding them, the Gates of Heaven will not be opened for them, and they will not enter the Garden until a camel goes through a needle’s eye. That is how We repay the evildoers. (7:40)

And to Thamud We sent their brother Salih, who said, ‘My people, worship Allah! You have no other god than Him. A Clear Sign has come to you from your Lord. This is the She-Camel of Allah as a Sign for you. Leave her alone to eat on Allah’s earth and do not harm her in any way or a painful punishment will afflict you.’ (7:73)

And they hamstrung the She-Camel, spurning their Lord’s command, and said, ‘Salih! Bring us what you have promised us if you are one of the Messengers.’ (7:77)

(Salih said,) ‘My people! Here is the she-camel of Allah as a Sign for you. So leave her alone to eat on Allah’s earth and do not inflict any harm on her or you will be overcome by an imminent punishment.’ (11:64)

They said, ‘We’re missing the goblet of the king. The man who brings it will get a camel’s load. Regarding that I stand as guarantor.’ (12:72)

Nothing has prevented Us sending you Signs except the fact that the previous peoples denied them. We gave Thamud the she-camel as a visible Sign, and then they mistreated her. We do not send Signs except to frighten people. (17:59)

Salih said, ‘Here is a she-camel. She has a time for drinking and you have a time for drinking–on specified days.’ (26:155)

We will send the she-camel as a trial for them. Just keep a watchful eye on them and be steadfast. (54:27)

Then you, you misguided, you deniers will eat from the tree of Zaqqum, filling your stomachs with it and drink scalding water on top of it, slurping like thirst-crazed camels. (56:51-55)

Whatever booty from them Allah has given to His Messenger–and you spurred on neither horse nor camel in its acquisition, but Allah gives power to His Messengers over anyone He wills, Allah has power over all things. (59:6)

Proceed to a shadow which forks into three but gives no shade or protection from the flames, shooting up great sparks the size of castles, like a herd of yellow camels. (77:30-33)

When the camels in foal are neglected, (81:4)

Have they not looked at the camel–how it was created? (88:17)

And the Messenger of Allah had said to them,‘This is the she-camel of Allah, so let her drink!’ (91:13)

CAPTIVE

Then you are the people who are killing one another and expelling a group among you from their homes, ganging up against them in wrongdoing and enmity. Yet if they are brought to you as captives, you ransom them, when it was forbidden for you to expel them in the first place! Do you, then, believe in one part of the Book and reject the other? What repayment will there be for any of you who do that except disgrace in this world? And on the Day of Rising, they will be returned to the harshest of punishments. Allah is not unaware of what you do. (2:85)

It is not fitting for a Prophet to take captives until he has thoroughly subdued the land. You desire the goods of this world, whereas Allah desires the hereafter. Allah is Almighty, All-Wise. (8:67)

They (the believers) give food, despite their love for it, to the poor and orphans and captives. (76:8)

CARAVAN

One of them said, ‘Do not take Yusuf’s life but throw him to the bottom of the well, so that some (caravan of) travellers may discover him, if this is something that you have to do.’ (12:10)

Then when he had supplied them with their needs, he put the goblet in his brother’s bag. A herald called out, ‘Caravan! You are thieves!’ (12:70)        

And when the caravan went on its way, their father said, ‘I can smell Yusuf’s scent! You probably think I have become senile.’ (12:94)

In acknowledgment of the established tradition of Quraysh, their tradition of the winter and summer caravans. (106:1-2)

CARPET

Allah has made your houses places of rest for you and made houses for you out of cattle hides which are light for you to carry both when you are travelling and when you are staying in one place. And from their wool and fur and hair you obtain clothing and carpets and household utensils for a time. (16:80)

And the earth–We spread it like a carpet and how well We smoothed it out! (51:48)

Allah has spread the earth out as a carpet for you. (71:19)

Have We not made the earth a flat carpet? (78:6)

CARRION

He has only forbidden you carrion, blood and pork and what has been consecrated to other than Allah. But anyone who is forced to eat it–without desiring it or going to excess in it–commits no crime. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (2:173)

Forbidden for you are carrion, blood and pork, and what has been consecrated to other than Allah, and animals which have been strangled, and animals which have been killed by a blow, and animals which have fallen to their death, and animals which have been gored, and animals which wild beasts have eaten–except those you are able to slaughter properly–and animals which have been sacrificed on altars, and deciding things by means of divining arrows–that is deviance. Today those who disbelieve have despaired of overcoming your religion. So do not be afraid of them but be afraid of Me. Today I have perfected your religion for you and completed My blessing upon you and I am pleased with Islam as a religion for you. But if anyone is forced by hunger, not intending any wrongdoing, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (5:3)

Say: ‘I do not find, in what has been revealed to me, any food it is forbidden to eat except for carrion, flowing blood, and pork–for that is unclean–or some deviance consecrated to other than Allah. But if anyone is forced to eat it, without desiring to or going to excess in it, your Lord is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful.’ (6:145)

CARVING OUT

(Salih said, ‘My people,) remember when He appointed you successors to ‘Ad and settled you in the land. You built palaces on its plains and carved out houses from the mountains. Remember Allah’s blessings and do not go about the earth, corrupting it.’ (7:74)

They (The people of al-Hijr) carved out houses from the mountains, feeling safe. (15:82)

He (Ibrahim) said, ‘Do you worship something you have carved when Allah created both you and what you do?’ (37:95-96)

CASTLE

Proceed to a shadow which forks into three but gives no shade or protection from the flames, shooting up great sparks the size of castles, like a herd of yellow camels. (77:30-33)

CATTLE

(Satan said,) ‘I will lead them astray and fill them with false hopes. I will command them and they will cut off cattle’s ears. I will command them and they will change Allah’s creation.’ Anyone who takes Satan as his protector in place of Allah has clearly lost everything. (4:119)

And a pair of camels and a pair of cattle–Say: ‘Is it the two males He has made forbidden, or the two females, or what the wombs of the two females contain? Were you then witnesses when Allah gave you this instruction?’ Who could do greater wrong than someone who invents lies against Allah thus leading people astray without any knowledge? Allah does not guide the people of the wrongdoers. (6:144)

We made forbidden for the Jews every animal with an undivided hoof, and in respect of cattle and sheep, We made their fat forbidden for them, except what is attached to their backs or guts or mixed up with bone. That is how We repaid them for their insolence. And We certainly speak the truth. (6:146)

We created many of the jinn and mankind for Hell. They have hearts they do not understand with. They have eyes they do not see with. They have ears they do not hear with. Such people are like cattle. No, they are even further astray! They are the unaware. (7:179)

There is instruction for you in cattle. From the contents of their bellies, from between the dung and blood, We give you pure milk to drink, easy for drinkers to swallow. (16:66)

Allah has made your houses places of rest for you and made houses for you out of cattle hides which are light for you to carry both when you are travelling and when you are staying in one place. And from their wool and fur and hair you obtain clothing and carpets and household utensils for a time. (16:80)

But We will drive the evildoers to Hell, like cattle to a watering hole. (19:86)

Eat and pasture your cattle. Certainly there are Signs in that for people of sound intellect. (20:54)

Do you suppose that most of them hear or understand? They are just like cattle. Indeed they are even more astray! (25:44)

Allah will admit those who believe to Gardens with rivers flowing under them. Those who disbelieve have their enjoyment, eating as cattle eat, but the Fire will be their final residence. (47:12)

CAVE

If you do not help him, Allah did help him when those who disbelieved drove him out and there were two of them in the Cave. He said to his companion, ‘Do not be despondent, Allah is with us.’ Then Allah sent down His serenity upon him and reinforced him with troops you could not see. He made the word of those who disbelieved undermost. It is the word of Allah which is uppermost. Allah is Almighty, All-Wise. (9:40)

If they could find a bolt-hole, cave or burrow, they would turn and scurry away into it. (9:57)

When the young men took refuge in the cave and said, ‘Our Lord, give us mercy directly from You and open the way for us to right guidance in our situation.’ (18:10)

So We sealed their ears with sleep in the cave for a number of years. (18:11)

(One of them said,) ‘When you have separated yourselves from them and everything they worship except Allah, take refuge in the cave and your Lord will unfold His mercy to you and open the way to the best for you in your situation.’ (18:16)

You would have seen the sun, when it rose, inclining away from their cave towards the right, and, when it set, leaving them behind on the left, while they were lying in an open part of it. That was one of Allah’s Signs. Whoever Allah guides is truly guided. But if He misguides someone, you will find no protector for them to guide them rightly. (18:17)

They stayed in their Cave for three hundred years and added nine. (18:25)

CERTAIN, THE

And worship your Lord until what is Certain comes to you. (15:99)

(The evildoers will say,) ‘We plunged with those who plunged and denied the Day of Judgment until the Certain came to us.’ (74:45-47)

CERTAINTY

(The Qur’an contains guidance for) those who believe in what has been sent down to you and what was sent down before you, and are certain about the hereafter. (2:4)

Those who do not know say, ‘If only Allah would speak to us, or some sign come to us!’ just like those before them who said the same as they say. Their hearts are much the same. We have made the Signs clear for people who have certainty. (2:118)

Do they then seek the judgement of the Time of Ignorance? Who could be better at giving judgement than Allah for people with certainty? (5:50)

Because of that We showed Ibrahim the dominions of the heavens and the earth so that he might be one of the people of certainty. (6:75)

Allah is He Who raised up the heavens without any support–you can see that–and then established Himself firmly on the Throne. He made the sun and moon subservient, each running for a specified term. He directs the whole affair. He makes the Signs clear so that hopefully you will be certain about the meeting with your Lord. (13:2)

(Believers are) those who perform prayer and give the alms and are certain about the hereafter. (27:3)

When the Word is justly carried out against them, We will produce a Beast from the earth which will speak to them. Truly mankind had no certainty about Our Signs. (27:82)

So be steadfast. Allah’s promise is true. Do not let those who have no certainty make you impatient and shake your firmness. (30:60)

(Good-doers are) those who perform prayer and give the alms and are certain of the hereafter. (31:4)

If only you could see the evildoers hanging their heads in shame before their Lord: ‘Our Lord, we have seen and we have heard, so send us back again and we will act rightly. Truly we now have certainty.’ (32:12)

We appointed leaders from among them, guiding by Our command when they were steadfast and when they had certainty about Our Signs. (32:24)

(He is) the Lord of the heavens and the earth and everything in between them, if you are people with certainty. (44:7)

And in your creation and all the creatures He has spread about there are Signs for people with certainty. (45:4)

This is clear insight for mankind and guidance and mercy for people with certainty. (45:20)

But as for those who disbelieved, (they will be told): ‘Were My Signs not recited to you and yet you proved arrogant; you were a people of evildoers? When you were told, "Allah’s promise is true and so is the Hour, of which there is no doubt," you said, "We have no idea what the Hour is. We have only been conjecturing. We are by no means certain."’ (45:31-32)

There are certainly Signs in the earth for people with certainty. (51:20)

Or did they create the heavens and the earth? No, in truth they have no certainty. (52:36)

This is indeed the Truth of Certainty. (56:95)

We have only appointed angels as masters of the Fire and We have only specified their number as a trial for those who disbelieve; so that those who were given the Book might gain in certainty, and those who believe might increase in their faith, and both those who were given the Book and the believers might have no doubt; and so that those with sickness in their hearts and the disbelievers might say, ‘What did Allah intend by this example?’ In this way Allah misguides those He wills and guides those He wills. No one knows the legions of your Lord but Him. This is nothing but a reminder to all human beings. (74:31)

No indeed, if you only knew with the Knowledge of Certainty, you will certainly see the Blazing Fire! Then you will certainly see it with the Eye of Certainty. (102:5-7)

CHARACTER

Indeed you are truly vast in character. (68:4)

CHARITY (SADAQA)

Perform the pilgrimage and the pious visit for Allah. If you are forcibly prevented, make whatever sacrifice is feasible. But do not shave your heads until the sacrificial animal has reached the place of sacrifice. If any of you are ill or have a head injury, the expiation is fasting or charity or sacrifice when you are safe and well again. And if you are secure, then he who takes advantage of a pious visit before the pilgrimage should make whatever sacrifice is feasible. For any one who cannot, there is three days’ fast on pilgrimage and seven on your return–that is ten in all. That is for anyone whose family does not live near the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram). Have fear of Allah and know that Allah is fierce in retribution. (2:196)

Correct and courteous words accompanied by forgiveness are better than charity followed by insulting words. Allah is Rich Beyond Need, All-Forbearing. (2:263)

You who believe! Do not nullify your charity by demands for gratitude or insulting words, like him who spends his wealth, showing off to people and not believing in Allah and the Last Day. His likeness is that of a smooth rock coated with soil, which, when heavy rain falls on it, is left stripped bare. They have no power over anything they have earned. Allah does not guide disbelieving people. (2:264)

If you make your charity public, that is good. But if you conceal it and give it to the poor, that is better for you, and We will erase some of your bad actions from you. Allah is aware of what you do. (2:271)

Allah obliterates usury but makes charity grow in value! Allah does not love any persistently ungrateful wrongdoer. (2:276)

A believer should never kill another believer unless it is by mistake. Anyone who kills a believer by mistake should free a believing slave and pay blood-money to his family unless they forgo it as a charity. If he is from a people who are your enemies and is a believer, you should free a believing slave. If he is from a people you have a treaty with, blood money should be paid to his family and you should free a believing slave. Anyone who cannot find the means should fast two consecutive months. This is a concession from Allah. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (4:92)

There is no good in much of their secret talk, except in the case of those who enjoin charity, or what is right, or putting things right between people. If anyone does that, seeking the pleasure of Allah, We will give him an immense reward. (4:114)

We prescribed for them in it: a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth, and retaliation for wounds. But if anyone forgoes that as a charity, it will act as expiation for him. Those who do not judge by what Allah has sent down, such people are wrongdoers. (5:45)

Among them there were some who made an agreement with Allah: ‘If He gives us of His bounty we will definitely give charity and be among the righteous.’ (9:75)

As for the people who find fault with those believers who give charity spontaneously, and with those who can find nothing to give but their own effort, and deride them, Allah derides them. They will have a painful punishment. (9:79)

Take charity from their wealth to purify and cleanse them and pray for them. Your prayers bring relief to them. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. (9:103)

Men and women who are Muslims, men and women who are believers, men and women who are obedient, men and women who are truthful, men and women who are steadfast, men and women who are humble, men and women who give charity, men and women who fast, men and women who guard their chastity, men and women who remember Allah much: Allah has prepared forgiveness for them and an immense reward. (33:35)

The men and women who give charity and make a good loan to Allah will have it increased for them and they will have a generous reward. (57:18)

You who believe! When you consult the Messenger privately precede your private consultation by giving charity–that is better for you and purer. But if you cannot find the means, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (58:12)

Are you afraid to give gifts of charity before your private consultation? If you do not and Allah turns to you, at least perform prayer and give the alms, and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah is aware of what you do. (58:13)

Give from what We have provided for you before death comes to one of you and he says, ‘My Lord, if only you would give me a little more time so that I can give charity and be one of the righteous!’ (63:10)

CHASTITY

If any of you do not have the means to marry free women who are believers, you may marry slavegirls who are believers. Allah knows best about your faith; you are all the same in that respect. Marry them with their owners’ permission and give them their dowries correctly and courteously as married women, not in fornication or taking them as lovers. When they are married, if they commit fornication they should receive half the punishment of free women. This is for those of you who are afraid of committing fornication. But being patient is better for you. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (4:25)

Today all good things have been made lawful for you. And the food of those given the Book is also lawful for you and your food is lawful for them. So are chaste women from among the believers and chaste women of those given the Book before you, once you have given them their dowries in marriage, not in fornication or taking them as lovers. But as for anyone who rejects faith, his actions will come to nothing and in the hereafter he will be among the losers. (5:5)

She (Maryam) said, ‘How can I have a boy when no man has touched me and I am not an unchaste woman?’ (19:20)

(Her people said to Maryam,) ‘Sister of Harun, your father was not an evil man nor was your mother an unchaste woman!’ (19:28)

And she (Maryam) who protected her chastity. We breathed into her some of Our Spirit and made her and her son a Sign for all the worlds. (21:91)

(Believers are) those who guard their chastity. (23:5)

Say to the believers that they should lower their eyes and guard their chastity. That is purer for them. Allah is aware of what they do. (24:30)

Say to the believing women that they should lower their eyes and guard their chastity and not display their adornments–except for what normally shows–and draw their head-coverings across their breasts. They should only display their adornments to their husbands or their fathers or their husbands’ fathers, or their sons or their husbands’ sons or their brothers or their brothers’ sons or their sisters’ sons or other women or those they own as slaves or their male attendants who have no sexual desire or children who still have no awareness of women’s private parts. Nor should they stamp their feet so that their hidden ornaments are known. Turn to Allah every one of you, believers, so that hopefully you will have success. (24:31)

Men and women who are Muslims, men and women who are believers, men and women who are obedient, men and women who are truthful, men and women who are steadfast, men and women who are humble, men and women who give charity, men and women who fast, men and women who guard their chastity, men and women who remember Allah much: Allah has prepared forgiveness for them and an immense reward. (33:35)

And Maryam, the daughter of ‘Imran, who guarded her chastity–We breathed Our Spirit into her and she confirmed the Words of her Lord and His Book and was one of the obedient. (66:12)

(Belivers are) those who guard their chastity except from their wives and any slaves they own, in which case they incur no blame, (70:29-30)

CHILDREN

Remember when We rescued you from the people of Pharaoh. They were inflicting an evil punishment on you–slaughtering your sons and letting your women live. In that there was a terrible trial for you from your Lord. (2:49)

Those We have given the Book recognise it as they recognise their own sons. Yet a group of them knowingly conceal the truth. (2:146)

Mothers should nurse their children for two full years–those who wish to complete the full term of nursing. It is the duty of the fathers to feed and clothe them with correctness and courtesy–no self is charged with more than it can bear. No mother should be put under pressure in respect of her child nor any father in respect of his child. The same duty is incumbent on the heir. If the couple both wish weaning to take place after mutual agreement and consultation, there is nothing wrong in their doing that. If you wish to find wet-nurses for your children, there is nothing wrong in your doing that provided you hand over to them what you have agreed to give with correctness and courtesy. Have fear of Allah and know that Allah sees what you do. (2:233)

What do you think about the council of the tribe of Israel after Musa’s time when they said to one of their Prophets, ‘Give us a king and we will fight in the Way of Allah!’? He said, ‘Is it not possible that if fighting were prescribed for you, you would not fight?’ They said, ‘How could we not fight in the way of Allah when we have been driven from our homes and children?’ But then when fighting was prescribed for them, they turned their backs–except for a few of them. Allah knows the wrongdoers. (2:246)

Would any of you like to have a garden of dates and grapes, with rivers flowing underneath and containing all kinds of fruits, then to be stricken with old age and have children who are weak, and then for a fierce whirlwind containing fire to come and strike it so that it goes up in flames? In this way Allah makes His Signs clear to you, so that hopefully you will reflect. (2:266)

As for those who disbelieve, their wealth and children will not help them against Allah in any way. They are fuel for the Fire. (3:10)

To mankind the love of worldly appetites is painted in glowing colours: women and children, and heaped-up mounds of gold and silver, and horses with fine markings, and livestock and fertile farmland. All that is merely the enjoyment of the life of this world. The best homecoming is in the presence of Allah. (3:14)

When she gave birth, she said, ‘My Lord! I have given birth to a girl’–and Allah knew very well what she had given birth to, male and female are not the same–‘and I have named her Maryam and placed her and her children in Your safekeeping from the accursed Satan.’ (3:36)

Then and there Zakariyya called on his Lord and said, ‘O Lord, grant me by Your favour an upright child. You are the Hearer of Prayer.’ (3:38)

She (Maryam) said, ‘My Lord! How can I have a son when no man has ever touched me?’ He said, ‘It will be so.’ Allah creates whatever He wills. When He decides on something, He just says to it, ‘Be!’ and it is. (3:47)

As for those who disbelieve, their wealth and children will not help them against Allah in any way. They are the Companions of the Fire. remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (3:116)

People should show concern in the same way that they would fear for small children if they were to die leaving them behind. They should have fear of Allah and say words that are appropriate. (4:9)

Allah instructs you regarding your children: A male receives the same as the share of two females. If there are more than two daughters they receive two-thirds of what you leave. If she is one on her own she receives a half. Each of your parents receives a sixth of what you leave if you have children. If you are childless and your heirs are your parents your mother receives a third. If you have brothers or sisters your mother receives a sixth, after any bequest you make or any debts. With regard to your fathers and your sons, you do not know which of them is going to benefit you more. These are obligatory shares from Allah. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (4:11)

You receive half of what your wives leave if they are childless. If they have children you receive a quarter of what they leave after any bequest they make or any debts. They receive a quarter of what you leave if you are childless. If you have children they receive an eighth of what you leave after any bequest you make or any debts. If a man or woman has no direct heirs, but has a brother or sister, each of them receives a sixth. If there are more than that they share in a third after any bequest you make or any debts, making sure that no one’s rights are prejudiced. This is an instruction from Allah. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Forbearing. (4:12)

What reason could you have for not fighting in the Way of Allah–for those men, women and children who are oppressed and say, ‘Our Lord, take us out of this city whose inhabitants are wrongdoers! Give us a protector from You! Give us a helper from You!’? (4:75)

Except for those men, women and children who really are oppressed and do not have any other possibility and are not guided to any way. (4:98)

They request from you a ruling concerning women. Say, ‘Allah gives you a ruling about them; and also what is recited to you in the Book about orphan girls to whom you do not give the inheritance they are owed, while at the same time desiring to marry them; and also about young children who are denied their rights: that you should act justly with respect to orphans.’ Whatever good you do, Allah knows it. (4:127)

People of the Book! Do not go to excess in your religion. Say nothing but the truth about Allah. The Messiah, ‘Isa son of Maryam, was only the Messenger of Allah and His Word, which He cast into Maryam, and a Spirit from Him. So believe in Allah and His Messengers. Do not say, ‘Three.’ It is better that you stop. Allah is only One God. He is too Glorious to have a son! Everything in the heavens and in the earth belongs to Him. Allah suffices as a Guardian. (4:171)

They request from you a ruling. Say: ‘Allah gives you a ruling about people who die without direct heirs: If a man dies childless but has a sister she receives half of what he leaves, and he is her heir if she dies childless. If there are two sisters they receive two-thirds of what he leaves. If there are brothers and sisters the males receive the share of two females. Allah makes things clear to you so you will not go astray. Allah has knowledge of all things.’ (4:176)

The Jews and Christians say, ‘We are Allah’s children and His loved ones.’ Say: ‘Why, then, does He punish you for your wrong actions? No, you are merely human beings among those He has created. He forgives whoever He wills and He punishes whoever He wills. The kingdom of the heavens and the earth and everything between them belongs to Allah. He is our final destination.’ (5:18)

Those We have given the Book recognise it as they recognise their own children. As for those who have lost their own selves, they have no faith. (6:20)

He is the Originator of the heavens and the earth. How could He have a son when He has no wife? He created all things and He has knowledge of all things. (6:101)

In the same way their idols have made killing their children appear good to many of the idolaters, in order to destroy them and confuse them in their religion. If Allah had willed, they would not have done it; so abandon them and what they fabricate. (6:137)

Those who kill their children foolishly without any knowledge and make what Allah has provided for them forbidden, inventing lies against Allah, such people are lost. They are misguided. They are not guided. (6:140)

Say: ‘Come and I will recite to you what your Lord has made forbidden for you’: that you do not associate anything with Him; that you are good to your parents; that you do not kill your children because of poverty–We will provide for you and them; that you do not approach indecency–outward or inward; that you do not kill any person Allah has made inviolate–except with the right to do so. That is what He instructs you to do so that hopefully you will use your intellect. (6:151)

The ruling circle of Pharaoh’s people said, ‘Are you going to leave Musa and his people to cause corruption in the earth and abandon you and your gods?’ He said, ‘We will kill their sons and let their women live. We have absolute power over them!’ (7:127)

It is He Who created you from a single self and made from him his spouse so that he might find repose in her. Then when he covered her she bore a light load and carried it around. Then when it became heavy they called on Allah, their Lord, ‘If You grant us a healthy child, we will be among the thankful!’ (7:189)

Then when He granted them a healthy, upright child, they associated what He had given them with Him. But Allah is far above what they associate with Him! (7:190)

Know that your wealth and children are a trial and that there is an immense reward with Allah. (8:28)

Do not let their wealth and children impress you. Allah merely wants to punish them by them during their life in this world and for them to expire while they are disbelievers. (9:55)

Like those before you who had greater strength than you and more wealth and children. They enjoyed their portion; so enjoy your portion as those before you enjoyed theirs. You have plunged into defamation as they plunged into it. The actions of such people come to nothing in this world or the hereafter. They are the lost. (9:69)

Do not let their wealth and their children impress you. Allah merely wants to punish them by them in this world, and for them to expire while they are disbelievers. (9:85)

They say, ‘Allah has a son.’ Glory be to Him! He is the Rich Beyond Need. Everything in the heavens and everything on the earth belongs to Him. Have you authority to say this or are you saying about Allah what you do not know? (10:68)

Some travellers came that way and then dispatched their water-drawer who let his bucket down. He said, ‘Good news for me, I’ve found a boy!’ They then hid him away among their goods. Allah knew very well what they were doing. (12:19)

He (Ya‘qub) said, ‘My sons! You must not enter through a single gate. Go in through different gates. But I cannot save you from Allah at all, for judgement comes from no one but Allah. In Him I put my trust, and let all those who put their trust, put it in Him alone.’ (12:67)

Gardens of Eden which they will enter, and all of their parents, wives and children who were righteous. Angels will enter in to welcome them from every gate. (13:23)

We sent Messengers before you and gave them wives and children. Nor was any Messenger able to bring a Sign except by Allah’s permission. There is a prescribed limit to every term. (13:38)

Remember when Musa said to his people, ‘Remember Allah’s blessing to you when He rescued you from the people of Pharaoh. They were inflicting an evil punishment on you, slaughtering your sons and letting your women live. In that there was a terrible trial from your Lord.’ (14:6)

When Ibrahim said, ‘My Lord! Make this land a place of safety and keep me and my sons from worshipping idols.’ (14:35)

(Ibrahim said,) ‘Our Lord! I have settled some of my offspring by Your Sacred House in an uncultivated valley. Our Lord! Let them perform prayer! Make the hearts of mankind incline towards them and provide them with fruits, so that hopefully they will be thankful.’ (14:37)

They (the guests of Ibrahim) said, ‘Do not be afraid. We bring you the good news of a boy of great knowledge.’ (15:53)

They allot daughters to Allah–glory be to Him!–while they have (sons) what they want! (16:57)

Allah has given you wives from among yourselves, and given you children and grandchildren from your wives, and provided good things for you. So why do they believe in falsehood and reject the blessings of Allah? (16:72)

Then once again We gave you the upper hand over them and supplied you with more wealth and children and made you the most numerous group. (17:6)

Do not kill your children out of fear of being poor. We will provide for them and you. Killing them is a terrible mistake. (17:31)

(Allah said to Satan,) ‘Stir up any of them you can with your voice and rally against them your cavalry and your infantry and share with them in their children and their wealth and make them promises!’ The promise of Satan is nothing but delusion. (17:64)

And say: ‘Praise be to Allah Who has had no son and Who has no partner in His Kingdom and Who needs no one to protect Him from abasement.’ And proclaim His Greatness repeatedly! (17:111)

And (the Book is) to warn those who say ‘Allah has a son.’ (18:4)

(His companion said to the garden owner,) ‘Why, when you entered your garden, did you not say, "It is as Allah wills, there is no strength but in Allah"? Though you see me with less wealth and children than you possess, it may well be that my Lord will give me something better than your garden and send down on it a fireball from the sky so that morning finds it a shifting heap of dust.’ (18:39-40)

Wealth and sons are the embellishment of the life of this world. But, in your Lord’s sight, right actions which are lasting bring a better reward and are a better basis for hope. (18:46)

So they went on until they met a youngster whom he killed. Musa said, ‘Have you killed a boy who has done no wrong, without it being in retaliation for someone else? This is truly an appalling thing that you have done!’ (18:74)

(He whom We had granted mercy from Us and whom We had also given knowledge direct from Us said to Musa,) ‘As for the boy, his parents were believers and we feared that he would darken their days with excessive insolence and disbelief. ’ (18:80)

(He whom We had granted mercy from Us and whom We had also given knowledge direct from Us said to Musa,) ‘As for the wall, it belonged to two young orphans in the town and there was a treasure underneath it, belonging to them. Their father was one of the righteous and your Lord wanted them to come of age and then to unearth their treasure as a mercy from Him. I did not do it of my own volition. That is the explanation of the things about which you were not able to restrain yourself.’ (18:82)

(His Lord said,) ‘Zakariyya! We give you the good news of a boy named Yahya, a name we have given to no one else before.’ (19:7)

‘Yahya, take hold of the Book with vigour.’ We gave him judgement while still a child. (19:12)

He said (to Maryam), ‘I am only your Lord’s messenger so that He can give you a pure boy.’ (19:19)

She (Maryam) said, ‘How can I have a boy when no man has touched me and I am not an unchaste woman?’ (19:20)

She pointed towards him. They said, ‘How can a baby in the cradle speak?’ (19:29)

It is not fitting for Allah to have a son. Glory be to Him! When He decides on something, He just says to it, ‘Be!’ and it is. (19:35)

Have you seen him who rejects Our Signs and says, ‘I will certainly be given wealth and children there.’? (19:77)

They say, ‘The All-Merciful has a son.’ (19:88)

The heavens are all but rent apart and the earth split open and the mountains brought crashing down, at their ascription of a son to the All-Merciful! (19:90-91)

It is not fitting for the All-Merciful to have a son. (19:92)

They say, ‘The All-Merciful has a son.’ Glory be to Him! No, they (the angels) are honoured servants! (21:26)

And she (Maryam) who protected her chastity. We breathed into her some of Our Spirit and made her and her son a Sign for all the worlds. (21:91)

Mankind! If you are in any doubt about the Rising, know that We created you from dust then from a drop of sperm then from a clot of blood then from a lump of flesh, formed yet unformed, so We may make things clear to you. We make whatever We want stay in the womb until a specified time and then We bring you out as children so that you can reach your full maturity. Some of you die and some of you revert to the lowest form of life so that, after having knowledge, they then know nothing at all. And you see the earth dead and barren; then when We send down water onto it it quivers and swells and sprouts with luxuriant plants of every kind. (22:5)

Do they imagine that, in the wealth and children We are hastening to them with good things? No indeed, but they have no awareness! (23:55-56)

Allah has no son and there is no other god accompanying Him, for then each god would have gone off with what he created and one of them would have been exalted above the other. Glory be to Allah above what they describe. (23:91)

Say to the believing women that they should lower their eyes and guard their chastity and not display their adornments–except for what normally shows–and draw their head-coverings across their breasts. They should only display their adornments to their husbands or their fathers or their husbands’ fathers, or their sons or their husbands’ sons or their brothers or their brothers’ sons or their sisters’ sons or their women or those they own as slaves or their male attendants who have no sexual desire or children who still have no awareness of women’s private parts. Nor should they stamp their feet so that their hidden ornaments are known. Turn to Allah every one of you, believers, so that hopefully you will have success. (24:31)

Once your children have reached puberty, they should ask your permission to enter as those before them also asked permission. In this way Allah makes His Signs clear to you. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (24:59)

As for women who are past child-bearing age and no longer have any hope of getting married, there is nothing wrong in their removing their outer clothes, provided they do not flaunt their adornments; but to refrain from doing so is better for them. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. (24:60)

He to Whom the kingdom of the heavens and the earth belongs. He does not have a son and He has no partner in the Kingdom. He created everything and determined it most exactly. (25:2)

(Believers are) those who say, ‘Our Lord, give us joy in our wives and children and make us a good example for those who guard against evil’. (25:74)

He (Pharaoh) said, ‘Did we not bring you up among us as a child and did you not spend many years of your life among us?’ (26:18)

The Day when neither wealth nor sons will be of any use. (26:88)

Have fear of Him Who has supplied you with what you know, supplied you with livestock and children. (26:132-133)

Pharaoh exalted himself arrogantly in the land and divided its people into camps, oppressing one group of them by slaughtering their sons and letting their women live. He was one of the corrupters. (28:4)

Mankind! Have fear of your Lord and fear a day when no father will be able to atone for his son, or son for his father, in any way. Allah’s promise is true. So do not let the life of this world delude you and do not let the Deluder delude you concerning Allah. (31:33)

Allah has not allotted to any man two hearts within his breast, nor has He made those of your wives you equate with your mothers your actual mothers, nor has He made your adopted sons your actual sons. These are just words coming out of your mouths. But Allah speaks the truth and He guides to the Way. (33:4)

They also said, ‘We have more wealth and children. We are not going to be punished.’ (34:35)

It is not your wealth or your children that will bring you near to Us–only in the case of people who believe and act rightly; such people will have a double recompense for what they did. They will be safe from all harm in the High Halls of Paradise. (34:37)

(Ibrahim said,) ‘My Lord, bestow on me a right-acting child!’ And We gave him the good news of a forbearing boy. (37:100-101)

So inquire of them: does your Lord have daughters while they themselves have sons? (37:149)

Has He chosen daughters over sons? (37:153)

If Allah had desired to have a son He would have chosen whatever He wished from what He has created. Glory be to Him! He is Allah, the One, the All-Conquering. (39:4)

Our Lord, admit them to the Gardens of Eden You have promised them, and all of their parents, wives and children who acted rightly. Truly You are the Almighty, the All-Wise. (40:8)

When he brought them the truth from Us they said, ‘Slaughter the sons of those who believe with him but let their women live.’ The stratagems of the disbelievers are nothing but errors. (40:25)

Say: ‘If the All-Merciful had a son, I would be the first to worship him.’ (43:81)

He (Ibrahim) felt afraid of them but they said, ‘Do not be afraid!’ and gave him the good news of a son imbued with knowledge. (51:28)

Know that the life of this world is merely a game and a diversion and ostentation and a cause of boasting among yourselves and trying to outdo one another in wealth and children: like the plant-growth after rain which delights the cultivators, but then it withers and you see it turning yellow, and then it becomes broken stubble. In the hereafter there is terrible punishment but also forgiveness from Allah and His good pleasure. The life of this world is nothing but the enjoyment of delusion. (57:20)

Neither their wealth nor their children will help them at all against Allah. Such people are the Companions of the Fire, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (58:17)

You will not find people who believe in Allah and the Last Day having love for anyone who opposes Allah and His Messenger, though they be their fathers, their sons, their brothers or their clan. Allah has inscribed faith upon such people’s hearts and will reinforce them with a Spirit from Him and admit them into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever. Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. Such people are the party of Allah. Truly it is the party of Allah who are successful. (58:22)

Neither your blood relations nor your children will be of any use to you. On the Day of Rising He will differentiate between you. Allah sees what you do. (60:3)

O Prophet! When women who believe come to you pledging allegiance to you on the grounds that they will not associate anything with Allah or steal or fornicate or kill their children or give a false ascription of paternity–making up lies about their bodies–or disobey you in respect of anything right, then accept their pledge and ask forgiveness for them. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (60:12)

You who believe! Do not let your wealth or children divert you from the remembrance of Allah. Whoever does that is lost. (63:9)

You who believe! Some of your wives and children are an enemy to you, so be wary of them. But if you pardon and exonerate and forgive, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (64:14)

Your wealth and children are a trial. But with Allah there is an immense reward. (64:15)

But do not obey any vile swearer of oaths, any backbiter, slandermonger, impeder of good, evil aggressor, gross, coarse and furthermore, despicable, simply because he possesses wealth and sons. (68:10-14)

He will send heaven down on you in abundant rain and reinforce you with more wealth and sons, and grant you gardens and grant you waterways. (71:11-12)

Nuh said, ‘My Lord, they have disobeyed me and followed those whose wealth and children have only increased them in loss.’ (71:21)

He–exalted be the Majesty of our Lord!–has neither wife nor son. (72:3)

How will you safeguard yourselves, if you disbelieve, against a Day which will turn children grey? (73:17)

Leave the person I created on his own to Me alone, him to whom I have given great wealth and sons who stay with him. (74:11-13)

When the Deafening Blast comes, the Day a man will flee from his brother and his mother and his father, and his wife and his children. (80:33-36)

CHILDREN OF ADEM

Children of Adam! We have sent down clothing to you to conceal your private parts, and fine apparel, but the garment of heedfulness–that is best! That is one of Allah’s Signs, so that hopefully you will pay heed. (7:26)

Children of Adam! Do not let Satan tempt you into trouble as He expelled your parents from the Garden, stripping them of their covering and disclosing to them their private parts. He and his tribe see you from where you do not see them. We have made the Satans friends of those who have no faith. (7:27)

Children of Adam! Wear fine clothing in every mosque and eat and drink but do not be profligate. He does not love the profligate. (7:31)

Children of Adam! If Messengers come to you from among yourselves, recounting My Signs to you, those who guard against evil and put things right, will feel no fear and will know no sorrow. (7:35)

When your Lord took out all their descendants from the loins of the children of Adam and made them testify against themselves ‘Am I not your Lord?’ they said, ‘We testify that indeed You are!’ Lest you say on the Day of Rising, ‘We knew nothing of this.’ (7:172)

We have honoured the sons of Adam and conveyed them on land and sea and provided them with good things and favoured them greatly over many We have created. (17:70)

CHILDREN OF ISRAEL (SEE TRIBE OF ISRAEL)

CHRISTIANS

Those with faith, those who are Jews, and the Christians and Sabaeans, all who believe in Allah and the Last Day and act rightly, will have their reward with their Lord. They will feel no fear and will know no sorrow. (2:62)

They say, ‘No one will enter the Garden except for Jews and Christians.’ Such is their vain hope. Say, ‘Produce your evidence if you are telling the truth.’ (2:111)

The Jews say, ‘The Christians have nothing to stand on,’ and the Christians say, ‘The Jews have nothing to stand on,’ yet they both recite the Book. Those who do not know say the same as they say. Allah will judge between them on the Day of Rising regarding the things about which they differ. (2:113)

They say, ‘Allah has a son.’ Glory be to Him! No, everything in the heavens and earth belongs to Him. Everything is obedient to Him. (2:116)

The Jews and the Christians will never be pleased with you until you follow their religion. Say, ‘Allah’s guidance is the true guidance.’ If you were to follow their whims and desires, after the knowledge that has come to you, you would find no protector or helper against Allah. (2:120)

They say, ‘Be Jews or Christians and you will be guided.’ Say, ‘Rather adopt the religion of Ibrahim, a man of natural pure belief. He was not one of the idolaters.’ (2:135)

Or do they say that Ibrahim and Isma‘il and Ishaq and Ya‘qub and the Tribes were Jews or Christians? Say, ‘Do you know better or does Allah?’ Who could do greater wrong than someone who hides the evidence he has been given by Allah? Allah is not unaware of what you do. (2:140)

When Allah said, ‘‘Isa, I will take you back and raise you up to Me and purify you of those who disbelieve. And I will place the people who follow you above those who disbelieve until the Day of Rising. Then you will all return to Me, and I will judge between you regarding the things about which you differed.’ (3:55)

Ibrahim was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but a man of pure natural belief–a Muslim. He was not one of the idolaters. (3:67)

We also made a covenant with those who say, ‘We are Christians,’ and they too forgot a good portion of what they were reminded of. So We stirred up enmity and hatred between them until the Day of Rising when Allah will inform them about what they did. (5:14)

Those who say, ‘Allah is the Messiah, son of Maryam,’ are disbelievers. Say: ‘Who possesses any power at all over Allah if He desires to destroy the Messiah, son of Maryam, and his mother, and everyone else on earth?’ The kingdom of the heavens and the earth and everything between them belongs to Allah. He creates whatever He wills. Allah has power over all things. (5:17)

The Jews and Christians say, ‘We are Allah’s children and His loved ones.’ Say: ‘Why, then, does He punish you for your wrong actions? No, you are merely human beings among those He has created. He forgives whoever He wills and He punishes whoever He wills. The kingdom of the heavens and the earth and everything between them belongs to Allah. He is our final destination.’ (5:18)

The people of the Gospel should judge by what Allah sent down in it. Those who do not judge by what Allah has sent down, such people are deviators. (5:47)

You who believe! Do not take the Jews and Christians as your friends; they are the friends of one another. Any of you who takes them as friends is one of them. Allah does not guide wrongdoing people. (5:51)

Those who believe and those who are Jews and the Sabaeans and the Christians, all who believe in Allah and the Last Day and act rightly will feel no fear and will know no sorrow. (5:69)

Those who say that the Messiah, son of Maryam, is Allah are disbelievers. The Messiah said, ‘Tribe of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord. If anyone associates anything with Allah, Allah has forbidden him the Garden and his refuge will be the Fire.’ The wrongdoers will have no helpers. (5:72)

You will find that the people most hostile to those who believe are the Jews and the idolaters. You will find the people most affectionate to those who believe are those who say, ‘We are Christians.’ That is because some of them are priests and monks and because they are not arrogant. (5:82)

The Jews say, ‘Uzayr is the son of Allah,’ and the Christians say, ‘The Messiah is the son of Allah.’ That is what they say with their mouths, copying the words of those who disbelieved before. May Allah destroy them! How perverted they are! (9:30)

They have taken their rabbis and monks as lords besides Allah, and also the Messiah, son of Maryam. Yet they were commanded to worship only one God. There is no god but Him! Glory be to Him above anything they associate with Him! (9:31)

As for those who believe and those who are Jews and the Sabaeans and the Christians, Magians and idolaters, Allah will distinguish between them on the Day of Rising. Allah is witness of all things. (22:17)

Then We sent Our Messengers following in their footsteps and sent ‘Isa son of Maryam after them, giving him the Gospel. We put compassion and mercy in the hearts of those who followed him. They invented monasticism–We did not prescribe it for them–purely out of desire to gain the pleasure of Allah, but even so they did not observe it as it should have been observed. To those of them who believed We gave their reward but many of them are deviators. (57:27)

CHURCH

... if Allah had not driven some people back by means of others, monasteries, churches, synagogues and mosques, where Allah’s name is mentioned much, would have been pulled down and destroyed. Allah will certainly help those who help Him–Allah is All-Strong, Almighty. (22:40)

(TO) CIRCLE

And when We made the House (Kaaba) a place of return, a sanctuary for mankind: They took the place where Ibrahim stood (to pray) as a place of prayer. We contracted with Ibrahim and Isma‘il: ‘Purify My House for those who circle it, and those who stay there, and those who bow and who prostrate.’ (2:125)

And We located the position of the House for Ibrahim: ‘Do not associate anything with Me and purify My House for those who circle it, and those who stand and bow and prostrate.’ (22:26)

(We said to Ibrahim,) ‘Then they should end their state of self-neglect and fulfil their vows and circle the Ancient House.’ (22:29)

CISTERN

They made for him anything he (Sulayman) wished: high arches and statues, huge dishes like cisterns, great built-in cooking vats. ‘Work, family of Dawud, in thankfulness!’ But very few of My servants are thankful. (34:13)

CITY

What reason could you have for not fighting in the Way of Allah–for those men, women and children who are oppressed and say, ‘Our Lord, take us out of this city whose inhabitants are wrongdoers! Give us a protector from You! Give us a helper from You!’? (4:75)

This is a Book We have sent down and blessed, confirming what came before it, so that you can warn the Mother of Cities (Makka) and the people around it. Those who believe in the hereafter believe in it and safeguard their prayer. (6:92)

And likewise in every city We set up its greatest wrongdoers to plot in it. They plot against themselves alone, but they are not aware of it. (6:123)

That was because their Lord would never have destroyed the cities unjustly while their people were unaware. (6:131)

How many cities We have destroyed! Our violent force came down on them during the night, or while they were asleep during the day. (7:4)

The ruling circle of those of his people who were arrogant said, ‘We will drive you out of our city, Shu‘ayb, you and those who believe along with you, unless you return to our religion.’ He said, ‘What, even though we detest it?’ (7:88)

If only the people of the cities had believed and guarded against evil, We would have opened up to them blessings from heaven and earth. But they denied the truth so We seized them for what they earned. (7:96)

Do the people of the cities feel secure against Our violent force coming down on them in the night while they are asleep? (7:97)

Or do the people of the cities feel secure against Our violent force coming down on them in the day while they are playing games? (7:98)

These cities–We have given you news of them. Their Messengers came to them with Clear Signs, but they were never going to believe in what they had previously rejected. That is how Allah seals up the hearts of the disbelievers. (7:101)

They said, ‘Detain him and his brother and send out marshals to the cities,’ (7:111)

Pharaoh said, ‘Have you believed in him before I authorised you to do so? This is just some plot you have concocted in the city to drive its people from it.’ (7:123)

Has the news of those who came before them not reached them, the people of Nuh and ‘Ad and Thamud, and the people of Ibrahim and the inhabitants of Madyan and the overturned cities? Their Messengers brought them the Clear Signs. Allah did not wrong them; rather they wronged themselves. (9:70)

How is it that there has never been a city that believed, whose faith then brought it benefit, except the people of Yunus? When they believed We removed from them the punishment of disgrace in the life of this world and We let them have enjoyment for a time. (10:98)

That is some of the news of the cities which We relate to you. Some of them are still standing, while others are now just stubble. (11:100)

Such is the iron grip of your Lord when He seizes the cities which do wrong. His grip is painful, violent. (11:102)

Your Lord would never have destroyed the cities wrongfully as long as their inhabitants were putting things right. (11:117)

Some city women said, ‘The governor’s wife solicited her slave. He’s fired her heart with love. We see that she’s the one to blame.’ (12:30)

We sent none before you but men inspired with revelation from among the people of the cities. Have they not travelled in the land and seen the final fate of those before them? The abode of the hereafter is better for those who guard against evil. So will you not use your intellect? (12:109)

We did not destroy any city without it having a set time. (15:4)

The people of the city came, exulting at the news. (15:67)

When We desire to destroy a city, We send a command to the affluent in it and they become deviant in it and the Word is justly carried out against it and We annihilate it completely. (17:16)

There is no city We will not destroy before the Day of Rising, or punish with a terrible punishment. That is inscribed in the Book. (17:58)

Those cities: We destroyed them when they did wrong and fixed a promised time for their destruction. (18:59)

None of the cities which We destroyed before them believed. So will they? (21:6)

How many cities which did wrong have We utterly destroyed, raising up other people after them! (21:11)

We gave right judgement and knowledge to Lut and rescued him from the city which committed disgusting acts. They were evil people who were deviators. (21:74)

There is a ban on any city We have destroyed; they will not return. (21:95)

How many wrongdoing cities We destroyed, and now all their roofs and walls are fallen in; how many abandoned wells and stuccoed palaces! (22:45)

How many wrongdoing cities I allowed time to and then I seized them. I am their final destination! (22:48)

They themselves have come across the city which was rained on by an evil rain. Did they not then see it? But they do not expect to rise again. (25:40)

They said, ‘Detain him and his brother and send out marshals to the cities.’ (26:36)

Pharaoh sent marshals into the cities. (26:53)

We have never destroyed a city without giving it prior warning. (26:208)

She (the Queen of Sheba) said, ‘When kings enter a city, they lay waste to it and make its mightiest inhabitants the most abased. That is what they too will do.’ (27:34)

There was a group of nine men in the city causing corruption in the land and not putting things right. (27:48)

Morning found him in the city, fearful and on his guard. Then suddenly the man who had sought his help the day before, shouted for help from him again. Musa said to him, ‘You are clearly a misguided man.’ (28:18)

Your Lord would never destroy any cities without first sending to the chief of them a Messenger to recite Our Signs to them. We would never destroy any cities unless their inhabitants were wrongdoers. (28:59)

When Our messengers came with the good news to Ibrahim, they said, ‘We are going to destroy the people of this city. Truly its inhabitants are wrongdoers.’ (29:31)

(Messengers said,) ‘We will bring down on the inhabitants of this city a devastating punishment from heaven because of their deviance.’ (29:34)

We placed between them and the cities We had blessed other clearly conspicuous cities, making them measured stages on the way: ‘Travel between them in safety by night and day.’ (34:18)

We never sent a warner into any city without the affluent people in it saying, ‘We reject what you have been sent with.’ (34:34)

Make an example for them of the inhabitants of the city when the Messengers came to it. (36:13)

Accordingly We have revealed to you an Arabic Qur’an so that you may warn the Mother of Cities (Makka) and those around it, and give warning of the Day of Gathering about which there is no doubt: one group in the Garden, the other in the Blazing Fire. (42:7)

They say, ‘Why was this Qur’an not sent down to one of the great men of the two cities?’ (43:31)

We destroyed the cities round about you and have variegated the Signs so that hopefully they will turn back. (46:27)

And the Overturned City which He turned upside down, (53:53)

Whatever booty Allah gives to His Messenger from city dwellers belongs to Allah and to the Messenger and to near relatives and orphans and the very poor and travellers, so that it does not become something which merely revolves between the rich among you. Whatever the Messenger gives you you should accept and whatever he forbids you you should forgo. Have fear of Allah–Allah is severe in retribution. (59:7)

How many cities spurned their Lord’s command and His Messengers! And so We called them harshly to account and punished them with a terrible punishment. (65:8)

Pharaoh and those before him and the Overturned Cities made a great mistake. (69:9)

I swear by this city–and you are resident in this city– (90:1-2)

Allah makes an example of a city which was safe and at peace, its provision coming to it plentifully from every side. Then it showed ingratitude for Allah’s blessings so Allah made it wear the robes of hunger and fear for what it did. (16:112)

That was the situation when we woke them up so they could question one another. One of them asked, ‘How long have you been here?’ They replied, ‘We have been here for a day or part of a day.’ They said, ‘Your Lord knows best how long you have been here. Send one of your number into the city with this silver you have, so he can see which food is purest and bring you some of it to eat. But he should go about with caution so that no one is aware of you,’ (18:19)

The only response of his people was to say: ‘Drive the family of Lut out of your city! They are people who keep themselves pure!’ (27:56)

He (Musa) entered the city at a time when its inhabitants were unaware and found two men fighting there–one from his party and the other from his enemy. The one from his party asked for his support against the other from his enemy. So Musa hit him, dealing him a fatal blow. He said, ‘This is part of Satan’s handiwork. He truly is an outright and misleading enemy.’ (28:15)

A man came running from the furthest part of the city, saying, ‘Musa, the Council are conspiring to kill you, so leave! I am someone who brings you good advice.’ (28:20)

How many cities We have destroyed which lived in insolent ingratitude! There are their houses, never again inhabited after them, except a little. It was We who were their Heir. (28:58)

A man came running from the far side of the city, saying, ‘My people! Follow the Messengers!’ (36:20)

CLAY

He will teach him (Isa) the Book and Wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel, as a Messenger to the tribe of Israel, saying: ‘I have brought you a Sign from your Lord. I will create the shape of a bird out of clay for you and then breathe into it and it will be a bird by Allah’s permission. I will heal the blind and the leper, and bring the dead to life, by Allah’s permission. I will tell you what you eat and what you store up in your homes. There is a Sign for you in that if you are believers. (3:48-49)

Remember when Allah said, ‘‘Isa, son of Maryam, remember My blessing to you and to your mother when I reinforced you with the Purest Spirit so that you could speak to people in the cradle and when you were fully grown; and when I taught you the Book and Wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel; and when you created a bird-shape out of clay by My permission, and then breathed into it and it became a bird by My permission; and healed the blind and the leper by My permission; and when you brought forth the dead by My permission; and when I held back the tribe of Israel from you, when you brought them the Clear Signs and those of them who disbelieved said, "This is nothing but downright magic";’ (5:110)

It is He Who created you from clay and then decreed a fixed term, and another fixed term is specified with Him. Yet you still have doubts! (6:2)

He said, ‘What prevented you from prostrating when I commanded you to?’ He (Satan) replied, ‘I am better than him. You created me from fire and You created him from clay.’ (7:12)

When Our command came, We turned their cities upside down and rained down on them stones of hard baked clay. (11:82)

We created mankind out of dried clay formed from fetid black mud. (15:26)

When your Lord said to the angels, ‘I am creating a human being out of dried clay formed from fetid black mud,’ (15:28)

He (Satan) said, ‘I will not prostrate to a human being whom You have created out of dried clay formed from fetid black mud.’ (15:33)

We turned the place completely upside down and rained down on them stones of hard-baked clay. (15:74)

When We said to the angels, ‘Prostrate yourselves to Adam!’ they prostrated, except for Diabolis. He said ‘What! Am I to prostrate to one You have created out of clay?’ (17:61)

We created man from the purest kind of clay. (23:12)

Pharaoh said, ‘Council, I do not know of any other god for you apart from Me. Haman, kindle a fire for me over the clay and build me a lofty tower so that perhaps I may be able to climb up to Musa’s god! I consider him a blatant liar.’ (28:38)

He Who has created all things in the best possible way. He commenced the creation of man from clay. (32:7)

Then inquire of them: is it they who are stronger in structure or other things We have created? We created them from sticky clay. (37:11)

Your Lord said to the angels, ‘I am going to create a human being out of clay.’ (38:71)

He (Satan) said, ‘I am better than him. You created me from fire but You created him from clay.’ (38:76)

They said, ‘We have been sent to a people of evildoers to unleash upon them lumps of clay.’  (51:32-33)

He created man from dry earth like baked clay. (55:14)

Do you not see what your Lord did with the Companions of the Elephant? Did He not bring all their schemes to nothing, unleashing upon them flock after flock of birds, bombarding them with stones of hard-baked clay? (105:1-4)

CLOAK

It is He Who made the night a cloak for you and sleep a rest, and He made the day a time for rising. (25:47)

They made their oaths into a cloak and barred the Way of Allah, so they will have a humiliating punishment. (58:16)

They have made their oaths into a cloak and barred the Way of Allah. What they have done is truly evil. (63:2)

You who are enveloped in your cloak! (74:1)

We made the night a cloak. (78:10)

CLOTHING

On the night of the fast it is lawful for you to have sexual relations with your wives. They are clothing for you and you for them. Allah knows that you have been betraying yourselves and He has turned towards you and excused you. Now you may have sexual intercourse with them and seek what Allah has written for you. Eat and drink until you can clearly discern the white thread from the black thread of the dawn, then fulfil the fast until the night appears. But do not have sexual intercourse with them while you are in retreat in the mosques. These are Allah’s limits, so do not go near them. In this way does Allah make His Signs clear to people so that hopefully they will guard against evil. (2:187)

Children of Adam! We have sent down clothing to you to conceal your private parts, and fine apparel, but the garment of heedfulness–that is best! That is one of Allah’s Signs, so that hopefully you will pay heed. (7:26)

Children of Adam! Wear fine clothing in every mosque and eat and drink but do not be profligate. He does not love the profligate. (7:31)

Say: ‘Who has forbidden the fine clothing Allah has produced for His servants and the good kinds of provision?’ Say: ‘On the Day of Rising such things will be exclusively for those who believed during their life in this world.’ In this way We make the Signs clear for people who know. (7:32)

Allah has made your houses places of rest for you and made houses for you out of cattle hides which are light for you to carry both when you are travelling and when you are staying in one place. And from their wool and fur and hair you obtain clothing and carpets and household utensils for a time. (16:80)

Allah has made shaded places for you in what He has created and He has made shelters for you in the mountains and He has made shirts for you to protect you from the heat and shirts to protect you from each other’s violence. In that way He perfects His blessing on you so that hopefully you will become Muslims. (16:81)

Allah makes an example of a city which was safe and at peace, its provision coming to it plentifully from every side. Then it showed ingratitude for Allah’s blessings so Allah made it wear the robes of hunger and fear for what it did. (16:112)

But Allah will admit those who believe and do right actions into Gardens with rivers flowing under them where they will be adorned with gold bracelets and pearls, and where their clothing will be of silk. (22:23)

As for women who are past child-bearing age and no longer have any hope of getting married, there is nothing wrong in their removing their outer clothes, provided they do not flaunt their adornments; but to refrain from doing so is better for them. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. (24:60)

They will enter Gardens of Eden where they will be adorned with gold bracelets and pearls, and where their clothing will be of silk. (35:33)

The people who guard against evil will be in a safe place amid gardens and fountains, wearing fine silk and rich brocade, face to face with one another. (44:51-53)

(Nuh said,) ‘Indeed, every time I called them to Your forgiveness, they put their fingers in their ears, wrapped themselves up in their clothes and were overweeningly arrogant.’ (71:7)

You who are enwrapped in your clothing! (73:1)

Purify your clothes. (74:4)

CLOTHING OF WOMEN

Say to the believing women that they should lower their eyes and guard their chastity and not display their adornments–except for what normally shows–and draw their head-coverings across their breasts. They should only display their adornments to their husbands or their fathers or their husbands’ fathers, or their sons or their husbands’ sons or their brothers or their brothers’ sons or their sisters’ sons or their women or those they own as slaves or their male attendants who have no sexual desire or children who still have no awareness of women’s private parts. Nor should they stamp their feet so that their hidden ornaments are known. Turn to Allah every one of you, believers, so that hopefully you will have success. (24:31)

As for women who are past child-bearing age and no longer have any hope of getting married, there is nothing wrong in their removing their outer clothes, provided they do not flaunt their adornments; but to refrain from doing so is better for them. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. (24:60)

O Prophet! Tell your wives and daughters and the women of the believers to draw their outer garments closely round themselves. This makes it more likely that they will be recognised and not be harmed. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (33:59)

CLOUD

Or (their likeness is) that of a storm-cloud in the sky, full of darkness, thunder and lightning. They put their fingers in their ears against the thunderclaps, fearful of death. Allah encompasses the disbelievers. (2:19)

And We shaded you with clouds and sent down manna and quails to you: ‘Eat of the good things We have provided for you.’ They did not wrong Us; rather it was themselves they were wronging. (2:57)

In the creation of the heavens and earth, and the alternation of the night and day, and the ships which sail the seas to people’s benefit, and the water which Allah sends down from the sky–by which He brings the earth to life when it was dead and scatters about in it creatures of every kind–and the varying direction of the winds, and the clouds subservient between heaven and earth, there are Signs for people who use their intellect. (2:164)

What are they waiting for but for Allah to come to them in the shadows of the clouds, together with the angels, in which case the matter will have been settled? All matters return to Allah. (2:210)

It is He Who sends out the winds, bringing advance news of His mercy, so that when they have lifted up the heavy clouds, We dispatch them to a dead land and send down water to it, by means of which We bring forth all kinds of fruit. In the same way We will bring forth the dead, so that hopefully you will pay heed. (7:57)

We divided them up into twelve tribes–communities. We revealed to Musa, when his people asked him for water: ‘Strike the rock with your staff.’ Twelve fountains flowed out from it and all the people knew their drinking place. And We shaded them with clouds and sent down manna and quails to them: ‘Eat of the good things We have provided you with.’ They did not wrong Us; rather it was themselves they wronged. (7:160)

It is He Who shows you the lightning, striking fear and bringing hope; it is He Who heaps up the heavy clouds. (13:12)

Or they are like the darkness of a fathomless sea which is covered by waves above which are waves above which are clouds, layers of darkness, one upon the other. If he puts out his hand, he can scarcely see it. Those Allah gives no light to, they have no light. (24:40)

Do you not see that Allah propels the clouds then makes them coalesce then heaps them up, and then you see the rain come pouring out of the middle of them? And He sends down mountains from the sky with hail inside them, striking with it anyone He wills and averting it from anyone He wills. The brightness of His lightning almost blinds the sight. (24:43)

The Day when Heaven is split apart in clouds, and the angels are sent down rank upon rank. (25:25)

You will see the mountains you reckoned to be solid going past like clouds–the handiwork of Allah Who gives to everything its solidity. He is aware of what you do. (27:88)

It is Allah Who sends the winds which stir up clouds which He spreads about the sky however He wills. He forms them into dark clumps and you see the rain come pouring out from the middle of them. When He makes it fall on those of His servants He wills, they rejoice. (30:48)

It is Allah Who sends the winds which raise the clouds which We then drive to a dead land and by them bring the earth to life after it was dead. That is how the Resurrection will be. (35:9)

When they saw it as a storm cloud advancing on their valleys they said, ‘This is a storm cloud which will give us rain.’ No, rather it is what you desired to hasten–a wind containing painful punishment. (46:24)

If they saw a lump of heaven falling down, they would just say, ‘Banked-up clouds!’ (52:44)

Is it you who sent it (the water) down from the clouds or are We the Sender? (56:69)

We sent down cascading water from the clouds. (78:14)

(I swear by the horses) leaving a trailing dust-cloud in their wake. (100:4)

COAT OF MAIL

(We revealed to Dawud,) ‘Make full-length coats of mail, measuring the links with care. And act rightly, all of you, for I see what you do.’ (34:11)

COIN

They sold him (Yusuf) for a pittance, a few small coins, considering him to be of little worth. (12:20)

COLLAPSE

Who is better: someone who founds his building on fear of Allah and His good pleasure, or someone who founds his building on the brink of a crumbling precipice so that it collapses with him into the Fire of Hell? Allah does not love wrongdoers. (9:109)

We have appointed the sacrificial animals for you as one of the sacred rites of Allah. There is good in them for you, so invoke Allah’s name over them, as they stand in rows. And then when they collapse on their sides, eat of them and feed both those who ask and those who are too shy to ask. In this way We have subjected them to you so that hopefully you will be thankful. (22:36)

COLOUR

They said, ‘Ask your Lord to make it clear to us what colour it should be.’ He said, ‘He says it should be a a yellow cow, a pleasure to all who look.’ (2:69)

To those who disbelieve, the life of this world is painted in glowing colours and they laugh at those who believe. But on the Day of Rising those who fear Allah will be over them. Allah provides for whoever He wills without any reckoning. (2:212)

To mankind the love of worldly appetites is painted in glowing colours: women and children, and heaped-up mounds of gold and silver, and horses with fine markings, and livestock and fertile farmland. All that is merely the enjoyment of the life of this world. The best homecoming is in the presence of Allah. (3:14)

And also the things of varying colours He has created for you in the earth. There is certainly a Sign in that for people who pay heed. (16:13)

(Your Lord revealed to the bees:) ‘Then eat from every kind of fruit and travel the paths of your Lord, which have been made easy for you to follow.’ From inside them comes a drink of varying colours, containing healing for mankind. There is certainly a Sign in that for people who reflect. (16:69)

Among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and earth and the variety of your languages and colours. There are certainly Signs in that for every being. (30:22)

Do you not see that Allah sends down water from the sky and by it We bring forth fruits of varying colours? And in the mountains there are streaks of white and red, of varying shades, and rocks of deep jet black. (35:27)

And mankind and beasts and livestock are likewise of varying colours. Only those of His servants with knowledge have fear of Allah. Allah is Almighty, Ever-Forgiving. (35:28)

Do you not see that Allah sends down water from the sky and threads it through the earth to emerge as springs and then by it brings forth crops of varying colours, which then wither and you see them turning yellow and then He makes them into broken stubble? There is a reminder in that for people of intelligence. (39:21)

On the Day the sky is like molten brass and the mountains like tufts of coloured wool. (70:8-9)

It is the Day when mankind will be like scattered moths and the mountains like tufts of coloured wool. (101:4-5)

COLUMNS

Iram of the Columns. (89:7)

It (the kindled fire of Allah) is sealed in above them in towering columns. (104:8-9)

COMMAND

Many of the People of the Book would love it if they could turn you back to disbelief after you have become believers, showing their innate envy now that the truth is clear to them. But you should pardon and overlook until Allah gives His command. Truly Allah has power over all things. (2:109)

Allah fulfilled His promise to you when you were slaughtering them by His permission. But then you faltered, disputing the command, and disobeyed after He showed you what you love. Among you are those who want this world and among you are those who want the hereafter. Then He turned you from them in order to test you–but He has pardoned you. Allah shows favour to the believers. (3:152)

You who have been given the Book! Believe in what We have sent down confirming what is with you, before We obliterate faces, turning them inside out, or We curse you as We cursed the Companions of the Sabbath. Allah’s command is always carried out. (4:47)

Your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six days and then settled Himself firmly on the Throne. He covers the day with the night, each pursuing the other urgently; and the sun and moon and stars are subservient to His command. Both creation and command belong to Him. Blessed be Allah, the Lord of all the worlds. (7:54)

And they hamstrung the She-Camel, spurning their Lord’s command, and said, ‘Salih! Bring us what you have promised us if you are one of the Messengers.’ (7:77)

When Musa returned to his people in anger and great sorrow, he said, ‘What an evil thing you did in my absence after I left! Did you want to hasten your Lord’s command?’ He threw down the Tablets and seized hold of his brother’s head, dragging him towards him. Harun said, ‘Son of my mother, The people oppressed me and almost killed me. Do not give my enemies cause to gloat over me. Do not include me with the wrongdoing people.’ (7:150)

Say: ‘If your fathers or your sons or your brothers or your wives or your tribe, or any wealth you have acquired, or any business you fear may slump, or any house which pleases you, are dearer to you than Allah and His Messenger and striving in His Way, then wait until Allah brings about His command. Allah does not guide people who are deviators.’ (9:24)

They have already tried to cause conflict before, and turned things completely upside down for you, until the truth came and Allah’s command prevailed even though they detested it. (9:48)

And others are left awaiting Allah’s command as to whether He will punish them or turn to them. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (9:106)

The metaphor of the life of this world is that of water which We send down from the sky, and which then mingles with the plants of the earth to provide food for both people and animals. Then, when the earth is at its loveliest and takes on its fairest guise and its people think they have it under their control, Our command comes upon it by night or day and We reduce it to dried-out stubble, as though it had not been flourishing just the day before! In this way We make Our Signs clear for people who reflect. (10:24)

So when Our command came, and water bubbled up from the earth, We said (to Nuh), ‘Load into it a pair of every species, and your family–except for those against whom the Word was preordained–and all who believe.’ But those who believed with him were only few. (11:40)

He (Nuh's son) said, ‘I will take refuge on a mountain; It will protect me from the flood.’ He said, ‘There is no protection from Allah’s command today except for those He has mercy on.’ The waves surged in between them and he was among the drowned. (11:43)

When Our command came, We rescued Hud and those who believed along with him by a mercy from Us. We rescued them from a harsh punishment. (11:58)

That was ‘Ad. They denied the Signs of their Lord and disobeyed His Messengers and followed the command of every obdurate tyrant. (11:59)

Then when Our command came We rescued Salih and those who believed along with him by a mercy from Us from the disgrace of that day. Your Lord is the All-Strong, the Almighty. (11:66)

They said, ‘Are you astonished at Allah’s command? May Allah’s mercy and His blessings be upon you, People of the House! He is Praiseworthy, All-Glorious.’ (11:73)

‘Ibrahim, turn away from this! Your Lord’s command has come. A punishment is coming to them which cannot be repelled.’ (11:76)

When Our command came, We turned their cities upside down and rained down on them stones of hard baked clay. (11:82)

When Our command came, We rescued Shu‘ayb and those who believed along with him by a mercy from Us. The Great Blast seized hold of those who did wrong and morning found them lying flattened in their homes. (11:94)

We sent Musa with Our Signs and clear authority to Pharaoh and his ruling circle. They followed Pharaoh’s command but Pharaoh’s command was not rightly guided. (11:96-97)

We did not wrong them; rather they wronged themselves. The gods they called upon besides Allah did not help them at all when Allah’s command came upon them. They did nothing but increase their ruin. (11:101)

We revealed to him (Lut) the command We had decreed: that on the following morning the last remnant of those people would be cut off. (15:66)

Allah’s command is coming, so do not try to hasten it. Glory be to Him! He is exalted above anything they associate with Him. (16:1)

He sends down angels with the Spirit of His command to any of His servants He wills: ‘Give warning that there is no god but Me, so have fear of Me!’ (16:2)

He has made night and day subservient to you, and the sun and moon and stars, all subject to His command. There are certainly Signs in that for people who use their intellect. (16:12)

What are they waiting for but the angels to come to them or your Lord's command to come? That is like what those before them did. Allah did not wrong them; rather they wronged themselves. (16:33)

When We desire to destroy a city, We send a command to the affluent in it and they become deviant in it and the Word is justly carried out against it and We annihilate it completely. (17:16)

(Dhu’l-Qarnayn said,) ‘But as for him who believes and acts rightly, he will receive the best of rewards and we will issue a command, making things easy for him.’ (18:88)

We revealed to him (Nuh): ‘Build the Ship under Our supervision and as We reveal. When Our command comes and water bubbles up from the earth, load into it a pair of every species, and your family–except for those among them against whom the word has already gone ahead. And do not address Me concerning those who do wrong. They shall be drowned.’ (23:27)

You were not on the western side when We gave Musa the command. You were not a witness. (28:44)

Among His Signs is that He sends the winds bearing good news, to give you a taste of His mercy, and to make the ships run by His command, and to enable you to seek His bounty so that hopefully you will be thankful. (30:46)

We appointed leaders from among them, guiding by Our command when they were steadfast and when they had certainty about Our Signs. (32:24)

When you said to him whom Allah has blessed and you yourself have greatly favoured, ‘Keep your wife to yourself and have fear of Allah,’ while concealing something in yourself which Allah wished to bring to light, you were fearing people when Allah has more right to your fear. Then when Zayd divorced her We married her to you so that there should be no restriction for the believers regarding the wives of their adopted sons when they have divorced them. Allah’s command is always carried out. (33:37)

There is no restriction on the Prophet regarding anything Allah allots to him. This was Allah’s pattern with those who passed away before–and Allah’s command is a pre-ordained decree. (33:38)

And We gave Sulayman power over the wind–a month’s journey in the morning and a month in the afternoon. And We made a fount of molten brass flow out for him. And some of the jinn worked in front of him by his Lord’s permission. And if a single one of them deviates at all from Our command, We let him taste the punishment of the Searing Blaze. (34:12)

His command when He desires a thing is just to say to it, ‘Be!’ and it is. (36:82)

So We subjected the wind to him to blow at his command, softly, wherever he directed. (38:36)

He is the Raiser of ranks, the Possessor of the Throne, He sends the Spirit by His command to whichever of His servants He wills so that he may warn mankind about the Day of Meeting. (40:15)

We sent Messengers before you. Some of them We have told you about and others We have not told you about. No Messenger can bring a Sign except with Allah’s permission. But when Allah’s command comes the matter will be decided with truth and then and there the liars will be lost. (40:78)

Accordingly We have revealed to you a Spirit by Our command. You had no idea of what the Book was, nor faith. Nonetheless We have made it a Light by which We guide those of Our servants We will. Truly you are guiding to a Straight Path. (42:52)

We made the Commandments very clear to them and they only differed after knowledge came to them, tyrannising one other. Your Lord will decide between them on the Day of Rising regarding the things they differed about. (45:17)

Then We placed you on the right road of Our Command so follow it. Do not follow the whims and desires of those who do not know. (45:18)

If two parties of the believers fight, make peace between them. But if one of them attacks the other unjustly, fight the attackers until they revert to Allah’s command. If they revert, make peace between them with justice, and be even-handed. Allah loves those who are even-handed. (49:9)

But they spurned their Lord’s command, so the Blast seized them as they looked. (51:44)

Our command is only one word, like the blinking of an eye. (54:50)

They will call out to them, ‘Were we not with you?’ They will reply, ‘Indeed you were. But you made trouble for yourselves and hung back  and doubted and false hopes deluded you until Allah’s command arrived. The Deluder deluded you about Allah.’ (57:14)

That is Allah’s command which He has sent down to you. Whoever has fear of Allah–He will erase his bad actions from him and greatly increase his reward. (65:5)

How many cities spurned their Lord’s command and His Messengers! And so We called them harshly to account and punished them with a terrible punishment. (65:8)

It is Allah Who created the seven heavens and of the earth the same number, the Command descending down through all of them, so that you might know that Allah has power over all things and that Allah encompasses all things in His knowledge. (65:12)

It is the Day when a self will have no power to help any other self in any way. The command that Day will be Allah’s alone. (82:19)

COMMUNITY

(Ibrahim said,) ‘Our Lord, make us both Muslims submitted to You, and our descendants a Muslim community submitted to You. Show us our rites of worship and turn towards us. You are the Ever-Returning, the Most Merciful.’ (2:128)

That was a community which has long since passed away. It has what it earned. You have what you have earned. You will not be questioned about what they did. (2:134, 2:141)

In this way We have made you a middlemost community, so that you may act as witnesses against mankind and the Messenger as a witness against you. We only appointed the direction you used to face in order to know those who follow the Messenger from those who turn round on their heels. Though in truth it is a very hard thing–except for those Allah has guided. Allah would never let your faith go to waste. Allah is All-Gentle, Most Merciful to mankind. (2:143)

Mankind was a single community. Then Allah sent out Prophets bringing good news and giving warning, and with them He sent down the Book with truth to decide between people regarding their differences. Only those who were given it differed about it, after the Clear Signs had come to them, envying one another. Then, by His permission, Allah guided those who believed to the truth of that about which they had differed. Allah guides whoever He wills to a straight path. (2:213)

And We have sent down the Book to you with truth, confirming and conserving the previous Books. So judge between them by what Allah has sent down and do not follow their whims and desires deviating from the Truth that has come to you. We have appointed a law and a practice for every one of you. Had Allah willed, He would have made you a single community, but He wanted to test you regarding what has come to you. So compete with each other in doing good. Every one of you will return to Allah and He will inform you regarding the things about which you differed. (5:48)

There is no creature crawling on the earth or flying creature, flying on its wings, who are not communities just like yourselves–We have not omitted anything from the Book–then they will be gathered to their Lord. (6:38)

Among those We have created there is a community who guide by the Truth and act justly according to it. (7:181)

Mankind was only one community but then they differed, and had it not been for a prior Word from your Lord, they would already have been judged in respect of the differences between them. (10:19)

If your Lord had wanted to, He would have made mankind into one community but they persist in their differences, (11:118)

By Allah, We sent Messengers to communities before your time, but Satan made their actions seem good to them. Therefore today he is their protector. They will have a painful punishment. (16:63)

On that Day We will raise up among every community a witness against them from amongst themselves, and bring you as a witness against them. We have sent down the Book to you making all things clear and as guidance and mercy and good news for the Muslims. (16:89)

Do not be like a woman who spoils the thread she has spun by unravelling it after it is strong, by making your oaths a means of deceiving one another, merely because one community is bigger than another. Allah is only testing you by this. He will make clear to you on the Day of Rising the things about which you differed. (16:92)

If Allah had willed He would have made you one community. However, He misguides anyone He wills and guides anyone He wills. You will be questioned about what you did. (16:93)

Ibrahim was a community in himself, exemplary, obedient to Allah, a man of pure natural belief. He was not one of the idolaters. (16:120)

Then We sent Our Messengers one after another, at intervals. Each time its Messenger came to a community they called him a liar so We made them follow one another too and turned them into myths and legends. Away with the people who have no faith! (23:44)

On that Day We will collect from every community a crowd of those who denied Our Signs, paraded in tight ranks. (27:83)

We have sent you with the truth bringing good news and giving warning. There is no community to which a warner has not come. (35:24)

They swore by Allah with their most earnest oaths that if a warner came to them they would be better guided than any other community. But then when a warner did come to them, it only increased their aversion. (35:42)

Were it not that mankind might all become one community, We would have given those who reject the All-Merciful silver roofs to their houses and silver stairways to ascend. (43:33)

COMPANION

But those who disbelieve and deny Our Signs are the Companions of the Fire, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (2:39)

No indeed! Those who accumulate bad actions and are surrounded by their mistakes, such people are the Companions of the Fire, remaining in it timelessly, for ever; whereas those who believe and do right actions, such people are the Companions of the Garden, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (2:81-82)

They will ask you about the Sacred Month and fighting in it. Say, ‘Fighting in it is a serious matter; but barring access to the Way of Allah and rejecting Him and barring access to the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) and expelling its people from it are far more serious in the sight of Allah. Discord is worse than killing.’ They will not stop fighting you until they make you revert from your religion, if they are able. As for any of you who revert from their religion and die disbeliever, their actions will come to nothing in this world and the hereafter. They are the Companions of the Fire, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (2:217)

Allah is the Protector of those who believe. He brings them out of the darkness into the light. But those who disbelieve have false gods as protectors. They take them from the light into the darkness. Those are the Companions of the Fire remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (2:257)

Those who practise usury will not rise from the grave except as someone driven mad by Satan's touch. That is because they say, ‘Trade is the same as usury.’ But Allah has permitted trade and He has forbidden usury. Whoever is given a warning by his Lord and then desists, can keep what he received in the past and his affair is Allah’s concern. But all who return to it will be the Companions of the Fire, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (2:275)

As for those who disbelieve, their wealth and children will not help them against Allah in any way. They are the Companions of the Fire, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (3:116)

Worship Allah and do not associate anything with Him. Be good to your parents and relatives and to orphans and the very poor, and to neighbours who are related to you and neighbours who are not related to you, and to companions and travellers and your slaves. Allah does not love anyone vain or boastful. (4:36)

You who have been given the Book! Believe in what We have sent down confirming what is with you, before We obliterate faces, turning them inside out, or We curse you as We cursed the Companions of the Sabbath. Allah’s command is always carried out. (4:47)

But those who disbelieve and deny Our Signs, are the Companions of the Blazing Fire. (5:10)

(One of Adam's two sons said to the other,) ‘I want you to take on both my wrongdoing and your wrongdoing and so become one of the Companions of the Fire. That is the repayment of the wrongdoers.’ (5:29)

As for those who disbelieve and deny Our Signs, they are the Companions of the Blazing Fire. (5:86)

Say: ‘Are we to call on something besides Allah which can neither help nor harm us, and to turn on our heels after Allah has guided us, like someone the Satans have lured away in the earth, leaving him confused and stupefied, despite the fact that he has companions calling him to guidance, saying, "Come with us!"?’ Say: ‘Allah's guidance, that is true guidance. We are commanded to submit as Muslims to the Lord of all the worlds.’ (6:71)

But as for those who reject Our Signs and are arrogant regarding them, they are the Companions of the Fire, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (7:36)

As for those who believe and do right actions–We impose on no self any more than it can bear–they are the Companions of the Garden, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (7:42)

The Companions of the Garden will call out to the Companions of the Fire, ‘We have found that what our Lord promised us is true. Have you found that what your Lord promised you is true?’ They will say, ‘Yes, we have!’ Between them a herald will proclaim: ‘May the curse of Allah be on the wrongdoers.’ (7:44)

When they turn their eyes towards the Companions of the Fire, they will say, ‘Our Lord, do not place us with the people of the wrongdoers!’ (7:47)

The Companions of the Ramparts will call out to men they recognise by their mark, saying, ‘What you amassed was of no use to you, nor was your arrogance.’ (7:48)

The Companions of the Fire will call out to the Companions of the Garden, ‘Throw down some water to us or some of what Allah has given you as provision.’ They will say, ‘Allah has forbidden them to the disbelievers. (7:50)

Have they not reflected? Their companion is not mad. He is only a clear warner. (7:184)

If you do not help him, Allah did help him when those who disbelieved drove him out and there were two of them in the Cave. He said to his companion, ‘Do not be despondent, Allah is with us.’ Then Allah sent down His serenity upon him and reinforced him with troops you could not see. He made the word of those who disbelieved undermost. It is the word of Allah which is uppermost. Allah is Almighty, All-Wise. (9:40)

It is not right for the Prophet and those who believe to ask forgiveness for the idolaters–even if they are close relatives–after it has become clear to them that they are the Companions of the Blazing Fire. (9:113)

Those who do good will have the best and more! Neither dust nor debasement will darken their faces. They are the Companions of the Garden, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (10:26)

But as for those who have earned bad actions–a bad action will be repaid with one the like of it. Debasement will darken them. They will have no one to protect them from Allah. It is as if their faces were covered by dark patches of the night. Those are the Companions of the Fire, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (10:27)

As for those who believe and do right actions and humble themselves before their Lord, they are the Companions of the Garden, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (11:23)

(Yusuf said,) ‘My companions of the prison, are many lords better, or Allah, the only One, the Conqueror?’ (12:39)

(Yusuf said,) ‘My companions of the prison, one of you will serve his lord with wine, the other of you will be crucified and birds will eat his head. The thing you asked about is foreordained.’ (12:41)

If you are surprised at their blindness, what could be more surprising than their words: ‘What, when we are turned to dust, shall we then be created all anew?’ These are the people who reject their Lord. Such people have iron collars round their necks. Such people are the Companions of the Fire, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (13:5)

Do you consider that the Companions of the Cave and Ar-Raqim were one of the most remarkable of Our Signs? (18:9)

He was a man of wealth and property and he said to his companion, debating with him, ‘I have more wealth than you and more people under me.’ (18:34)

His companion, with whom he was debating, said to him, ‘Do you then disbelieve in Him Who created you from dust, then from a drop of sperm, and then formed you as a man?’ (18:37)

Musa said, ‘If I ask you about anything after this, then you should no longer keep me company. I will have given you excuse enough.’ (18:76)

Say: ‘Everyone is waiting expectantly so wait expectantly. You will soon know who are the Companions of the Right Path and who is is guided.’ (20:135)

And the companions of Madyan (denied); and Musa was denied as well. I allowed time to the disbelievers but then I seized them. How terrible was My denial! (22:44)

But as for those who strive against My Signs and try to thwart them, they will be the Companions of the Blazing Fire. (22:51)

The Companions of the Garden on that Day will have better lodging and a better resting-place. (25:24)

The same goes for ‘Ad and Thamud and the Companions of the Rass and many generations in between. (25:38)

And when the two hosts came into sight of one another Musa’s companions said, ‘We will surely be overtaken!’ (26:61)

The Companions of the Thicket denied the Messengers. (26:176)

Say: ‘I exhort you to do one thing alone: to stand before Allah in pairs and on your own and then reflect. Your companion is not possessed. He is only a warner come to you ahead of a terrible punishment.’ (34:46)

The Companions of the Garden are busy enjoying themselves today. (36:55)

And Thamud and the people of Lut and the Companions of the Thicket. Those too were Confederates. (38:13)

When harm touches man he calls upon his Lord, repenting to Him. Then when He grants him a blessing from Him, he forgets what he was calling for before and ascribes rivals to Allah, so as to misguide others from His Way. Say: ‘Enjoy your disbelief for a little while. You are among the Companions of the Fire.’ (39:8)

So your Lord’s Words about those who disbelieve proved true, that they are indeed the Companions of the Fire. (40:6)

There is no question that what you call me to has no foundation either in this world or the hereafter, that our return is to Allah, and that the profligate will be Companions of the Fire. (40:43)

If someone shuts his eyes to the remembrance of the All-Merciful, We assign him a Satan who becomes his bosom friend-they debar them from the path, yet they still think they are guided–so that, when he reaches Us, he says, ‘If only there was the distance of the two Easts between you and me!’ What an evil companion! (43:36-38)

Such people are the Companions of the Garden, remaining in it timelessly, for ever, as repayment for what they did. (46:14)

Those are people whose best deeds will be accepted and whose wrong deeds will be overlooked. They are among the Companions of the Garden, in fulfilment of the true promise made to them. (46:16)

Before them the people of Nuh also denied the truth and the Companions of Rass and Thamud. (50:12)

And the Companions of the Thicket and the people of Tubba‘. Each one denied the Messengers and My promise proved true. (50:14)

Your companion is not misguided or misled. (53:2)

They called on their companion and he set to it and hamstrung her (the she-camel). (54:29)

The Companions of the Right: how happy are the Companions of the Right? (56:8)

The Companions of the Left: how wretched are the Companions of the Left? (56:9)

And the Companions of the Right: how happy are the Companions of the Right? (56:27)

We have brought maidens into being and made them purest virgins, devoted, passionate, of like age, for the Companions of the Right. (56:35-38)

And the Companions of the Left: how wretched are the Companions of the Left? (56:41)

And if he is one of the Companions of the Right, ‘Peace be upon you!’ from the Companions of the Right. (56:90-91)

Those who believe in Allah and His Messengers–such people are the truly sincere–and the martyrs who are with their Lord will receive their wages and their light. But those who disbelieve and deny Our Signs, will be Companions of the Blazing Fire. (57:19)

Neither their wealth nor their children will help them at all against Allah. Such people are the Companions of the Fire, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (58:17)

The Companions of the Fire and the Companions of the Garden are not the same. It is the Companions of the Garden who are the victors. (59:20)

But as for those who disbelieve and deny Our Signs they are the Companions of the Fire, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. What an evil destination! (64:10)

They will say, ‘If only we had really listened and used our intellect, we would not have been Companions of the Blaze.’ (67:10)

Then they will acknowledge their wrong actions. Away with the Companions of the Blaze! (67:11)

So wait steadfastly for the judgement of your Lord. Do not be like the Companion of the Fish when he called out in absolute despair. (68:48)

Except for the companions of the Right. (74:39)

Your companion is not mad. (81:22)

Cursed be the Companions of the Pit. (85:4)

Those are the Companions of the Right. (90:18)

Those who reject Our signs, they are the Companions of the Left. (90:19)

Do you not see what your Lord did with the Companions of the Elephant? (105:1)

COMPANIONS OF THE CAVE (ASHAB AL-KAHF)

Do you consider that the Companions of the Cave and Ar-Raqim were one of the most remarkable of Our Signs? When the young men took refuge in the cave and said, ‘Our Lord, give us mercy directly from You and open the way for us to right guidance in our situation.’ So We sealed their ears with sleep in the cave for a number of years. Then We woke them up again so that we might see which of the two groups would better calculate the time they had stayed there. We will relate their story to you with truth. They were young men who believed in their Lord and We increased them in guidance. We fortified their hearts when they stood up and said, ‘Our Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth and We will not call on any god apart from Him. We would in that case have uttered an abomination. These people of ours have taken gods apart from Him. Why do they not produce a clear authority concerning them? Who could do greater wrong than someone who invents a lie against Allah? When you have separated yourselves from them and everything they worship except Allah, take refuge in the cave and your Lord will unfold His mercy to you and open the way to the best for you in your situation.’ You would have seen the sun, when it rose, inclining away from their cave towards the right, and, when it set, leaving them behind on the left, while they were lying in an open part of it. That was one of Allah’s Signs. Whoever Allah guides is truly guided. But if He misguides someone, you will find no protector for them to guide them rightly. You would have supposed them to be awake whereas in fact they were asleep. We moved them to the right and to the left, and, at the entrance, their dog stretched out its paws. If you had looked down and seen them, you would have turned from them and run and have been filled with terror at the sight of them. That was the situation when we woke them up so they could question one another. One of them asked, ‘How long have you been here?’ They replied, ‘We have been here for a day or part of a day.’ They said, ‘Your Lord knows best how long you have been here. Send one of your number into the city with this silver you have, so he can see which food is purest and bring you some of it to eat. But he should go about with caution so that no one is aware of you, for if they find out about you they will stone you or make you revert to their religion and then you will never have success.’ Accordingly We made them chance upon them unexpectedly so they might know that Allah’s promise is true and that there is no doubt about the Hour. When they were arguing among themselves about the matter, they said, ‘Wall up their cave, their Lord knows best about them.’ But those who got the better of the argument concerning them said, ‘We will build a place of worship over them.’ They will say, ‘There were three of them, their dog being the fourth.’ They will say, ‘There were five of them, their dog being the sixth,’ guessing at the Unseen. And they will say, ‘There were seven of them, their dog being the eighth.’ Say: ‘My Lord knows best their number. Those who know about them are very few.’ So do not enter into any argument concerning them, except in relation to what is clearly known. And do not seek the opinion of any of them regarding them. Never say about anything, ‘I am doing that tomorrow,’ without adding ‘If Allah wills.’ Remember your Lord when you forget, and say, ‘Hopefully my Lord will guide me to something closer to right guidance than this.’ They stayed in their Cave for three hundred years and added nine. Say: ‘Allah knows best how long they stayed. The Unseen of the heavens and the earth belongs to Him. How perfectly He sees, how well He hears! They have no protector apart from Him. Nor does He share His rule with anyone.’ (18:9-26)

COMPANIONS OF THE ELEPHANT (ASHAB AL-FIL)

Do you not see what your Lord did with the Companions of the Elephant? Did He not bring all their schemes to nothing, unleashing upon them flock after flock of birds? (105:1-3)

COMPANIONS OF THE LEFT (ASHAB AL-MASH'AMA)

The Companions of the Left: how wretched are the Companions of the Left? (56:9)

COMPANIONS OF THE PIT (ASHAB AL-'UKHDUD)

Cursed be the Companions of the Pit–the fire well stocked with fuel–when they were seated right beside it witnessing what they did to the believers. The only reason they punished them was because they believed in Allah, the Almighty, the All-Praiseworthy. (85:4-8)

COMPANIONS OF THE RASS

The same goes for ‘Ad and Thamud and the Companions of the Rass and many generations in between. (25:38)

Before them the people of Nuh also denied the truth and the Companions of the Rass and Thamud, (50:12)

COMPANIONS OF THE RIGHT (ASHAB AL-MAIMANA) (ASHAB AL-YEMEEN)

The Companions of the Right: how happy are the Companions of the Right? (56:8)

And the Companions of the Right: how happy are the Companions of the Right? (56:27)

We have brought maidens into being and made them purest virgins, devoted, passionate, of like age, for the Companions of the Right. (56:35-38)

COMPANIONS OF THE THICKET (ASHAB AL-AYKA)

The people of the Thicket were also wrongdoers. (15:78)

The Companions of the Thicket denied the Messengers, (26:176)

And Thamud and the people of Lut and the Companions of the Thicket. Those too were Confederates. (38:13)

And the Companions of the Thicket and the people of Tubba‘. Each one denied the Messengers and My promise proved true. (50:14)

COMPASSION

Or (do those who plot evil actions feel secure) that He will not seize them little by little? For your Lord is All-Compassionate, Most Merciful. (16:47)

(He said to Musa,) ‘We wanted their Lord to give them in exchange a purer son than him, one more compassionate.’ (18:81)

Do you not see that Allah has made everything on the earth subservient to you and the ships running upon the sea by His command? He holds back the heaven, preventing it from falling to the earth–except by His permission. Allah is All-Compassionate to mankind, Most Merciful. (22:65)

Among His Signs is that He created spouses for you of your own kind so that you might find tranquillity in them. And He has placed affection and compassion between you. There are certainly Signs in that for people who reflect. (30:21)

Then We sent Our Messengers following in their footsteps and sent ‘Isa son of Maryam after them, giving him the Gospel. We put compassion and mercy in the hearts of those who followed him. They invented monasticism–We did not prescribe it for them–purely out of desire to gain the pleasure of Allah, but even so they did not observe it as it should have been observed. To those of them who believed We gave their reward but many of them are deviators. (57:27)

(The steep ascent is) then to be one of those who believe and urge each other to steadfastness and urge each other to compassion. (90:17)

COMPETE

They believe in Allah and the Last Day, and enjoin the right and forbid the wrong, and compete in doing good. They are among the righteous. (3:114)

And We have sent down the Book to you with truth, confirming and conserving the previous Books. So judge between them by what Allah has sent down and do not follow their whims and desires deviating from the Truth that has come to you. We have appointed a law and a practice for every one of you. Had Allah willed, He would have made you a single community, but He wanted to test you regarding what has come to you. So compete with each other in doing good. Every one of you will return to Allah and He will inform you regarding the things about which you differed. (5:48)

COMPULSION

There is no compulsion where the religion is concerned. Right guidance has become clearly distinct from error. Anyone who rejects false gods and believes in Allah has grasped the Firmest Handhold, which will never give way. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. (2:256)

CONJECTURE

And (We punished them) on account of their disbelief, and their utterance of a monstrous slander against Maryam, and their saying, ‘We killed the Messiah, ‘Isa son of Maryam, Messenger of Allah.’ They did not kill him and they did not crucify him but it was made to seem so to them. Those who argue about him are in doubt about it. They have no real knowledge of it, just conjecture. But they certainly did not kill him. (4:156-157)

If you obeyed most of those on earth, they would misguide you from Allah’s Way. They follow nothing but conjecture. They are only guessing. (6:116)

Those who associate others with Allah will say, ‘If Allah had willed we would not have associated anything with Him, nor would our fathers; nor would we have made anything forbidden.’ In the same way the people before them also lied until they felt Our violent force. Say: ‘Do you have some knowledge you can produce for us? You are following nothing but conjecture. You are only guessing.’ (6:148)

Most of them follow nothing but conjecture. Conjecture is of no use whatsoever against the truth. Allah most certainly knows what they are doing. (10:36)

Yes, indeed! Everyone in the heavens and everyone on the earth belongs to Allah. Those who call on something other than Allah are not really following their partner-gods. They are only following conjecture. They are only guessing. (10:66)

They say, ‘If the All-Merciful had so willed, we would not have worshipped them.’ They have no knowledge of that. They are only conjecturing. (43:20)

They say, ‘There is nothing but our existence in this world. We die and we live and nothing destroys us except for time.’ They have no knowledge of that. They are only conjecturing. (45:24)

But as for those who disbelieved: ‘Were My Signs not recited to you and yet you proved arrogant; you were a people of evildoers? When you were told, "Allah’s promise is true and so is the Hour, of which there is no doubt," you said, "We have no idea what the Hour is. We have only been conjecturing. We are by no means certain."’ (45:31-32)

Death to the conjecturers. (51:10)

They are nothing but names which you yourselves have given, you and your forefathers. Allah has sent down no authority for them. They are following nothing but conjecture and what their own selves desire. And that when guidance has reached them from their Lord! (53:23)

They have no knowledge of this. They are only following conjecture. Conjecture is of no avail whatever against the truth. (53:28)

CONSTELLATION

We have placed constellations in heaven and made them beautiful for those who look. (15:16)

Blessed be He Who placed constellations in the sky and put a blazing lamp and shining moon among them. (25:61)

CONSTRAINT

Strive for Allah with the striving due to Him. He has selected you and not placed any constraint upon you in the religion–the religion of your forefather Ibrahim. He named you Muslims before and also in this, so that the Messenger could be witness against you and you could be witnesses against all mankind. So perform prayer and give the alms and hold fast to Allah. He is your Protector–the Best Protector, the Best Helper. (22:78)

There is no constraint on the blind, nor on the lame, nor on the sick. We will admit all who obey Allah and His Messenger into Gardens with rivers flowing under them. But We will punish with a painful punishment anyone who turns his back. (48:17)

CONSULTATION

Mothers should nurse their children for two full years–those who wish to complete the full term of nursing. It is the duty of the fathers to feed and clothe them with correctness and courtesy–no self is charged with more than it can bear. No mother should be put under pressure in respect of her child nor any father in respect of his child. The same duty is incumbent on the heir. If the couple both wish weaning to take place after mutual agreement and consultation, there is nothing wrong in their doing that. If you wish to find wet-nurses for your children, there is nothing wrong in your doing that provided you hand over to them what you have agreed to give with correctness and courtesy. Have fear of Allah and know that Allah sees what you do. (2:233)

It is a mercy from Allah that you were gentle with them. If you had been rough or hard of heart, they would have scattered from around you. So pardon them and ask forgiveness for them, and consult with them about the matter. Then when you have reached a firm decision, put your trust in Allah. Allah loves those who put their trust in Him. (3:159)

(Believers are) those who respond to their Lord and perform prayer, and manage their affairs by mutual consultation and give of what We have provided for them. (42:38)

CONSUMING

Those who say, ‘Allah has made a contract with us that we should not believe in any Messenger until he brings us a sacrifice consumed by fire.’ Say, ‘Messengers came to you before me with the Clear Signs and with what you say. So why did you kill them if you are telling the truth?’ (3:183)

Keep a close check on orphans until they reach a marriageable age, then if you perceive that they have sound judgement hand over their property to them. Do not consume it extravagantly and precipitately before they come of age. Those who are wealthy should abstain from it altogether. Those who are poor should use it sensibly and correctly. When you hand over their property to them ensure that there are witnesses on their behalf. Allah suffices as a Reckoner. (4:6)

People who consume the property of orphans wrongfully consume nothing in their bellies except fire. They will roast in a Searing Blaze. (4:10)

You who believe! Do not consume one another’s property by false means, but only by means of mutually agreed trade. And do not kill yourselves. Allah is Most Merciful to you. (4:29)

Because of wrongdoing on the part of the Jews, We made forbidden for them some good things which had previously been lawful for them; and because of their obstructing many people from the Way of Allah, and because of their practising usury when they were forbidden to do it, and because of their consuming people’s wealth by wrongful means, We have prepared for the disbelievers among them a painful punishment. (4:160-161)

They are people who listen to lies and consume ill-gotten gains. If they come to you, you can either judge between them or turn away from them. If you turn away from them, they cannot harm you in any way. But if you do judge, judge between them justly. Allah loves the just. (5:42)

He says, ‘I have consumed vast quantities of wealth.’ (90:6)

CONTRACT

Those who break Allah’s contract after it has been agreed, and sever what Allah has commanded to be joined, and cause corruption on the earth, it is they who are the lost. (2:27)

Tribe of Israel! Remember the blessing I conferred on you. Honour My contract and I will honour your contract. Have dread of Me alone. (2:40)

They say, ‘The Fire will only touch us for a number of days.’ Say, ‘Have you made a contract with Allah–then Allah will not break His contract–or are you rather saying about Allah what you do not know?’ (2:80)

Why is it that, whenever they make a contract, a group of them disdainfully tosses it aside? No indeed! Most of them have no faith. (2:100)

Remember when Ibrahim was tested by his Lord with certain words which he carried out completely. He said, ‘I will make you a model for mankind.’ He asked, ‘And what of my descendants?’ He said, ‘My contract does not include the wrongdoers.’ (2:124)

And when We made the House (Kaaba) a place of return, a sanctuary for mankind: They took the place where Ibrahim stood (to pray) as a place of prayer. We contracted with Ibrahim and Isma‘il: ‘Purify My House for those who circle it, and those who stay there, and those who bow and who prostrate.’ (2:125)

It is not devoutness to turn your faces to the East or to the West. Rather, those with true devoutness are those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, the Angels, the Book and the Prophets, and who, despite their love for it, give away their wealth to their relatives and to orphans and the very poor, and to travellers and beggars and to set slaves free, and who perform prayer and give the alms; those who honour their contracts when they make them, and are steadfast in poverty and illness and in battle. Those are the people who are true. They are the people who guard against evil. (2:177)

If you divorce them before you have touched them but have already allotted them a dowry, they should have half the amount which you allotted, unless they forgo it or the one in charge of the marriage contract forgoes it. To forgo it is closer to heedfulness. Do not forget to show generosity to one another. Allah sees what you do. (2:237)

No, the truth is, if people honour their contracts and have fear of Him, Allah loves those who guard against evil. (3:76)

Those who sell Allah’s contract and their own oaths for a paltry price, such people will have no portion in the hereafter and on the Day of Rising Allah will not speak to them or look at them or purify them. They will have a painful punishment. (3:77)

Those who say, ‘Allah has made a contract with us that we should not believe in any Messenger until he brings us a sacrifice consumed by fire.’ Say, ‘Messengers came to you before me with the Clear Signs and with what you say. So why did you kill them if you are telling the truth?’ (3:183)

How could you take it when you have been intimate with one another and they have made a binding contract with you? (4:21)

You who believe! Fulfil your contracts. All livestock animals are lawful for you, except those that are recited to you now; but it is still not lawful to hunt while you are in the state of pilgrimage. Allah makes whatever judgements He wills. (5:1)

And that you do not go near the property of orphans before they reach maturity–except in a good way; that you give full measure and full weight with justice–We impose on no self any more than it can bear; that you are equitable when you speak–even if a near relative is concerned; and that you fulfil Allah’s contract. That is what He instructs you to do, so that hopefully you will pay heed. (6:152)

We did not find many of them worthy of their contract. We found most of them deviators. (7:102)

Whenever the plague came down on them they said, ‘Musa, pray to your Lord for us by the contract He has with you. If you remove the plague from us, we will definitely believe in you and send the tribe of Israel away with you.’ (7:134)

Allah has bought from the believers their selves and their wealth in return for the Garden. They fight in the Way of Allah and they kill and are killed. It is a promise binding on Him in the Torah, the Gospel and the Qur’an and who is truer to his contract than Allah? Rejoice then in the bargain you have made. That is the great victory. (9:111)

(People of intelligence are) those who fulfil Allah’s contract and do not break their agreement. (13:20)

But as for those who break Allah’s contract after it has been agreed and sever what Allah has commanded to be joined, and cause corruption in the earth, the curse will be upon them. They will have the Evil Abode. (13:25)

Be true to Allah’s contract when you have agreed to it, and do not break your oaths once they are confirmed and you have made Allah your guarantee. Allah knows what you do. (16:91)

Do not sell Allah’s contract for a paltry price. What is with Allah is better for you if you only knew. (16:95)

Do not go near the property of orphans before they reach maturity, except in a good way. Fulfil your contracts. Contracts will be asked about. (17:34)

Has he surveyed the Unseen or has he a contract with the All-Merciful? (19:78)

They have no right of intercession. None do but those who have a contract with the All-Merciful. (19:87)

Musa returned to his people in anger and great sorrow. He said, ‘My people, did not your Lord make you a handsome promise? Did the fulfilment of the contract seem too long to you or did you want to unleash your Lord’s anger upon yourselves, so you broke your promise to me?’ (20:86)

We made a contract with Adam before, but he forgot. We did not find that he had a firm resolve. (20:115)

(Believers are) those who honour their trusts and their contracts. (23:8)

Those who cannot find the means to marry should be abstinent until Allah enriches them from His bounty. If any slaves you own want to make a contract to free themselves, write it for them if you know of good in them and give them some of the wealth Allah has given you. Do not force your slavegirls to prostitute themselves if they desire to be virtuous women out of your desire for the goods of this world. If anyone forces them, then after they have been forced, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (24:33)

Yet they had previously made a contract with Allah that they would never turn their backs. Contracts made with Allah will be asked about. (33:15)

Among the believers there are men who have been true to the contract they made with Allah. Some of them have fulfilled their pact by death and some are still waiting to do so, not having changed in any way at all. (33:23)

Did I not make a contract with you, tribe of Adam, not to worship Satan, who truly is an outright enemy to you? (36:60)

They said, ‘Magician, invoke your Lord for us by the contract He has made with you and we shall certainly follow the guidance.’ (43:49)

Those who pledge you their allegiance pledge allegiance to Allah. Allah’s hand is over their hands. He who breaks his pledge only breaks it against himself. But as for him who fulfils the contract he has made with Allah, We will pay him an immense reward. (48:10)

(Believers are) those who honour their trusts and contracts. (70:32)

COOLNESS

But as for those who believe and do right actions, We will admit them into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever and ever. In them they will have spouses of perfect purity and We will admit them into cool, refreshing shade. (4:57)

We said, ‘Fire, be coolness and peace for Ibrahim!’ (21:69)

(His Lord said to Ayyub,) ‘Stamp your foot! Here is a cool bath and water to drink.’ (38:42)

Reclining in it on couches, they will experience there neither burning sun nor bitter cold. (76:13)

CORAL

From out of them come glistening pearls and coral. (55:22)

CORPSE

Then Allah sent a crow which scratched at the earth to show him how to conceal his brother’s corpse. He said, ‘Woe is me! Can I not even be like this crow and conceal my brother’s corpse?’ And he became one of those who suffer bitter remorse. (5:31)

‘Today We will preserve your body so you (Pharaoh) can be a Sign for people who come after you. Surely many people are heedless of Our Signs.’ (10:92)

We tested Sulayman and placed a lifeless body on his throne. Then he repented. (38:34)

CORRECTNESS

You who believe! Retaliation is prescribed for you in the case of people killed: free man for free man, slave for slave, female for female. But if someone is absolved by his brother, blood-money should be claimed with correctness and paid with good will. That is an easement and a mercy from your Lord. Anyone who goes beyond the limits after this will receive a painful punishment. (2:178)

It is prescribed for you, when death approaches one of you and if he has some goods to leave, to make a will in favour of his parents and relatives, correctly and fairly: a duty for all those who guard against evil. (2:180)

Divorce can be pronounced two times; in which case wives may be retained with correctness and courtesy or released with good will. It is not lawful for you to keep anything you have given them unless a couple fear that they will not remain within Allah’s limits. If you fear that they will not remain within Allah’s limits, there is nothing wrong in the wife ransoming herself with some of what she received. These are Allah’s limits, so do not overstep them. Those who overstep Allah’s limits are wrongdoers. (2:229)

When you divorce women and they are near the end of their waiting period, then either retain them with correctness and courtesy or release them with correctness and courtesy. Do not retain them by force, thus overstepping the limits. Anyone who does that has wronged himself. Do not make a mockery of Allah’s Signs. Remember Allah’s blessing to you and the Book and Wisdom He has sent down to you to admonish you. Have fear of Allah and know that Allah has knowledge of all things. (2:231)

When you divorce women and they are near the end of their waiting period, do not prevent them from marrying their first husbands if they have mutually agreed to it with correctness and courtesy. This is an admonition for those of you who believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is better and purer for you. Allah knows and you do not know. (2:232)

Mothers should nurse their children for two full years–those who wish to complete the full term of nursing. It is the duty of the fathers to feed and clothe them with correctness and courtesy–no self is charged with more than it can bear. No mother should be put under pressure in respect of her child nor any father in respect of his child. The same duty is incumbent on the heir. If the couple both wish weaning to take place after mutual agreement and consultation, there is nothing wrong in their doing that. If you wish to find wet-nurses for your children, there is nothing wrong in your doing that provided you hand over to them what you have agreed to give with correctness and courtesy. Have fear of Allah and know that Allah sees what you do. (2:233)

Those of you who die leaving wives behind: they should wait by themselves for four months and ten nights. When their waiting period comes to an end, you are not to blame for anything they do with themselves with correctness and courtesy. Allah is aware of what you do. (2:234)

Nor is there anything wrong in any allusion to marriage you make to a woman, nor for any you keep to yourself. Allah knows that you will say things to them. But do not make secret arrangements with them, rather only speak with correctness and courtesy. Do not finally decide on the marriage contract until the prescribed period has come to its end. Know that Allah knows what is in your selves, so beware of Him! And know that Allah is Ever-Forgiving, All-Forbearing. (2:235)

There is nothing wrong in your divorcing women before you have touched them or allotted a dowry to them. But give them a gift–he who is wealthy according to his means and he who is less well off according to his means–a gift to be given with correctness and courtesy: a duty for all good-doers. (2:236)

Those of you who die leaving wives behind should make a bequest to their wives of maintenance for a year without them having to leave their homes. But if they do leave you are not to blame for anything they do with themselves with correctness and courtesy. Allah is Almighty, All-Wise. (2:240)

Divorced women should receive maintenance given with correctness and courtesy: a duty for all who guard against evil. (2:241)

Do not hand over to the simple-minded any property of theirs for which Allah has made you responsible, but provide for them and clothe them out of it, and speak to them correctly and courteously. (4:5)

Keep a close check on orphans until they reach a marriageable age, then if you perceive that they have sound judgement hand over their property to them. Do not consume it extravagantly and precipitately before they come of age. Those who are wealthy should abstain from it altogether. Those who are poor should use it sensibly and correctly. When you hand over their property to them ensure that there are witnesses on their behalf. Allah suffices as a Reckoner. (4:6)

If other relatives or orphans or poor people attend the sharing-out, provide for them out of it and speak to them correctly and courteously. (4:8)

You who believe! It is not lawful for you to inherit women by force. Nor may you treat them harshly so that you can make off with part of what you have given them, unless they commit an act of flagrant indecency. Live together with them correctly and courteously. If you dislike them, it may well be that you dislike something in which Allah has placed a lot of good. (4:19)

If any of you do not have the means to marry free women who are believers, you may marry slavegirls who are believers. Allah knows best about your faith; you are all the same in that respect. Marry them with their owners’ permission and give them their dowries correctly and courteously as married women, not in fornication or taking them as lovers. When they are married, if they commit fornication they should receive half the punishment of free women. This is for those of you who are afraid of committing fornication. But being patient is better for you. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (4:25)

We have instructed man concerning his parents. Bearing him caused his mother great debility and the period of his weaning was two years: ‘Give thanks to Me and to your parents. I am your final destination. But if they try to make you associate something with Me about which you have no knowledge, do not obey them. Keep company with them correctly and courteously in this world but follow the Way of him who turns to Me. Then you will return to Me and I will inform you about the things you did.’ (31:14-15)

The Prophet is closer to the believers than their own selves, and his wives are their mothers. But blood-relations have closer ties to one another in the Book of Allah than other believers and the emigrants, except that you should act in a proper manner towards your close associates. That is inscribed in the Book. (33:6)

Then when they have reached the end of their waiting period either retain them with correctness and courtesy or part from them with correctness and courtesy. Call two upright men from among yourselves as witnesses and they should carry out the witnessing for Allah. This is admonishment for all who believe in Allah and the Last Day. Whoever has fear of Allah–He will give him a way out. (65:2)

Let them live where you live, according to your means. Do not put pressure on them, so as to harass them. If they are pregnant, maintain them until they give birth. If they are suckling for you, give them their wages and consult together with correctness and courtesy. But if you make things difficult for one another, another woman should do the suckling for you. (65:6)

CORRUPTION

hen they are told, ‘Do not cause corruption on the earth,’ they say, ‘We are only putting things right.’ No indeed! They are the corrupters, but they are not aware of it. (2:11-12)

Those who break Allah’s contract after it has been agreed, and sever what Allah has commanded to be joined, and cause corruption on the earth, it is they who are the lost. (2:27)

When your Lord said to the angels, ‘I am putting an overlord on the earth,’ they said, ‘Why put on it one who will cause corruption on it and shed blood when we glorify You with praise and proclaim Your purity?’ He said, ‘I know what you do not know.’ (2:30)

And when Musa was looking for water for his people, We said, ‘Strike the rock with your staff.’ Then twelve fountains gushed out from it and all the people knew their drinking place. ‘Eat and drink of Allah's provision and do not go about the earth corrupting it.’ (2:60)

When he leaves you, he goes about the earth corrupting it, destroying crops and animals. Allah does not love corruption. (2:205)

... So We decreed for the tribe of Israel that if someone kills another person–unless it is in retaliation for someone else or for causing corruption in the earth–it is as if he had murdered all mankind. And if anyone gives life to another person, it is as if he had given life to all mankind. Our Messengers came to them with Clear Signs but even after that many of them committed outrages in the earth. (5:32)

The reprisal against those who wage war on Allah and His Messenger, and go about the earth corrupting it, is that they should be killed or crucified, or have their alternate hands and feet cut off, or be banished from the land. That will be their degradation in this world and in the hereafter they will have a terrible punishment. (5:33)

The Jews say, ‘Allah’s hand is chained.’ Their hands are chained and they are cursed for what they say! No! Both His hands are open wide and He gives however He wills. What has been sent down to you from your Lord increases many of them in insolence and disbelief. We have incited enmity and hatred between them until the Day of Rising. Each time they kindle the fire of war, Allah extinguishes it. They rush about the earth corrupting it. Allah does not love corrupters. (5:64)

Do not corrupt the earth after it has been put right. Call on Him fearfully and eagerly. Allah’s mercy is close to the good-doers. (7:56)

(Salih said to his people,) ‘Remember when He appointed you successors to ‘Ad and settled you in the land. You built palaces on its plains and carved out houses from the mountains. Remember Allah’s blessings and do not go about the earth, corrupting it.’ (7:74)

And to Madyan We sent their brother Shu‘ayb who said, ‘My people, worship Allah! You have no other god than Him. A Clear Sign has come to you from your Lord. Give full measure and full weight. Do not diminish people’s goods. Do not cause corruption in the land after it has been put right. That is better for you if you are believers. Do not lie in wait on every pathway, threatening people, barring those who believe from the Way of Allah, seeking in it something crooked. Remember when you were few and He increased your number: see the final fate of the corrupters!’ (7:85-86)

And then, after them, We sent Musa with Our Signs to Pharaoh and his ruling circle but they wrongfully rejected them. See the final fate of the corrupters! (7:103)

The ruling circle of Pharaoh’s people said, ‘Are you going to leave Musa and his people to cause corruption in the earth and abandon you and your gods?’ He said, ‘We will kill their sons and let their women live. We have absolute power over them!’ (7:127)

We set aside thirty nights for Musa and then completed them with ten, so the appointed time of his Lord was forty nights in all. Musa said to his brother Harun, ‘Take my place among my people. Keep order and do not follow the way of the corrupters.’ (7:142)

Those who disbelieve are the friends and protectors of one another. If you do not act in this way there will be turmoil in the land and great corruption. (8:73)

Among them there are some who believe in it and some who do not. Your Lord best knows the corrupters. (10:40)

When they had thrown, Musa said, ‘What you have brought is magic. Allah will certainly prove it false. Allah does not uphold the actions of corrupters.’ (10:81)

(Shu‘ayb said,) ‘My people! Give full measure and full weight with justice; do not diminish people's goods; and do not go about the earth, corrupting it.’ (11:85)

Would that there had been more people with a vestige of good among the generations of those who came before you, who forbade corruption in the earth, other than the few among them whom We saved. Those who did wrong gladly pursued the life of luxury that they were given and were evildoers. (11:116)

They said, ‘By Allah, you know we did not come to corrupt the land and that we are not thieves.’ (12:73)

But as for those who break Allah’s contract after it has been agreed and sever what Allah has commanded to be joined, and cause corruption in the earth, the curse will be upon them. They will have the Evil Abode. (13:25)

As for those who disbelieved and barred access to the way of Allah, We will heap punishment on top of their punishment because of the corruption they brought about. (16:88)

We decreed in the Book for the tribe of Israel: ‘You will twice cause corruption on the earth and you will rise to a great height.’ (17:4)

They said, ‘Dhu’l-Qarnayn! Yajuj and Majuj are causing corruption in the land. Can we, therefore, pay tribute to you in return for your constructing a barrier between us and them?’ (18:94)

(Salih said to his people,) ‘Do not obey the orders of the profligate, those who corrupt the earth and do not put things right.’ (26:151-152)

Do not diminish people’s goods and do not go about the earth, corrupting it. (26:183)

(His people said to Qarun,) ‘Seek the abode of the hereafter with what Allah has given you, without forgetting your portion of this world. And do good as Allah has been good to you. And do not seek to cause corruption in the earth. Allah does not love corrupters.’ (28:77)

That abode of the hereafter–We grant it to those who do not seek to exalt themselves in the earth or to cause corruption in it. The successful outcome is for those who guard against evil. (28:83)

He (Lut) said, ‘My Lord, help me against the people of corruption!’ (29:30)

And to Madyan We sent their brother Shu‘ayb, he said, ‘My people, worship Allah and look to the Last Day and do not act unjustly on earth, corrupting it.’ (29:36)

Would We make those who believe and do right actions the same as those who cause corruption on the earth? Would We make those who guard against evil the same as the dissolute? (38:28)

Pharaoh said, ‘Let me kill Musa and let him call upon his Lord! I am afraid that he may change your religion and bring about corruption in the land.’ (40:26)

Is it not likely that, if you did turn away, you would cause corruption in the earth and sever your ties of kinship? (47:22)

Do you not see what your Lord did with ‘Ad–Iram of the Columns whose like was not created in any land–and Thamud who carved out rocks in the valley-side, and Pharaoh of the Stakes, all of whom were tyrants in their lands and caused much corruption in them? (89:6-12)

COUCH

We will strip away any rancour in their hearts–brothers, resting on couches face-to-face. (15:47)

They will have Gardens of Eden with rivers flowing under them. They will be adorned in them with bracelets made of gold and wear green garments made of the finest silk and rich brocade, reclining there on couches under canopies. What an excellent reward! What a wonderful repose! (18:31)

The Companions of the Garden are busy enjoying themselves today, they and their wives reclining on couches in the shade. (36:55-56)

They will have preordained provision: sweet fruits and high honour in Gardens of Delight on couches face to face; (37:41-44)

We tested Sulayman and placed a lifeless body on his throne. Then he repented. (38:34)

They will recline on couches ranged in rows and We will marry them to dark-eyed maidens. (52:20)

They will be reclining on couches lined with rich brocade, the fruits of the Gardens hanging close to hand. (55:54)

On sumptuous woven couches, reclining on them face to face. (56:15-16)

Reclining in it on couches, they will experience there neither burning sun nor bitter cold. (76:13)

The truly good will be in perfect Bliss on couches gazing in wonder. (83:22-23)

So today those who believe are laughing at the disbelievers, on couches, gazing in wonder. (83:34-35)

In it is a gushing spring and raised-up couches, (88:12-13)

COUNSEL

He (Nuh) said, ‘My people, I am not in error at all but rather am a Messenger from the Lord of all the worlds, transmitting my Lord’s Message to you and giving you good counsel, and I know from Allah what you do not know.’ (7:61-62)

He (Hud) said, ‘My people, I am by no means a fool, but rather am a Messenger from the Lord of all the worlds, transmitting my Lord’s Message to you, and I am a faithful counsellor to you. (7:67-68)

He turned away from them and said, ‘My people, I transmitted my Lord’s message to you and gave you good counsel. However, you do not like good counsellors!’ (7:79)

So he turned away from them and said, ‘My people, I transmitted My Lord’s message to you and gave you good counsel. Why should I grieve for a disbelieving people?’ (7:93)

(Nuh said,) ‘My counsel will not benefit you, for all my desire to counsel you, if Allah desires to lead you into error. He is your Lord and you will return to Him.’ (11:34)

COVENANT

Remember when We made the covenant with you and lifted up the Mount above your heads: ‘Take hold vigorously of what We have given you and pay heed to what is in it, so that hopefully you will guard against evil.’ (2:63)

Remember when We made a covenant with the tribe of Israel: ‘Worship none but Allah and be good to your parents and to relatives and orphans and the very poor. And speak good words to people. And perform prayer and give the alms.’ But then you turned away–except a few of you–you turned aside. (2:83)

And when We made a covenant with you not to shed your blood and not to expel one another from your homes, you agreed and were all witnesses. (2:84)

Remember when We made a covenant with you and lifted up the Mount above your heads: ‘Take hold vigorously of what We have given you and listen.’ They said, ‘We hear and disobey.’ They were made to drink the Calf into their hearts because of their disbelief. Say, ‘If you are believers, what an evil thing your faith has made you do.’ (2:93)

Remember when Allah made a covenant with the Prophets: ‘Now that We have given you a share of the Book and Wisdom, and then a messenger comes to you confirming what is with you, you must believe in him and help him.’ He asked, ‘Do you agree and undertake my commission on that condition?’ They replied, ‘We agree.’ He said, ‘Bear witness, then. I am with you as one of the witnesses.’ (3:81)

Allah made a covenant with those given the Book: ‘You must make it clear to people and not conceal it.’ But they toss it in disdain behind their backs and sell it for a paltry price. What an evil sale they make! (3:187)

Remember Allah’s blessing to you and the covenant He made with you when you said, ‘We hear and we obey.’ Have fear of Allah. Allah knows what the heart contains. (5:7)

Allah made a covenant with the tribe of Israel and We raised up twelve leaders from among them. Allah said, ‘I am with you. If you perform prayer and give the alms, and believe in My Messengers and respect and support them, and make a generous loan to Allah, I will erase your wrong actions from you and admit you into Gardens with rivers flowing under them. Any of you who disbelieve after that have gone astray from the right way.’ (5:12)

But because of their breaking of their covenant, We have cursed them and made their hearts hard. They distort the true meaning of words and have forgotten a good portion of what they were reminded of. You will never cease to come upon some act of treachery on their part, except for a few of them. Yet pardon them, and overlook. Allah loves good-doers. (5:13)

We also made a covenant with those who say, ‘We are Christians,’ and they too forgot a good portion of what they were reminded of. So We stirred up enmity and hatred between them until the Day of Rising when Allah will inform them about what they did. (5:14)

We made a covenant with the tribe of Israel and We sent Messengers to them. Each time a Messenger came to them with something their lower selves did not desire, they denied some and they murdered others. (5:70)

An evil generation has succeeded them, inheriting the Book, taking the goods of this lower world, and saying, ‘We will be forgiven.’ But if similar goods come to them again they still take them. Has not a covenant been made with them in the Book, that they should only say the truth about Allah and have they not studied what is in it? The Final Abode is better for those who guard against evil. Will you not use your intellect? (7:169)

COVER ON HEART

Some of them listen to you but We have placed covers on their hearts, preventing them from understanding it, and heaviness in their ears. Though they see every Sign, they still have no faith, so that when they come to you, disputing with you, those who disbelieve say, ‘This is nothing but the myths of previous peoples!’ (6:25)

We have placed covers on their hearts, preventing them from understanding it, and heaviness in their ears. When you mention your Lord alone in the Qur'an, they turn their backs and run away. (17:46)

Who could do greater wrong than someone who is reminded of the Signs of his Lord and then turns away from them, forgetting all that he has done before? We have placed covers on their hearts, preventing them from understanding it, and heaviness in their ears. Though you call them to guidance, they will nonetheless never be guided. (18:57)

They say, ‘Our hearts are covered up against what you call us to and there is a heaviness in our ears. There is a screen between us and you. So act–we are certainly acting.’ (41:5)

COVERING

Some of them listen to you but We have placed covers on their hearts, preventing them from understanding it, and heaviness in their ears. Though they see every Sign, they still have no faith, so that when they come to you, disputing with you, those who disbelieve say, ‘This is nothing but the myths of previous peoples!’ (6:25)

When night covered him he (Ibrahim) saw a star and said, ‘This is my Lord!’ Then when it set he said, ‘I do not love what sets.’ (6:76)

Children of Adam! Do not let Satan tempt you into trouble as He expelled your parents from the Garden, stripping them of their covering and disclosing to them their private parts. He and his tribe see you from where you do not see them. We have made the Satans friends of those who have no faith. (7:27)

They will have Hell as a resting-place and covering layers on top of them. That is how We repay wrongdoers. (7:41)

It is He Who created you from a single self and made from him his spouse so that he might find repose in her. Then when he covered her she bore a light load and carried it around. Then when it became heavy they called on Allah, their Lord, ‘If You grant us a healthy child, we will be among the thankful!’ (7:189)

Who could do greater wrong than someone who is reminded of the Signs of his Lord and then turns away from them, forgetting all that he has done before? We have placed covers on their hearts, preventing them from understanding it, and heaviness in their ears. Though you call them to guidance, they will nonetheless never be guided. (18:57)

Say to the believing women that they should lower their eyes and guard their private parts and not display their adornments–except for what normally shows–and draw their head-coverings across their breasts. They should only display their adornments to their husbands or their fathers or their husbands’ fathers, or their sons or their husbands’ sons or their brothers or their brothers’ sons or their sisters’ sons or other women or those they own as slaves or their male attendants who have no sexual desire or children who still have no awareness of women’s private parts. Nor should they stamp their feet so that their hidden ornaments are known. Turn to Allah every one of you, believers, so that hopefully you will have success. (24:31)

They say, ‘Our hearts are covered up against what you call us to and there is a heaviness in our ears. There is a screen between us and you. So act–we are certainly acting.’ (41:5)

(On the Day of Threat, they will be told,) ‘You were heedless of this so We have stripped you of your covering and today your sight is sharp.’ (50:22)

And (I swear by) the self and what proportioned it and inspired it with depravity or sense of duty, he who purifies it has succeeded, he who covers it up has failed. (91:7-10)

COW

And when Musa said to his people, ‘Allah commands you to sacrifice a cow,’ they said, ‘What! Are you making a mockery of us?’ He said, ‘I seek refuge with Allah from being one of the ignorant!’ They said, ‘Ask your Lord to make it clear to us what it should be like.’ He said, ‘He says it should be a cow, not old or virgin, but somewhere between the two. So do as you have been told.’ They said, ‘Ask your Lord to make it clear to us what colour it should be.’ He said, ‘He says it should be a yellow cow, a pleasure to all who look.’ They said, ‘Ask your Lord to make it clear to us what it should be like. Cows are all much the same to us. Then, if Allah wills, we will be guided.’ He said, ‘He says it should be a cow not trained to plough or irrigate the fields–completely sound, without a blemish on it.’ They said, ‘Now you have brought the truth.’ So they sacrificed it–but they almost did not do it. (2:67-71)

The King declared, ‘I dreamt of seven fat cows which seven thin ones ate and seven green ears of wheat and seven others which were dry. O counsellors! Explain my dream to me if you are those who can interpret visions!’ They said, ‘A jumbled mass of mixed-up dreams! We do not know the meaning of such things.’ The one of them who had been saved then said, remembering after a period, ‘I will tell you what it signifies, so send me out.’ ‘O truthful Yusuf, tell us of seven fat cows which seven thin ones ate and seven green ears of wheat and seven others which were dry so that I can return to them and let them know.’ (12:43-46)

COWARDICE

You who believe! Do not be like those who disbelieve and say of their brothers, when they are going on journeys or military expeditions, ‘If they had only been with us, they would not have died or been killed,’ so that Allah can make that anguish for them in their hearts. It is Allah Who gives life and causes to die. Allah sees what you do. (3:156)

Among you there are people who hang back and if you encounter a setback then they say, ‘Allah has blessed me in that I was not there with them.’ (4:72)

But if you meet with favour from Allah they say–as if there were no friendship between you and them–‘Oh! If only I had been with them so that I too might have won a great victory.’ (4:73)

You who believe! When you encounter those who disbelieve advancing in massed ranks into battle, do not turn your backs on them. (8:15)

Anyone who turns his back on them that day, unless he is withdrawing to rejoin the fight or withdrawing to support another group, brings Allah’s anger down upon himself. His refuge is Hell. What an evil destination! (8:16)

Those who believe in Allah and the Last Day do not ask you to excuse them from striving with their wealth and themselves. Allah knows the people who guard against evil. (9:44)

Among them are there some who say, ‘Give me permission to stay. Do not put temptation in my way.’ Have they not fallen into that very temptation? Hell hems in the disbelievers. (9:49)

They swear by Allah that they are of your number, but they are not of your number. Rather, they are people who are scared. (9:56)

If they could find a bolt-hole, cave or burrow, they would turn and scurry away into it. (9:57)

CRADLE

(The angels said to Maryam,) ‘He (‘Isa) will speak to people in the cradle, and also when fully grown, and will be one of the righteous.’ (3:46)

Remember when Allah said, ‘‘Isa, son of Maryam, remember My blessing to you and to your mother when I reinforced you with the Purest Spirit so that you could speak to people in the cradle and when you were fully grown; and when I taught you the Book and Wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel; and when you created a bird-shape out of clay by My permission, and then breathed into it and it became a bird by My permission; and healed the blind and the leper by My permission; and when you brought forth the dead by My permission; and when I held back the tribe of Israel from you, when you brought them the Clear Signs and those of them who disbelieved said, "This is nothing but downright magic";’ (5:110)

She pointed towards him. They said, ‘How can a baby in the cradle speak?’ (19:29)

It is He Who made the earth a cradle for you and threaded pathways for you through it and sent down water from the sky by which We have brought forth various different types of plants. (20:53)

It is He Who made the earth a cradle for you and made pathways for you in it so that hopefully you would be guided. (43:10)

CREATION OF THE UNIVERSE

He is the Originator of the heavens and the earth. How could He have a son when He has no wife? He created all things and He has knowledge of all things. (6:101)

Your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six days and then settled Himself firmly on the Throne. He covers the day with the night, each pursuing the other urgently; and the sun and moon and stars are subservient to His command. Both creation and command belong to Him. Blessed be Allah, the Lord of all the worlds. (7:54)

Your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six days and then established Himself firmly on the Throne. He directs the whole affair. No one can intercede except with His permission. That is Allah your Lord, so worship Him. Will you not pay heed? (10:3)

It is He Who appointed the sun to give radiance, and the moon to give light, assigning it phases so you would know the number of years and the reckoning of time. Allah did not create these things except with truth. We make the Signs clear for people who know. (10:5)

It is He Who created the heavens and the earth in six days when His Throne was on the water, in order to test which of you has the best actions. If you say, ‘You will be raised up after death,’ those who disbelieve will say, ‘This is nothing but downright magic.’ (11:7)

Do you not see that Allah has created the heavens and the earth with truth? If He wished He could eliminate you and bring about a new creation. (14:19)

We did not create the heavens and earth and everything between them, except with truth. The Hour is certainly coming, so turn away graciously. (15:85)

He created the heavens and the earth with truth. He is exalted above anything they associate with Him. (16:3)

Do those who disbelieve not see that the heavens and the earth were sewn together and then We unstitched them and that We made from water every living thing? So will they not believe? (21:30)

He Who created the heavens and the earth and everything in between them in six days, and then established Himself firmly on the Throne; the All-Merciful–ask anyone who is informed about Him. (25:59)

Allah created the heavens and the earth with truth. There is certainly a Sign in that for the believers. (29:44)

Have they not reflected within themselves? Allah did not create the heavens and the earth and everything between them except with truth and for a fixed term. Yet many people reject the meeting with their Lord. (30:8)

Allah is He Who created the heavens and the earth and everything between them in six days and then established Himself firmly upon the Throne. You have no protector or intercessor apart from Him. So will you not pay heed? (32:4)

He created the heavens and the earth with truth. He wraps the night around the day and wraps the day around the night, and has made the sun and moon subservient, each one running for a specified term. Is He not indeed the Almighty, the Endlessly Forgiving? (39:5)

Then He turned to heaven when it was smoke and said to it and to the earth, ‘Come willingly or unwillingly.’ They both said, ‘We come willingly.’ (41:11)

In two days He determined them as seven heavens and revealed, in every heaven, its own mandate. We adorned the lowest heaven with lamps and guarded it. That is the decree of the Almighty, the All-Knowing. (41:12)

We did not create them except with truth but most of them do not know it. (44:39)

We have not created the heavens and earth and everything between them except with truth and for a set term. But those who disbelieve turn away from what they have been warned about. (46:3)

We created the heavens and the earth, and everything between them, in six days and We were not affected by fatigue. (50:38)

It is He Who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then established Himself firmly on the Throne. He knows what goes into the earth and what comes out of it, what comes down from heaven and what goes up into it. He is with you wherever you are–Allah sees what you do. (57:4)

It is Allah Who created the seven heavens and of the earth the same number, the Command descending down through all of them, so that you might know that Allah has power over all things and that Allah encompasses all things in His knowledge. (65:12)

CREATURE

In the creation of the heavens and earth, and the alternation of the night and day, and the ships which sail the seas to people’s benefit, and the water which Allah sends down from the sky–by which He brings the earth to life when it was dead and scatters about in it creatures of every kind–and the varying direction of the winds, and the clouds subservient between heaven and earth, there are Signs for people who use their intellect. (2:164)

There is no creature crawling on the earth or flying creature, flying on its wings, who are not communities just like yourselves–We have not omitted anything from the Book–then they will be gathered to their Lord. (6:38)

There is no creature on the earth which is not dependent upon Allah for its provision. He knows where it lives and where it dies. They are all in a Clear Book. (11:6)

(Hud said,) ‘I have put my trust in Allah, my Lord and your Lord. There is no creature He does not hold by the forelock. My Lord is on a Straight Path.’ (11:56)

Everything in the heavens and every creature on the earth prostrates to Allah, as do the angels. They are not puffed up with pride. (16:49)

If Allah were to punish people for their wrong actions, not a single creature would be left upon the earth, but He defers them till a predetermined time. When their specified time arrives, they cannot delay it for a single hour nor can they bring it forward. (16:61)

He (Satan) said, ‘Do you see this creature you have honoured over me? If You reprieve me till the Day of Rising, I will be the master of his descendants except for a very few.’ (17:62)

Then (He) formed the drop into a clot and formed the clot into a lump and formed the lump into bones and clothed the bones in flesh; and then brought him into being as another creature. Blessed be Allah, the Best of Creators! (23:14)

(Shu‘ayb said,) ‘Have fear of Him Who created you and the earlier creatures.’ (26:184)

How many creatures do not carry their provision with them! Allah provides for them and He will for you. He is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing. (29:60)

It is Allah Who created the heavens with no support–you can see them–and cast firmly embedded mountains on the earth so that it would not move under you, and scattered about in it creatures of every kind. And We send down water from the sky and make every generous species grow in it. (31:10)

If Allah were to take mankind to task for what they have earned, He would not leave a single creature crawling on it, but He is deferring them until a specified time. Then, when their time comes, Allah sees His servants! (35:45)

Among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and earth and all the creatures He has spread about in them. And He has the power to gather them together whenever He wills. (42:29)

They have assigned to Him a portion of His creatures! Truly man is openly ungrateful. (43:15)

And in your creation and all the creatures He has spread about there are Signs for people with certainty. (45:4)

He laid out the earth for all living creatures. (55:10)

The People of the Book who disbelieve and the idolaters will be in the Fire of Hell, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. They are the worst of creatures. (98:6)

But those who believe and do right actions–they are the best of creatures. (98:7)

CRIME

He has only forbidden you carrion, blood and pork and what has been consecrated to other than Allah. But anyone who is forced to eat it–without desiring it or going to excess in it–commits no crime. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (2:173)

Then if anyone alters it after hearing it, the crime is on the part of those who alter it. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. (2:181)

But if someone fears bias or wrongdoing on the part of the person making the will, and puts things right between the people involved, in that case he has not committed any crime. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (2:182)

Do not devour one another’s property by false means nor offer it to the judges as a bribe, trying through crime to knowingly usurp a portion of other people’s property. (2:188)

If you are on a journey and cannot find a writer, something can be left as a security. If you leave things on trust with one another the one who is trusted must deliver up his trust and have fear of Allah, his Lord. Do not conceal testimony. If someone does conceal it, his heart commits a crime. Allah knows what you do. (2:283)

Give orphans their property, and do not substitute bad things for good. Do not assimilate their property into your own. Doing that is a serious crime. (4:2)

If you desire to exchange one wife for another and have given your original wife a large amount, do not take any of it. Would you take it by means of slander and outright crime? (4:20)

Allah does not forgive anything being associated with Him but He forgives whoever He wills for anything other than that. Anyone who associates something with Allah has committed a terrible crime. (4:48)

Or do they say, ‘He has invented it’? Say: ‘If I have invented it the crime will be laid at my door, but I am innocent of the crimes which you commit.’ (11:35)

You who believe! Avoid most suspicion. Indeed some suspicion is a crime. And do not spy and do not backbite one another. Would any of you like to eat his brother’s dead flesh? No, you would hate it. And have fear of Allah. Allah is Ever-Returning, Most Merciful. (49:12)

when the baby girl buried alive is asked for what crime she was killed, (81:8-9)

CROPS

When he leaves you, he goes about the earth corrupting it, destroying crops and animals. Allah does not love corruption. (2:205)

The metaphor of what they spend in their life in this world is that of a wind with an icy bite to it which strikes the crops of a people who have wronged themselves and destroys them. Allah did not wrong them; rather it was themselves they were wronging. (3:117)

They assign to Allah a share of the crops and livestock He has created, saying, ‘This is for Allah,’–as they allege–‘and this is for our idols.’ Their idols’ share does not reach Allah whereas Allah’s share reaches their idols! What an evil judgement they make! (6:136)

They say, ‘These animals and crops are sacrosanct. No one may eat them except those we wish’,–as they allege–and animals on whose backs it is forbidden to ride, and animals over which they do not mention Allah’s name, inventing falsehood against Him. He will repay them for the things they have invented. (6:138)

It is He Who produces gardens, both cultivated and wild, and palm-trees and crops of diverse kinds, and olives and pomegranates, both similar and dissimilar. Eat of their fruits when they bear fruit and pay their due on the day of their harvest, and do not be profligate. He does not love the profligate. (6:141)

And by it He makes crops grow for you and olives and dates and grapes and fruit of every kind. There is certainly a Sign in that for people who reflect. (16:11)

Make an example for them of two men. To one of them We gave two gardens of grape-vines and surrounded them with date-palms, putting between them some cultivated land. Both gardens yielded their crops and did not suffer any loss, and We made a river flow right through the middle of them. (18:32-33)

But if We send a wind, and they see it (the crop) turning yellow, still they persist after that in disbelieving. (30:51)

Do they not see how We drive water to barren land and bring forth crops by it which their livestock and they themselves both eat? So will they not see? (32:27)

Do you not see that Allah sends down water from the sky and threads it through the earth to emerge as springs and then by it brings forth crops of varying colours, which then wither and you see them turning yellow and then He makes them into broken stubble? There is a reminder in that for people of intelligence. (39:21)

How many gardens and fountains they (Pharaoh and his troops) left behind, and ripe crops and noble residences. (44:25-26)

If We wished We could have made it broken stubble. You would then be left devoid of crops, distraught. (56:65)

CROW

Then Allah sent a crow which scratched at the earth to show him how to conceal his brother’s corpse. He said, ‘Woe is me! Can I not even be like this crow and conceal my brother’s corpse?’ And he became one of those who suffer bitter remorse. (5:31)

CRUSHING BLOW

Thamud and ‘Ad denied the Crushing Blow. (69:4)

CUCUMBER

And when you said, ‘Musa, we will not put up with just one kind of food so ask your Lord to supply to us some of what the earth produces–its green vegetables, cucumbers, grains, lentils and onions,’ he said, ‘Do you want to replace what is better with what is inferior? Go back to Egypt, then you will have what you are asking for.’ Abasement and destitution were stamped upon them. They brought down anger from Allah upon themselves. That was because they rejected Allah’s Signs and killed the Prophets without any right to do so. That was because they rebelled and went beyond the limits. (2:61)

CULTIVATION

It is He Who produces gardens, both cultivated and wild, and palm-trees and crops of diverse kinds, and olives and pomegranates, both similar and dissimilar. Eat of their fruits when they bear fruit and pay their due on the day of their harvest, and do not be profligate. He does not love the profligate. (6:141)

In the earth there are diverse regions side by side and gardens of grapes and cultivated fields, and palm-trees sharing one root and others with individual roots, all watered with the same water. And We make some things better to eat than others. There are Signs in that for people who use their intellect. (13:4)

(Ibrahim said,) ‘Our Lord! I have settled some of my offspring by Your Sacred House in an uncultivated valley. Our Lord! Let them perform prayer! Make the hearts of mankind incline towards them and provide them with fruits, so that hopefully they will be thankful.’ (14:37)

Make an example for them of two men. To one of them We gave two gardens of grape-vines and surrounded them with date-palms, putting between them some cultivated land. (18:32)

Are you going to be left secure amid what is here, amid gardens and clear springs, and cultivated fields and palms with supple spathes? (26:146-148)

Have they not travelled in the earth and seen the final fate of those before them? They had greater strength than them and cultivated the land and inhabited it in far greater numbers than they do. Their Messengers also came to them with the Clear Signs. Allah would never have wronged them; but they wronged themselves. (30:9)

If anyone desires to cultivate the hereafter, We will increase him in his cultivation. If anyone desires to cultivate this world, We will give him some of it but he will have no share in the hereafter. (42:20)

Have you thought about what you cultivate? (56:63)

Know that the life of this world is merely a game and a diversion and ostentation and a cause of boasting among yourselves and trying to outdo one another in wealth and children: like the plant-growth after rain which delights the cultivators, but then it withers and you see it turning yellow, and then it becomes broken stubble. In the hereafter there is terrible punishment but also forgiveness from Allah and His good pleasure. The life of this world is nothing but the enjoyment of delusion. (57:20)

CUP

(In Gardens of Delight, believers will have) a cup from a flowing spring passing round among them. (37:45)

They will pass round there a drinking cup to one another with no foolish talk and no wrong action in it. (52:23)

There will circulate among them, ageless youths, carrying goblets and decanters and a cup from a flowing spring. (56:17-18)

The truly good will drink from a cup mixed with the coolness of camphor. (76:5)

They will be given there a cup to drink mixed with the warmth of ginger. (76:17)

For those who guard against evil there is triumph: Gardens and grape vines, and nubile maidens of similar age, and an overflowing cup. (78:31-34)

CURSE

They say, ‘Our hearts are uncircumcised.’ Rather, Allah has cursed them for their disbelief. Very few of them believe! (2:88)

When a Book does come to them from Allah, confirming what is with them (Torah)–even though before that they were praying for victory over the disbelievers–yet when what they recognise does come to them, they reject it. Allah’s curse is on the disbelievers. (2:89)

Those who hide the Clear Signs and Guidance We have sent down, after We have made it clear to people in the Book, Allah curses them, and the cursers curse them. (2:159)

But as for those who disbelieve and die while they are disbelievers, the curse of Allah is upon them and that of the angels and all mankind. (2:161)

If anyone argues with you about him after the knowledge that has come to you, say, ‘Come then! Let us summon our sons and your sons, our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves. Then let us make earnest supplication and call down the curse of Allah upon the liars.’ (3:61)

The repayment of such people is that Allah’s curse is on them and that of the angels and of all mankind. (3:87)

Some of the Jews distort the true meaning of words, saying, ‘We hear and disobey,’ and ‘Listen without listening,’ and ‘Listen to us!’ twisting them with their tongues, disparaging the religion. If they had said, ‘We hear and we obey,’ and ‘Listen,’ and, ‘Look at us!’ that would have been better for them and more upright. But Allah has cursed them for their disbelief. Very few of them believe. (4:46)

You who have been given the Book! Believe in what We have sent down confirming what is with you (Torah and Gospel), before We obliterate faces, turning them inside out, or We curse you as We cursed the Companions of the Sabbath. Allah’s command is always carried out. (4:47)

Those are the ones Allah has cursed. And if someone is cursed by Allah you will not find any one to help him. (4:52)

As for anyone who kills a believer deliberately, his repayment is Hell, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. Allah is angry with him and has cursed him, and has prepared for him a terrible punishment. (4:93)

What they call on apart from Him are female idols. What they call on is an arrogant Satan whom Allah has cursed. He said, ‘I will take a certain fixed proportion of Your servants.’ (4:117-118)

But because of their breaking of their covenant, We have cursed them and made their hearts hard. They distort the true meaning of words and have forgotten a good portion of what they were reminded of. You will never cease to come upon some act of treachery on their part, except for a few of them. Yet pardon them, and overlook. Allah loves good-doers. (5:13)

Say: ‘Shall I tell you of a reward with Allah far worse than that: that of those whom Allah has cursed and with whom He is angry–turning some of them into monkeys and into pigs–and who worshipped false gods? Such people are in a worse situation and further from the right way.’ (5:60)

The Jews say, ‘Allah’s hand is chained.’ Their hands are chained and they are cursed for what they say! No! Both His hands are open wide and He gives however He wills. What has been sent down to you from your Lord increases many of them in insolence and disbelief. We have incited enmity and hatred between them until the Day of Rising. Each time they kindle the fire of war, Allah extinguishes it. They rush about the earth corrupting it. Allah does not love corrupters. (5:64)

Those among the tribe of Israel who disbelieved were cursed on the tongue of Dawud and that of ‘Isa, son of Maryam. That is because they rebelled and overstepped the limits. (5:78)

He will say, ‘Enter the Fire together with the nations of jinn and men who have passed away before you.’ Each time a nation enters, it will curse its sister nation, until, when they are all gathered together in it, the last of them will say to the first, ‘Our Lord, those are the ones who misguided us, so give them a double punishment in the Fire.’ He will say, ‘Each will receive double. But you do not know it.’ (7:38)

The Companions of the Garden will call out to the Companions of the Fire, ‘We have found that what our Lord promised us is true. Have you found that what your Lord promised you is true?’ They will say, ‘Yes, we have!’ Between them a herald will proclaim: ‘May the curse of Allah be on the wrongdoers.’ (7:44)

Allah has promised the men and women of the hypocrites and disbelievers the Fire of Hell, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. It will suffice them. Allah has cursed them. They will have everlasting punishment. (9:68)

Who could do greater wrong than those who invent lies against Allah? Such people will be arrayed before their Lord and the witnesses will say, ‘Those are the ones who lied against their Lord.’ Yes indeed! Allah’s curse is on the wrongdoers. (11:18)

They were pursued by a curse in this world and on the Day of Rising. Yes indeed! ‘Ad rejected their Lord, so away with ‘Ad, the people of Hud! (11:60)

They are pursued by a curse in this world and on the Day of Rising. What an evil gift to be given! (11:99)

But as for those who break Allah’s contract after it has been agreed and sever what Allah has commanded to be joined, and cause corruption in the earth, the curse will be upon them. They will have the Evil Abode. (13:25)

(Allah said to Satan,) ‘The curse will be on you till the Day of Reckoning.’ (15:35)

When We said to you, ‘Surely your Lord encompasses the people with His knowledge.’ We only appointed the vision We showed you and the Accursed Tree in the Qur’an as a trial and temptation for the people. We frighten them, but it only increases them in their excessive insolence. (17:60)

Those who make an accusation against their wives and have no witnesses except themselves, such people should testify four times by Allah that they are telling the truth and a fifth time that Allah’s curse will be upon them if they are lying. (24:6-7)

Those who accuse chaste believing women, unaware (of the evil), are cursed both in this world and the hereafter, and they will have a terrible punishment. (24:23)

We pursued them with a curse in this world and on the Day of Rising they will be hideous and spurned. (28:42)

He (Ibrahim) said, ‘You have adopted idols apart from Allah as tokens of mutual affection in this world. But then on the Day of Rising you will reject one another and curse one another. The Fire will be your shelter. You will have no helpers.’ (29:25)

As for those who abuse Allah and His Messenger, Allah’s curse is on them in this world and the hereafter. He has prepared a humiliating punishment for them. (33:57)

They are an accursed people. Wherever they are found they should be seized and mercilessly put to death. (33:61)

Allah has cursed the disbelievers and prepared a Searing Blaze for them. (33:64)

And they (the disbelievers) will say, ‘Our Lord, we obeyed our masters and great men and they misguided us from the Way. Our Lord, give them double the punishment and curse them many times over!’ (33:67-68)

(Allah said to Satan,) ‘My curse is upon you until the Day of Reckoning.’ (38:78)

(On) the Day when the excuses of the wrongdoers will not help them. The curse will be on them and they will have the most evil Home. (40:52)

Such are the people Allah has cursed, making them deaf and blinding their eyes. (47:23)

And so that He might punish the men and women of the hypocrites and the men and women of the idolaters–those who think bad thoughts about Allah. They will suffer an evil turn of fate. Allah is angry with them, and has cursed them and prepared Hell for them. What an evil destination! (48:6)

CUSHION

(In the Garden are) lined-up cushions... (88:15)

It is He Who created you from earth, then from a drop of sperm, then from a clot of blood, then He brings you out as infants, then so you may achieve full strength, then so you may become old men–though some of you may die before that time–so that you may reach a predetermined age and so that hopefully you will use your intellect. (40:67)

CUSTODIAN

Those who disbelieve will be driven to Hell in companies and when they arrive there and its gates are opened its custodians will say to them, ‘Did Messengers from yourselves not come to you, reciting your Lord’s Signs to you and warning you of the meeting on this Day of yours?’ They will say, ‘Indeed they did, but the decree of punishment is justly carried out against the disbelievers.’ (39:71)

And those who have fear of their Lord will be driven to the Garden in companies and when they arrive there, finding its gates open, its custodians will say to them, ‘Peace be upon you! You have done well so enter it timelessly, for ever.’ (39:73)

Those in the Fire will say to the custodians of Hell, ‘Call on your Lord to make the punishment less for us for just one day.’ (40:49)

It all but bursts with rage. Each time a group is flung into it its custodians will question them: ‘Did no warner come to you?’ (67:8)

 

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