No Room for Chance at The Molecular Level
Over the last few hundred years, thousands of scientists have researched how the universe, the Earth, all living things and humanity came into existence. With the greatest care, they have examined the structures giving rise to living things. Billions of dollars have been invested in recent years, and mankind as a whole has attached the greatest importance and priority to all this study. Yet all these endeavors in the field of science clearly reveal the artistry created by Allah's sublime knowledge. There is a magnificent complexity, and thus a great intellect, in every part of the universe, even in a single speck of dust.
Gerald Schroeder, a well-known scientific writer and scientist, has worked in the fields of physics and biology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and has made particularly important comments on this subject. Schroeder begins his book Science Reveals the Ultimate Truth with these words: "A single consciousness, an all-encompassing wisdom, pervades the universe. The discoveries of science, those that search the quantum nature of subatomic matter, those that explore the molecular complexity, of biology, and those that probe the brain/mind interface, have moved us to the brink of a startling realization: ‘all existence is the expression of this wisdom.' In the laboratories we experience it as information first physically articulated as energy and then condensed into the form of matter. Every particle, every being, from atom to human, appears to have within it a level of information, of conscious wisdom." 70
Despite being the most intelligent entities in creation, human beings have difficulty in unraveling the secrets of this absolute omniscience. For that reason, any thinking person of good conscience can see the infinite supremacy of Allah, the Lord of this intelligence and artistry that surrounds us in every respect. Every new esteemed, awarded, and applauded discovery is the work of this infinite Intelligence that has existed forever and will continue to exist forever.
Since the first creation of the universe, every detail has been brought into being and maintained in a perfect manner. DNA, discovered only in recent decades, has contained the code of life and carried out its functions in all living things for millions of years. The human genome, a map of which science has been able to produce only in the last few years, has determined the physical features of all human beings, from the first human to those living today. The chlorophyll molecule, which still cannot be replicated in a laboratory environment, has been carrying out photosynthesis since the first plant appeared. Humans are delighted that after a period of millions of years, even a part of this has been discovered. All this reveals humanity's helplessness before Allah, and His sublime intelligence and knowledge. Allah reveals this fact in His verses:
O humanity! You are the poor in need of Allah whereas Allah is the Rich Beyond Need, the Praiseworthy. If He wills He can dispense with you and bring about a new creation. That is not difficult for Allah. (Surah Fatir: 15-17)
The Invalidity of Claims of Coincidence
Despite all these facts, some people still seek to elevate themselves, rather than admitting their own helplessness. Their sole aim is to deny the existence of Allah and to seek deities apart from Him. Some of these people are materialists and Darwinists, who believe that chance is the only creative force, for which reason they subscribe to the theory of evolution. Though all their claims in all spheres have been proven incorrect, they continue to suggest that coincidences worked miracles. They do so because admitting their errors would mean they must also admit the existence of Allah. Therefore, they have no reservations about supporting the theory of evolution and other theses of materialist philosophy, despite the fact that these have been invalidated, scientifically and logically.
But the law of Allah and His creations are far more magnificent than the unbelievers ever expected, or wished. The smaller the realm they investigated and the deeper they delved into the microworld, the more they encountered a world of a perfection they never imagined. As you have already seen, materialist philosophy and the theory of evolution—the applied form of that philosophy—have deified chance. According to this philosophy, all of life and the balances and systems that affect life—in short, everything—came into being by chance. This superstitious belief states that cells came together accidentally, giving rise to proteins, cells, complex organisms, complex organs like the liver, eye, heart, brain and nervous system, and eventually, to man himself.
A combination of coincidences led to plants, flowers with their different colors, giant trees, and fruits of various kinds. In the view of materialists and evolutionists, coincidences are so expert and intelligent that they can give rise to life forms requiring scrupulous care, measurement and delicate ratios with no mistakes, without trial and error, and flawlessly, in enormous complexity. For many years, evolutionists have no qualms about putting forward this ridiculous logic and imposing it on others. The theory of evolution, which takes this claim as its starting point, has received wide acceptance everywhere, from schoolbooks to newspapers. For that reason, many people imagine it's based on a logical foundation. In fact, however, the foundation of the theory consists solely of coincidental resemblances among species.
Coincidences are random events that take place in an unplanned, uncontrolled manner. If you install even a single screw randomly in a clock, it is impossible to endow that clock with any positive attribute. An uncontrolled event taking place within an exceedingly controlled system can only ruin it. Therefore, coincidences can never give rise to more complex systems, and cannot have any positive effect on ones that already exist. Even assuming that a single coincidence could be useful, coincidences that follow will eliminate that benefit by inflicting other damage. To cite an example from daily life, any random intervention in a computer's circuits will damage the system. The mechanism will probably cease to function. The more complex a system, the more harmful any random events will be. In such situations, a single chance event causes an error that cannot be rectified and totally collapses the system.
The more progress is made by science and technology, and the better are understood the details that give rise to life, especially the cell, the greater the concern experienced by Darwinists. In their view, when life began in the beginning, a living cell must have come into existence spontaneously and through random events. In fact, however, the cell is so complex that realizing this fact led evolutionists to engage in all sorts of new, imaginary accounts. A random event that might take place in just one of the cell's mechanisms will cause its death and disappearance.
Increasingly sensitive mechanisms are among the main concerns to materialists and Darwinists. Their theory cannot account for the emergence of a single cell, much less explain away all its sub-components. Therefore, no materialist explanation can be given for the origin of the tiny building blocks of matter. For that reason, such great and incomparable splendor at the molecular level has always seriously worried Darwinists.
Basic Principles Cause Darwinism's Collapse
Science still has no answer to the question of what factors underlie these laws that regulate the entire universe; what causes they are based on and whether they depend on any such causes; why they are as they are and not otherwise; and how it is that a hydrogen atom, which looks so simple, in fact possesses the potential ability to give birth to a whole universe. In the same way, we have no answer to the question of what senses we possess before we are born. 71
These words of the well-known evolutionist author Hoimar von Ditfurth clearly reveal that a materialist and evolutionist cannot account for the laws that regulate the universe.
No matter how much materialists and evolutionists may ascribe the order in the universe and origins of life to chance, they can never explain their claims in terms of science, intelligence and logic. It is highly illogical, for example, to maintain that the magnificent features seen at the molecular level could have arisen by chance. A chance event at the molecular level would eliminate all matter and turn the universe into a cloud of floating atoms. A chance event at the molecular level will either adhere electrons to the atom nucleus, or else entirely detach them, reducing the universe to a soup of subatomic particles. Everything in the world of the atom, the elements that comprise this world, the forces acting upon them, the geometric shapes they assume—in short, everything—is sensitively based on exceedingly minute and finely calculated balances. If any one of the four basic forces were even slightly different, then today's universe might consist of nothing more than radiation.
Anyone who declares, "I believe in chance emergence," must be able to answer these questions: How did coincidences give rise to the atom? How did they manage to keep these particles together in a very special equilibrium and speed? If the four basic forces were determined by chance, then how did they arrive at the ideal calibrations levels to constitute the atom? Why did electrons acquire orbits? And why did these orbits have to possess electrons numbering 2, 8, 16, and so on? Why are these numbers ideally suited for the emergence of elements (carbon, for instance) that permit the molecular bonds essential to life? Why do atoms need to complete the specific number of electrons in their orbits and thus make chemical bonds possible? Can coincidences make decisions? How have those coincidences managed to keep electrons in different orbits around the atom, and why should every atom seek to obtain eight electrons in its outer shell? How could the coincidental coming together of a few particles have given rise to the universe, the stars, the air, matter, and humanity? How is it that two substances, sodium and chlorine—one explosive and the other toxic—come together by chance to constitute delicious and essential salt?
Beyond these physical and chemical criteria, what explanation of the origin of life, —which cannot be accounted for in terms of such "laws of nature"—can evolutionists offer? Since chemical and physical reactions cannot give rise to living organisms, by what coincidences could these organisms have come into being? Faced with the fact that the chances of coincidence giving rise to a single protein are effectively zero, what response can evolutionists give?
What is the origin of DNA? What coincidences decided that a cell should be alive, and a stone inanimate? What coincidence could have built a DNA molecule inside a cell and endowed it with information? What coincidence decided that loose or strong bonds should be formed where appropriate, without making a single error? What kind of random event was able to give every one of the molecules inside the cell a separate and flawless sequence? How did these coincidences become more intelligent than human beings, scientists and professors? How are they able to consider details of all kinds, make no mistakes and bring together aesthetics, artistry, practicality and magnificence?
Though every atom's protons, neutrons and electrons are the same, how did coincidence make hydrogen and iron into separate elements, and make carbon the basis of life? What coincidence decided that one molecule should be toxic, another edible and yet another drinkable? Is it possible for coincidences to be conscious and intelligent, to plan ahead, and make decisions and delicate calculations?
These questions, whose general lines we have posed in considering the properties of molecules, have always represented a major dilemma for materialists and Darwinists. Materialist circles and supporters of evolution are perfectly well aware of the answers to these questions, but can never openly state them. Indeed, even they sometimes have to confess to themselves that their claims are groundless. Despite being a dyed-in-the-wool evolutionist, Hoimar von Ditfurth is one to make such admissions:
If dozens of mutual relationships ... of which we have only become aware as the result of centuries of experiments and a great deal of hard work by scientists, are not sources of amazement and astonishment, genuine awe, then what will be? There is an endless list of astonishing natural phenomena that we have learned only as the result of scientific research, from the dimensions of the universe and the laws governing the rate of expansion of stars to the relationship between matter and energy, and from the events taking place in the cell nucleus, in which is stored the blueprint for a living organism to the discovery of the electrical currents in our brains. . . . Indeed, looking at the unique properties inherent in the formation of a single protein performing biological functions, it appears impossible to account for the atoms needing to combine at the right moment, in the correct sequence, and with the correct electrical and mechanical properties, to do so by chance.72
In fact, materialism is unable to account for the origin of a single one of the millions of atoms in the tip of a pencil in your hand and how it came into equilibrium.
This should come as no surprise. Everyone who does not believe in Allah will sooner or later encounter defeat. The truth will always emerge and be victorious: This is the law of Allah. Even if the whole world does all in its power, it can still never change or eliminate the truth. Materialists and Darwinists unable to see this are in fact engaged in hollow endeavors, whose results will harm only them. Armed with stubborn superstitions, they fight against the truth, but will never be able to achieve their aims at any stage of this struggle. It is impossible for them to bring their endeavors to a successful conclusion. This is revealed in the Qur'an:
Say: "Truth has come and falsehood has vanished. Falsehood is always bound to vanish." (Surat al-Isra': 81)
In any case, the truth always reveals itself and its superiority. Failure to see this—and in particular, being part of the scientific world and still unable to see this—is possible only from a desire not to see. Indeed, in the life of this world the distinction between the two emerges. This is the place where people are tested for a just weighing in the Hereafter. This world has been created to introduce for those who see the existence of and appreciate Allah and for those who seek to deny His existence and deviate onto the path of denial. In the life of this world, there is a need for such a comparison in order for superstition to be seen as false, and the truth as truth. Never forget that the proponents of superstition will inevitably be vanquished and for ignoring the magnificent creation and absolute existence of Allah, will receive an unexpected recompense in the Hereafter, whose existence they once doubted.
They said "Glory be to You!