The Evolution Deceit

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LABOUR

The pains of labour drove her to the trunk of a date-palm. She (Maryam) said, ‘Oh if only I had died before this time and was something discarded and forgotten!’ (19:23)

LADDER

If their turning away is hard on you, then go down a tunnel deep into the earth, if you can, or climb up a ladder into heaven, and bring them a Sign. If Allah had wanted to He would have gathered them all to guidance. So do not be among the ignorant. ( 6:35)

Were it not that mankind might all become one community, We would have given those who reject the All-Merciful silver roofs to their houses and silver stairways to ascend. ( 43:33)

Or do they have a ladder on which they listen? Then let their listener bring clear evidence. ( 52:38)

LAILAT UL-QADR (SEE NIGHT OF POWER)

LAME

There is no objection to the blind, no objection to the lame, no objection to the sick; nor to yourselves if you eat in your own houses or your fathers’ houses or your mothers’ houses or your brothers’ houses or your sisters’ houses or the houses of your paternal uncles or paternal aunts or the houses of your maternal uncles or maternal aunts or places to which you own the keys or those of your friends. There is nothing wrong in your eating together or eating separately. And when you enter houses greet one another with a greeting from Allah, blessed and good. In this way Allah makes the Signs clear to you so that hopefully you will use your intellect. (24:61)

There is no constraint on the blind, nor on the lame, nor on the sick. We will admit all who obey Allah and His Messenger into Gardens with rivers flowing under them. But We will punish with a painful punishment anyone who turns his back. (48:17)

LAMP

Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The metaphor of His Light is that of a niche in which is a lamp, the lamp inside a glass, the glass like a brilliant star, lit from a blessed tree, an olive, neither of the east nor of the west, its oil all but giving off light even if no fire touches it. Light upon Light. Allah guides to His Light whoever He wills and Allah makes metaphors for mankind and Allah has knowledge of all things. (24:35)

Blessed be He Who placed constellations in the sky and put a blazing lamp and shining moon among them. (25:61)

O Prophet! We have sent you as a witness, and a bringer of good news and a warner, and a caller to Allah by His permission and a light-giving lamp. (33:45-46)

In two days He determined them as seven heavens and revealed, in every heaven, its own mandate. We adorned the lowest heaven with lamps and guarded it. That is the decree of the Almighty, the All-Knowing. (41:12)

We have adorned the lowest heaven with lamps and made some of them stones for the Satans for whom We have prepared the punishment of the Blaze. (67:5)

Do you not see how He created seven heavens in layers, and placed the moon as a light in them and made the sun a blazing lamp? (71:15-16)

We built seven firm layers above you. We installed a blazing lamp. (78:12-13)

LAND

It (the charity) is for the poor who are held back in the Way of Allah, unable to travel in the land. The ignorant consider them rich because of their reticence. You will know them by their mark. They do not ask from people insistently. Whatever good you give away, Allah knows it. (2:273)

When you are travelling in the land, there is nothing wrong in your shortening your prayer if you fear that those who disbelieve may harass you. The disbelievers are your clear-cut enemies. (4:101)

He said, ‘The land will be forbidden to them for forty years during which they will wander aimlessly about the earth. Do not waste grief on this deviant people.’ (5:26)

(Salih said, ‘My people,) remember when He appointed you successors to ‘Ad and settled you in the land. You built palaces on its plains and carved out houses from the mountains. Remember Allah’s blessings and do not go about the earth, corrupting it.’ (7:74)

And to Madyan We sent their brother Shu‘ayb who said, ‘My people, worship Allah! You have no other god than Him. A Clear Sign has come to you from your Lord. Give full measure and full weight. Do not diminish people’s goods. Do not cause corruption in the land after it has been put right. That is better for you if you are believers. (7:85)

The ruling circle of Pharaoh’s people said, ‘This is certainly a skilled magician who desires to expel you from your land, so what do you recommend?’ (7:109-110)

They said, ‘We suffered harm before you came to us and after you came to us.’ He (Musa) said, ‘It may well be that your Lord is going to destroy your enemy and make you the successors in the land so that He can see how you behave.’ (7:129)

When you were few and oppressed in the land, afraid that the people would snatch you away, He gave you refuge and supported you with His help and provided you with good things so that hopefully you would be thankful. (8:26)

It is not fitting for a Prophet to take captives until he has thoroughly subdued the land. You desire the goods of this world, whereas Allah desires the hereafter. Allah is Almighty, All-Wise. (8:67)

Those who disbelieve are the friends and protectors of one another. If you do not act in this way there will be turmoil in the land and great corruption. (8:73)

An announcement to those idolaters you have a general treaty with that Allah and His Messenger are free of them: ‘You may travel about in the land for four months and know that you cannot thwart Allah and that Allah will humiliate the disbelievers.’ (9:1-2)

They said, ‘Have you come to us to turn us from what we found our fathers doing, and to gain greatness in the land? We do not believe you.’ (10:78)

No one believed in Musa except for a few of his people out of fear that Pharaoh, and the elders, would persecute them. Pharaoh was high and mighty in the land. He was one of the profligate. (10:83)

The Egyptian who had bought him told his wife, ‘Look after him with honour and respect. It’s possible he will be of use to us or perhaps we might adopt him as a son.’ And thus We established Yusuf in the land to teach him the true meaning of events. Allah is in control of His affair. However, most of mankind do not know. (12:21)

And thus We established Yusuf in the land so he could live in any place he pleased. We grant Our grace to anyone We will and We do not allow to go to waste the wage of any people who do good. (12:56)

We sent none before you but men inspired with revelation from among the people of the cities. Have they not travelled in the land and seen the final fate of those before them? The abode of the hereafter is better for those who guard against evil. So will you not use your intellect? (12:109)

Do they not see how We come to the land eroding it at its extremities? Allah judges and there is no reversing His judgement. He is swift at reckoning. (13:41)

Those who disbelieved said to their Messengers, ‘We will drive you from our land unless you return to our religion.’ Their Lord revealed to them, ‘We will destroy those who do wrong. We will leave you the land to live in after them. That is the reward of those who fear My station and fear My threat.’ (14:13-14)

We said to the tribe of Israel after that, ‘Inhabit the land and, when the promise of the hereafter comes, We will produce you as a motley crowd.’ (17:104)

We will certainly make everything on it a barren wasteland. (18:8)

They said, ‘Dhu’l-Qarnayn! Yajuj and Majuj are causing corruption in the land. Can we, therefore, pay tribute to you in return for your constructing a barrier between us and them?’ (18:94)

Allah has promised those of you who believe and do right actions that He will make them successors in the land as He made those before them successors, and will firmly establish for them their religion with which He is pleased and give them, in place of their fear, security. ‘They worship Me, not associating anything with Me.’ Any who disbelieve after that, such people are deviators. (24:55)

There was a group of nine men in the city causing corruption in the land and not putting things right. (27:48)

Pharaoh exalted himself arrogantly in the land and divided its people into camps, oppressing one group of them by slaughtering their sons and letting their women live. He was one of the corrupters. (28:4)

We desired to show kindness to those who were oppressed in the land and to make them leaders and make them inheritors and establish them firmly in the land and to show Pharaoh and Haman and their troops the very thing that they were fearing from them. (28:5-6)

But when he was about to grab the man who was their common enemy, he said, ‘Musa! Do you want to kill me just as you killed a person yesterday? You only want to be a tyrant in the land; you do not want to be a reformer.’ (28:19)

He (Pharaoh) and his troops were arrogant in the land without any right. They thought that they would not return to Us. (28:39)

Have they not travelled in the earth and seen the final fate of those before them? They had greater strength than them and cultivated the land and inhabited it in far greater numbers than they do. Their Messengers also came to them with the Clear Signs. Allah would never have wronged them; but they wronged themselves. (30:9)

Do they not see how We drive water to barren land and bring forth crops by it which their livestock and they themselves both eat? So will they not see? (32:27)

They swore by Allah with their most earnest oaths that if a warner came to them they would be better guided than any other community. But then when a warner did come to them, it only increased their aversion, shown by their arrogance in the land and evil plotting. But evil plotting envelops only those who do it. Do they expect anything but the pattern of previous peoples? You will not find any changing in the pattern of Allah. You will not find any alteration in the pattern of Allah. (35:42-43)

Have they not travelled in the land and seen the final fate of those before them? They were far greater than them in strength. Allah cannot be withstood in any way, either in the heavens or on earth. He is All-Knowing, All-Powerful. (35:44)

A Sign for them is the dead land which We bring to life and from which We bring forth grain of which they eat. (36:33)

Pharaoh said, ‘Let me kill Musa and let him call upon his Lord! I am afraid that he may change your religion and bring about corruption in the land.’ (40:26)

(A man among Pharaoh’s people who believed, but kept his faith concealed, said,) ‘My people! The kingdom is yours today, as masters in the land, but who will help us against Allah’s violent force, if it comes upon us?’ Pharaoh said, ‘I only show you what I see myself and I only guide you to the path of rectitude.’ (40:29)

Have they not travelled in the land and seen the final fate of those before them? They were more numerous than them and greater in strength and left more and deeper traces on earth, but what they earned was of no use to them. (40:82)

‘Ad were arrogant in the land, without any right, saying, ‘Who has greater strength than us?’ Did they not see that Allah, Who created them, had greater strength than them? But they renounced Our Signs. (41:15)

Your Lord knows that you stay up nearly two-thirds of the night–or half of it, or a third of it–and a group of those with you. Allah determines the night and day. He knows you will not keep count of it, so He has turned towards you. Recite as much of the Qur’an as is easy for you. He knows that some of you are ill and that others are travelling in the land seeking Allah’s bounty, and that others are fighting in the Way of Allah. So recite as much of it as is easy for you. And perform prayer and give the alms and lend a generous loan to Allah. Whatever good you send ahead for yourselves you will find it with Allah as something better and as a greater reward. And seek forgiveness from Allah. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (73:20)

LANGUAGE

We have not sent any Messenger except with the language of his people so he can make things clear to them. Allah misguides anyone He wills and guides anyone He wills. He is the Almighty, the All-Wise. (14:4)

We know that they say, ‘It is only a human being who is teaching him.’ The language of him they allude to is a foreign one whereas this is in clear and lucid Arabic. (16:103)

Among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and earth and the variety of your languages and colours. There are certainly Signs in that for every being. (30:22)

If We had made it a Qur’an in a foreign tongue they would have said, ‘Why have its Signs not been made plain? What! A foreign language for an Arab? ’Say: ‘It is guidance and healing for people who believe. Those who do not believe have heaviness in their ears and for them it is blindness. Such people are being called from a very distant place.’ (41:44)

LASH

A woman and a man who commit fornication: flog both of them with one hundred lashes and do not let compassion for either of them possess you where Allah’s religion is concerned, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. A number of believers should witness their punishment. (24:2)

But those who make accusations against chaste women and then do not produce four witnesses: flog them with eighty lashes and never again accept them as witnesses. Such people are deviators. (24:4)

LAST DAY, THE (QIYAMAH)

Among the people there are some who say, ‘We believe in Allah and the Last Day,’ when they are not believers. (2:8)

Those with faith, those who are Jews, and the Christians and Sabaeans, all who believe in Allah and the Last Day and act rightly, will have their reward with their Lord. They will feel no fear and will know no sorrow. (2:62)

Who could do greater wrong than someone who bars access to the mosques of Allah, preventing His name from being remembered in them, and goes about destroying them? Such people will never be able to enter them–except in fear. They will have disgrace in this world and in the hereafter they will have a terrible punishment. (2:114)

And when Ibrahim said, ‘My Lord, make this a place of safety and provide its inhabitants with fruits–all of them who believe in Allah and the Last Day,’ He said, ‘I will let anyone who disbelieves enjoy himself a little but then I will drive him to the punishment of the Fire. What an evil destination!’ (2:126)

Who would deliberately renounce the religion of Ibrahim except someone who reveals himself to be a fool? We chose him in this world and in the hereafter he will be one of the righteous. (2:130)

It is not devoutness to turn your faces to the East or to the West. Rather, those with true devoutness are those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, the Angels, the Book and the Prophets, and who, despite their love for it, give away their wealth to their relatives and to orphans and the very poor, and to travellers and beggars and to set slaves free, and who perform prayer and give the alms; those who honour their contracts when they make them, and are steadfast in poverty and illness and in battle. Those are the people who are true. They are the people who guard against evil. (2:177)

Divorced women should wait by themselves for three menstrual cycles; and it is not lawful for them to conceal what Allah has created in their wombs if they believe in Allah and the Last Day. Their husbands have the right to take them back within that time, if they desire to be reconciled. Women possess rights similar to those held over them to be honoured with fairness; but men have a degree above them. Allah is Almighty, All-Wise. (2:228)

When you divorce women and they are near the end of their waiting period, do not prevent them from marrying their first husbands if they have mutually agreed to it with correctness and courtesy. This is an admonition for those of you who believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is better and purer for you. Allah knows and you do not know. (2:232)

You who believe! Do not nullify your charity by demands for gratitude or insulting words, like him who spends his wealth, showing off to people and not believing in Allah and the Last Day. His likeness is that of a smooth rock coated with soil, which, when heavy rain falls on it, is left stripped bare. They have no power over anything they have earned. Allah does not guide disbelieving people. (2:264)

They believe in Allah and the Last Day, and enjoin the right and forbid the wrong, and compete in doing good. They are among the righteous. (3:114)

And (We have prepared a humiliating punishment) also for those who spend their wealth to show off to people, not believing in Allah and the Last Day. Anyone who has made Satan his comrade, what an evil comrade he is! (4:38)

What harm would it have done them to have believed in Allah and the Last Day and to have given of what Allah has provided for them? Allah knows everything about them. (4:39)

You who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in command among you. If you have a dispute about something, refer it back to Allah and the Messenger, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is the best thing to do and gives the best result. (4:59)

You who believe! Believe in Allah and His Messenger and in the Book He sent down to His Messenger, and the Books He sent down before. Anyone who rejects Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and the Last Day has gone very far astray. (4:136)

But those of them who are firmly rooted in knowledge, and the believers, believe in what has been sent down to you and what was sent down before you: those who perform prayer and give the alms, and believe in Allah and the Last Day–We will pay such people an immense wage. (4:162)

Those who believe and those who are Jews and the Sabaeans and the Christians, all who believe in Allah and the Last Day and act rightly will feel no fear and will know no sorrow. (5:69)

The mosques of Allah should only be maintained by those who believe in Allah and the Last Day and perform prayer and give the alms, and fear no one but Allah. They are the ones most likely to be guided. (9:18)

Do you make the giving of water to the pilgrims and looking after the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) the same as believing in Allah and the Last Day and striving in the Way of Allah? They are not equal in the sight of Allah. Allah does not guide wrongdoing people. (9:19)

Fight those of the people who were given the Book who do not believe in Allah and the Last Day and who do not make forbidden what Allah and His Messenger have made forbidden and do not take as their religion the religion of Truth, until they pay the poll tax with their own hands in a state of complete abasement. (9:29)

Those who believe in Allah and the Last Day do not ask you to excuse them from striving with their wealth and themselves. Allah knows the people who guard against evil. (9:44)

Only those who do not believe in Allah and the Last Day ask you to excuse them. Their hearts are full of doubt and in their doubt they waver to and fro. (9:45)

And among the desert arabs there are some who believe in Allah and the Last Day and regard what they give as something which will bring them nearer to Allah and to the prayers of the Messenger. It does indeed bring them near. Allah will admit them into His mercy. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (9:99)

A woman and a man who commit fornication: flog both of them with one hundred lashes and do not let compassion for either of them possess you where Allah’s religion is concerned, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. A number of believers should witness their punishment. (24:2)

And to Madyan We sent their brother Shu‘ayb, he said, ‘My people, worship Allah and look to the Last Day and do not act unjustly on earth, corrupting it.’ (29:36)

You have an excellent model in the Messenger of Allah, for all who put their hope in Allah and the Last Day and remember Allah much. (33:21)

You will not find people who believe in Allah and the Last Day having love for anyone who opposes Allah and His Messenger, though they be their fathers, their sons, their brothers or their clan. Allah has inscribed faith upon such people’s hearts and will reinforce them with a Spirit from Him and admit them into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever. Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. Such people are the party of Allah. Truly it is the party of Allah who are successful. (58:22)

There is an excellent example in them for you to follow, that is for those whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day. But if anyone turns away, Allah is the Rich Beyond Need, the Praiseworthy. (60:6)

Then when they have reached the end of their waiting period either retain them with correctness and courtesy or part from them with correctness and courtesy. Call two upright men from among yourselves as witnesses and they should carry out the witnessing for Allah. This is admonishment for all who believe in Allah and the Last Day. Whoever has fear of Allah–He will give him a way out. (65:2)

LAUGHTER

To those who disbelieve, the life of this world is painted in glowing colours and they laugh at those who believe. But on the Day of Rising those who fear Allah will be over them. Allah provides for whoever He wills without any reckoning. (2:212)

Let them laugh little and weep much, in repayment for what they have earned. (9:82)

His wife was standing there and she laughed out loud. So We gave her the good news of Ishaq, and beyond Ishaq, Ya‘qub. (11:71)

But you made a mockery of them so that they made you forget to remember Me while you were laughing at them. (23:110)

He (Sulayman) smiled, laughing at its words, and said, ‘My Lord, keep me thankful for the blessing You have bestowed on me and on my parents, and keep me acting rightly, pleasing You, and admit me, by Your mercy, among Your servants who are righteous.’ (27:19)

No wonder you are surprised as they laugh with scorn! (37:12)

When they see a Sign they only laugh with scorn. (37:14)

But when he came to them with Our Signs, they merely laughed at them. (43:57)

When an example is made of the son of Maryam your people laugh uproariously. (43:57)

(Has he not been informed) that it is He Who brings about both laughter and tears? (53:43)

Are you then amazed at this discourse and laugh and do not cry, treating life as a game? (53:59-61)

That Day some faces will be radiant, laughing, rejoicing. (80:38-39)

Those who did evil used to laugh at those who believed. (83:29)

So today those who believe are laughing at the disbelievers. (83:34)

LAW

And We have sent down the Book to you with truth, confirming and conserving the previous Books. So judge between them by what Allah has sent down and do not follow their whims and desires deviating from the Truth that has come to you. We have appointed a law and a practice for every one of you. Had Allah willed, He would have made you a single community, but He wanted to test you regarding what has come to you. So compete with each other in doing good. Every one of you will return to Allah and He will inform you regarding the things about which you differed. (5:48)

LAWH MAHFUZ (THE PRESERVED TABLET)

Allah erases whatever He wills or endorses it. The Master Copy of the Book is in His Hands. (13:39)

It is in the Source Book with Us, high-exalted, full of wisdom. (43:4)

We know exactly how the earth eats them away. We possess an all-preserving Book. (50:4)

Nothing occurs, either in the earth or in yourselves, without its being in a Book before We make it happen. That is something easy for Allah. (57:22)

No indeed! Truly it is a reminder, and whoever wills pays heed to it. Inscribed on Honoured Pages, inscribed on Honoured Pages, exalted, purified by the hands of scribes, noble, virtuous. (80:11-16)

It is indeed a Glorious Qur’an preserved on a Tablet. (85:21-22)

LAWFUL

Mankind! Eat what is good and lawful on the earth. And do not follow in the footsteps of Satan. He truly is an outright enemy to you. (2:168)

On the night of the fast it is lawful for you to have sexual relations with your wives. They are clothing for you and you for them. Allah knows that you have been betraying yourselves and He has turned towards you and excused you. Now you may have sexual intercourse with them and seek what Allah has written for you. Eat and drink until you can clearly discern the white thread from the black thread of the dawn, then fulfil the fast until the night appears. But do not have sexual intercourse with them while you are in retreat in the mosques. These are Allah’s limits, so do not go near them. In this way does Allah make His Signs clear to people so that hopefully they will guard against evil. (2:187)

(‘Isa said,) ‘I come confirming the Torah I find already there, and to make lawful for you some of what was previously forbidden to you. I have brought you a Sign from your Lord. So have fear of Allah and obey me.’ (3:50)

All food was lawful for the tribe of Israel except what Israel made unlawful for himself before the Torah was sent down. Say, ‘Bring the Torah and read it out if you are telling the truth.’ (3:93)

And also married women, except for those you have taken in war as slaves. This is what Allah has prescribed for you. Apart from that He has made all other women lawful for you provided you seek them with your wealth in marriage and not in fornication. When you consummate your marriage with them give them their prescribed dowry. There is nothing wrong in any further agreement you might come to after the dowry has been given. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (4:24)

Because of wrongdoing on the part of the Jews, We made forbidden for them some good things which had previously been lawful for them; and because of their obstructing many people from the Way of Allah. (4:160)

You who believe! Fulfil your contracts. All livestock animals are lawful for you, except those that are recited to you now; but it is still not lawful to hunt while you are in the state of pilgrimage. Allah makes whatever judgements He wills. (5:1)

They will ask you what is lawful for them. Say: ‘All good things are lawful for you, and also what is caught for you by hunting animals which you have trained as Allah has taught you. Eat what they catch for you, mentioning Allah’s name over it.’ And have fear of Allah. Allah is swift at reckoning. (5:4)

Today all good things have been made lawful for you. And the food of those given the Book is also lawful for you and your food is lawful for them. So are chaste women from among the believers and chaste women of those given the Book before you, once you have given them their dowries in marriage, not in fornication or taking them as lovers. But as for anyone who rejects faith, his actions will come to nothing and in the hereafter he will be among the losers. (5:5)

You who believe! Do not make forbidden the good things Allah has made lawful for you, and do not overstep the limits. Allah does not love people who overstep the limits.(5:87)

(Allah said, ‘I will prescribe My mercy for) those who follow the Messenger, the Ummi, whom they find written down with them in the Torah and the Gospel, commanding them to do right and forbidding them to do wrong, making good things lawful for them and bad things forbidden for them, relieving them of their heavy loads and the chains which were around them. Those who believe in him and honour him and help him, and follow the Light that has been sent down with him, they are the ones who are successful.’ (7:157)

So make full use of any booty you have taken which is lawful and good; and have fear of Allah. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (8:69)

Say: ‘What do you think about the things Allah has sent down to you as provision which you have then designated as lawful and forbidden?’ Say: ‘Has Allah given you authority to do this or are you inventing lies against Allah?’ (10:59)

So eat from what Allah has provided for you, lawful and good, and be thankful for the blessing of Allah if it is Him you worship. (16:114)

Do not say about what your lying tongues describe: ‘This is lawful and this is forbidden,’ inventing lies against Allah. Those who invent lies against Allah are not successful. (16:116)

O Prophet! We have made lawful for you: your wives to whom you have given dowries and any slavegirls you own from the booty Allah has allotted you and the daughters of your paternal uncles and the daughters of your paternal aunts and the daughters of your maternal uncles and the daughters of your maternal aunts who have migrated with you and any believing woman who gives herself to the Prophet if the Prophet desires to marry her: exclusively for you as opposed to the rest of the believers–We know very well what We have prescribed for them regarding their wives and any slavegirls they possess–in order that there be no restriction on you. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (33:50)

After that no other women are lawful for you nor may you exchange them for other wives, even though their beauty might be pleasing to you, with the exception of any you own as slaves. Allah is watchful over all things. (33:52)

You who believe! When women who believe come to you as emigrants, submit them to a test. Allah has best knowledge of their faith. If you know they are believers, do not return them to the disbelievers. They are not lawful for the disbelievers nor are the disbelievers lawful for them. Give the disbelievers whatever dowry they paid. And there is nothing wrong in your marrying them provided you pay them their due. Do not hold to any marriage ties with women who disbelieve. Ask for what you paid and let them ask for what they paid. That is Allah’s judgement. Allah will judge between them. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (60:10)

O Prophet! Why do you make forbidden what Allah has made lawful for you, seeking to please your wives? Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (66:1)

LAWFUL (HALAL) PROVISIONS

Mankind! Eat what is good and lawful on the earth. And do not follow in the footsteps of Satan. He truly is an outright enemy to you. (2:168)

You who believe! Fulfil your contracts. All livestock animals are lawful for you, except those that are recited to you now; but it is still not lawful to hunt while you are in the state of pilgrimage. Allah makes whatever judgements He wills. (5:1)

Today all good things have been made lawful for you. And the food of those given the Book is also lawful for you and your food is lawful for them. So are chaste women from among the believers and chaste women of those given the Book before you, once you have given them their dowries in marriage, not in fornication or taking them as lovers. But as for anyone who rejects faith, his actions will come to nothing and in the hereafter he will be among the losers. (5:5)

Eat the lawful and good things Allah has provided for you, and have fear of Allah, Him in Whom you believe. (5:88)

Anything you catch in the sea is lawful for you, and all food from it, for your enjoyment and that of travellers, but land game is forbidden for you while you are in the state of pilgrimage. So have fear of Allah, Him to Whom you will be gathered. (5:96)

So make full use of any booty you have taken which is lawful and good; and have fear of Allah. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (8:69)

Say: ‘What do you think about the things Allah has sent down to you as provision which you have then designated as lawful and forbidden?’ Say: ‘Has Allah given you authority to do this or are you inventing lies against Allah?’ (10:59)

So eat from what Allah has provided for you, lawful and good, and be thankful for the blessing of Allah if it is Him you worship. (16:114)

LAWS OF HERITAGE

Give orphans their property, and do not substitute bad things for good. Do not assimilate their property into your own. Doing that is a serious crime. (4:2)

Men receive a share of what their parents and relatives leave and women receive a share of what their parents and relatives leave, a fixed share, no matter whether it is a little or a lot. (4:7)

If other relatives or orphans or poor people attend the sharing-out, provide for them out of it and speak to them correctly and courteously. (4:8)

People should show concern in the same way that they would fear for small children if they were to die leaving them behind. They should have fear of Allah and say words that are appropriate. (4:9)

People who consume the property of orphans wrongfully consume nothing in their bellies except fire. They will roast in a Searing Blaze.(4:10)

Allah instructs you regarding your children: A male receives the same as the share of two females. If there are more than two daughters they receive two-thirds of what you leave. If she is one on her own she receives a half. Each of your parents receives a sixth of what you leave if you have children. If you are childless and your heirs are your parents your mother receives a third. If you have brothers or sisters your mother receives a sixth, after any bequest you make or any debts. With regard to your fathers and your sons, you do not know which of them is going to benefit you more. These are obligatory shares from Allah. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (4:11)

You receive half of what your wives leave if they are childless. If they have children you receive a quarter of what they leave after any bequest they make or any debts. They receive a quarter of what you leave if you are childless. If you have children they receive an eighth of what you leave after any bequest you make or any debts. If a man or woman has no direct heirs, but has a brother or sister, each of them receives a sixth. If there are more than that they share in a third after any bequest you make or any debts, making sure that no one’s rights are prejudiced. This is an instruction from Allah. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Forbearing. (4:12)

You who believe! It is not lawful for you to inherit women by force. Nor may you treat them harshly so that you can make off with part of what you have given them, unless they commit an act of flagrant indecency. Live together with them correctly and courteously. If you dislike them, it may well be that you dislike something in which Allah has placed a lot of good. (4:19)

We have appointed heirs for everything that parents and relatives leave. If you have a bond with people, give them their share. Allah is a witness of all things. (4:33)

They request from you a ruling. Say: ‘Allah gives you a ruling about people who die without direct heirs: If a man dies childless but has a sister she receives half of what he leaves, and he is her heir if she dies childless. If there are two sisters they receive two-thirds of what he leaves. If there are brothers and sisters the males receive the share of two females. Allah makes things clear to you so you will not go astray. Allah has knowledge of all things.’ (4:176)

You who believe! When one of you is near to death and makes a will, two just men from among you should act as witnesses; or, if you are travelling when the misfortune of death occurs, two men who are strangers to you. You should detain them after prayer and, if you are doubtful, they should swear by Allah: ‘We will not sell it for any price, even to a near relative, and we will not conceal the testimony of Allah. If we did we would indeed be wrongdoers.’ (5:106)

If it then comes to light that the two of them have merited the allegation of wrongdoing, two others who have the most right to do so should take their place and swear by Allah: ‘Our testimony is truer than their testimony. We have not committed perjury. If we had we would indeed be wrongdoers.’ (5:107)

That makes it more likely that they will give their evidence properly or be afraid that their oaths will be refuted by subsequent oaths. Have fear of Allah and listen carefully. Allah does not guide deviant people. 5:108)

LEADER

If they break their oaths after making their treaty and defame your religion, then fight the leaders of disbelief–they have no binding oaths–so that hopefully they will stop. (9:12)

He (Pharaoh) will go ahead of his people on the Day of Rising and lead them down into the Fire. What an evil watering-hole to be led to! (11:98)

We made them leaders, guiding by Our command, and revealed to them how to do good actions and perform prayer and give the alms, and they worshipped Us. (21:73)

We desired to show kindness to those who were oppressed in the land and to make them leaders and make them inheritors. (28:5)

We made them leaders, summoning to the Fire, and on the Day of Rising they will not be helped. (28:41)

We appointed leaders from among them, guiding by Our command when they were steadfast and when they had certainty about Our Signs. (32:24)

LEAF

The keys of the Unseen are in His possession. No one knows them but Him. He knows everything in the land and sea. No leaf falls without His knowing it. There is no seed in the darkness of the earth, and nothing moist or dry which is not in a Clear Book. (6:59)

So he (Satan) enticed them to do it by means of trickery. Then when they tasted the tree, their private parts were disclosed to them and they started stitching together the leaves of the Garden in order to cover themselves. Their Lord called out to them, ‘Did I not forbid you this tree and say to you, "Satan is an outright enemy to you"?’ (7:22)

He (Musa) said, ‘It is my staff. I lean on it and beat down leaves for my sheep with it and have other uses for it.’ (20:18)

So the two of them ate from it and their private parts were disclosed to them and they started stitching together the leaves of the Garden to cover themselves. Adam disobeyed his Lord and became misled. (20:121)

He laid out the earth for all living creatures. In it are fruits and date-palms with covered spathes, and grains on leafy stems and fragrant herbs. (55:10-12)

LEFT

(Satan said,) ‘Then I will come at them, from in front of them and behind them, from their right and from their left. You will not find most of them thankful.’ (7:17)

Do they not see the things Allah has created, casting their shadows to the right and to the left, prostrating themselves before Allah in complete humility? (16:48)

You would have seen the sun, when it rose, inclining away from their cave towards the right, and, when it set, leaving them behind on the left, while they were lying in an open part of it. That was one of Allah’s Signs. Whoever Allah guides is truly guided. But if He misguides someone, you will find no protector for them to guide them rightly. (18:17)

You would have supposed them to be awake whereas in fact they were asleep. We moved them to the right and to the left, and, at the entrance, their dog stretched out its paws. If you had looked down and seen them, you would have turned from them and run and have been filled with terror at the sight of them. (18:18)

There was also a sign for Saba in their dwelling place: two gardens–one to the right and one to the left. ‘Eat of your Lord’s provision and give thanks to Him: a bountiful land and a forgiving Lord.’ (34:15)

And the two recording angels are recording, sitting on the right and on the left. (50:17)

But as for him who is given his Book in his left hand, he will say, ‘If only I had not been given my Book.’ (69:25)

What is the matter with those who disbelieve? They run about in front of you, with outstretched necks and staring eyes, on the right and on the left in scattered groups! (70:36-37)

Those who reject Our signs, they are the Companions of the Left. (90:19)

LEGION

It is He Who sent down serenity into the hearts of the believers thereby increasing their faith with more faith–the legions of the heavens and the earth belong to Allah. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (48:4)

The legions of the heavens and the earth belong to Allah. Allah is Almighty, All-Wise. (48:7)

We have only appointed angels as masters of the Fire and We have only specified their number as a trial for those who disbelieve; so that those who were given the Book might gain in certainty, and those who believe might increase in their faith, and both those who were given the Book and the believers might have no doubt; and so that those with sickness in their hearts and the disbelievers might say, ‘What did Allah intend by this example?’ In this way Allah misguides those He wills and guides those He wills. No one knows the legions of your Lord but Him. This is nothing but a reminder to all human beings. (74:31)

Has the story reached you of the legions? (85:17)

LENTIL

And when you said, ‘Musa, we will not put up with just one kind of food so ask your Lord to supply to us some of what the earth produces–its green vegetables, cucumbers, grains, lentils and onions,’ he said, ‘Do you want to replace what is better with what is inferior? Go back to Egypt, then you will have what you are asking for.’ Abasement and destitution were stamped upon them. They brought down anger from Allah upon themselves. That was because they rejected Allah’s Signs and killed the Prophets without any right to do so. That was because they rebelled and went beyond the limits. (2:61)

LEPER

He will teach him (‘Isa) the Book and Wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel, as a Messenger to the tribe of Israel, saying: ‘I have brought you a Sign from your Lord. I will create the shape of a bird out of clay for you and then breathe into it and it will be a bird by Allah’s permission. I will heal the blind and the leper, and bring the dead to life, by Allah’s permission. I will tell you what you eat and what you store up in your homes. There is a Sign for you in that if you are believers.’ (3:48-49)

Remember when Allah said, ‘‘Isa, son of Maryam, remember My blessing to you and to your mother when I reinforced you with the Purest Spirit so that you could speak to people in the cradle and when you were fully grown; and when I taught you the Book and Wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel; and when you created a bird-shape out of clay by My permission, and then breathed into it and it became a bird by My permission; and healed the blind and the leper by My permission; and when you brought forth the dead by My permission; and when I held back the tribe of Israel from you, when you brought them the Clear Signs and those of them who disbelieved said, "This is nothing but downright magic";’ (5:110)

LESSON

As for thieves, both male and female, cut off their hands in reprisal for what they have done: an object lesson from Allah. Allah is Almighty, All-Wise. (5:38)

And there is certainly a lesson for you in your livestock. We give you to drink from what is in their bellies and there are many ways in which you benefit from them, and some of them you eat. (23:21)

Allah revolves night and day. There is surely a lesson in that for people with inner sight. (24:44)

LIE

Among them is a group who distort the Book with their tongues so that you think it is from the Book when it is not from the Book. They say, ‘It is from Allah,’ but it is not from Allah. They tell a lie against Allah and they know it. (3:78)

So any who, after this, invent a lie against Allah are indeed wrongdoers. (3:94)

Who could do greater wrong than someone who invents lies against Allah or denies His Signs? The wrongdoers are certainly not successful. (6:21)

Who could do greater wrong than someone who invents lies against Allah or denies His Signs, or who says, ‘It has been revealed to me,’ when nothing has been revealed to him, or someone who says, ‘I will send down the same as Allah has sent down’? If you could only see the wrongdoers in the throes of death when the angels are stretching out their hands, saying, ‘Disgorge your own selves! Today you will be repaid with the punishment of humiliation for saying something other than the truth about Allah, and being arrogant about His Signs.’ (6:93)

Those who kill their children foolishly without any knowledge and make what Allah has provided for them forbidden, inventing lies against Allah, such people are lost. They are misguided. They are not guided. (6:140)

And a pair of camels and a pair of cattle–Say: ‘Is it the two males He has made forbidden, or the two females, or what the wombs of the two females contain? Were you then witnesses when Allah gave you this instruction?’ Who could do greater wrong than someone who invents lies against Allah thus leading people astray without any knowledge? Allah does not guide the people of the wrongdoers. (6:144)

Who could do greater wrong than someone who invents lies against Allah or denies His Signs? Such people’s portion of the Book will catch up with them so that when Our messengers come to them to take them in death, saying, ‘Where are those you called upon besides Allah?’ they will say, ‘They have forsaken us,’ testifying against themselves that they were disbelievers. (7:37)

(Shu‘ayb said,) ‘We would be inventing lies against Allah if we returned to your religion after Allah has saved us from it. We could never return to it unless Allah our Lord so willed. Our Lord encompasses everything in His knowledge. We have put our trust in Allah. Our Lord, judge between us and our people with truth. You are the best of judges.’ (7:89)

Who could do greater wrong than someone who invents lies against Allah or denies His Signs? Evildoers are certainly not successful. (10:17)

Say: ‘What do you think about the things Allah has sent down to you as provision which you have then designated as lawful and forbidden?’ Say: ‘Has Allah given you authority to do this or are you inventing lies against Allah?’ (10:59)

What will those who invent lies against Allah think on the Day of Rising? Allah shows favour to mankind but most of them are not thankful. (10:60)

Say: ‘People who invent lies against Allah will not be successful.’ (10:69)

Who could do greater wrong than those who invent lies against Allah? Such people will be arrayed before their Lord and the witnesses will say, ‘Those are the ones who lied against their Lord.’ Yes indeed! Allah’s curse is on the wrongdoers. (11:18)

Those who do not believe in Allah’s Signs are merely inventing lies. It is they who are the liars. (16:105)

Do not say about what your lying tongues describe: ‘This is lawful and this is forbidden,’ inventing lies against Allah. Those who invent lies against Allah are not successful. (16:116)

(The Companions of the Cave said,) ‘These people of ours have taken gods apart from Him. Why do they not produce a clear authority concerning them? Who could do greater wrong than someone who invents a lie against Allah?’ (18:15)

That is it. If someone honours Allah’s sacred things, that is better for him in his Lord’s sight. All livestock are permitted to you except what has already been recited to you. Have done with the defilement of idols and have done with telling lies. (22:30)

(The ruling circle of his people said,) ‘What is he but a man who has invented a lie against Allah? We do not believe in him.’ (23:38)

There is a group of you who propagated the lie. Do not suppose it to be bad for you; rather it is good for you. Every one of them will incur the evil he has earned and the one who took it on himself to amplify it will receive a terrible punishment. (24:11)

Why, when you heard it, did you not, as men and women of the believers, instinctively think good thoughts and say, ‘This is obviously a lie’? (24:12)

Those who disbelieve say, ‘This is nothing but a lie he has invented and other people have helped him to do it. They have brought injustice and falsehood.’ (25:4)

(Ibrahim said to his people,) ‘Instead of Allah you worship only idols. You are inventing a lie. Those you worship besides Allah have no power to provide for you. So seek your provision from Allah and worship Him and give thanks to Him. It is to Him you will be returned.’ (29:17)

Who could do greater wrong than someone who invents lies against Allah or denies the truth when it comes to him? Is there not shelter in Hell for the disbelievers? (29:68)

(Those who disbelieve say,) ‘Has he invented a lie against Allah or is he possessed?’ No indeed! Those who do not believe in the hereafter are in punishment and deeply misguided. (34:8)

When Our Clear Signs are recited to them, they say, ‘This is nothing but a man who wants to debar you from what your fathers used to worship.’ They say, ‘This is nothing but an invented lie.’ Those who disbelieve say to the truth when it comes to them, ‘This is nothing but downright magic.’ (34:43)

Or do they ask, ‘Has he invented a lie about Allah?’ If Allah willed, He could seal up your heart. By His Words Allah wipes out the false and confirms the truth. He knows what the heart contains. (42:24)

Woe to every wicked liar. (45:7)

O Prophet! When women who believe come to you pledging allegiance to you on the grounds that they will not associate anything with Allah or steal or fornicate or kill their children or give a false ascription of paternity–making up lies about their bodies–or disobey you in respect of anything right, then accept their pledge and ask forgiveness for them. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (60:12)

Who could do greater wrong than someone who invents a lie against Allah when he has been called to Islam? Allah does not guide wrongdoing people. (61:7)

LIGHT

Allah is the Protector of those who believe. He brings them out of the darkness into the light. But those who disbelieve have false gods as protectors. They take them from the light into the darkness. Those are the Companions of the Fire remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (2:257)

Mankind! A clear proof has come to you from your Lord. We have sent down a Clear Light to you. (4:174)

People of the Book! Our Messenger has come to you, making clear to you much of the Book that you have kept concealed, and passing over a lot. A Light has come to you from Allah and a Clear Book. (5:15)

By it, Allah guides those who follow what pleases Him to the ways of Peace. He will bring them from the darkness to the light by His permission, and guide them to a straight path. (5:16)

We sent down the Torah containing guidance and light, and the Prophets who had submitted themselves gave judgement by it for the Jews–as did their scholars and their rabbis–by what they had been allowed to preserve of Allah’s Book to which they were witnesses. Do not be afraid of people, be afraid of Me. And do not sell My Signs for a paltry price. Those who do not judge by what Allah has sent down, such people are disbelievers. (5:44)

And We sent ‘Isa son of Maryam following in their footsteps, confirming the Torah that came before him. We gave him the Gospel containing guidance and light, confirming the Torah that came before it, and as guidance and admonition for those who guard against evil. (5:46)

Praise belongs to Allah Who created the heavens and the earth and appointed darkness and light. Then those who disbelieve make others equal to their Lord! (6:1)

They do not measure Allah with His true measure when they say, ‘Allah would not send down anything to a mere human being.’ Say: ‘Who, then, sent down the Book which Musa brought as a Light and Guidance for the people?’ You put it down on sheets of paper to display it while concealing much. You were taught things you did not know, neither you nor your forefathers. Say: ‘Allah!’ Then leave them engrossed in playing their games. (6:91)

Is someone who was dead and whom We brought to life, supplying him with a light by which to walk among people, the same as someone who is in utter darkness, unable to emerge from it? That is how what they were doing is made to seem attractive to the disbelievers. (6:122)

(Allah said, ‘Believers are) those who follow the Messenger, the Ummi, whom they find written down with them in the Torah and the Gospel, commanding them to do right and forbidding them to do wrong, making good things lawful for them and bad things forbidden for them, relieving them of their heavy loads and the chains which were around them. Those who believe in him and honour him and help him, and follow the Light that has been sent down with him, they are the ones who are successful.’ (7:157)

They desire to extinguish Allah’s Light with their mouths. But Allah refuses to do other than perfect His Light, even though the disbelievers detest it. (9:32)

It is He Who appointed the sun to give radiance, and the moon to give light, assigning it phases so you would know the number of years and the reckoning of time. Allah did not create these things except with truth. We make the Signs clear for people who know. (10:5)

They want you to hasten the bad rather than the good when examples of punishment are there before them in the past. Your Lord has forgiveness for people for their wrongdoing; but your Lord is also severe in retribution. (13:6)

Alif Lam Ra. This is a Book We have sent down to you so that you can bring mankind from the darkness to the light, by the permission of their Lord, to the Path of the Almighty, the Praiseworthy. (14:1)

We sent Musa with Our Signs: ‘Bring your people from the darkness to the light and remind them of the Days of Allah.’ There are certainly Signs in that for everyone who is steadfast, thankful. (14:5)

Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The metaphor of His Light is that of a niche in which is a lamp, the lamp inside a glass, the glass like a brilliant star, lit from a blessed tree, an olive, neither of the east nor of the west, its oil all but giving off light even if no fire touches it. Light upon Light. Allah guides to His Light whoever He wills and Allah makes metaphors for mankind and Allah has knowledge of all things. (24:35)

Or they are like the darkness of a fathomless sea which is covered by waves above which are waves above which are clouds, layers of darkness, one upon the other. If he puts out his hand, he can scarcely see it. Those Allah gives no light to, they have no light. (24:40)

It is He Who calls down blessing on you, as do His angels, to bring you out of the darkness into the light. He is Most Merciful to the believers. (33:43)

O Prophet! We have sent you as a witness, and a bringer of good news and a warner, and a caller to Allah by His permission and a light-giving lamp. (33:45-46)

And the earth will shine with the Pure Light of its Lord; the Book will be put in place; the Prophets and witnesses will be brought; it will be decided between them with the truth; and they will not be wronged. (39:69)

Accordingly We have revealed to you a Spirit by Our command. You had no idea of what the Book was, nor faith. Nonetheless We have made it a Light by which We guide those of Our servants We will. Truly you are guiding to a Straight Path. (42:52)

It is He Who sends down Clear Signs to His servant to bring you out of the darkness to the light. Allah is All-Gentle with you, Most Merciful. (57:9)

On the Day you see the men and women of the believers, with their light streaming out in front of them, and to their right: ‘Good news for you today of Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever. That is the Great Victory.’ (57:12)

That Day the men and women of the hypocrites will say to those who believe, ‘Wait for us so that we can borrow some of your light.’ They will be told, ‘Go back and look for light!’ And a wall will be erected between them with a gate in it, on the inside of which there will be mercy but before whose exterior lies the punishment. (57:13)

Those who believe in Allah and His Messengers–such people are the truly sincere–and the martyrs who are with their Lord will receive their wages and their light. But those who disbelieve and deny Our Signs, will be Companions of the Blazing Fire. (57:19)

You who believe! Have fear of Allah and believe in His Messenger. He will give you a double portion of His mercy and grant you a Light by which to walk and forgive you. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (57:28)

So believe in Allah and His Messenger and in the Light We have sent down. Allah is aware of what you do. (64:8)

(Allah has sent down) a Messenger reciting Allah’s Clear Signs to you to bring those who believe and do right actions out of the darkness into the Light. Whoever believes in Allah and acts rightly, We will admit him into Gardens with rivers flowing under them remaining in them timelessly, for ever and ever. Allah has provided for him excellently! (65:11)

You who believe! Repent to Allah. It may be that your Lord will erase your bad actions from you and admit you into Gardens with rivers flowing under them on the Day when Allah will not disgrace the Prophet and those who believed along with him. Their light will stream out ahead of them and on their right. They will say, ‘Our Lord, perfect our light for us and forgive us! You have power over all things.’ (66:8)

Do you not see how He created seven heavens in layers, and placed the moon as a light in them and made the sun a blazing lamp? (71:15-16)

LIGHTNING

Or (their likeness is) that of a storm-cloud in the sky, full of darkness, thunder and lightning. They put their fingers in their ears against the thunderclaps, fearful of death. Allah encompasses the disbelievers. (2:19)

The lightning all but takes away their sight. Whenever they have light, they walk in it but whenever darkness covers them, they halt. If Allah wished, He could take away their hearing and their sight. Allah has power over all things. (2:20)

The People of the Book will ask you to bring down a Book from heaven to them. They asked Musa for even more than that. They said, ‘Let us see Allah with our own eyes.’ So the lightning-bolt struck them down for their wrongdoing. Then they adopted the Calf after the Clear Signs had come to them, but We pardoned them for that and gave Musa clear authority. (4:153)

It is He Who shows you the lightning, striking fear and bringing hope; it is He Who heaps up the heavy clouds. (13:12)

Do you not see that Allah propels the clouds then makes them coalesce then heaps them up, and then you see the rain come pouring out of the middle of them? And He sends down mountains from the sky with hail inside them, striking with it anyone He wills and averting it from anyone He wills. The brightness of His lightning almost blinds the sight. (24:43)

Among His Signs is that He shows you lightning, a source of fear and eager hope, and sends down water from the sky, bringing the dead earth back to life by it. There are certainly Signs in that for people who use their intellect. (30:24)

If they turn away, then say, ‘I warn you of a lightning-bolt like the lightning-bolt of ‘Ad and of Thamud.’ (41:13)

As for Thamud, We guided them, but they preferred blindness to guidance. So the lightning-bolt of the punishment of humiliation seized them on account of what they earned. (41:17)

LIKENESS

Their likeness is that of people who light a fire, and then when it has lit up all around them, Allah removes their light. (2:17)

The likeness of those who disbelieve is that of the beast which, call out to it as one may, can hear nothing but a shout and a cry. Deaf–dumb–blind. They do not use their intellect. (2:171)

You who believe! Do not nullify your charity by demands for gratitude or insulting words, like him who spends his wealth, showing off to people and not believing in Allah and the Last Day. His likeness is that of a smooth rock coated with soil, which, when heavy rain falls on it, is left stripped bare. They have no power over anything they have earned. Allah does not guide disbelieving people. (2:264)

The likeness of ‘Isa in Allah’s sight is the same as Adam. He created him from earth and then He said to him,‘Be!’ and he was. (3:59)

The likeness of the two groups is that of the blind and deaf and the seeing and hearing. Are they the same as one another? So will you not pay heed? (11:24)

Those who do not believe in the akhira have an evil likeness. Allah’s is the Highest Likeness. He is the Almighty, the All-Wise. (16:60)

Look how they make likenesses of you and go astray. They are unable to find their way. (17:48)

They bring you no similitude but We bring you the truth and the best of explanations (as against it). (25:33)

He makes likenesses of Us and forgets his own creation, saying, ‘Who will give life to bones when they are decayed?’ (36:78)

Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are fierce to the disbelievers, merciful to one another. You see them bowing and prostrating, seeking Allah’s good favour and His pleasure. Their mark is on their faces, the traces of prostration. That is their likeness in the Torah. And their likeness in the Gospel is that of a seed which puts up a shoot and makes it strong so that it thickens and grows up straight upon its stalk, filling the sowers with delight–so that by them He may infuriate the disbelievers. Allah has promised those of them who believe and do right actions forgiveness and an immense reward. (48:29)

LINING

They will be reclining on couches lined with rich brocade, the fruits of the Gardens hanging close to hand. (55:54)

LION

What is the matter with them that they run from the Reminder like panicked donkeys, fleeing from a lion? (74:49-51)

LIP

The Fire will sear their faces, making them grimace horribly in it, their lips drawn back from their teeth. (23:104)

Have We not given him two eyes, and a tongue and two lips and shown him the two highways? (90:8-10)

LITTLE BY LITTLE

We have divided up the Qur'an, so you can recite it to mankind at intervals, and We have sent it down little by little. (17:106)

It is We Who have sent the Qur’an down to you little by little. (76:23)

LIVELIHOOD

We have established you firmly on the earth and granted you your livelihood in it. What little thanks you show! (7:10)

And We put livelihoods in it both for you and for those you do not provide for. (15:20)

Is it, then, they who allocate the mercy of your Lord? We have allocated their livelihood among them in the life of this world and raised some of them above others in rank so that some of them are subservient to others. But the mercy of your Lord is better than anything they amass. (43:32)

We made the day for earning a living. (78:11)

LIVESTOCK

To mankind the love of worldly appetites is painted in glowing colours: women and children, and heaped-up mounds of gold and silver, and horses with fine markings, and livestock and fertile farmland. All that is merely the enjoyment of the life of this world. The best homecoming is in the presence of Allah. (3:14)

You who believe! Fulfil your contracts. All livestock animals are lawful for you, except those that are recited to you now; but it is still not lawful to hunt while you are in the state of pilgrimage. Allah makes whatever judgements He wills. (5:1)

You who believe! Do not kill game while you are in the state of pilgrimage. If one of you kills any deliberately, the reprisal for it is a livestock animal equivalent to what he killed, as judged by two just men among you, a sacrifice to reach the Kaaba, or expiation by feeding the poor, or fasting commensurate with that, so that he may taste the evil consequences of what he did. Allah has pardoned all that took place in the past; but if anyone does it again Allah will take revenge on him. Allah is Almighty, Exactor of Revenge. (5:95)

They assign to Allah a share of the crops and livestock He has created, saying, ‘This is for Allah,’–as they allege–‘and this is for our idols.’ Their idols’ share does not reach Allah whereas Allah’s share reaches their idols! What an evil judgement they make! (6:136)

And He created livestock. There is warmth for you in them, and various uses and some you eat. (16:5)

Announce the Pilgrimage to mankind. They will come to you on foot and on every sort of lean animal, coming by every distant road so that they can be present at what will profit them and invoke Allah’s name on specific days over livestock He has provided for them. Eat of them and feed those who are poor and in need. (22:27-28)

That is it. If someone honours Allah’s sacred things, that is better for him in his Lord’s sight. All livestock are permitted to you except what has already been recited to you. Have done with the defilement of idols and have done with telling lies. (22:30)

We have appointed a rite of sacrifice for every nation so that they may invoke Allah’s name over the livestock He has given them. Your God is One God so submit to Him. Give good news to the humble-hearted. (22:34)

And there is certainly a lesson for you in your livestock. We give you to drink from what is in their bellies and there are many ways in which you benefit from them, and some of them you eat. (23:21)

Have fear of Him Who has supplied you with what you know, supplied you with livestock and children. (26:132-133)

Do they not see how We drive water to barren land and bring forth crops by it which their livestock and they themselves both eat? So will they not see? (32:27)

And mankind and beasts and livestock are likewise of varying colours. Only those of His servants with knowledge have fear of Allah. Allah is Almighty, Ever-Forgiving. (35:28)

Have they not seen how We created for them, by Our own handiwork, livestock which are under their control? (36:71)

He created you from a single self, then produced its mate from it, and sent down livestock to you–eight kinds in pairs. He creates you stage by stage in your mothers’ wombs in a threefold darkness. That is Allah, your Lord. Sovereignty is His. There is no god but Him. So what has made you deviate? (39:6)

It is Allah Who has given you livestock, some for you to ride and some to eat. (40:79)

(He is) the Bringer into Being of the heavens and the earth: He has given you mates from among yourselves, and given mates to the livestock, in that way multiplying you. Nothing is like Him. He is the All-Hearing, the All-Seeing. (42:11)

It is He Who created all the species and gave you ships and livestock for you to ride. (43:12)

And (He) made the mountains firm, for you and for your livestock to enjoy. (79:32-33)

Then We make grain grow in it, and grapes and herbs and olives and dates and luxuriant gardens and orchards and meadows, for you and your livestock to enjoy. (80:27-32)

LOCUST

So We sent down on them floods, locusts, lice, frogs and blood, Signs, clear and distinct, but they proved arrogant and were an evildoing people. (7:133)

They will emerge from their graves with downcast eyes, like swarming locusts. (54:7)

LONGING

You were longing for death before you met it. Now you have seen it with your own eyes. (3:143)

Do not direct your eyes longingly to what We have given certain of them to enjoy. Do not feel sad concerning them. And take the believers under your wing. (15:88)

Do not direct your eyes longingly to what We have given certain of them to enjoy, the flower of the life of this world, so that We can test them by it. Your Lord’s provision is better and longer lasting. (20:131)

LOSS

Those who break Allah’s contract after it has been agreed, and sever what Allah has commanded to be joined, and cause corruption on the earth, it is they who are the lost. (2:27)

Then after that you turned away, and were it not for Allah's favour to you and His mercy, you would have been among the lost. (2:64)

Those to whom We have given the Book, who recite it in the way it should be recited, such people believe in it. As for those who reject it, they are the losers. (2:121)

We will test you with a certain amount of fear and hunger and loss of wealth and life and fruits. But give good news to the steadfast. (2:155)

You who believe! If you obey those who disbelieve, they will turn you round on your heels and you will be transformed into losers. (3:149)

(Satan said,) ‘I will lead them astray and fill them with false hopes. I will command them and they will cut off cattle’s ears. I will command them and they will change Allah’s creation.’ Anyone who takes Satan as his protector in place of Allah has clearly lost everything. (4:119)

Today all good things have been made lawful for you. And the food of those given the Book is also lawful for you and your food is lawful for them. So are chaste women from among the believers and chaste women of those given the Book before you, once you have given them their dowries in marriage, not in fornication or taking them as lovers. But as for anyone who rejects faith, his actions will come to nothing and in the hereafter he will be among the losers. (5:5)

So his lower self persuaded him to kill his brother, and he killed him and became one of the lost. (5:30)

Those who believe say, ‘Are these the people who swore by Allah, with their most earnest oaths, that they were with you?’ Their actions have come to nothing and they now are losers. (5:53)

Say: ‘To whom does everything in the heavens and earth belong?’ Say: ‘To Allah.’ He has made mercy incumbent on Himself. He will gather you to the Day of Rising about which there is no doubt. As for those who have lost their own selves, they have no faith. (6:12)

Those We have given the Book recognise it as they recognise their own children. As for those who have lost their own selves, they have no faith. (6:20)

Those who deny the meeting with Allah have lost, so that, when the Hour comes upon them suddenly, they will say, ‘Alas for what we neglected there!’ They will bear their burdens on their backs. How evil is what they bear! (6:31)

Those who kill their children foolishly without any knowledge and make what Allah has provided for them forbidden, inventing lies against Allah, such people are lost. They are misguided. They are not guided. (6:140)

As for those whose scales are light, they are the ones who have lost their own selves because they wrongfully rejected Our Signs. (7:9)

They said, ‘Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves. If you do not forgive us and have mercy on us, we will be among the lost.’ (7:23)

What are they waiting for but its fulfilment? The Day its fulfilment occurs, those who forgot it before will say, ‘The Messengers of our Lord came with the Truth. Are there any intercessors to intercede for us, or can we be sent back so that we can do something other than what we did?’ They have lost their own selves and what they invented has forsaken them. (7:53)

The ruling circle of those of his people who disbelieved said, ‘If you follow Shu‘ayb, you will definitely be lost.’ (7:90)

As for those who denied Shu‘ayb, it was as if they had never lived there. It was the people who denied Shu‘ayb who were the lost. (7:92)

Do they feel secure against Allah’s devising? No one feels secure against Allah’s devising except for those who are lost. (7:99)

When they took full stock of what they had done and saw they had been misled, they said, ‘If our Lord does not have mercy on us and forgive us, we will certainly be among the lost.’ (7:149)

Whoever Allah guides is truly guided; but those He misguides are the lost. (7:178)

(It is) so that Allah can sift the bad out from the good, and pile the bad on top of one another, heaping them all together, and tip them into Hell. They are the lost. (8:37)

Like those before you who had greater strength than you and more wealth and children. They enjoyed their portion; so enjoy your portion as those before you enjoyed theirs. You have plunged into defamation as they plunged into it. The actions of such people come to nothing in this world or the hereafter. They are the lost. (9:69)

On the day We gather them together–when it will seem if they had tarried no more than an hour of a single day–they will recognise one another. Those who denied the meeting with Allah will have lost. They were not guided. (10:45)

And on no account be among those who deny Allah’s Signs and so become one of the lost. (10:95)

Those are the people who have lost their own selves. What they invented has abandoned them. (11:21)

Without question they will be the greatest losers in the hereafter. (11:22)

He (Nuh) said, ‘My Lord, I seek refuge with You from asking You for anything about which I have no knowledge. If You do not forgive me and have mercy on me, I will be among the lost.’ (11:47)

He (Salih) said, ‘My people! What do you think? If I were to possess a Clear Sign from my Lord and He had given me mercy from Him: who would help me against Allah if I disobeyed Him? You would not increase me in anything but loss.’ (11:63)

We send down in the Qur’an that which is a healing and a mercy to the believers, but it only increases the wrongdoers in loss. (17:82)

Both gardens yielded their crops and did not suffer any loss, and We made a river flow right through the middle of them. (18:33)

Say: ‘Shall I inform you of the greatest losers in their actions?’ (18:103)

They desired to trap him but We made them the losers. (21:70)

Among the people there is one who worships Allah right on the edge. If good befalls him, he is content with it, but if a trial befalls him, he reverts to his former ways, losing both this world and the hereafter. That is indeed sheer loss. (22:11)

If you were to obey a human being like yourselves, you would, in that case, definitely be the losers. (23:34)

Those whose scales are light, they are the losers of their selves, remaining in Hell timelessly, for ever. (23:103)

Say: ‘Allah is a sufficient witness between me and you.’ He knows everything in the heavens and the earth. Those who believe in falsehood and reject Allah, they are the losers. (29:52)

It is He Who made you representatives on the earth. So whoever disbelieves, his disbelief is against himself. In Allah’s sight, the disbelief of the disbelievers only increases their loathsomeness; the disbelief of the disbelievers only increases their loss. (35:39)

Say: ‘It is Allah I worship, making my religion sincerely His, so worship anything you will apart from Him!’ Say: ‘The real losers are those who lose themselves and their families on the Day of Rising.’ Is not that clear loss? (39:14-15)

The keys of the heavens and earth belong to Him. It is those who reject Allah’s Signs who are the losers. (39:63)

It has been revealed to you and those before you: ‘If you associate others with Allah, your actions will come to nothing and you will be among the losers.’ (39:65)

We sent Messengers before you. Some of them We have told you about and others We have not told you about. No Messenger can bring a Sign except with Allah’s permission. But when Allah’s command comes the matter will be decided with truth and then and there the liars will be lost. (40:78)

But when they saw Our violent force their faith was of no use to them. That is the pattern Allah has always followed with His servants. Then and there the disbelievers were lost. (40:85)

(Skins of the enemies of Allah will say,) ‘It is that thought you had about your Lord that has destroyed you so now you find yourselves among the lost.’ (41:23)

We have assigned close comrades to them who have made what is before them and behind them seem good to them. And the statement about the nations, both of jinn and men, who passed away before them has proved true of them as well. Certainly they were lost. (41:25)

You will see them as they are exposed to it, abject in their abasement, glancing around them furtively. Those who believe will say, ‘Truly the losers are those who lose themselves and their families on the Day of Rising.’ The wrongdoers are in an everlasting punishment. (42:45)

The kingdom of the heavens and earth belongs to Allah and, on the Day that the Hour arrives, that Day the liars will be lost. (45:27)

Those are people of whom the statement about the nations, both of jinn and men, who passed away before them, has also proved true; truly they were the lost. (46:18)

Satan has gained mastery over them and made them forget the remembrance of Allah. Such people are the party of Satan. No indeed! It is the party of Satan who are the losers. (58:19)

You who believe! Do not let your wealth or children divert you from the remembrance of Allah. Whoever does that is lost. (63:9)

On the Day He gathers you for the Day of Gathering–that is the Day of Profit and Loss. As for those who believe in Allah and act rightly, We will erase their bad actions from them and admit them into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever and ever. That is the Great Victory! (64:9)

They tasted the evil consequences of what they did and the end of their affair was total loss. (65:9)

Nuh said, ‘My Lord, they have disobeyed me and followed those whose wealth and children have only increased them in loss.’ (71:21)

By the Late Afternoon, truly man is in loss–except for those who believe and do right actions and urge each other to the truth and urge each other to steadfastness. (103:1-3)

LOT (SEE LUT (AS))

LOTE TREE

But they turned away so We unleashed against them the flood from the great dam and exchanged their two gardens for two others containing bitter-tasting plants and tamarisk and a few lote trees. (34:16)

He saw him again another time by the Lote-tree of the Final Limit, beside which is the Garden of Refuge, when that which covered the Lote-tree covered it. (53:13-16)

LOUSE

So We sent down on them floods, locusts, lice, frogs and blood, Signs, clear and distinct, but they proved arrogant and were an evildoing people. (7:133)

LOVE

Some people set up equals to Allah, loving them as they should love Allah. But those who believe have greater love for Allah. If only you could see those who do wrong at the time when they see the punishment, and that truly all strength belongs to Allah, and that Allah is severe in punishment. (2:165)

It is not devoutness to turn your faces to the East or to the West. Rather, those with true devoutness are those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, the Angels, the Book and the Prophets, and who, despite their love for it, give away their wealth to their relatives and to orphans and the very poor, and to travellers and beggars and to set slaves free, and who perform prayer and give the alms; those who honour their contracts when they make them, and are steadfast in poverty and illness and in battle. Those are the people who are true. They are the people who guard against evil. (2:177)

Some city women said, ‘The governor’s wife solicited her slave. He’s fired her heart with love. We see that she’s the one to blame.’ (12:30)

As for those who believe and do right actions, the All-Merciful will bestow His love on them. (19:96)

He said, ‘Your request has been granted, Musa. We were gracious to you another time when We revealed to your mother: "Place him into the box and throw it into the sea and the sea will wash it up on the shore, where an enemy of Mine and his will pick it up." I showered you with love from Me so that you would be brought up under My supervision.’ (20:36-39)

He (Sulayman) said, ‘Truly do I love the love of good, with a view to the glory of my Lord until the sun disappeared behind its veil.’ (38:32)

That is the good news which Allah gives to His servants who believe and do right actions. Say: ‘I do not ask you for any wage for this–except for you to love your near of kin. If anyone does a good action, We will increase the good of it for him. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Thankful.’ (42:23)

You will not find people who believe in Allah and the Last Day having love for anyone who opposes Allah and His Messenger, though they be their fathers, their sons, their brothers or their clan .Allah has inscribed faith upon such people’s hearts and will reinforce them with a Spirit from Him and admit them into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever. Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. Such people are the party of Allah. Truly it is the party of Allah who are successful. (58:22)

You who believe! Do not take My enemy and your enemy as friends, showing love for them when they have rejected the truth that has come to you, driving out the Messenger and yourselves simply because you believe in Allah your Lord. If you go out to strive in My Way and seeking My pleasure, keeping secret the love you have for them, I know best what you conceal and what you make known. Any of you who do that have strayed from the right way. (60:1)

It may well be that Allah will restore the love between you and those of them who are now your enemies. Allah is All-Powerful. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (60:7)

They give food, despite their love for it, to the poor and orphans and captives: (76:8)

Truly he is fierce in his love of wealth. (100:8)

LUQMAN (AS)

We gave Luqman wisdom: ‘Give thanks to Allah. Whoever gives thanks only does so to his own good. Whoever is ungrateful, Allah is Rich Beyond Need, Praiseworthy.’ When Luqman said to his son, counselling him, ‘My son, do not associate anything with Allah. Associating others with Him is a terrible wrong.’ (31:12-13)

(Luqman said,) ‘My son, even if something weighs as little as a mustard-seed and is inside a rock or anywhere else in the heavens or earth, Allah will bring it out. Allah is All-Pervading, All-Aware. My son, perform prayer and command what is right and forbid what is wrong and be steadfast in the face of all that happens to you. That is certainly the most resolute course to follow. Do not avert your face from people out of haughtiness and do not strut about arrogantly on the earth. Allah does not love anyone who is vain or boastful. Be moderate in your tread and lower your voice. The most hateful of voices is the donkey’s bray.’ (31:16-19)

LUT (AS) (LOT)

And Isma‘il, al-Yasa‘, Yunus and Lut. All of them We favoured over all beings. (6:86)

And Lut, when he said to his people, ‘Do you commit an obscenity not perpetrated before you by anyone in all the worlds? You come with lust to men instead of women. You are indeed a depraved people.’ The only answer of his people was to say, ‘Expel them from your city! They are people who keep themselves pure!’ So We rescued him and his family–except for his wife. She was one of those who stayed behind. We rained down a rain upon them. See the final fate of the evildoers! (7:80-84)

When he (Ibrahim) saw that their hands were not reaching for it, he suspected them and felt afraid of them. They said, ‘Have no fear! We have been sent to the people of Lut.’ (11:70)

When the feeling of fear left Ibrahim, and the good news reached him, he disputed with Us about the people of Lut. (11:74)

When Our messengers came to Lut, he was distressed for them, and very concerned for them, and said, ‘This is a dreadful day.’ His people came running to him excitedly–they were long used to committing evil acts. He said, ‘My people, here are my daughters. They are purer for you. So have fear of Allah and do not shame me with my guests. Is there not one rightly-guided man among you?’ They said, ‘You know we have no claim on your daughters. You know very well what it is we want.’ He said, ‘If only I had the strength to combat you or could take refuge in some powerful support!’ They said, ‘Lut, we are messengers from your Lord. They will not be able to get at you. Set out with your family–except for your wife–in the middle of the night and none of you should look back. What strikes them will strike her as well. Their promised appointment is the morning. Is the morning not close at hand?’ When Our command came, We turned their cities upside down and rained down on them stones of hard baked clay, piled on top of one another in layers, each one earmarked by your Lord. And they are never far from the wrongdoers. (11:77-83)

(Shu‘ayb said,) ‘My people! Do not let your breach with me provoke you into doing wrong so that the same thing happens to you as happened to the people of Nuh and the people of Hud and the people of Salih; and the people of Lut are not far distant from you.’ (11:89)

(Lut said,) ‘Have fear of Allah and do not dishonour me.’ They said, ‘Did we not forbid you to play host to anyone at all?’ He said, ‘Here are my daughters if you are determined to do something.’ By your life! They were wandering blindly in their drunkenness! So the Great Blast seized hold of them at the break of day. We turned the place completely upside down and rained down on them stones of hard-baked clay. There are certainly Signs in that for the discerning. They were beside a road which still exists. There is certainly a Sign in that for the believers. (15:69-77)

We gave right judgement and knowledge to Lut and rescued him from the city which committed disgusting acts. They were evil people who were deviators. We admitted him into Our mercy. He was one of the righteous. (21:74-75)

He (Lut) said, ‘These are my guests so do not put me to shame.’ (15:68)

The people of Lut denied the Messengers, when their brother Lut said to them, ‘Will you not guard against evil? I am a faithful Messenger to you. So have fear of Allah and obey me. I do not ask you for any wage for it. My wage is the responsibility of no one but the Lord of all the worlds. Of all beings, do you lie with males, leaving the wives Allah has created for you? You are a people who have overstepped the limits.’ They said, ‘Lut, if you do not desist you will be expelled.’ He said, ‘I am someone who detests the deed you perpetrate. My Lord, rescue me and my family from what they are doing.’ Therefore We rescued him and all his family–except for an old woman who remained behind. Then We utterly destroyed the rest and made a Rain come pouring down upon them. How evil is the rain of those who are warned! There is certainly a Sign in that, yet most of them are not believers. Truly your Lord is the Almighty, the Most Merciful. (26:160-175)

And when Lut said to his people: ‘Do you approach depravity with open eyes? Do you come with lust to men instead of women? You are a people who are deeply ignorant.’ The only response of his people was to say: ‘Drive the the family of Lut out of your city! They are people who keep themselves pure!’ So We rescued him and his family–except for his wife. We ordained her to be one of those who stayed behind. We rained down a rain upon them. How evil is the rain of those who are warned! Say: ‘Praise be to Allah and peace be upon His servants whom He has chosen.’ Is Allah better, or what you associate with Him? (27:54-59)

He (Ibrahim) said, ‘You have adopted idols apart from Allah as tokens of mutual affection in this world. But then on the Day of Rising you will reject one another and curse one another. The Fire will be your shelter. You will have no helpers.’ And Lut believed in him. He said, ‘I am leaving this place to follow the pleasure of my Lord. He is the Almighty, the All Wise.’ We gave him Ishaq and Ya‘qub and placed Prophethood and the Book among his progeny. We gave him his reward in this world and in the hereafter he will be among the righteous. When Lut said to his people, ‘You are committing an obscenity not perpetrated before you by anyone in all the worlds. Do you lie with men and waylay them on the road and commit depravities within your gatherings?’. The only answer of his people was to say, ‘Bring us Allah’s punishment if you are telling the truth.’ He said, ‘My Lord, help me against the people of corruption!’ When Our messengers came with the good news to Ibrahim, they said, ‘We are going to destroy the people of this city. Truly its inhabitants are wrongdoers.’ He said, ‘Lut is in it.’ They said, ‘We know very well who is in it. We are going to rescue him and his family–except for his wife. She will be one of those who stay behind.’ When Our Messengers came to Lut, he was distressed on their account, feeling incapable of protecting them. They said, ‘Do not fear and do not grieve. We are going to rescue you and your family–except for your wife; she will be one of those who stay behind. We will bring down on the inhabitants of this city a devastating punishment from heaven because of their deviance.’ We have left a Clear Sign of them behind for people who use their intellect. (29:25-35)

And Lut was one of the Messengers. When We rescued him and all his family–except an old woman among those who stayed behind. Then We utterly destroyed the rest. And you pass by them in the daytime and at night. So will you not use your intellect? (37:133-138)

And Thamud and the people of Lut and the Companions of the Thicket. Those too were Confederates. (38:13)

And ‘Ad and Pharaoh and the brothers of Lut. (50:13)

The people of Lut denied the warnings. We unleashed a sudden squall of stones against all of them, except the family of Lut, who We rescued before dawn. It was a blessing direct from Our presence. That is how We recompense those who give thanks. He warned them of Our onslaught but they dismissed the warnings. They even wanted to seduce his guests! So We put out their eyes: ‘Taste My punishment and warnings!’ Early morning brought them enduring punishment: ‘Taste My punishment and warnings!’ (54:33-39)

 

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