The Evolution Deceit

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9 / total: 24

- I/J -

IBLIS (SEE DIABOLIS)

IBRAHIM (AS) (ABRAHAM)

Remember when Ibrahim was tested by his Lord with certain words which he carried out completely. He said, ‘I will make you a model for mankind.’ He asked, ‘And what of my descendants?’ He said, ‘My contract does not include the wrongdoers.’ (2:124)

And when We made the House (Kaaba) a place of return, a sanctuary for mankind: They took the place where Ibrahim stood (to pray) as a place of prayer. We contracted with Ibrahim and Isma‘il: ‘Purify My House for those who circle it, and those who stay there, and those who bow and who prostrate.’ (2:125)

And when Ibrahim said, ‘My Lord, make this a place of safety and provide its inhabitants with fruits–all of them who believe in Allah and the Last Day,’ He said, ‘I will let anyone who becomes a disbeliever enjoy himself a little but then I will drive him to the punishment of the Fire. What an evil destination!’ (2:126)

And when Ibrahim built the foundations of the House with Isma‘il: ‘Our Lord, accept this from us! You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing. Our Lord, make us both Muslims submitted to You, and our descendants a Muslim community submitted to You. Show us our rites of worship and turn towards us. You are the Ever-Returning, the Most Merciful.’ (2:127-128)

Who would deliberately renounce the religion of Ibrahim except someone who reveals himself to be a fool? We chose him in this world and in the hereafter he will be one of the righteous. (2:130)

When his Lord said to him, ‘Become a Muslim!’ he said, ‘I am a Muslim who has submitted to the Lord of all the worlds.’ (2:131)

Ibrahim directed his sons to this, as did Ya‘qub: ‘My sons! Allah has chosen this religion for you, so do not die except as Muslims.’ (2:132)

Or were you present when death came to Ya‘qub and he said to his sons, ‘What will you worship when I have gone?’ They said, ‘We will worship your God, the God of your forefathers, Ibrahim, Isma‘il and Ishaq– one God. We are Muslims submitted to Him.’ (2:133)

They say, ‘Be Jews or Christians and you will be guided.’ Say, ‘Rather adopt the religion of Ibrahim, a man of natural pure belief. He was not one of the idolaters.’ (2:135)

Say, ‘We believe in Allah and what has been sent down to us and what was sent down to Ibrahim and Isma‘il and Ishaq and Ya‘qub and the Tribes, and what Musa and ‘Isa were given, and what all the Prophets were given by their Lord. We do not differentiate between any of them. We are Muslims submitted to Him.’ (2:136)

Or do they say that Ibrahim and Isma‘il and Ishaq and Ya‘qub and the Tribes were Jews or Christians? Say, ‘Do you know better or does Allah?’ Who could do greater wrong than someone who hides the evidence he has been given by Allah? Allah is not unaware of what you do. (2:140)

What about the one who argued with Ibrahim about his Lord, on the basis that Allah had given him sovereignty? Ibrahim said, ‘My Lord is He Who gives life and causes to die.’ He said, ‘I too give life and cause to die.’ Ibrahim said, ‘Allah makes the sun come from the East. Make it come from the West.’ And the one who was a disbeliever was dumbfounded. Allah does not guide wrongdoing people. (2:258)

When Ibrahim said, ‘My Lord, show me how You bring the dead to life.’ He asked, ‘Do you not then believe?’ He replied, ‘Indeed I do! But so that my heart may be at peace.’ He said, ‘Take four birds and train them to yourself. Then put a part of them on each mountain and call to them; they will come rushing to you. Know that Allah is Almighty, All-Wise.’ (2:260)

Allah chose Adam and Nuh and the family of Ibrahim and the family of ‘Imran over all other beings. (3:33)

(Say,) ‘People of the Book! Why do you argue concerning Ibrahim when the Torah and Gospel were only sent down after him? Why do you not use your intellect?’ (3:65)

Ibrahim was neither a Jew nor a Christian. but a man of pure natural belief–a Muslim. He was not one of the idolaters. (3:67)

The people with the strongest claim to Ibrahim are those who followed him and this Prophet and those who believe. Allah is the Protector of the believers. (3:68)

Say, ‘We believe in Allah and what has been sent down to us and what was sent down to Ibrahim, Isma‘il and Ishaq and Ya‘qub and the Tribes, and what Musa and ‘Isa and all the Prophets were given by their Lord. We do not differentiate between any of them. We are Muslims submitted to Him.’ (3:84)

Say, ‘Allah speaks the truth, so follow the religion of Ibrahim, a man of pure natural belief. He was not one of the idolaters.’ (3:95)

In it are Clear Signs–the place where Ibrahim stood (to pray). All who enter it are safe. Pilgrimage to the House is a duty owed to Allah by all mankind–those who can find a way to do it. But if anyone disbelieves, Allah is Rich Beyond Need of any being. (3:97)

Or do they in fact envy other people for the bounty Allah has granted them? We gave the family of Ibrahim the Book and Wisdom, and We gave them an immense kingdom. (4:54)

Who could have a better religion than someone who submits himself completely to Allah and is a good-doer, and follows the religion of Ibrahim, a man of pure natural belief? Allah took Ibrahim as an intimate friend. (4:125)

We have revealed to you as We revealed to Nuh and the Prophets who came after him. And We revealed to Ibrahim and Isma‘il and Ishaq and Ya‘qub and the Tribes, and ‘Isa and Ayyub and Yunus and Harun and Sulayman. And We gave Dawud the Zabur. (4:163)

Remember when Ibrahim said to his father, Azar, ‘Do you take idols as gods? I see that you and your people are clearly misguided.’ (6:74)

Because of that We showed Ibrahim the dominions of the heavens and the earth so that he might be one of the people of certainty. (6:75)

When night covered him he saw a star and said, ‘This is my Lord!’ Then when it set he said, ‘I do not love what sets.’ (6:76)

Then when he saw the moon come up he said, ‘This is my Lord!’ Then when it set he said, ‘If my Lord does not guide me, I will be one of the misguided people.’ (6:77)

Then when he saw the sun come up he said, ‘This is my Lord! This is greater!’ Then when it set he said, ‘My people, I am free of what you associate with Allah! I have turned my face to Him Who brought the heavens and earth into being, a pure natural believer. I am not one of the idolaters.’ (6:78-79)

His people argued with him. He said, ‘Are you arguing with me about Allah when He has guided me? I have no fear of any partner you ascribe to Him unless my Lord should will such a thing to happen. My Lord encompasses all things in His knowledge so will you not pay heed? Why should I fear what you have associated with Him when you yourselves apparently have no fear of associating partners with Allah for which He has sent down no authority to you? Which of the two parties is more entitled to feel safe, if you have any knowledge?’ (6:80-81)

This is the argument We gave to Ibrahim against his people. We raise in rank anyone We will. Your Lord is All-Wise, All-Knowing. (6:83)

We gave him Ishaq and Ya‘qub, each of whom We guided. And before him We had guided Nuh. And among his descendants were Dawud and Sulayman, and Ayyub, Yusuf, Musa and Harun. That is how We recompense the good-doers. (6:84)

Say: ‘My Lord has guided me to a straight path, a well-founded religion, the religion of Ibrahim, a man of pure natural belief. He was not one of the idolaters.’ (6:161)

Has the news of those who came before them not reached them the people of Nuh and ‘Ad and Thamud, and the people of Ibrahim and the inhabitants of Madyan and the overturned cities? Their Messengers brought them the Clear Signs. Allah did not wrong them; rather they wronged themselves. (9:70)

Ibrahim would not have asked forgiveness for his father but for a promise he made to him, and when it became clear to him that he was an enemy of Allah, he renounced him. Ibrahim was tender-hearted and forbearing. (9:114)

Our messengers brought the good news to Ibrahim. They said, ‘Peace!’ and he too said, ‘Peace!’ and brought in a roasted calf without delay. (11:69)

When he saw that their hands were not reaching for it, he suspected them and felt afraid of them. They said, ‘Have no fear! We have been sent to the people of Lut.’ (11:70)

His wife was standing there and she laughed out loud. So We gave her the good news of Ishaq, and beyond Ishaq, Ya‘qub. (11:71)

She said, ‘Woe is me! How can I give birth when I am an old woman and my husband here is an aged man? This is indeed an astonishing thing!’ (11:72)

They said, ‘Are you astonished at Allah’s command? May Allah’s mercy and His blessings be upon you, People of the House! He is Praiseworthy, All-Glorious.’ (11:73)

When the feeling of fear left Ibrahim, and the good news reached him, he disputed with Us about the people of Lut. (11:74)

Ibrahim was forbearing, compassionate, penitent. (11:75)

‘Ibrahim, turn away from this! Your Lord’s command has come. A punishment is coming to them which cannot be repelled.’ (11:76)

(Ya‘qub said to Yusuf,) ‘Accordingly your Lord will pick you out and teach you the true meaning of events and perfectly fulfil His blessing on you as well as on the family of Ya‘qub as He fulfilled it perfectly before upon your forebears, Ibrahim and Ishaq. Most certainly your Lord is Knowing, Wise.’ (12:6)

(Yusuf said,) ‘I hold fast to the creed of my forebears Ibrahim and Ishaq and Ya‘qub. We don’t associate anything with Allah. And that is how Allah has favoured us and all mankind, but most do not give thanks.’ (12:38)

When Ibrahim said, ‘My Lord! Make this land a place of safety and keep me and my sons from worshipping idols. My Lord! They have misguided many of mankind. If anyone follows me, he is with me but if anyone disobeys me, You are Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. Our Lord! I have settled some of my offspring by Your Sacred House in an uncultivated valley. Our Lord! Let them perform prayer! Make the hearts of mankind incline towards them and provide them with fruits, so that hopefully they will be thankful. Our Lord! You know what we keep hidden and what we divulge. Nothing is hidden from Allah either on the earth or in heaven. Praise be to Allah Who, despite my old age, has given me Isma‘il and Ishaq. My Lord is the Hearer of Prayer. My Lord! Make me and my descendants people who perform prayer. My Lord! Accept my prayer. Our Lord! Forgive me and my parents and the believers on the Day the Reckoning takes place.’ (14:35-41)

And tell them about the guests of Ibrahim. (15:51)

When they came in to him, they said, ‘Peace!’ He said, ‘Truly we are afraid of you.’ (15:52)

They said, ‘Do not be afraid. We bring you the good news of a boy of great knowledge.’ (15:53)

He said, ‘Do you bring me this good news despite the fact of old age having reached me? What kind of good news are you bringing me?’ (15:54)

They said, ‘We bring you good news of the truth, so do not be among those who despair.’ (15:55)

He said, ‘Who despairs of the mercy of his Lord except for misguided people?’ (15:56)

He added, ‘What is your business, messengers?’ (15:57)

They said, ‘We have been sent to a people who are evildoers–with the exception of the family of Lut, all of whom We will save, except for his wife. We have decreed her to be one of those who stay behind.’ (15:58-60)

Ibrahim was a community in himself, exemplary, obedient to Allah, a man of pure natural belief. He was not one of the idolaters. (16:120)

He was thankful for His blessings. Allah chose him and guided him to a straight path. (16:121)

We gave him good in this world and in the hereafter he will be one of the righteous. (16:122)

Then We revealed to you: ‘Follow the religion of Ibrahim, a man of pure natural belief. He was not one of the idolaters.’ (16:123)

Mention Ibrahim in the Book. He was a true man and a Prophet. (19:41)

Remember when he said to his father, ‘Father, why do you worship what can neither hear nor see and is not of any use to you at all? Father, knowledge which never reached you has come to me, so follow me and I will guide you to the right path. Father, do not worship Satan. Satan was disobedient to the All-Merciful. Father, I am afraid that a punishment from the All-Merciful will afflict you, and turn you into a comrade of Satan.’ (19:42-45)

He said, ‘Do you forsake my gods, Ibrahim? If you do not stop, I will stone you. Keep away from me for a good long time.’ (19:46)

He said, ‘Peace be upon you. I will ask my Lord to forgive you. He has always honoured me. I will separate myself from you and all you call upon besides Allah and I will call upon my Lord. It may well be that, in calling on my Lord, I will not be disappointed.’ (19:47-48)

When he had separated himself from them, and what they worshipped besides Allah, We gave him Ishaq and Ya‘qub, making each of them a Prophet. (19:49)

We endowed them with Our mercy and made them highly honoured. (19:50)

Those are some of the Prophets Allah has blessed, from the descendants of Adam and from those We carried with Nuh, and from the descendants of Ibrahim and Isra’il and from those We guided and chose. When the Signs of the All-Merciful were recited to them they fell on their faces, weeping, in prostration. (19:58)

We gave Ibrahim his right guidance early on, and We had complete knowledge of him. (21:51)

When he said to his father and his people, ‘What are these statues you are clinging to?’ (21:52)

They said, ‘We found our fathers worshipping them.’ (21:53)

He said, ‘You and your fathers are clearly misguided.’ (21:54)

They said, ‘Have you brought us the truth or are you playing games?’ (21:55)

He said, ‘Far from it! Your Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth, He Who brought them into being. I am one of those who bear witness to that. By Allah, I will devise some scheme against your idols when your backs are turned.’ (21:56-57)

He broke them in pieces, except for the biggest one, so that they would have it to consult! (21:58)

They said, ‘Who has done this to our gods? He is definitely one of the wrongdoers!’ (21:59)

They said, ‘We heard a young man mentioning them. They call him Ibrahim.’ (21:60)

They said, ‘Bring him before the people’s eyes so they can be witnesses.’ (21:61)

They said, ‘Did you do this to our gods, Ibrahim?’ (21:62)

He said, ‘No, this one, the biggest of them, did it. Ask them if they are able to speak!’ (21:63)

They consulted among themselves and said, ‘It is you yourselves who are wrongdoers.’ (21:64)

But then they relapsed back into their disbelief: ‘You know full well these idols cannot talk.’ (21: 65)

He said, ‘Do you then worship, instead of Allah, what cannot help or harm you in any way? Shame on you and what you worship besides Allah! Will you not use your intellect?’ (21:66-67)

They said, ‘Burn him and support your gods if you are resolved to do something.’ (21:68)

We said, ‘Fire, be coolness and peace for Ibrahim!’ (21:69)

They desired to trap him but We made them the losers. (21:70)

We delivered both him and Lut to the land which We had blessed for all beings. (21:71)

And in addition to that We gave him Ishaq and Ya‘qub and made both of them righteous. (21:72)

We made them leaders, guiding by Our command, and revealed to them how to do good actions and perform prayer and give the alms, and they worshipped Us. (21:73)

And We located the position of the House for Ibrahim: ‘Do not associate anything with Me and purify My House for those who circle it, and those who stand and bow and prostrate. (22:26)

Announce the Pilgrimage to mankind. They will come to you on foot and on every sort of lean animal, coming by every distant road. (22:27)

If they deny you, the people of Nuh before them denied him and those of ‘Ad and of Thamud and the people of Ibrahim and the people of Lut. (22:42-43)

Strive for Allah with the striving due to Him. He has selected you and not placed any constraint upon you in the religion–the religion of your forefather Ibrahim. He named you Muslims before and also in this, so that the Messenger could be witness against you and you could be witnesses against all mankind. So perform prayer and give the alms and hold fast to Allah. He is your Protector–the Best Protector, the Best Helper. (22:78)

Recite to them the story of Ibrahim (26:69)

When he said to his father and his people, ‘What do you worship?’ (26:70)

They said, ‘We worship idols and will continue to cling to them.’ (26:71)

He said, ‘Do they hear you when you call or do they help you or do you harm?’ (26:72-73)

They said, ‘No, but this is what we found our fathers doing.’ (26:74)

He said, ‘Have you really thought about what you worship, you and your fathers who came before? They are all my enemies–except for the Lord of all the worlds: He Who created me and guides me; He Who gives me food and gives me drink; and when I am ill, it is He Who heals me; He Who will cause my death, then give me life; He Who I sincerely hope will forgive my mistakes on the Day of Reckoning. My Lord, give me right judgement and unite me with the righteous; and make me highly esteemed among the later peoples; and make me one of the inheritors of the Garden of Delight; and forgive my father–he was one of the misguided; and do not disgrace me on the Day they are raised up, the Day when neither wealth nor sons will be of any use–except to those who come to Allah with sound and flawless hearts.’ (26:75-89)

And Ibrahim, when he said to his people, ‘Worship Allah and have fear of Him. That is better for you if you only knew.’ (29:16)

And if you deny it, nations before you also denied the truth. The Messenger is only responsible for clear transmission. (29:18)

The only answer of his people was to say: ‘Kill him or burn him!’ But Allah rescued him from the fire. There are certainly Signs in that for people who are believers. (29:24)

He said, ‘You have adopted idols apart from Allah as tokens of mutual affection in this world. But then on the Day of Rising you will reject one another and curse one another. The Fire will be your shelter. You will have no helpers.’ (29:25)

And Lut believed in him. He said, ‘I am leaving this place to follow the pleasure of my Lord. He is the Almighty, the All Wise.’ (29:26)

We gave him Ishaq and Ya‘qub and placed Prophethood and the Book among his progeny. We gave him his reward in this world and in the hereafter he will be among the righteous. (29:27)

When Our messengers came with the good news to Ibrahim, they said, ‘We are going to destroy the people of this city. Truly its inhabitants are wrongdoers.’ (29:31)

He said, ‘Lut is in it.’ They said, ‘We know very well who is in it. We are going to rescue him and his family–except for his wife. She will be one of those who stay behind.’ (29:32)

When We made a covenant with all the Prophets–with you and with Nuh and Ibrahim and Musa and ‘Isa son of Maryam–We made a binding covenant with them. (33:7)

One of his followers in faith was Ibrahim when he came to his Lord with an unblemished heart, and said to his father and his people, ‘What are you worshipping? Is it falsehood–gods besides Allah–that you desire? So what are your thoughts about the Lord of all the worlds?’ (37:83-87)

He took a look at the stars and said, ‘I am sick.’ (37:88-89)

So they turned their backs on him. (37:90)

He turned surreptitiously to their gods and said, ‘Do you not eat? What is the matter with you that you do not speak?’ (37:91-92)

He turned on them, striking out with his right hand. (37:93)

They came rushing back to him. (37:94)

He said, ‘Do you worship something you have carved when Allah created both you and what you do?’ (37:95-96)

They said, ‘Build a pyre for him and fling him into the blaze!’ (37:97)

They tried to outwit him but We made them the lowest. (37:98)

He said, ‘I am going towards my Lord; He will be my guide. My Lord, bestow on me a right-acting child!’ (37:99-100)

And We gave him the good news of a forbearing boy. (37:101)

When he was of an age to work with him, he said, ‘My son, I saw in a dream that I must sacrifice you. What do you think about this?’ He said, ‘Do as you are ordered, father. Allah willing, you will find me resolute.’ (37:102)

Then when they had both submitted and he had lain him face down on the ground, We called out to him, ‘Ibrahim! you have discharged your vision.’ That is how We recompense good-doers. (37:103-105)

This was indeed a most manifest trial. (37:106)

We ransomed him with a mighty sacrifice and left the later people saying of him: ‘Peace be upon Ibrahim.’ (37:107-109)

That is how We recompense good-doers. (37:110)

He truly was one of Our believing servants. (37:111)

We gave him the good news of Ishaq, a Prophet, one of the righteous. (37:112)

We showered blessings upon him and upon Ishaq. Among their descendants are good-doers and also people who clearly wrong themselves. (37:7113)

And remember Our servants Ibrahim, Ishaq and Ya‘qub, men of true strength and inner sight. (38:45)

We purified their sincerity through sincere remembrance of the Abode. (38:46)

In Our eyes they are among the best of chosen men. (38:47)

He has laid down the same religion for you as He enjoined on Nuh: that which We have revealed to you and which We enjoined on Ibrahim, Musa and ‘Isa: ‘Establish the religion and do not make divisions in it.’ What you call the idolaters to follow is very hard for them. Allah chooses for Himself anyone He wills and guides to Himself those who turn to Him. (42:13)

When Ibrahim said to his father and his people, ‘I am free of everything you worship, except for Him Who brought me into being, Who will certainly guide me,’ (43:26-27)

Has the story reached you of the honoured guests of Ibrahim? (51:24)

When they entered his dwelling and said, ‘Peace!’ he said, ‘Peace, to people we do not know.’ (51:25)

So he slipped off to his household and brought a fattened calf. (51:26)

He offered it to them and then exclaimed, ‘Do you not then eat?’ (51:27)

He felt afraid of them but they said, ‘Do not be afraid!’ and gave him the good news of a son imbued with knowledge. (51:28)

His wife came up with a shriek and struck her face and said, ‘What, and me a barren old woman!’ (51:29)

They said, ‘That is what your Lord says. He is the All-Wise, the All-Knowing.’ (51:30)

He inquired, ‘What, then, is your business, messengers?’ (51:31)

They said, ‘We have been sent to a people of evildoers to unleash upon them lumps of clay earmarked by your Lord for the profligate.’ (51:32-34)

We brought out all the believers who were there but found in it only one house of Muslims. (51:35-36)

Or has he not been informed what is in the texts of Musa and of Ibrahim, who paid his dues in full? (53:36-37)

We sent Nuh and Ibrahim and placed Prophethood and the Book among their descendants. Some of them are guided but many of them are deviators. (57:26)

You have an excellent example in Ibrahim and those with him, when they said to their people, ‘We wash our hands of you and all that you worship apart from Allah, and we reject you. Between us and you there will be enmity and hatred for ever unless and until you believe in Allah alone.’ Except for Ibrahim’s words to his father: ‘I will ask forgiveness for you but I have no power to help you in any way against Allah.’ ‘Our Lord, we have put our trust in You and have repented to You. You are our final destination.’ (60:4)

This is certainly in the earlier texts, the texts of Ibrahim and Musa. (87:18-19)

IDDAH (SEE WAITING PERIOD (FOR WOMEN))

IDOL

Remember when Ibrahim said to his father, Azar, ‘Do you take idols as gods? I see that you and your people are clearly misguided.’ (6:74)

We conveyed the tribe of Israel across the sea and they came upon some people who were devoting themselves to some idols which they had. They said, ‘Musa, give us a god just as these people have gods.’ He said, ‘You are indeed an ignorant people.’ (7:138)

When Ibrahim said, ‘My Lord! Make this land a place of safety and keep me and my sons from worshipping idols.’ (14:35)

(Ibrahim said,) ‘By Allah, I will devise some scheme against your idols when your backs are turned.’ (21:57)

That is it. If someone honours Allah’s sacred things, that is better for him in his Lord’s sight. All livestock are permitted to you except what has already been recited to you. Have done with the defilement of idols and have done with telling lies. (22:30)

They said, ‘We worship idols and will continue to cling to them.’ (26:71)

(Ibrahim said,) ‘Instead of Allah you worship only idols. You are inventing a lie. Those you worship besides Allah have no power to provide for you. So seek your provision from Allah and worship Him and give thanks to Him. It is to Him you will be returned.’ (29:17)

He (Ibrahim) said, ‘You have adopted idols apart from Allah as tokens of mutual affection in this world. But then on the Day of Rising you will reject one another and curse one another. The Fire will be your shelter. You will have no helpers.’ (29:25)

Or do they have some god other than Allah? Glory be to Allah above any idol they propose! (52:43)

IDOLATERS (MUSHRIQUN)

Rather you will find them the people greediest for life, along with the idolaters. One of them would love to be allowed to live a thousand years. But being allowed to live would not save him from the punishment. Allah sees what they do. (2:96)

Those of the People of the Book who disbelieve and the idolaters do not like anything good to be sent down to you from your Lord. But Allah selects for His mercy whomever He wills. Allah’s favour is truly vast. (2:105)

They say, ‘Be Jews or Christians and you will be guided.’ Say, ‘Rather adopt the religion of Ibrahim, a man of natural pure belief. He was not one of the idolaters.’ (2:135)

Do not marry women of the idolaters until they believe. A slavegirl who is one of the believers is better for you than a woman of the idolaters, even though she may attract you. And do not marry men of the idolaters until they believe. A slave who is one of the believers is better for you than a man of the idolaters, even though he may attract you. Such people call you to the Fire whereas Allah calls you, with His permission, to the Garden and forgiveness. He makes His Signs clear to people so that hopefully they will pay heed. (2:221)

Ibrahim was neither a Jew nor a Christian but a man of pure natural belief–a Muslim. He was not one of the idolaters. (3:67)

Say, ‘Allah speaks the truth, so follow the religion of Ibrahim, a man of pure natural belief. He was not one of the idolaters.’ (3:95)

You will be tested in your wealth and in yourselves and you will hear many abusive words from those given the Book before you and from those who are idolaters. But if you are steadfast and guard against evil, that is the most resolute course to take. (3:186)

You will find that the people most hostile to those who believe are the Jews and the idolaters. You will find the people most affectionate to those who believe are those who say, ‘We are Christians.’ That is because some of them are priests and monks and because they are not arrogant. (5:82)

Say: ‘Am I to take anyone other than Allah as my protector, the Bringer into Being of the heavens and the earth, He Who feeds and is not fed?’ Say: ‘I am commanded to be the first of the Muslims,’ and, ‘Do not be among the idolaters.’ (6:14)

Then they will have no recourse except to say, ‘By Allah, our Lord, We were not idolaters.’ (6:23)

(Ibrahim said,) ‘I have turned my face to Him Who brought the heavens and earth into being, a pure natural believer. I am not one of the idolaters.’ (6:79)

Follow what has been revealed to you from your Lord–there is no god but Him–and turn away from the idolaters. (6:106)

Do not eat anything over which the name of Allah has not been mentioned. To do so is sheer deviance. The Satans inspire their friends to dispute with you. If you obeyed them you would then be idolaters. (6:121)

In the same way their idols have made killing their children appear good to many of the idolaters, in order to destroy them and confuse them in their religion. If Allah had willed, they would not have done it; so abandon them and what they fabricate. (6:137)

Say: ‘My Lord has guided me to a straight path, a well-founded religion, the religion of Ibrahim, a man of pure natural belief. He was not one of the idolaters.’ (6:161)

An announcement to those idolaters you have a general treaty with that Allah and His Messenger are free of them. (9:1)

A proclamation from Allah and His Messenger to mankind on the day of the greater pilgrimage: ‘Allah is free of the idolaters, as is His Messenger. If you repent, it will be better for you. But if you turn your backs, know that you cannot thwart Allah.’ Give those who disbelieve the news of a painful punishment–except those among the idolaters you have treaties with, who have not then broken their treaties with you in any way, nor granted assistance to anyone against you. Honour their treaties until their time runs out. Allah loves those who guard against evil. (9:3-4)

Then, when the sacred months are over, kill the idolaters wherever you find them, and seize them and besiege them and lie in wait for them on every road. If they repent and perform prayer and give the alms, let them go on their way. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (9:5) 

If any of the idolaters ask you for protection, give them protection until they have heard the words of Allah. Then convey them to a place where they are safe. That is because they are a people who do not know. (9:6)

How could any of the idolaters possibly have a treaty with Allah and with His Messenger, except for those you made a treaty with at the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram)? As long as they are straight with you, be straight with them. Allah loves those who guard against evil. (9:7)

It is not for the idolaters to maintain the mosques of Allah, bearing witness against themselves of their disbelief. They are the ones whose actions will come to nothing. They will be in the Fire timelessly, for ever. (9:17)

You who believe! The idolaters are unclean, so after this year they should not come near the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram). If you fear impoverishment, Allah will enrich you from His bounty if He wills. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (9:28)

It is He Who sent His Messenger with guidance and the Religion of Truth to exalt it over every other religion, even though the idolaters detest it. (Quran, 9:33)

There have been twelve months with Allah in the Book of Allah, from the day He first created the heavens and earth. Four of them are forbidden. That is the True Religion. So do not wrong one another during them. However, fight the idolaters totally just as they fight you totally, and know that Allah is with those who guard against evil. (9:36)

It is not right for the Prophet and those who believe to ask forgiveness for the idolaters–even if they are close relatives–after it has become clear to them that they are the Companions of the Blazing Fire. (9:113)

Turn your face towards the religion in pure natural faith, and on no account be among the idolaters. (10:105)

Say: ‘This is my way. I call to Allah with inner sight, I and all who follow me. Glory be to Allah! I am not one of the idolaters!’ (12:108)

Proclaim what you have been ordered to and turn away from the idolaters. (15:94)        

The idolaters say, ‘If Allah had willed we would not have worshipped anything apart from Him, neither we nor our fathers, nor would we have forbidden anything without His say.’ Those before them said the same. Are the Messengers responsible for anything but clear transmission? (16:35)

Ibrahim was a community in himself, exemplary, obedient to Allah, a man of pure natural belief. He was not one of the idolaters. (16:120)

Then We revealed to you: ‘Follow the religion of Ibrahim, a man of pure natural belief. He was not one of the idolaters.’ (16:123)

As for those who believe and those who are Jews and the Sabaeans and the Christians, Magians and idolaters, Allah will distinguish between them on the Day of Rising. Allah is witness of all things. (22:17)

A man who has fornicated may only marry a woman who has fornicated or a woman of the idolaters. A woman who has fornicated may only marry a man who has fornicated or a man of the idolaters. Doing such a thing is forbidden for the believers. (24:3)

Do not let them debar you from Allah’s Signs after they have been sent down to you. Call people to your Lord and on no account be one of the idolaters. (28:87)

So set your face firmly towards the Religion, as a pure natural believer, Allah’s natural pattern on which He made mankind. There is no changing Allah’s creation. That is the true Religion–but most people do not know it–turning towards Him. Have fear of Him and perform prayer. Do not be among the idolaters: those who split up their religion, and form into sects, each faction exulting in what they have. (30:30-32)

Say: ‘Travel about the earth and see the final fate of those before. Most of them were idolaters.’  (30:42) 

This was so that Allah might punish the men and women of the hypocrites, and the men and women of the idolaters, and turn towards the men and women of the believers. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (33:73)

Say: ‘I am only a human being like yourselves. It is revealed to me that your god is One God. So be straight with Him and ask His forgiveness.’ Woe to those who associate others with Him. (41:6)

He has laid down the same religion for you as He enjoined on Nuh: that which We have revealed to you and which We enjoined on Ibrahim, Musa and ‘Isa: ‘Establish the religion and do not make divisions in it.’ What you call the idolaters to follow is very hard for them. Allah chooses for Himself anyone He wills and guides to Himself those who turn to Him. (42:13)

And so that He might punish the men and women of the hypocrites and the men and women of the idolaters–those who think bad thoughts about Allah. They will suffer an evil turn of fate. Allah is angry with them, and has cursed them and prepared Hell for them. What an evil destination! (48:6)

It is He Who sent His Messenger with guidance and the Religion of Truth to exalt it over every other religion, though the idolaters hate it. (61:9)

The People of the Book who disbelieve and the idolaters would not be cut off until the Clear Sign came to them. (98:1)

The People of the Book who disbelieve and the idolaters will be in the Fire of Hell, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. They are the worst of creatures. (98:6) 

IDRIS (AS)

Mention Idris in the Book. He was a true man and a Prophet. (19:56)

We raised him up to a high place. (19:57)

And Isma‘il and Idris and Dhu’l-Kifl–each one was among the steadfast. (21:85)

We admitted them into Our mercy. They were among the righteous. (21:86)

"IF ALLAH WILLS" (INSHA'ALLAH)

They said, ‘Ask your Lord to make it clear to us what it should be like. Cows are all much the same to us. Then, if Allah wills, we will be guided.’ (2:70)

On the Day We gather them all together: ‘Company of jinn, you gained many followers among mankind.’ And their friends among mankind will say, ‘Our Lord, we benefited from one another, and now we have reached the term which You determined for us.’ He will say, ‘The Fire is your home. You will be in it timelessly, for ever, except as Allah wills. Your Lord is All-Wise, All-Knowing.’ (6:128)

Say: ‘I possess no power to help or harm myself, except as Allah wills. If I had had knowledge of the Unseen, I would have sought to gain much good and no evil would have touched me. I am only a warner and a bringer of good news to people who believe.’ (7:188)

Say: ‘I possess no power to harm or help myself except as Allah wills. Every nation has an appointed time. When their appointed time comes, they cannot delay it a single hour or bring it forward.’ (10:49)

Then when they entered into Yusuf’s presence, he drew his parents close to him and said, ‘Enter Egypt safe and sound, if Allah wills.’ (12:99)

Never say about anything, ‘I am doing that tomorrow,’ without adding ‘If Allah wills.’ Remember your Lord when you forget, and say, ‘Hopefully my Lord will guide me to something closer to right guidance than this.’ (18:23-24)

(His companion said to the garden owner,) ‘Why, when you entered your garden, did you not say, "It is as Allah wills, there is no strength but in Allah"? Though you see me with less wealth and children than you possess, it may well be that my Lord will give me something better than your garden and send down on it a fireball from the sky so that morning finds it a shifting heap of dust, or morning finds its water drained into the earth so that you cannot get at it.’ (18:39-41)

Musa said, ‘You will find me patient, if Allah wills, and I will not disobey you in any matter.’ (18:69)

On the Day the Trumpet is blown and everyone in the heavens and everyone on the earth is terrified–except those Allah wills, everyone will come to Him abject. (27:87)

He said, ‘I would like to marry you to one of these two daughters of mine on condition that you work for me for eight full years. If you complete ten, that is up to you. I do not want to be hard on you. You will find me, Allah willing, to be one of the righteous.’ (28:27)

When he was of an age to work with him, he (Ibrahim) said, ‘My son, I saw in a dream that I must sacrifice you. What do you think about this?’ He said, ‘Do as you are ordered, father. Allah willing, you will find me resolute.’ (37:102)

The Trumpet will be blown and those in the heavens and those in the earth will all lose consciousness, except those Allah wills. Then it will be blown a second time and at once they will be standing upright, looking on. (39:68)

We have tried them as We tried the owners of the garden when they swore that they would harvest in the morning but did not say the redeeming words, ‘If Allah wills’. (68:17-18)

But they will only pay heed if Allah wills. He is entitled to be feared and entitled to forgive. (74:56)

But you will not will unless Allah wills. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (76:30)

But you will not will unless Allah wills, the Lord of all the Worlds. (81:29)

We will cause you to recite so that you do not forget–except what Allah wills. He knows what is voiced out loud and what is hidden. (87:6-7)

IGNORANCE

Then He sent down to you, after the distress, security, restful sleep overtaking a group of you, whereas another group became prey to anxious thoughts, thinking other than the truth about Allah–thoughts belonging to the Time of Ignorance– saying, ‘Do we have any say in the affair at all?’ Say, ‘The affair belongs entirely to Allah.’ They are concealing things inside themselves which they do not disclose to you, saying, ‘If we had only had a say in the affair, none of us would have been killed here in this place.’ Say, ‘Even if you had been inside your homes, those people for whom killing was decreed would have gone out to their place of death.’ So that Allah might test what is in your breasts and purge what is in your hearts. Allah knows the contents of your hearts. (3:154)

Allah only accepts the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and then quickly repent after doing it. Allah turns towards such people. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (4:17)

Do they then seek the judgement of the Time of Ignorance? Who could be better at giving judgement than Allah for people with certainty? (5:50)

When those who believe in Our Signs come to you, say, ‘Peace be upon you!’ Allah has made mercy incumbent on Himself. If anyone among you does evil out of ignorance and then afterwards repents and puts things right, He is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (6:54)

He (Yusuf) said, ‘My Lord, the prison is preferable to me than what they call on me to do. Unless You turn their guile away from me, it may well be that I will fall for them and so become a man of ignorance.’ (12:33)

He (Yusuf) said, ‘Are you aware of what you did to Yusuf and his brother in ignorance?’ (12:89)

But to those who do evil in ignorance and then after that repent and put things right, to them your Lord is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (16:119)

So leave them in their glut of ignorance for a while. (23:54)

However, their hearts are overwhelmed by ignorance about this matter and they do other things as well. (23:63)

Remain in your houses and do not display your beauty as it was previously displayed in the Time of Ignorance. Perform prayer and give the alms and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah desires to remove all impurity from you, People of the House, and to purify you completely. (33:33)

Those who disbelieve filled their hearts with fanatical rage–the fanatical rage of the Time of Ignorance–and Allah sent down serenity to His Messenger and to the believers, and bound them to the expression of heedfulness which they had most right to and were most entitled to. Allah has knowledge of all things. (48:26)

You who believe! If a deviator brings you a report, scrutinize it carefully in case you attack people in ignorance and so come to greatly regret what you have done. (49:6)

(Conjecturers are) those who flounder in a glut of ignorance. (51:11)

IGNORANT

And when Musa said to his people, ‘Allah commands you to sacrifice a cow,’ they said, ‘What! Are you making a mockery of us?’ He said, ‘I seek refuge with Allah from being one of the ignorant!’ (2:67)

It is for the poor who are held back in the Way of Allah, unable to travel in the land. The ignorant consider them rich because of their reticence. You will know them by their mark. They do not ask from people insistently. Whatever good you give away, Allah knows it. (2:273)

If their turning away is hard on you, then go down a tunnel deep into the earth, if you can, or climb up a ladder into heaven, and bring them a Sign. If Allah had wanted to He would have gathered them all to guidance. So do not be among the ignorant. (6:35)

Even if We sent down angels to them, and the dead spoke to them, and We gathered together everything in front of them right before their eyes, they would still not believe unless Allah willed. The truth is that most of them are ignorant. (6:111)

So you cannot say: ‘The Book was only sent down to the two groups before us and we were ignorant of their studies.’ (6:156)

We conveyed the tribe of Israel across the sea and they came upon some people who were devoting themselves to some idols which they had. They said, ‘Musa, give us a god just as these people have gods.’ He said, ‘You are indeed an ignorant people.’ (7:138)

Make allowances for people, command what is right, and turn away from the ignorant. (7:199)

(Nuh said,) ‘My people! I do not ask you for any wealth for it. My wage is the responsibility of Allah alone. I will not chase away those who believe. They are surely going to meet their Lord. However, I see you as ignorant people.’ (11:29)

He said, ‘Nuh, he is definitely not of your family. He is someone whose action was not righteous. Do not, therefore, ask Me for something about which you have no knowledge. I admonish you lest you should be among the ignorant.’ (11:46)

The servants of the All-Merciful are those who walk lightly on the earth and, who, when the ignorant speak to them, say, ‘Peace’. (25:63)

(Lut said to his people,) ‘Do you come with lust to men instead of women? You are a people who are deeply ignorant.’ (27:55)

When they (believers) hear worthless talk they turn away from it and say, ‘We have our actions and you have your actions. Peace be upon you. We do not desire the company of the ignorant.’ (28:55)

We offered the Trust to the heavens, the earth and the mountains but they refused to take it on and shrank from it. But man took it on. He is indeed wrongdoing and ignorant. (33:72)

Say: ‘Do you order me to worship something other than Allah, you ignorant people?’ (39:64)

He (Hud) said, ‘All knowledge is with Allah. I only transmit to you what I have been sent with. But I see that you are a people who are ignorant.’ (46:23)

IHRAM (STATE OF PILGRIMAGE)

You who believe! Do not kill game while you are in the state of pilgrimage. If one of you kills any deliberately, the reprisal for it is a livestock animal equivalent to what he killed, as judged by two just men among you, a sacrifice to reach the Kaaba, or expiation by feeding the poor, or fasting commensurate with that, so that he may taste the evil consequences of what he did. Allah has pardoned all that took place in the past; but if anyone does it again Allah will take revenge on him. Allah is Almighty, Exactor of Revenge. (5:95)

IKHLAS (SEE SINCERITY)

ILL FORTUNE

Whenever a good thing came to them, they said, ‘This is our due.’ But if anything bad happened to them, they would blame their ill fortune on Musa and those with him. No indeed! The ill fortune is theirs in Allah's sight. But most of them did not know. (7:131)

So We sent a howling wind against them on disastrous ill-fated days to make them taste the punishment of degradation in this world. And the punishment of the hereafter is even more degrading. And they will not be helped. (41:16)

ILLITERATE

Some of them are illiterate, knowing nothing of the Book but wishful thinking. They only speculate. (2:78)

ILLNESS

It is not devoutness to turn your faces to the East or to the West. Rather, those with true devoutness are those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, the Angels, the Book and the Prophets, and who, despite their love for it, give away their wealth to their relatives and to orphans and the very poor, and to travellers and beggars and to set slaves free, and who perform prayer and give the alms; those who honour their contracts when they make them, and are steadfast in poverty and illness and in battle. Those are the people who are true. They are the people who guard against evil. (2:177)

(Fasting is prescribed) for a specified number of days. But any of you who are ill or on a journey should fast a number of other days. For those who can (scarcely) afford it, making up for it means feeding a poor man. And if someone does good of his own accord, it is better for him. But that you should fast is better for you, if you only knew. (2:184)

The month of Ramadan is the one in which the Qur’an was sent down as guidance for mankind, with Clear Signs containing guidance and discrimination. Any of you who are resident for the month should fast it. But any of you who are ill or on a journey should fast a number of other days. Allah desires ease for you; He does not desire difficulty for you. You should complete the number of days and proclaim Allah’s greatness for the guidance He has given you so that hopefully you will be thankful. (2:185)

Perform the pilgrimage and the pious visit for Allah. If you are forcibly prevented, make whatever sacrifice is feasible. But do not shave your heads until the sacrificial animal has reached the place of sacrifice. If any of you are ill or have a head injury, the expiation is fasting or charity or sacrifice when you are safe and well again. And if you are secure, then he who takes advantage of a pious visit before the pilgrimage should make whatever sacrifice is feasible. For any one who cannot, there is three days’ fast on pilgrimage and seven on your return–that is ten in all. That is for anyone whose family does not live near the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram). Have fear of Allah and know that Allah is fierce in retribution. (2:196)

You who believe! Do not approach the prayer when you are drunk, so that you will know what you are saying, nor in a state of major impurity–unless you are travelling–until you have washed yourselves completely. If you are ill or on a journey, or any of you have come from the lavatory or touched women, and you cannot find any water, then take for yourselves clean earth, wiping your faces and your hands. Allah is Ever-Pardoning, Ever-Forgiving. (4:43)

When you are with them and leading them in prayer, a group of them should stand with you, keeping hold of their weapons. When they prostrate, the others should guard your backs. Then the other group who have not yet prayed should come and pray with you. They too should be careful and keep hold of their weapons. Those who disbelieve would like you to be negligent of your arms and equipment so that they can swoop down on you once and for all. There is nothing wrong, if you are bothered by rain or you are ill, in laying your weapons down; but take every precaution. Allah has prepared a humiliating punishment for the disbelievers. (4:102)

You who believe! When you get up to perform prayer, wash your faces and your hands and your arms to the elbows, and wipe over your heads, and (wash) your feet to the ankles. If you are in a state of major impurity, then purify yourselves. But if you are ill or on a journey, or have come from the lavatory, or have touched women, and cannot find any water, then take for yourselves clean earth, and wipe your faces and your hands therewith. Allah does not want to make things difficult for you, but He does want to purify you and to perfect His blessing upon you so that hopefully you will be thankful. (5:6)

(Ibrahim said,) ‘and when I am ill, it is He Who heals me.’ (26:80)

Your Lord knows that you stay up nearly two-thirds of the night–or half of it, or a third of it–and a group of those with you. Allah determines the night and day. He knows you will not keep count of it, so He has turned towards you. Recite as much of the Qur’an as is easy for you. He knows that some of you are ill and that others are travelling in the land seeking Allah’s bounty, and that others are fighting in the Way of Allah. So recite as much of it as is easy for you. And perform prayer and give the alms and lend a generous loan to Allah. Whatever good you send ahead for yourselves you will find it with Allah as something better and as a greater reward. And seek forgiveness from Allah. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (73:20)

ILYAS (AS)

And Zakariyya, Yahya, ‘Isa and Ilyas. All of them were among the righteous. (6:85)

Ilyas was one of the Messengers. (37:123)

‘Peace be upon Ilyas!’ (37:130)

IMMORTAL

We did not give them (Messengers) bodies which did not eat food, nor were they immortal. (21:8)

We did not give any human being before you immortality. And if you die, will they then be immortal? (21:34)

(Hud said to his people,) ‘Do you build a tower on every hilltop, just to amuse yourselves, and construct great fortresses, hoping to live for ever?’ (26:128-129)

IMPUDENCE

(They said,) ‘Has the Reminder been given to him of all of us? No indeed! He is an impudent liar.’ (54:25)

‘They will know tomorrow who the impudent liar is.’ (54:26)

IMPURITY

They will ask you about menstruation. Say, ‘It is an impurity, so keep apart from women during menstruation and do not approach them until they have purified themselves. But once they have purified themselves, then go to them in the way that Allah has enjoined on you.’ Allah loves those who turn back from wrongdoing and He loves those who purify themselves. (2:222)

You who believe! Do not approach the prayer when you are drunk, so that you will know what you are saying, nor in a state of major impurity–unless you are travelling–until you have washed yourselves completely. If you are ill or on a journey, or any of you have come from the lavatory or touched women, and you cannot find any water, then take for yourselves clean earth, wiping your faces and your hands. Allah is Ever-Pardoning, Ever-Forgiving. (4:43)

You who believe! When you get up to perform prayer, wash your faces and your hands and your arms to the elbows, and wipe over your heads, and (wash) your feet to the ankles. If you are in a state of major impurity, then purify yourselves. But if you are ill or on a journey, or have come from the lavatory, or have touched women, and cannot find any water, then take for yourselves clean earth, and wipe your faces and your hands therewith. Allah does not want to make things difficult for you, but He does want to purify you and to perfect His blessing upon you so that hopefully you will be thankful. (5:6)

Remain in your houses and do not display your beauty as it was previously displayed in the Time of Ignorance. Perform prayer and give the alms and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah desires to remove all impurity from you, People of the House, and to purify you completely. (33:33)

IMRAN

Allah chose Adam and Nuh and the family of Ibrahim and the family of ‘Imran over all other beings. (3:33)

Remember when the wife of ‘Imran said, ‘My Lord, I have pledged to You what is in my womb, devoting it to Your service. Please accept my prayer. You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.’ (3:35)

And Maryam, the daughter of ‘Imran, who guarded her chastity–We breathed Our Spirit into her and she confirmed the Words of her Lord and His Book and was one of the obedient. (66:12)

INJIL (SEE THE GOSPEL)

INCONSISTENCY

Will they not ponder the Qur’an? If it had been from other than Allah, they would have found many inconsistencies in it. (4:82)

INDECENCY

Allah commands justice and doing good and giving to relatives. And He forbids indecency and doing wrong and tyranny. He warns you so that hopefully you will pay heed. (16:90)

You who believe! Do not follow in the footsteps of Satan. Anyone who follows in Satan’s footsteps should know that he commands indecency and wrongdoing. Were it not for Allah’s favour to you and His mercy, not one of you would ever have been purified. But Allah purifies whoever He wills. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. (24:21)

Recite what has been revealed to you of the Book and perform prayer. Prayer precludes indecency and wrongdoing. And remembrance of Allah is greater still. Allah knows what you do. (29:45)

To whoever avoids the major wrong actions and indecencies–except for minor lapses–truly your Lord is vast in forgiveness. He has most knowledge of you when He first produced you from the earth, and when you were embryos in your mothers’ wombs. So do not claim purity for yourselves. He knows best those who guard against evil. (53:32)

INFANT

Mankind! If you are in any doubt about the Rising, know that We created you from dust then from a drop of sperm then from a clot of blood then from a lump of flesh, formed yet unformed, so We may make things clear to you. We make watever We want stay in the womb until a specified time and then We bring you out as children so that you can reach your full maturity. Some of you die and some of you revert to the lowest form of life so that, after having knowledge, they then know nothing at all. And you see the earth dead and barren; then when We send down water onto it it quivers and swells and sprouts with luxuriant plants of every kind. (22:5)

It is He Who created you from earth, then from a drop of sperm, then from a clot of blood, then He brings you out as infants, then so you may achieve full strength, then so you may become old men–though some of you may die before that time–so that you may reach a predetermined age and so that hopefully you will use your intellect. (40:67)

INHABITANT

We have sent you with the Truth, bringing good news and giving warning. Do not ask about the inhabitants of the Blazing Fire. (2:119)

And when Ibrahim said, ‘My Lord, make this a place of safety and provide its inhabitants with fruits–all of them who believe in Allah and the Last Day,’ He said, ‘I will let anyone who becomes a disbeliever enjoy himself a little but then I will drive him to the punishment of the Fire. What an evil destination!’ (2:126)

What reason could you have for not fighting in the Way of Allah–for those men, women and children who are oppressed and say, ‘Our Lord, take us out of this city whose inhabitants are wrongdoers! Give us a protector from You! Give us a helper from You!’? (4:75)

Has the news of those who came before them not reached them the people of Nuh and ‘Ad and Thamud, and the people of Ibrahim and the inhabitants of Madyan and the overturned cities? Their Messengers brought them the Clear Signs. Allah did not wrong them; rather they wronged themselves. (9:70)

To Thamud We sent their brother Salih. He said, ‘My people, worship Allah! You have no god apart from Him. He brought you into being from the earth and made you its inhabitants. So ask His forgiveness and then repent to Him. My Lord is Close and Quick to Respond.’ (11:61)

Your Lord would never have destroyed the cities wrongfully as long as their inhabitants were putting things right. (11:117)

So they went on until they reached the inhabitants of a town. They asked them for food but they refused them hospitality. They found there a wall about to fall down and he built it up. Musa said, ‘If you had wanted, you could have taken a wage for doing that.’ (18:77)

You who believe! Do not enter houses other than your own until you have asked permission and greeted their inhabitants. That is better for you, so that hopefully you will pay heed. (24:27)

She (Queen of Sheba) said, ‘When kings enter a city, they lay waste to it and make its mightiest inhabitants the most abased. That is what they too will do.’ (27:34)

He (Musa) entered the city at a time when its inhabitants were unaware and found two men fighting there–one from his party and the other from his enemy. The one from his party asked for his support against the other from his enemy. So Musa hit him, dealing him a fatal blow. He said, ‘This is part of Satan’s handiwork. He truly is an outright and misleading enemy.’ (28:15)

Your Lord would never destroy any cities without first sending to the chief of them a Messenger to recite Our Signs to them. We would never destroy any cities unless their inhabitants were wrongdoers. (28:59)

When Our messengers came with the good news to Ibrahim, they said, ‘We are going to destroy the people of this city. Truly its inhabitants are wrongdoers.’ (29:31)

(Our Messengers said to Lut,) ‘We will bring down on the inhabitants of this city a devastating punishment from heaven because of their deviance.’ (29:34)

Make an example for them of the inhabitants of the city when the Messengers came to it. (36:13)

You who believe! Do not make friends of people with whom Allah is angry, who have despaired of the hereafter as the disbelievers have despaired of the inhabitants of the graves. (60:13)

INHERIT - BEQUEATH

It is prescribed for you, when death approaches one of you and if he has some goods to leave, to make a will in favour of his parents and relatives, correctly and fairly: a duty for all those who guard against evil. (2:180)

But if someone fears bias or wrongdoing on the part of the person making the will, and puts things right between the people involved, in that case he has not committed any crime. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (2:182)

Those of you who die leaving wives behind should make a bequest to their wives of maintenance for a year without them having to leave their homes. But if they do leave you are not to blame for anything they do with themselves with correctness and courtesy. Allah is Almighty, All-Wise. (2:240)

Allah instructs you regarding your children: A male receives the same as the share of two females. If there are more than two daughters they receive two-thirds of what you leave. If she is one on her own she receives a half. Each of your parents receives a sixth of what you leave if you have children. If you are childless and your heirs are your parents your mother receives a third. If you have brothers or sisters your mother receives a sixth, after any bequest you make or any debts. With regard to your fathers and your sons, you do not know which of them is going to benefit you more. These are obligatory shares from Allah. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (4:11)

You receive half of what your wives leave if they are childless. If they have children you receive a quarter of what they leave after any bequest they make or any debts. They receive a quarter of what you leave if you are childless. If you have children they receive an eighth of what you leave after any bequest you make or any debts. If a man or woman has no direct heirs, but has a brother or sister, each of them receives a sixth. If there are more than that they share in a third after any bequest you make or any debts, making sure that no one’s rights are prejudiced. This is an instruction from Allah. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Forbearing. (4:12)

You who believe! When one of you is near to death and makes a will, two just men from among you should act as witnesses; or, if you are travelling when the misfortune of death occurs, two men who are strangers to you. You should detain them after prayer and, if you are doubtful, they should swear by Allah: ‘We will not sell it for any price, even to a near relative, and we will not conceal the testimony of Allah. If we did we would indeed be wrongdoers.’ (5:106)

It is We Who give life and cause to die and We are the Inheritor. (15:23)

It is We Who will inherit the earth and all those on it. They will be returned to Us. (19:40)

That is the Garden which We will bequeath to those of Our servants who guard against evil. (19:63)

We wrote down in the Zabur, after the Reminder came: ‘It is My servants who are righteous who will inherit the earth.’ (21:105)

Such people are the inheritors who will inherit Firdaws, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (23:10-11)

How many cities We have destroyed which lived in insolent ingratitude! There are their houses, never again inhabited after them, except a little. It was We Who were their Heir. (28:58)

Did they bequeath this to each other? Indeed they are an unbridled people. (51:53)

INK

Say: ‘If all the sea was ink to write down the Words of my Lord, it would run out long before the Words of my Lord ran out,’ even if We were to bring the same amount of ink again. (18:109)

INSHA'ALLAH (SEE "IF ALLAH WILLS")

INSIGHT

When Talut marched out with the army, he said, ‘Allah will test you with a river. Anyone who drinks from it is not with me. But anyone who does not taste it is with me–except for him who merely scoops up a little in his hand.’ But they drank from it–except for a few of them. Then when he and those who believed with him had crossed it, they said, ‘We do not have the strength to face Goliath and his troops today.’ But those who were sure that they were going to meet Allah said, ‘How many a small force has triumphed over a much greater one by Allah’s permission! Allah is with the steadfast.’ (2:249)

There was a sign for you in the two parties which met face to face, one party fighting in the Way of Allah and the other disbelievers. You saw them as twice their number with your own eyes. Allah reinforces with His help whoever He wills. There is instruction in that for people of insight. (3:13)

When news of any matter reaches them they spread it about, whether it is of a reassuring or disquieting nature. If they had only referred it to the Messenger and those in command among them, those among them able to discern the truth about it would have had proper knowledge of it. If it were not for Allah’s favour to you and His mercy, all but a very few of you would have followed Satan. (4:83)

‘Clear insights have come to you from your Lord. Whoever sees clearly, does so to his own benefit. Whoever is blind, it is to his own detriment. I am not here as your keeper.’ (6:104)

If you do not bring them a Sign, they say, ‘Why have you not come up with one?’ Say, ‘I follow only what has been revealed to me from my Lord.’ This is clear insight from your Lord, and guidance and mercy, for people who believe. (7:203)

Say: ‘This is my way. I call to Allah with inner sight, I and all who follow me. Glory be to Allah! I am not one of the idolaters!’ (12:108)

Allah revolves night and day. There is surely a lesson in that for people with inner sight. (24:44)

And remember Our servants Ibrahim, Ishaq and Ya‘qub, men of true strength and inner sight. (38:45)

This is clear insight for mankind and guidance and mercy for people with certainty. (45:20)

It is He Who expelled those who disbelieved among the People of the Book from their homes to the first gathering-place. You did not think that they would leave and they thought that their fortresses would protect them from Allah. Then Allah came upon them from where they least expected it and cast terror into their hearts. Their houses were pulled down by their own hands and by the hands of the believers. People of insight, take note! (59:2)

INSOLENCE

But Allah is mocking them, and drawing them on, as they wander blindly in their excessive insolence. (2:15)

The Jews say, ‘Allah’s hand is chained.’ Their hands are chained and they are cursed for what they say! No! Both His hands are open wide and He gives however He wills. What has been sent down to you from your Lord increases many of them in insolence and disbelief. We have incited enmity and hatred between them until the Day of Rising. Each time they kindle the fire of war, Allah extinguishes it. They rush about the earth corrupting it. Allah does not love corrupters. (5:64)

Say: ‘People of the Book! You have nothing to stand on until you implement the Torah and the Gospel and what has been sent down to you from your Lord.’ What has been sent down to you from your Lord increases many of them in insolence and disbelief. So do not waste your grief on the people of the disbelievers. (5:68)

We will overturn their hearts and sight, just as when they did not believe in it at first, and We will abandon them to wander blindly in their excessive insolence. (6:110)

We made forbidden for the Jews every animal with an undivided hoof, and in respect of cattle and sheep, We made their fat forbidden for them, except what is attached to their backs or guts or mixed up with bone. That is how We repaid them for their insolence. And We certainly speak the truth. (6:146)

If Allah misguides people, no one can guide them. We will abandon them to wander blindly in their excessive insolence. (7:186)

If Allah were to hasten evil for people the way they try to hasten good, their term would already have been completed for them. We abandon those who do not expect to meet Us to wander blindly in their excessive insolence. (10:11)

When We said to you, ‘Surely your Lord encompasses the people with His knowledge.’ We only appointed the vision We showed you and the Accursed Tree in the Qur’an as a trial and temptation for the people. We frighten them, but it only increases them in their excessive insolence. (17:60)

(He said to Musa,) ‘As for the boy, his parents were believers and we feared that he would darken their days with excessive insolence and disbelief.’ (18:80)

Then We will drag out from every sect the one among them most insolent towards the All-Merciful. (19:69)

If We did have mercy on them and removed the harm afflicting them, they would still obstinately persist in wandering blindly in their excessive insolence. (23:75)

Those who do not expect to meet Us say, ‘Why have angels not been sent down to us? Why do we not see our Lord?’ They have become arrogant about themselves and are excessively insolent. (25:21)

Who is there who could provide for you if He withholds His provision? Yet still they obstinately persist in insolence and evasion. (67:21)

INSPIRATION

(Remember when Allah said, ‘‘Isa, son of Maryam,) when I inspired the Disciples to believe in Me and in My Messenger, they said, "We believe. Bear witness that we are Muslims."’ (5:111)

On that Day it (the earth) will impart all its news because your Lord has inspired it. (99:4-5)

INTELLECT - INTELLIGENCE

Do you order people to devoutness and forget yourselves, when you recite the Book? Will you not use your intellect? (2:44)

When they meet those who believe, they say, ‘We believe.’ But when they go apart with one another, they say, ‘Why do you speak to them about what Allah has disclosed to you, so they can use it as an argument against you before your Lord? Will you not use your intellect?’ (2:76)

In the creation of the heavens and earth, and the alternation of the night and day, and the ships which sail the seas to people’s benefit, and the water which Allah sends down from the sky–by which He brings the earth to life when it was dead and scatters about in it creatures of every kind–and the varying direction of the winds, and the clouds subservient between heaven and earth, there are Signs for people who use their intellect. (2:164)

The likeness of those who disbelieve is that of the beast which, call out to it as one may, can hear nothing but a shout and a cry. Deaf–dumb–blind. They do not use their intellect. (2:171)

There is life for you in retaliation, people of intelligence, so that hopefully you will guard against evil. (2:179)

The pilgrimage takes place during certain well-known months. If anyone undertakes the obligation of pilgrimage in them, there must be no sexual intercourse, no wrongdoing, nor any quarrelling during pilgrimage. Whatever good you do, Allah knows it. Take provision; but the best provision is fear of Allah. So have fear of Me, people of intelligence! (2:197)

In this way Allah makes His Signs clear to you, so that hopefully you will use your intellect. (2:242)

He gives wisdom to whoever He wills and he who has been given wisdom has been given great good. But no one pays heed but people of intelligence. (2:269)

It is He Who sent down the Book to you from Him: verses containing clear judgements–they are the core of the Book–and others which are open to interpretation. Those with deviation in their hearts follow what is open to interpretation in it, desiring conflict, seeking its inner meaning. No one knows its inner meaning but Allah. Those firmly rooted in knowledge say, ‘We believe in it. All of it is from our Lord.’ But only people of intelligence pay heed. (3:7)

(Say,) ‘People of the Book! Why do you argue concerning Ibrahim when the Torah and Gospel were only sent down after him? Why do you not use your intellect?’ (3:65)

You who believe! Do not take any outside yourselves as intimates. They will do anything to harm you. They love what causes you distress. Hatred has appeared out of their mouths, but what their breasts hide is far worse. We have made the Signs clear to you if you use your intellect. (3:118)

When you call to prayer they make a mockery and a game of it. That is because they are people who do not use their intellect. (5:58)

Say: ‘Bad things and good things are not the same, even though the abundance of the bad things may seem attractive to you.’ Have fear of Allah, people of intelligence, so that hopefully you will be successful. (5:100)

Allah did not institute any such thing as bahira or sa’iba or wasila or hami. Those who disbelieved invented lies against Allah. Most of them do not use their intellect. (5:103)

The life of this world is nothing but a game and a diversion. The hereafter is better for those who guard against evil. So will you not use your intellect? (6:32)

Say: ‘Come and I will recite to you what your Lord has made forbidden for you’: that you do not associate anything with Him; that you are good to your parents; that you do not kill your children because of poverty–We will provide for you and them; that you do not approach indecency–outward or inward; that you do not kill any person Allah has made inviolate–except with the right to do so. That is what He instructs you to do so that hopefully you will use your intellect. (6:151)

An evil generation has succeeded them, inheriting the Book, taking the goods of this lower world, and saying, ‘We will be forgiven.’ But if similar goods come to them again they still take them. Has not a covenant been made with them in the Book, that they should only say the truth about Allah and have they not studied what is in it? The Final Abode is better for those who guard against evil. Will you not use your intellect? (7:169)

The worst of beasts in Allah’s sight are the deaf and dumb who have no intellect. (8:22)

Say: ‘Had Allah so wished, I would not have recited it to you nor would He have made it known to you. I lived among you for many years before it came. Will you not use your intellect?’ (10:16)

No self can believe except with Allah’s permission. He places a blight on those who do not use their intellect. (10:100)

(Hud said,) ‘My people! I do not ask you for any wage for it. My wage is the responsibility of Him Who brought me into being. So will you not use your intellect?’ (11:51)

We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’an so that hopefully you will use your intellect. (12:2)

We sent none before you but men inspired with revelation from among the people of the cities. Have they not travelled in the land and seen the final fate of those before them? The abode of the hereafter is better for those who guard against evil. So will you not use your intellect? (12:109)

There is instruction in their stories for people of intelligence. This is not a narration which has been invented but confirmation of all that came before, a clarification of everything, and a guidance and a mercy for people who believe. (12:111)

In the earth there are diverse regions side by side and gardens of grapes and cultivated fields, and palm-trees sharing one root and others with individual roots, all watered with the same water. And We make some things better to eat than others. There are Signs in that for people who use their intellect. (13:4)

Is he who knows that what has been sent down to you from your Lord is the truth like him who is blind? It is only people of intelligence who pay heed. (13:19)

This is a communication to be transmitted to mankind so that they may be warned by it and so that they will know that He is One God and so that people of intelligence will pay heed. (14:52)

He has made night and day subservient to you, and the sun and moon and stars, all subject to His command. There are certainly Signs in that for people who use their intellect. (16:12)

And from the fruit of the date-palm and the grape-vine you derive both intoxicants and wholesome provision. There is certainly a Sign in that for people who use their intellect. (16:67)

Eat and pasture your cattle. Certainly there are Signs in that for people of sound intellect. (20:54)

Are they not guided by the many generations We have destroyed before them, among whose dwelling places they walk about? There are Signs in that for people of sound intellect. (20:128)

We have sent down to you a Book containing your Reminder. So will you not use your intellect? (21:10)

Shame on you and what you worship besides Allah! Will you not use your intellect?’ (21:67)

It is He Who gives life and causes to die and His is the alternation of the night and day. So will you not use your intellect? (23:80)

There is no objection to the blind, no objection to the lame, no objection to the sick; nor to yourselves if you eat in your own houses or your fathers’ houses or your mothers’ houses or your brothers’ houses or your sisters’ houses or the houses of your paternal uncles or paternal aunts or the houses of your maternal uncles or maternal aunts or places to which you own the keys or those of your friends. There is nothing wrong in your eating together or eating separately. And when you enter houses greet one another with a greeting from Allah, blessed and good. In this way Allah makes the Signs clear to you so that hopefully you will use your intellect. (24:61)

He (Musa) said, ‘The Lord of the East and the West and everything between them if you used your intellect.’ (26:28)

Anything you have been given is only the enjoyment of the life of this world and its finery. What is with Allah is better and longer lasting. So will you not use your intellect? (28:60)

We have left a Clear Sign of them behind for people who use their intellect. (29:35)

If you ask them, ‘Who sends down water from the sky, bringing the earth back to life again after it was dead?’ they will say, ‘Allah.’ Say: ‘Praise be to Allah.’ But most of them do not use their intellect. (29:63)

Among His Signs is that He shows you lightning, a source of fear and eager hope, and sends down water from the sky, bringing the dead earth back to life by it. There are certainly Signs in that for people who use their intellect. (30:24)

He has made an example for you from among yourselves. Are any of the slaves you own partners with you in what We have provided for you so that you are equal in respect of it, you fearing them the same as one another? In that way We make Our Signs clear for people who use their intellect. (30:28)

He has led huge numbers of you into error. Why did you not use your intellect? (36:62)

When We grant long life to people, We return them to their primal state. So will you not use your intellect? (36:68)

And you pass by them in the daytime and at night. So will you not use your intellect? (37:137-138)

It is a Book We have sent down to you, full of blessing, so let people of intelligence ponder its Signs and take heed. (38:29)

We gave him back his family and the same again with them as a mercy from Us and a reminder for people of intellect. (38:43)

What of him who spends the night hours in prayer, prostrating and standing up, mindful of the hereafter, hoping for the mercy of his Lord? Say: ‘Are they the same–those who know and those who do not know?’ It is only people of intelligence who pay heed. (39:9)

Those who listen well to what is said and follow the best of it, they are the ones whom Allah has guided, they are the people of intelligence. (39:18)

Do you not see that Allah sends down water from the sky and threads it through the earth to emerge as springs and then by it brings forth crops of varying colours, which then wither and you see them turning yellow and then He makes them into broken stubble? There is a reminder in that for people of intelligence. (39:21)

We gave Musa the guidance and bequeathed the Book to the tribe of Israel, as guidance and a reminder for people of intelligence. (40:53-54)

It is He Who created you from earth, then from a drop of sperm, then from a clot of blood, then He brings you out as infants, then so you may achieve full strength, then so you may become old men–though some of you may die before that time–so that you may reach a predetermined age and so that hopefully you will use your intellect. (40:67)

We have made it an Arabic Qur’an so that hopefully you will use your intellect. (43:3)

And in the alternation of night and day and the provision Allah sends down from the sky, bringing the earth to life by it after it has died, and the varying direction of the winds, there are Signs for people who use their intellect. (45:5)

As for those who call out to you from outside your private quarters, most of them do not use their intellect. (49:4)

Is it their intellects that direct them to say this or is it that they are an unbridled people? (52:32)

Know that Allah brings the earth to life after it was dead. We have made the Signs clear to you so that hopefully you will use your intellect. (57:17)

They will not fight against you all together as a group except in fortified towns or behind high walls. Their hostility towards each other is intense. They are full of bravado in each other’s company. You consider them united but their hearts are scattered wide. That is because they are people who do not use their intellect. (59:14)

Allah has prepared a terrible punishment for them. So have fear of Allah, people of intelligence–those who believe–Allah has sent down a reminder to you. (65:10)

They will say, ‘If only we had really listened and used our intellect, we would not have been Companions of the Blaze.’ (67:10)

By the dawn and ten nights, and the even and odd, and the night when it travels on, is there not in that an oath for the intelligent? (89:1-5)

INTENTION

Allah will not take you to task for inadvertent statements in your oaths, but He will take you to task for the intention your hearts have made. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, All-Forbearing. (2:225)

INTERCESSION

Have fear of a Day when no self will be able to compensate for another in any way. No intercession will be accepted from it, no ransom taken from it, and they will not be helped. (2:48, 2:123)

You who believe! Give away some of what We have provided for you before a Day arrives on which there is no trading, no close friendship and no intercession. It is the disbelievers who are the wrongdoers. (2:254)

Allah, there is no god but Him, the Living, the Self-Sustaining. He is not subject to drowsiness or sleep. Everything in the heavens and the earth belongs to Him. Who can intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is before them and what is behind them but they cannot grasp any of His knowledge save what He wills. His Footstool encompasses the heavens and the earth and their preservation does not tire Him. He is the Most High, the Magnificent. (2:255)

Warn by it those who fear they will be gathered to their Lord, having no protector or intercessor apart from Him, so that hopefully they will guard against evil. (6:51)

Abandon those who have turned their religion into a game and a diversion and who have been deluded by the life of this world. Remind by it lest a person is delivered up to destruction for what he has earned with no protector or intercessor besides Allah. Were he to offer every kind of compensation, it would not be accepted from him. Such people are delivered up to destruction for what they have earned. They will have scalding water to drink and a painful punishment because they disbelieved. (6:70)

‘You have come to Us all alone just as We created you at first, leaving behind you everything We bestowed on you. We do not see your intercessors accompanying you, those you claimed were your partners with Allah. The link between you is cut. Those you made such claims for have forsaken you.’ (6:94)

What are they waiting for but its fulfilment? The Day its fulfilment occurs, those who forgot it before will say, ‘The Messengers of our Lord came with the Truth. Are there any intercessors to intercede for us, or can we be sent back so that we can do something other than what we did?’ They have lost their own selves and what they invented has forsaken them. (7:53)

Your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six days and then established Himself firmly on the Throne. He directs the whole affair. No one can intercede except with His permission. That is Allah your Lord, so worship Him. Will you not pay heed? (10:3)

They worship, instead of Allah, what can neither harm them nor help them, saying, ‘These are our intercessors with Allah.’ Say: ‘Would you inform Allah of something about which He does not know either in the heavens or on the earth?’ May He be glorified and exalted above what they associate with Him! (10:18)

They have no right of intercession. None do but those who have a contract with the All-Merciful. (19:87)

On that Day intercession will not be of any use except for him whom the All-Merciful has authorised and with whose speech He is well-pleased. (20:109)

He knows what is in front of them and what is behind them. They only intercede on behalf of those with whom He is pleased, and even they are apprehensive out of fear of Him. (21:28)

(They will say,) ‘And now we have no one to intercede for us.’ (26:100)

None of their partner-gods will intercede for them. They will reject their partner-gods. (30:13)

Allah is He Who created the heavens and the earth and everything between them in six days and then established Himself firmly upon the Throne. You have no protector or intercessor apart from Him. So will you not pay heed? (32:4)

Intercession with Him will be of no benefit except from someone who has His permission. So that when the terror has left their hearts they will say, ‘What did your Lord say?’ They will say, ‘The truth. He is the All-High, the Most Great.’ (34:23)

(A man from the far side of the city said,) ‘Am I to take as gods instead of Him those whose intercession, if the All-Merciful desires harm for me, will not help me at all and cannot save me?’ (36:23)

Or have they adopted intercessors besides Allah? Say: ‘Even though they do not control a thing and have no awareness?’ Say: ‘Intercession is entirely Allah’s affair. The kingdom of the heavens and earth is His. Then you will be returned to Him.’ (39:43-44)

And warn them of the Day of Immediacy when hearts rise choking to the throat. The wrongdoers will have no close friend nor any intercessor who might be heard. (40:18)

Those you call upon apart from Him possess no power of intercession–only those who bore witness to the truth and have full knowledge. (43:86)

And how many angels there are in the heavens whose intercession is of no benefit at all until Allah has authorised those He wills and is pleased with them! (53:26)

The intercession of the interceders will not help them. (74:48)

INTERPRETATION

It is He Who sent down the Book to you from Him: verses containing clear judgements–they are the core of the Book–and others which are open to interpretation. Those with deviation in their hearts follow what is open to interpretation in it, desiring conflict, seeking its inner meaning. No one knows its inner meaning but Allah. Those firmly rooted in knowledge say, ‘We believe in it. All of it is from our Lord.’ But only people of intelligence pay heed. (3:7)

The King declared, ‘I dreamt of seven fat cows which seven thin ones ate and seven green ears of wheat and seven others which were dry. O counsellors! Explain my dream to me if you are those who can interpret visions!’ (12:43)

He (Yusuf) raised his parents up onto the throne. The others fell prostrate in front of him. He said, ‘My father, truly this is now the interpretation of the dream I had. My Lord has made it all come true; and He was kind to me by letting me out of prison and brought you from the desert when Satan had caused dissent between me and my brothers. My Lord is kind to anyone He wills. He is indeed All-Knowing and All-Wise.’ (12:100)

INTIMATE

You who believe! Do not take any outside yourselves as intimates. They will do anything to harm you. They love what causes you distress. Hatred has appeared out of their mouths, but what their breasts hide is far worse. We have made the Signs clear to you if you use your intellect. (3:118)

Or did you suppose that you would be left without Allah knowing those of you who have strived and who have not taken anyone as their intimate friends besides Allah and His Messenger and the believers? Allah is aware of what you do. (9:16)

IRAM

(Do you not see what your Lord did with) Iram of the Columns? (89:7)

IRON

Such is the iron grip of your Lord when He seizes the cities which do wrong. His grip is painful, violent. (11:102)

If you are surprised at their blindness, what could be more surprising than their words: ‘What, when we are turned to dust, shall we then be created all anew?’ These are the people who reject their Lord. Such people have iron collars round their necks. Such people are the Companions of the Fire, remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (13:5)

Say: ‘It would not matter if you were rock or iron or indeed any created thing that you think is harder still!’ They will say, ‘Who will bring us back again?’ Say: ‘He Who brought you into being in the first place.’ They will shake their heads at you and ask, ‘When will it happen?’ Say: ‘It may well be that it is very near.’ (17:50-51)

(Dhu’l-Qarnayn said,) ‘Bring me ingots of iron!’ Then, when he had made it level between the two high mountain-sides, he said, ‘Blow!’ and when he had made it a red hot fire, he said, ‘Bring me molten brass to pour over it.’ (18:96)

And (in hell) they will be beaten with cudgels made of iron. (22:21)

We gave Dawud great favour from Us: ‘O mountains and birds! Echo with him in his praise!’ And We made iron malleable for him. (34:10)

Those deemed weak will say to those deemed great, ‘No, it was your scheming night and day when you commanded us to reject Allah and assign equals to Him.’ But they will show their remorse when they see the punishment. We will put iron collars round the necks of those who disbelieve. Will they be repaid for anything but what they did? (34:33)

We have put iron collars round their necks reaching up to the chin, so that their heads are forced back. (36:8)

We sent Our Messengers with the Clear Signs and sent down the Book and the Balance with them so that mankind might establish justice. And We sent down iron in which there lies great force and which has many uses for mankind, so that Allah might know those who help Him and His Messengers in the Unseen. Allah is All-Strong, Almighty. (57:25)

IRRIGATION

He (Musa) said, ‘He says it should be a cow not trained to plough or irrigate the fields–completely sound, without a blemish on it.’ They said, ‘Now you have brought the truth.’ So they sacrificed it–but they almost did not do it. (2:71)

‘ISA (AS) (JESUS)

We gave Musa the Book and sent a succession of Messengers after him. We gave ‘Isa, son of Maryam, the Clear Signs and reinforced him with the Purest Spirit. Why then, whenever a Messenger came to you with something your lower selves did not desire, did you grow arrogant, and deny some of them and murder others? (2:87)

Say, ‘We believe in Allah and what has been sent down to us and what was sent down to Ibrahim and Isma‘il and Ishaq and Ya‘qub and the Tribes, and what Musa and ‘Isa were given, and what all the Prophets were given by their Lord. We do not differentiate between any of them. We are Muslims submitted to Him.’ (2:136)

These Messengers: We favoured some of them over others. Allah spoke directly to some of them and raised up some of them in rank. We gave Clear Signs to ‘Isa, son of Maryam, and reinforced him with the Purest Spirit. If Allah had willed, those who came after them would not have fought each other after the Clear Signs came to them, but they differed. Among them there are those who believe and among them there are those who disbelieve. If Allah had willed, they would not have fought each other. But Allah does whatever He desires. (2:253)

When the angels said, ‘Maryam, your Lord gives you good news of a Word from Him. His name is the Messiah, ‘Isa, son of Maryam, of high esteem in this world and the hereafter, and one of those brought near. He will speak to people in the cradle, and also when fully grown, and will be one of the righteous,’ she said, ‘My Lord! How can I have a son when no man has ever touched me?’ He said, ‘It will be so.’ Allah creates whatever He wills. When He decides on something, He just says to it, ‘Be!’ and it is. He will teach him the Book and Wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel, as a Messenger to the tribe of Israel, saying: ‘I have brought you a Sign from your Lord. I will create the shape of a bird out of clay for you and then breathe into it and it will be a bird by Allah’s permission. I will heal the blind and the leper, and bring the dead to life, by Allah’s permission. I will tell you what you eat and what you store up in your homes. There is a Sign for you in that if you are believers. I come confirming the Torah I find already there, and to make lawful for you some of what was previously forbidden to you. I have brought you a Sign from your Lord. So have fear of Allah and obey me. Allah is my Lord and your Lord so worship Him. That is a straight path.’ When ‘Isa sensed disbelief on their part, he said, ‘Who will be my helpers to Allah?’ The disciples said, ‘We are Allah's helpers. We believe in Allah. Bear witness that we are Muslims. Our Lord, we believe in what You have sent down and have followed the Messenger, so write us down among the witnesses.’ They plotted and Allah plotted. But Allah is the best of plotters. When Allah said, ‘‘Isa, I will take you back and raise you up to Me and purify you of those who disbelieve. And I will place the people who follow you above those who disbelieve until the Day of Rising. Then you will all return to Me, and I will judge between you regarding the things about which you differed.’ (3:45-55)

The likeness of ‘Isa in Allah’s sight is the same as Adam. He created him from earth and then He said to him, ‘Be!’ and he was. It is the truth from your Lord so do not be among the doubters. (3:59-60)

Say, ‘We believe in Allah and what has been sent down to us and what was sent down to Ibrahim, Isma‘il and Ishaq and Ya‘qub and the Tribes, and what Musa and ‘Isa and all the Prophets were given by their Lord. We do not differentiate between any of them. We are Muslims submitted to Him.’ (3:84)

Because of the fact that they broke their covenant, and rejected Allah’s Signs, and killed the Prophets without any right to do so and said, ‘Our hearts are uncircumcised,’ Allah has stamped them with disbelief, so they do not believe except for very few. And on account of their disbelief, and their utterance of a monstrous slander against Maryam, and their saying, ‘We killed the Messiah, ‘Isa son of Maryam, Messenger of Allah.’ They did not kill him and they did not crucify him but it was made to seem so to them. Those who argue about him are in doubt about it. They have no real knowledge of it, just conjecture. But they certainly did not kill him. Allah raised him up to Himself. Allah is Almighty, All-Wise. There is not one of the People of the Book who will not believe in him before he dies; and on the Day of Rising he will be a witness against them. (4:155-159)

We have revealed to you as We revealed to Nuh and the Prophets who came after him. And We revealed to Ibrahim and Isma‘il and Ishaq and Ya‘qub and the Tribes, and ‘Isa and Ayyub and Yunus and Harun and Sulayman. And We gave Dawud the Zabur. (4:163)

People of the Book! Do not go to excess in your religion. Say nothing but the truth about Allah. The Messiah, ‘Isa son of Maryam, was only the Messenger of Allah and His Word, which He cast into Maryam, and a Spirit from Him. So believe in Allah and His Messengers. Do not say, ‘Three.’ It is better that you stop. Allah is only One God. He is too Glorious to have a son! Everything in the heavens and in the earth belongs to Him. Allah suffices as a Guardian. The Messiah would never disdain to be a servant to Allah nor would the angels near to Him. If any do disdain to worship Him, and grow arrogant, He will in any case gather them all to Him. (4:171-172)

Those who say, ‘Allah is the Messiah, son of Maryam,’ are disbelievers. Say: ‘Who possesses any power at all over Allah if He desires to destroy the Messiah, son of Maryam, and his mother, and everyone else on earth?’ The kingdom of the heavens and the earth and everything between them belongs to Allah. He creates whatever He wills. Allah has power over all things. (5:17)

And We sent ‘Isa son of Maryam following in their footsteps, confirming the Torah that came before him. We gave him the Gospel containing guidance and light, confirming the Torah that came before it, and as guidance and admonition for those who guard against evil. (5:46)

Those who say that the Messiah, son of Maryam, is Allah are disbelievers. The Messiah said, ‘Tribe of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord. If anyone associates anything with Allah, Allah has forbidden him the Garden and his refuge will be the Fire.’ The wrongdoers will have no helpers. Those who say that Allah is the third of three are disbelievers. There is no god but One God. If they do not stop saying what they say, a painful punishment will afflict those among them who disbelieve. Why do they not turn to Allah and ask for His forgiveness? Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. The Messiah, the son of Maryam, was only a Messenger, before whom other Messengers came and went. His mother was a woman of truth. Both of them ate food. See how We make the Signs clear to them! Then see how they are perverted! (5:72-75)

Those among the tribe of Israel who disbelieved were cursed on the tongue of Dawud and that of ‘Isa, son of Maryam. That is because they rebelled and overstepped the limits. (5:78)

Remember when Allah said, ‘‘Isa, son of Maryam, remember My blessing to you and to your mother when I reinforced you with the Purest Spirit so that you could speak to people in the cradle and when you were fully grown; and when I taught you the Book and Wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel; and when you created a bird-shape out of clay by My permission, and then breathed into it and it became a bird by My permission; and healed the blind and the leper by My permission; and when you brought forth the dead by My permission; and when I held back the tribe of Israel from you, when you brought them the Clear Signs and those of them who disbelieved said, "This is nothing but downright magic"; and when I inspired the Disciples to believe in Me and in My Messenger, they said, "We believe. Bear witness that we are Muslims."’ And when the Disciples said, ‘‘Isa son of Maryam! Can your Lord send down a table to us out of heaven?’ He said, ‘Have fear of Allah if you are believers!’ They said, ‘We want to eat from it and for our hearts to be at peace and to know that you have told us the truth and to be among those who witness it.’ ‘Isa son of Maryam said, ‘Allah, our Lord, send down a table to us out of heaven to be a feast for us, for the first and last of us, and as a Sign from You. Provide for us! You are the Best of Providers!’ Allah said, ‘I will send it down to you but if anyone among you disbelieves after that, I will punish him with a punishment the like of which I will not inflict on anyone else in all the worlds!’ And when Allah says, ‘‘Isa son of Maryam! Did you say to people, "Take me and my mother as gods besides Allah?"’ he will say, ‘Glory be to You! It is not for me to say what I have no right to say! If I had said it, then You would have known it. You know what is in my self but I do not know what is in Your Self. You are the Knower of all unseen things. I said to them nothing but what You ordered me to say: "Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord." I was a witness against them as long as I remained among them, but when You took me back to You, You were the One watching over them. You are Witness of all things. If You punish them, they are Your servants. If you forgive them, You are the Almighty, the All-Wise.’ (5:110-118)

And Zakariyya, Yahya, ‘Isa and Ilyas. All of them were among the righteous. (6:85)

The Jews say, ‘‘Uzayr is the son of Allah,’ and the Christians say, ‘The Messiah is the son of Allah.’ That is what they say with their mouths, copying the words of those who disbelieved before. Allah fight them! How perverted they are! They have taken their rabbis and monks as lords besides Allah, and also the Messiah, son of Maryam. Yet they were commanded to worship only one God. There is no god but Him! Glory be to Him above anything they associate with Him! (9:30-31)

Mention Maryam in the Book, how she withdrew from her people to an eastern place, and veiled herself from them. Then We sent Our Spirit to her and it took on for her the form of a handsome, well-built man. She said, ‘I seek refuge from you with the All-Merciful if you guard against evil.’ He said, ‘I am only your Lord’s messenger so that He can give you a pure boy.’ She said, ‘How can I have a boy when no man has touched me and I am not an unchaste woman?’ He said, ‘It will be so! Your Lord says, "That is easy for Me. It is so that We can make him a Sign for mankind and a mercy from Us." It is a matter already decreed.’ So she conceived him and withdrew with him to a distant place. The pains of labour drove her to the trunk of a date-palm. She said, ‘Oh if only I had died before this time and was something discarded and forgotten!’ A voice called out to her from under her, ‘Do not grieve! Your Lord has placed a small stream at your feet. Shake the trunk of the palm towards you and fresh, ripe dates will drop down onto you. Eat and drink and delight your eyes. If you should see anyone at all, just say, "I have made a vow of abstinence to the All-Merciful and today I will not speak to any human being."’ She brought him to her people, carrying him. They said, ‘Maryam! You have done an unthinkable thing! Sister of Harun, your father was not an evil man nor was your mother an unchaste woman!’ She pointed towards him. They said, ‘How can a baby in the cradle speak?’ He said, ‘I am the servant of Allah, He has given me the Book and made me a Prophet. He has made me blessed wherever I am and directed me to perform prayer and give the alms as long as I live, and to show devotion to my mother. He has not made me insolent or arrogant. Peace be upon me the day I was born, and the day I die and the day I am raised up again alive.’ That is ‘Isa, son of Maryam, the word of truth about which they are in doubt. It is not fitting for Allah to have a son. Glory be to Him! When He decides on something, He just says to it, ‘Be!’ and it is. (19:16-35)

And We made the son of Maryam and his mother a Sign and gave them shelter on a mountainside where there was a meadow and a flowing spring. (23:50)

When We made a covenant with all the Prophets–with you and with Nuh and Ibrahim and Musa and ‘Isa son of Maryam–We made a binding covenant with them. (33:7)

He has laid down the same religion for you as He enjoined on Nuh: that which We have revealed to you and which We enjoined on Ibrahim, Musa and ‘Isa: ‘Establish the religion and do not make divisions in it.’ What you call the idolaters to follow is very hard for them. Allah chooses for Himself anyone He wills and guides to Himself those who turn to Him. (42:13)

When an example is made of the son of Maryam your people laugh uproariously. They retort, ‘Who is better then, our gods or him?’ They only say this to you for argument’s sake. They are indeed a disputatious people. He is only a servant on whom We bestowed Our blessing and whom We made an example for the tribe of Israel. If We wished We could appoint angels in exchange for you to succeed you on the earth. He is a Sign of the Hour. Have no doubt about it. But follow me. This is a straight path. Do not let Satan bar your way. He truly is an outright enemy to you. And when ‘Isa came with the Clear Signs, he said, ‘I have come to you with Wisdom and to clarify for you some of the things about which you have differed. Therefore have fear of Allah and obey me. Allah is my Lord and your Lord so worship Him. This is a straight path.’ The various factions among them differed. Woe then to those who did wrong on account of the punishment of a painful Day! (43:57-65)

Then We sent Our Messengers following in their footsteps and sent ‘Isa son of Maryam after them, giving him the Gospel. We put compassion and mercy in the hearts of those who followed him. They invented monasticism–We did not prescribe it for them–purely out of desire to gain the pleasure of Allah, but even so they did not observe it as it should have been observed. To those of them who believed We gave their reward but many of them are deviators. (57:27)

And when ‘Isa son of Maryam said, ‘Tribe of Israel, I am the Messenger of Allah to you, confirming the Torah which came before me and giving you the good news of a Messenger after me whose name is Ahmad.’ When he brought them the Clear Signs, they said, ‘This is downright magic.’ (61:6)

You who believe! Be helpers of Allah as ‘Isa son of Maryam said to the Disciples, ‘Who will be my helpers to Allah?’ The Disciples said, ‘We will be the helpers of Allah.’ One faction of the tribe of Israel believed and the other disbelieved. So We supported those who believed against their enemy and they became victorious. (61:14)

ISHAQ (AS)

Or were you present when death came to Ya‘qub and he said to his sons, ‘What will you worship when I have gone?’ They said, ‘We will worship your God, the God of your forefathers, Ibrahim, Isma‘il and Ishaq–one God. We are Muslims submitted to Him.’ (2:133)

Say, ‘We believe in Allah and what has been sent down to us and what was sent down to Ibrahim and Isma‘il and Ishaq and Ya‘qub and the Tribes, and what Musa and ‘Isa were given, and what all the Prophets were given by their Lord. We do not differentiate between any of them. We are Muslims submitted to Him.’ (2:136)

Say, ‘We believe in Allah and what has been sent down to us and what was sent down to Ibrahim, Isma‘il and Ishaq and Ya‘qub and the Tribes, and what Musa and ‘Isa and all the Prophets were given by their Lord. We do not differentiate between any of them. We are Muslims submitted to Him.’ (3:84)

We have revealed to you as We revealed to Nuh and the Prophets who came after him. And We revealed to Ibrahim and Isma‘il and Ishaq and Ya‘qub and the Tribes, and ‘Isa and Ayyub and Yunus and Harun and Sulayman. And We gave Dawud the Zabur. (4:163)

His wife was standing there and she laughed out loud. So We gave her the good news of Ishaq, and beyond Ishaq, Ya‘qub. (11:71)

(Ya‘qub said to Yusuf,) ‘Accordingly your Lord will pick you out and teach you the true meaning of events and perfectly fulfil His blessing on you as well as on the family of Ya‘qub as He fulfilled it perfectly before upon your forebears, Ibrahim and Ishaq. Most certainly your Lord is Knowing, Wise.’ (12:6)

(Yusuf said,) ‘I hold fast to the creed of my forebears Ibrahim and Ishaq and Ya‘qub. We don’t associate anything with Allah. And that is how Allah has favoured us and all mankind, but most do not give thanks.’ (12:38)

(Ibrahim said,) ‘Praise be to Allah Who, despite my old age, has given me Isma‘il and Ishaq. My Lord is the Hearer of Prayer.’ (14:39)

And in addition to that We gave him Ishaq and Ya‘qub and made both of them righteous. (21:72)

We gave him the good news of Ishaq, a Prophet, one of the righteous. (37:112)

ISLAM

You who believe! Enter Islam totally. Do not follow in the footsteps of Satan. He is an outright enemy to you. (2:208)

The religion with Allah is Islam. Those given the Book only differed after knowledge had come to them, envying one another. As for those who reject Allah’s Signs, Allah is swift at reckoning. (3:19)

If anyone desires anything other than Islam as a religion, it will not be accepted from him, and in the hereafter he will be among the losers. (3:85)

Forbidden for you are carrion, blood and pork, and what has been consecrated to other than Allah, and animals which have been strangled, and animals which have been killed by a blow, and animals which have fallen to their death, and animals which have been gored, and animals which wild beasts have eaten–except those you are able to slaughter properly–and animals which have been sacrificed on altars, and deciding things by means of divining arrows–that is deviance. Today those who disbelieve have despaired of overcoming your religion. So do not be afraid of them but be afraid of Me. Today I have perfected your religion for you and completed My blessing upon you and I am pleased with Islam as a religion for you. But if anyone is forced by hunger, not intending any wrongdoing, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (5:3)

When Allah desires to guide someone, He expands his breast to Islam. When He desires to misguide someone, He makes his breast narrow and constricted as if he were climbing up into the sky. That is how Allah defiles those who have no faith. (6:125)

They swear by Allah that they said nothing, but they definitely spoke the word of disbelief and returned to disbelief after their Islam. They planned something which they did not achieve and they were vindictive for no other cause than that Allah and His Messenger had enriched them from His bounty. If they were to repent, it would be better for them. But if they turn away, Allah will punish them with a painful punishment in this world and the hereafter, and they will not find any protector or helper on the earth. (9:74)

Is he whose breast is opened to Islam, and who is therefore illuminated by his Lord...? Woe to those whose hearts are hardened against the remembrance of Allah! Such people are clearly misguided. (39:22)

Who could do greater wrong than someone who invents a lie against Allah when he has been called to Islam? Allah does not guide wrongdoing people. (61:7)

ISMA‘IL (AS)

And when We made the House (Kaaba) a place of return, a sanctuary for mankind: They took the place where Ibrahim stood (to pray) as a place of prayer. We contracted with Ibrahim and Isma‘il: ‘Purify My House for those who circle it, and those who stay there, and those who bow and who prostrate.’ (2:125)

And when Ibrahim built the foundations of the House with Isma‘il: ‘Our Lord, accept this from us! You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.’ (2:127)

Or were you present when death came to Ya‘qub and he said to his sons, ‘What will you worship when I have gone?’ They said, ‘We will worship your God, the God of your forefathers, Ibrahim, Isma‘il and Ishaq–one God. We are Muslims submitted to Him.’ (2:133)

Say, ‘We believe in Allah and what has been sent down to us and what was sent down to Ibrahim and Isma‘il and Ishaq and Ya‘qub and the Tribes, and what Musa and ‘Isa were given, and what all the Prophets were given by their Lord. We do not differentiate between any of them. We are Muslims submitted to Him.’ (2:136)

Or do they say that Ibrahim and Isma‘il and Ishaq and Ya‘qub and the Tribes were Jews or Christians? Say, ‘Do you know better or does Allah?’ Who could do greater wrong than someone who hides the evidence he has been given by Allah? Allah is not unaware of what you do. (2:140)

Say, ‘We believe in Allah and what has been sent down to us and what was sent down to Ibrahim, Isma‘il and Ishaq and Ya‘qub and the Tribes, and what Musa and ‘Isa and all the Prophets were given by their Lord. We do not differentiate between any of them. We are Muslims submitted to Him.’ (3:84)

We have revealed to you as We revealed to Nuh and the Prophets who came after him. And We revealed to Ibrahim and Isma‘il and Ishaq and Ya‘qub and the Tribes, and ‘Isa and Ayyub and Yunus and Harun and Sulayman. And We gave Dawud the Zabur. (4:163)

And Isma‘il, al-Yasa‘, Yunus and Lut. All of them We favoured over all beings. (6:86)

(Ibrahim said,) ‘Praise be to Allah Who, despite my old age, has given me Isma‘il and Ishaq. My Lord is the Hearer of Prayer.’ (14:39)

Mention Isma‘il in the Book. He was true to his promise and was a Messenger and a Prophet. He used to command his people to perform prayer and give the alms and he was pleasing to his Lord. (19:54-55)

And Isma‘il and Idris and Dhu’l-Kifl–each one was among the steadfast. (21:85)

Remember Our servants Isma‘il, Al-Yasa‘ and Dhu’l-Kifl; each of them was among the best of men. (38:48)

ISRAEL

All food was lawful for the tribe of Israel except what Israel made unlawful for himself before the Torah was sent down. Say, ‘Bring the Torah and read it out if you are telling the truth.’ (3:93)

Those are some of the Prophets Allah has blessed, from the descendants of Adam and from those We carried with Nuh, and from the descendants of Ibrahim and Isra’il and from those We guided and chose. When the Signs of the All-Merciful were recited to them they fell on their faces, weeping, in prostration. (19:58)

ITIKAAF

On the night of the fast it is lawful for you to have sexual relations with your wives. They are clothing for you and you for them. Allah knows that you have been betraying yourselves and He has turned towards you and excused you. Now you may have sexual intercourse with them and seek what Allah has written for you. Eat and drink until you can clearly discern the white thread from the black thread of the dawn, then fulfil the fast until the night appears. But do not have sexual intercourse with them while you are in retreat in the mosques. These are Allah’s limits, so do not go near them. In this way does Allah make His Signs clear to people so that hopefully they will guard against evil. (Qur’an, 2:187)

The angels called out to him while he (Zakariyya) was standing in prayer in the Upper Room: ‘Allah gives you the good news of Yahya, who will come to confirm a Word from Allah, and will be a leader and a celibate, a Prophet and one of the righteous.’ (Qur’an, 3:39)

They are not all the same. There is a community among the People of the Book who are upright. They recite Allah’s Signs throughout the night, and they prostrate. (Qur’an, 3:113)

"IT IS AS ALLAH WILLS" (MASHA'LLAH)

(His companion said to him,) ‘Why, when you entered your garden, did you not say, "It is as Allah wills, there is no strength but in Allah"? Though you see me with less wealth and children than you possess,’ (18:39)

JACOB (SEE YA'QUB (AS))

JAHANNAM (SEE HELL)

JALUT (SEE GOLIATH)

JANNAH (SEE THE GARDEN)

JESUS (SEE 'ISA (AS))

JEW

Those with faith, those who are Jews, and the Christians and Sabaeans, all who believe in Allah and the Last Day and act rightly, will have their reward with their Lord. They will feel no fear and will know no sorrow. (2:62)

They say, ‘No one will enter the Garden except for Jews and Christians.’ Such is their vain hope. Say, ‘Produce your evidence if you are telling the truth.’ (2:111)

The Jews say, ‘The Christians have nothing to stand on,’ and the Christians say, ‘The Jews have nothing to stand on,’ yet they both recite the Book. Those who do not know say the same as they say. Allah will judge between them on the Day of Rising regarding the things about which they differ. (2:113)

The Jews and the Christians will never be pleased with you until you follow their religion. Say, ‘Allah’s guidance is the true guidance.’ If you were to follow their whims and desires, after the knowledge that has come to you, you would find no protector or helper against Allah. (2:120)

They say, ‘Be Jews or Christians and you will be guided.’ Say, ‘Rather adopt the religion of Ibrahim, a man of natural pure belief. He was not one of the idolaters.’ (2:135)

Or do they say that Ibrahim and Isma‘il and Ishaq and Ya‘qub and the Tribes were Jews or Christians? Say, ‘Do you know better or does Allah?’ Who could do greater wrong than someone who hides the evidence he has been given by Allah? Allah is not unaware of what you do. (2:140)

Ibrahim was neither a Jew nor a Christian but a man of pure natural belief–a Muslim. He was not one of the idolaters. (3:67)

Some of the Jews distort the true meaning of words, saying, ‘We hear and disobey,’ and ‘Listen without listening,’ and ‘Listen to us!’ twisting them with their tongues, disparaging the religion. If they had said, ‘We hear and we obey,’ and ‘Listen,’ and, ‘Look at us!’ that would have been better for them and more upright. But Allah has cursed them for their disbelief. Very few of them believe. (4:46)

Because of wrongdoing on the part of the Jews, We made forbidden for them some good things which had previously been lawful for them; and because of their obstructing many people from the Way of Allah, and because of their practising usury when they were forbidden to do it, and because of their consuming people’s wealth by wrongful means, We have prepared for the disbelievers among them a painful punishment. (4:160-161)

The Jews and Christians say, ‘We are Allah’s children and His loved ones.’ Say: ‘Why, then, does He punish you for your wrong actions? No, you are merely human beings among those He has created. He forgives whoever He wills and He punishes whoever He wills. The kingdom of the heavens and the earth and everything between them belongs to Allah. He is our final destination.’ (5:18)

O Messenger! Do not be grieved by those who rush headlong into disbelief among those who say ‘We believe’ with their tongues when their hearts contain no faith. And among the Jews are those who listen to lies, listening to other people who have not come to you, distorting words from their proper meanings, saying, ‘If you are given this, then take it. If you are not given it, then beware!’ If Allah desires misguidance for someone, you cannot help him against Allah in any way. Those are the people whose hearts Allah does not want to purify. They will have disgrace in this world and in the hereafter they will have a terrible punishment. (5:41)

We sent down the Torah containing guidance and light, and the Prophets who had submitted themselves gave judgement by it for the Jews–as did their scholars and their rabbis–by what they had been allowed to preserve of Allah’s Book to which they were witnesses. Do not be afraid of people, be afraid of Me. And do not sell My Signs for a paltry price. Those who do not judge by what Allah has sent down, such people are disbelievers. (5:44)

You who believe! Do not take the Jews and Christians as your friends; they are the friends of one another. Any of you who takes them as friends is one of them. Allah does not guide wrongdoing people. (5:51)

The Jews say, ‘Allah’s hand is chained.’ Their hands are chained and they are cursed for what they say! No! Both His hands are open wide and He gives however He wills. What has been sent down to you from your Lord increases many of them in insolence and disbelief. We have incited enmity and hatred between them until the Day of Rising. Each time they kindle the fire of war, Allah extinguishes it. They rush about the earth corrupting it. Allah does not love corrupters. (5:64)

Those who believe and those who are Jews and the Sabaeans and the Christians, all who believe in Allah and the Last Day and act rightly will feel no fear and will know no sorrow. (5:69)

You will find that the people most hostile to those who believe are the Jews and the idolaters. You will find the people most affectionate to those who believe are those who say, ‘We are Christians.’ That is because some of them are priests and monks and because they are not arrogant. (5:82)

We made forbidden for the Jews every animal with an undivided hoof, and in respect of cattle and sheep, We made their fat forbidden for them, except what is attached to their backs or guts or mixed up with bone. That is how We repaid them for their insolence. And We certainly speak the truth. (6:146)

The Jews say, ‘‘Uzayr is the son of Allah,’ and the Christians say, ‘The Messiah is the son of Allah.’ That is what they say with their mouths, copying the words of those who disbelieved before. Allah fight them! How perverted they are! (9:30)

We forbade the Jews those things We told you about before. We did not wrong them; rather they wronged themselves. (16:118)

As for those who believe and those who are Jews and the Sabaeans and the Christians, Magians and idolaters, Allah will distinguish between them on the Day of Rising. Allah is witness of all things. (22:17)

Say: ‘You Jews, if you claim to be the friends of Allah to the exclusion of all other people, then wish for death if you are telling the truth.’ (62:6)

JEWELLERY

He sends down water from the sky and river-beds fill up and flow according to their size, and the floodwater carries with it an increasing layer of scum; a similar kind of scum comes from what you heat up in the fire, when you desire to make jewellery or other things. That is how Allah depicts the true and the false. As for the scum, it is quickly swept away. But as for that which is of use to people, it remains behind in the ground. That is a metaphor which Allah has made. (13:17)

They said, ‘We did not break our promise to you of our own volition. But we were weighed down with the heavy loads of the people’s jewelry and we threw them in, for that is what the Samaritan did.’ (20:87)

JIBRIL (SEE GABRIEL)

JIHAD (SEE STRIVING IN THE WAY OF ALLAH; SEE FIGHTING)

JINN

Yet they make the jinn co-partners with Allah when He created them! And they attribute sons and daughters to Him without any knowledge. Glory be to Him! He is far above what they describe! (6:100)

In this way We have appointed as enemies to every Prophet Satans from both mankind and from the jinn, who inspire each other with delusions by means of specious words–if your Lord had willed, they would not have done it, so abandon them and all they fabricate. (6:112)

On the Day We gather them all together: ‘Company of jinn, you gained many followers among mankind.’ And their friends among mankind will say, ‘Our Lord, we benefited from one another, and now we have reached the term which You determined for us.’ He will say, ‘The Fire is your home. You will be in it timelessly, for ever, except as Allah wills. Your Lord is All-Wise, All-Knowing.’ (6:128)

Company of jinn and men! Did not Messengers come to you from among yourselves relating My Signs to you and warning you of the encounter of this Day of yours? They will say, ‘We testify against ourselves.’ The life of this world deluded them and they will testify against themselves that they were disbelievers. (6:130)

He will say, ‘Enter the Fire together with the nations of jinn and men who have passed away before you.’ Each time a nation enters, it will curse its sister nation, until, when they are all gathered together in it, the last of them will say to the first, ‘Our Lord, those are the ones who misguided us, so give them a double punishment in the Fire.’ He will say, ‘Each will receive double. But you do not know it.’ (7:38)

We created many of the jinn and mankind for Hell. They have hearts they do not understand with. They have eyes they do not see with. They have ears they do not hear with. Such people are like cattle. No, they are even further astray! They are the unaware. (7:179)

If your Lord had wanted to, He would have made mankind into one community but they persist in their differences, except for those your Lord has mercy on. That is what He created them for–so that the Word of your Lord would be fulfilled: ‘I will fill up Hell with the jinn and mankind all together.’ (11:118-119)

We created the jinn before out of the fire of a searing wind. (15:27)

Say: ‘If both men and jinn banded together to produce the like of this Qur'an, they could never produce anything like it, even if they backed each other up.’ (17:88)

When We said to the angels, ‘Prostrate yourselves to Adam,’ they prostrated with the exception of Diabolis. He was one of the jinn and wantonly deviated from his Lord’s command. Do you take him and his offspring as protectors apart from Me when they are your enemy? How evil is the exchange the wrongdoers make! (18:50)

Sulayman’s troops, made up of jinn and men and birds, were assembled for him, paraded in tight ranks. (27:17)

A demon of the jinn said, ‘I will bring it to you before you get up from your seat. I am strong and trustworthy enough to do it.’ (27:39)

‘Had We so willed We could have given guidance to everyone, but now My Words are shown to be true: that I shall fill up Hell entirely with jinn and human beings.’ (32:13)

And We gave Sulayman power over the wind–a month’s journey in the morning and a month in the afternoon. And We made a fount of molten brass flow out for him. And some of the jinn worked in front of him by his Lord’s permission. And if a single one of them deviates at all from Our command, We let him taste the punishment of the Searing Blaze. (34:12)

Then when We decreed that he (Sulayman) should die, nothing divulged his death to them except the worm which ate his staff; so that when he fell down it was made clear to the jinn that if they had truly had knowledge of the Unseen they need not have stayed there suffering humiliating punishment. (34:14)

They will say, ‘Glory be to You! You are our Protector, not them. No, they were worshipping the jinn. They mostly had faith in them.’ (34:41)

They claim there is a blood-tie between Him and the jinn but the jinn know very well that they will be arraigned. (37:158)

We have assigned close comrades to them who have made what is before them and behind them seem good to them. And the statement about the nations, both of jinn and men, who passed away before them has proved true of them as well. Certainly they were lost. (41:25)

Those who disbelieve say, ‘Our Lord, show us those jinn and men who misguided us and we will place them beneath our feet so that they will be among the lowest of the low.’ (41:29)

Those are people of whom the statement about the nations, both of jinn and men, who passed away before them, has also proved true; truly they were the lost. (46:18)

And We diverted a group of jinn towards you to listen to the Qur’an. When they were in earshot of it they said, ‘Be quiet and listen.’ When it was over they went back to their people, warning them. They said, ‘Our people, we have heard a Book which was sent down after Musa, confirming what came before it, guiding to the truth and to a straight path.’ (46:29-30)

I only created jinn and man to worship Me. (51:56)

And He created the jinn from a fusion of fire. (55:15)

Company of jinn and men, if you are able to pierce through the confines of the heavens and earth, pierce through them. You will not pierce through except with a clear authority. (55:33)

That Day no man or jinn will be asked about his sin. (55:39)

In them are maidens with eyes for them alone, untouched before them by either man or jinn. (55:56)

(Maidens) untouched before them by either man or jinn. (55:74)

Say: ‘It has been revealed to me that a band of the jinn listened and said, "We have heard a most amazing Recitation. It leads to right guidance so we believe in it and will not associate anyone with our Lord. He–exalted be the Majesty of our Lord!–has neither wife nor son. The fools among us have uttered a vile slander against Allah. We did not think it possible for either man or jinn to tell a lie against Allah. Certain men from among mankind used to seek refuge with certain men from among the jinn but they increased them in wickedness. They thought–as you also think–that Allah would never raise up anyone. We tried, as usual, to travel to heaven in search of news but found it filled with fierce guards and meteors. We used to sit there on special seats to listen in. But anyone listening now finds a fiery meteor in wait for him. We have no idea whether evil is intended for those on the earth, or whether their Lord intends them to be rightly guided. Among us there are some who are righteous and some who are other than that. We follow many different paths. We realised we would never thwart Allah on earth and would never thwart Him by flight, and when we heard the guidance, we believed in it. Anyone who believes in his Lord need fear neither belittlement nor tyranny. Some of us are Muslims and some are deviators. Those who have become Muslim are those who sought right guidance; the deviators will be firewood for Hellfire."’ (72:1-15)

Say: ‘I seek refuge with the Lord of mankind, the King of mankind, the God of mankind, from the evil of the insidious whisperer who whispers in people’s breasts and comes from the jinn and from mankind.’ (114:1-6)

JIZYA (SEE POLL TAX)

JOB (SEE AYYUB (AS))

JOHN (SEE YAHYA (AS))

JONAH (SEE YUNUS (AS))

JOSEPH (SEE YUSUF (AS))

JOURNEY

(Fasting is prescribed) for a specified number of days. But any of you who are ill or on a journey should fast a number of other days. For those who can (scarcely) afford it, making up for it means feeding a poor man. And if someone does good of his own accord, it is better for him. But that you should fast is better for you, if you only knew. (2:184)

If you are on a journey and cannot find a writer, something can be left as a security. If you leave things on trust with one another the one who is trusted must deliver up his trust and have fear of Allah his Lord. Do not conceal testimony. If someone does conceal it, his heart commits a crime. Allah knows what you do. (2:283)

You who believe! Do not approach the prayer when you are drunk, so that you will know what you are saying, nor in a state of major impurity–unless you are travelling–until you have washed yourselves completely. If you are ill or on a journey, or any of you have come from the lavatory or touched women, and you cannot find any water, then take for yourselves clean earth, wiping your faces and your hands. Allah is Ever-Pardoning, Ever-Forgiving. (4:43)

You who believe! When you get up to perform prayer, wash your faces and your hands and your arms to the elbows, and wipe over your heads, and (wash) your feet to the ankles. If you are in a state of major impurity, then purify yourselves. But if you are ill or on a journey, or have come from the lavatory, or have touched women, and cannot find any water, then take for yourselves clean earth, and wipe your faces and your hands therewith. Allah does not want to make things difficult for you, but He does want to purify you and to perfect His blessing upon you so that hopefully you will be thankful. (5:6)

JOY

(Believers are) those who say, ‘Our Lord, give us joy in our wives and children and make us a good example for those who guard against evil’; (25:74)

As for those who believed and did right actions, they will be made joyful in a verdant meadow. (30:15)

The Companions of the Garden are busy enjoying themselves today, (36:55)

‘Enter the Garden, you and your wives, delighting in your joy.’ (43:70)

So Allah has safeguarded them from the evil of that Day and has made them meet with radiance and pure joy. (76:11)

As for him who is given his Book in his right hand, he will be given an easy reckoning and return to his family joyfully. (84:7-9)

He used to be joyful in his family. (84:13)

JUDGE

Do not devour one another’s property by false means nor offer it to the judges as a bribe, trying through crime to knowingly usurp a portion of other people’s property. (2:188)

Do you not see those who have been given a portion of the Book being invited to let Allah's Book be the judge between them? But then a group of them turn away. (3:23)

No, by your Lord, they are not believers until they make you their judge in the disputes that break out between them, and then find no resistance within themselves to what you decide and submit themselves completely. (4:65)

How can they make you their judge when they have the Torah with them which contains the judgement of Allah? Then even after that they turn their backs! Such people are certainly not believers. (5:43)

‘Am I to desire someone other than Allah as a judge when it is He Who has sent down the Book to you clarifying everything?’ Those We have given the Book know it has been sent down from your Lord with truth, so on no account be among the doubters. (6:114)

(Shu‘ayb said to his people,) ‘There is a group of you who believe in what I have been sent with and a group who do not, so be steadfast until Allah judges between us. He is the best of judges.’ (7:87)

(Shu‘ayb said,) ‘We would be inventing lies against Allah if we returned to your religion after Allah has saved us from it. We could never return to it unless Allah our Lord so willed. Our Lord encompasses everything in His knowledge. We have put our trust in Allah. Our Lord, judge between us and our people with truth. You are the best of judges.’ (7:89)

Follow what has been revealed to you and be steadfast until Allah’s judgement comes. He is the Best of Judges. (10:109)

Nuh called out to his Lord and said, ‘My Lord, my son is one of my family and Your promise is surely the truth and You are the Justest of Judges.’ (11:45)

When they despaired of him, they went apart to talk alone. The eldest of them (Yusuf’s brothers) said, ‘You know full well your father had you make a covenant with Allah concerning this, and how before you failed him with Yusuf. I will not leave this land until I have permission from my father, or Allah decides about the case on my behalf. Truly He is the justest Judge of all.’ (12:80)

Is Allah not the Justest of Judges? (95:8)

TO JUDGE

The Jews say, ‘The Christians have nothing to stand on,’ and the Christians say, ‘The Jews have nothing to stand on,’ yet they both recite the Book. Those who do not know say the same as they say. Allah will judge between them on the Day of Rising regarding the things about which they differ. (2:113)

When Allah said, ‘‘Isa, I will take you back and raise you up to Me and purify you of those who disbelieve. And I will place the people who follow you above those who disbelieve until the Day of Rising. Then you will all return to Me, and I will judge between you regarding the things about which you differed.’ (3:55)

Allah commands you to return to their owners the things you hold on trust and, when you judge between people, to judge with justice. How excellent is what Allah exhorts you to do! Allah is All-Hearing, All-Seeing. (4:58)

We have sent down the Book to you with the truth so that you can judge between people according to what Allah has shown to you. But do not be an advocate for the treacherous. (4:105)

Those who anticipate the worst for you say, ‘Were we not with you?’ whenever you gain a victory from Allah, but if the disbelievers have a success they say, ‘Did we not have the upper hand over you and yet in spite of that keep the believers away from you?’ Allah will judge between you on the Day of Rising. Allah will not give the disbelievers any way against the believers. (4:141)

They are people who listen to lies and consume ill-gotten gains. If they come to you, you can either judge between them or turn away from them. If you turn away from them, they cannot harm you in any way. But if you do judge, judge between them justly. Allah loves the just. (5:42)

We sent down the Torah containing guidance and light, and the Prophets who had submitted themselves gave judgement by it for the Jews–as did their scholars and their rabbis–by what they had been allowed to preserve of Allah’s Book to which they were witnesses. Do not be afraid of people, be afraid of Me. And do not sell My Signs for a paltry price. Those who do not judge by what Allah has sent down, such people are disbelievers. (5:44)

We prescribed for them in it: a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth, and retaliation for wounds. But if anyone forgoes that as a charity, it will act as expiation for him. Those who do not judge by what Allah has sent down, such people are wrongdoers. (5:45)

The people of the Gospel should judge by what Allah sent down in it. Those who do not judge by what Allah has sent down, such people are deviators. (5:47)

And We have sent down the Book to you with truth, confirming and conserving the previous Books. So judge between them by what Allah has sent down and do not follow their whims and desires deviating from the Truth that has come to you. We have appointed a law and a practice for every one of you. Had Allah willed, He would have made you a single community, but He wanted to test you regarding what has come to you. So compete with each other in doing good. Every one of you will return to Allah and He will inform you regarding the things about which you differed. ( 5:48)

(Shu‘ayb said to his people,) ‘There is a group of you who believe in what I have been sent with and a group who do not, so be steadfast until Allah judges between us. He is the best of judges.’ (7:87)

(Shu‘ayb said,) ‘We would be inventing lies against Allah if we returned to your religion after Allah has saved us from it. We could never return to it unless Allah our Lord so willed. Our Lord encompasses everything in His knowledge. We have put our trust in Allah. Our Lord, judge between us and our people with truth. You are the best of judges.’ ( 7:89)

Do they not see how We come to the land eroding it at its extremities? Allah judges and there is no reversing His judgement. He is swift at reckoning. (13:41)

The Sabbath was only enjoined on those who differed about it. Your Lord will judge between them on the Day of Rising regarding the things about which they differed. (16:124)

Say: ‘Lord, judge with truth! Our Lord is the All-Merciful, the One Whose help is sought in the face of what you describe.’ (21:112)

Sovereignty on that Day will be Allah’s. He will judge between them. Those who believe and do right actions will be in Gardens of Delight. (22:56)

Allah will judge between you on the Day of Rising regarding everything about which you differed. (22:69)

When they are summoned to Allah and His Messenger, so that he can judge between them, a group of them immediately turn away. (24:48)

The reply of the believers when they are summoned to Allah and His Messenger so that he can judge between them, is to say, ‘We hear and we obey.’ They are ones who are successful. (24:51)

Say: ‘Our Lord will bring us all together and then will judge between us with the truth. He is the Just Decider, the All-Knowing.’ (34:26)

And (litigants) came in on Dawud who was alarmed by them. They said, ‘Do not be afraid. We are two litigants, one of whom has acted unjustly towards the other, so judge between us with truth and do not be unjust and guide us to the Right Path.’ (38:22)

(We said), ‘Dawud! We have made you a successor on the earth, so judge between people with truth and do not follow your own desires, letting them misguide you from the Way of Allah. Those who are misguided from the Way of Allah will receive a harsh punishment because they forgot the Day of Reckoning.’ (38:26)

Indeed is the sincere religion not Allah’s alone? If people take protectors besides Him–‘We only worship them so that they may bring us nearer to Allah’–Allah will judge between them regarding the things about which they differed. Allah does not guide anyone who is an ungrateful liar. (39:3)

Say: ‘O Allah, Originator of the heavens and the earth, Knower of the Unseen and the Visible, You will judge between Your servants regarding what they differed about.’ (39:46)

Allah will judge with truth; and those you call upon apart from Him will not judge with anything at all. It is Allah Who is the All-Hearing, the All-Seeing. (40:20)

You who believe! When women who believe come to you as emigrants, submit them to a test. Allah has best knowledge of their faith. If you know they are believers, do not return them to the disbelievers. They are not lawful for the disbelievers nor are the disbelievers lawful for them. Give the disbelievers whatever dowry they paid. And there is nothing wrong in your marrying them provided you pay them their due. Do not hold to any marriage ties with women who disbelieve. Ask for what you paid and let them ask for what they paid. That is Allah’s judgement. Allah will judge between them. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (60:10)

JUDGEMENT

They are the ones to whom We gave the Book, Judgement and Prophethood. If these people reject it We have already entrusted it to a people who did not. (6:89)

‘Yahya, take hold of the Book with vigour.’ We gave him judgement while still a child. (19:12)

(Musa said to Pharaoh,) ‘And so I fled from you when I was in fear of you but my Lord gave me right judgement and made me one of the Messengers.’ (26:21)

(Ibrahim said,) ‘My Lord, give me right judgement and unite me with the righteous.’ (26:83)

And when he (Musa) reached his full strength and maturity, We gave him judgement and knowledge. That is how We recompense good-doers. (28:14)

AL-JUDI (SEE MOUNT AL-JUDI)

JUMU‘A (SEE FRIDAY)

JUSTICE

It is prescribed for you, when death approaches one of you and if he has some goods to leave, to make a will in favour of his parents and relatives, correctly and fairly: a duty for all those who guard against evil. (2:180)

You who believe! When you take on a debt for a specified period, write it down. A writer should write it down between you justly. No writer should refuse to write; as Allah has taught him, so he should write. The one incurring the debt should dictate and should have fear of Allah his Lord and not reduce it in any way. If the person incurring the debt is incompetent or weak or unable to dictate, then his guardian should dictate for him justly. Two men among you should act as witnesses. But if there are not two men, then a man and two women with whom you are satisfied as witnesses; then if one of them forgets, the other can remind her. Witnesses should not refuse when they are called upon. Do not think it too trivial to write down, whether small or large, with the date that it falls due. Doing that is more just in Allah’s sight and more helpful when bearing witness and more likely to eliminate any doubt–unless it is an immediate transaction hand to hand, taken and given without delay. There is nothing wrong in your not writing that down. Call witnesses when you trade. Neither writer nor witness should be put under pressure. If you do that, it is deviancy on your part. Have fear of Allah and Allah will give you knowledge. Allah has knowledge of all things. (2:282)

Allah bears witness that there is no god but Him, as do the angels and the people of knowledge, upholding justice. There is no god but Him, the Almighty, the All-Wise. (3:18)

As for those who reject Allah’s Signs, and kill the Prophets without any right to do so, and kill those who command justice, give them news of a painful punishment. (3:21)

If you are afraid of not behaving justly towards orphans, then marry other permissible women, two, three or four. But if you are afraid of not treating them equally, then only one, or those you own as slaves. That makes it more likely that you will not be unfair. (4:3)

Allah commands you to return to their owners the things you hold on trust and, when you judge between people, to judge with justice. How excellent is what Allah exhorts you to do! Allah is All-Hearing, All-Seeing. (4:58)

They request from you a ruling concerning women. Say, ‘Allah gives you a ruling about them; and also what is recited to you in the Book about orphan girls to whom you do not give the inheritance they are owed, while at the same time desiring to marry them; and also about young children who are denied their rights: that you should act justly with respect to orphans.’ Whatever good you do, Allah knows it. (4:127)

You will not be able to be completely fair between your wives, however hard you try. But do not be completely partial so as to leave a wife, as it were, suspended in mid-air. And if you make amends and guard against evil, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (4:129)

You who believe! Be upholders of justice, bearing witness for Allah alone, even against yourselves or your parents and relatives. Whether they are rich or poor, Allah is well able to look after them. Do not follow your own desires and deviate from the truth. If you twist or turn away, Allah is aware of what you do. (4:135)

You who believe! Show integrity for the sake of Allah, bearing witness with justice. Do not let hatred for a people incite you into not being just. Be just. That is closer to heedfulness. Have fear of Allah. Allah is aware of what you do. (5:8)

They are people who listen to lies and consume ill-gotten gains. If they come to you, you can either judge between them or turn away from them. If you turn away from them, they cannot harm you in any way. But if you do judge, judge between them justly. Allah loves the just. (5:42)

You who believe! Do not kill game while you are in the state of pilgrimage. If one of you kills any deliberately, the reprisal for it is a livestock animal equivalent to what he killed, as judged by two just men among you, a sacrifice to reach the Kaaba, or expiation by feeding the poor, or fasting commensurate with that, so that he may taste the evil consequences of what he did. Allah has pardoned all that took place in the past; but if anyone does it again Allah will take revenge on him. Allah is Almighty, Exactor of Revenge. (5:95)

You who believe! When one of you is near to death and makes a will, two just men from among you should act as witnesses; or, if you are travelling when the misfortune of death occurs, two men who are strangers to you. You should detain them after prayer and, if you are doubtful, they should swear by Allah: ‘We will not sell it for any price, even to a near relative, and we will not conceal the testimony of Allah. If we did we would indeed be wrongdoers.’ (5:106)

The Words of your Lord are perfect in truthfulness and justice. No one can change His Words. He is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing. (6:115)

And that you do not go near the property of orphans before they reach maturity–except in a good way; that you give full measure and full weight with justice–We impose on no self any more than it can bear; that you are equitable when you speak–even if a near relative is concerned; and that you fulfil Allah’s contract. That is what He instructs you to do, so that hopefully you will pay heed. (6:152)

Say: ‘My Lord has commanded justice. Stand and face Him in every mosque and call on Him, making your religion sincerely His. As He originated you, so you will return.’ (7:29)

Among the people of Musa there is a group who guide by the truth and act justly in accordance with it. (7:159)

Among those We have created there is a community who guide by the Truth and act justly according to it. (7:181)

Each and every one of you will return to Him. Allah’s promise is true. He brings creation out of nothing and then regenerates it so that he can repay with justice those who believed and did right actions. Those who disbelieved will have a drink of scalding water and a painful punishment because of their disbelief. (10:4)

Every nation has a Messenger and when their Messenger comes everything is decided between them justly. They are not wronged. (10:47)

If every self that did wrong possessed everything on earth, it would offer it as a ransom. They will show remorse when they see the punishment. Everything will be decided between them justly. They will not be wronged. (10:54)

My people! Give full measure and full weight with justice; do not diminish people's goods; and do not go about the earth, corrupting it. (11:85)

Allah makes another metaphor: two men, one of them deaf and dumb, unable to do anything, a burden on his master, no matter where he directs him he brings no good, is he the same as someone who commands justice and is on a straight path? (16:76)

Allah commands justice and doing good and giving to relatives. And He forbids indecency and doing wrong and tyranny. He warns you so that hopefully you will pay heed. (16:90)

Those who disbelieve say, ‘This is nothing but a lie he has invented and other people have helped him to do it. They have brought injustice and falsehood.’ (25:4)

Call them after their fathers. That is closer to justice in Allah’s sight. And if you do not know who their fathers were then they are your brothers in the religion and people under your patronage. You are not to blame for any honest mistake you make but only for what your hearts premeditate. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (33:5)

Every self will be repaid today for what it earned. Today there will be no injustice. Allah is swift at reckoning. (40:17)

The man who believed said, ‘My people! I fear for you a day like that of the Confederates, the same as happened to the people of Nuh and ‘Ad and Thamud and those who followed after them. Allah does not want any injustice for His servants.’ (40:30-31)

So call and go straight as you have been ordered to. Do not follow their whims and desires but say, ‘I believe in a Book sent down by Allah and I am ordered to be just between you. Allah is our Lord and your Lord. We have our actions and you have your actions. There is no debate between us and you. Allah will gather us all together. He is our final destination.’ (42:15)

If two parties of the believers fight, make peace between them. But if one of them attacks the other unjustly, fight the attackers until they revert to Allah’s command. If they revert, make peace between them with justice, and be even-handed. Allah loves those who are even-handed. (49:9)

Give just weight–do not skimp in the balance. (55:9)

We sent Our Messengers with the Clear Signs and sent down the Book and the Balance with them so that mankind might establish justice. And We sent down iron in which there lies great force and which has many uses for mankind, so that Allah might know those who help Him and His Messengers in the Unseen. Allah is All-Strong, Almighty. (57:25)

Allah does not forbid you from being good to those who have not fought you in the religion or driven you from your homes, or from being just towards them. Allah loves those who are just. (60:8)

 

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