The Evolution Deceit

The Prophet Jesus (as) and Hazrat Mahdi will come this century

DOWNLOAD THE BOOK

Download (DOC)
Read Online
Download (PDF)
Buy The Book
Comments

CHAPTERS OF THE BOOK

< <
34 / total: 34

APPENDIX I -
THE ERROR OF THE COLLECTIVE PERSONALITY CONCERNING THE PROPHET JESUS (AS) AND
HAZRAT MAHDI (AS)

The Error of the Collective Personality Concerning the Prophet Jesus (as) and Hazrat Mahdi (as)

It is revealed in verses of the Qur'an that the Prophet Jesus (as) did not die but was taken into the Presence of Allah, and that he will return again to Earth to the accompaniment of various portents. Our Prophet (saas) has also revealed in great detail in the hadiths that the Prophet Jesus (as) will miraculously return to Earth in the End Times and will bring peace, justice and felicity to the world by uniting Christians and Muslims in a common faith around Islam. These statements and signs in the Qur'an and the hadiths of our Prophet (saas) are too clear and detailed as to leave no room for any doubts.

Bediuzzaman has also provided detailed information regarding the appearance of the Prophet Jesus (as) and Hazrat Mahdi (as) in his works. Among this information are comprehensive statement concerning at what time and in what sort of climate Hazrat Mahdi (as) will appear, what kind of activities he will undertake, his helpers, his struggle, and how, together with the Prophet Jesus (as), he will be instrumental in Qur'anic moral values prevailing on Earth.

Yet although Said Nursi's statements on these matters are very clear and distinct, the subject of the Prophet Jesus (as) and Hazrat Mahdi (as) may sometimes be misunderstood. Some people have clichéd responses to give whenever the subject is raised. When asked, "Will an individual known as Hazrat Mahdi (as) appear in the End Times?" For example, they reply, "No, Hazrat Mahdi (as) will not come, a collective personality will come," or "Hazrat Mahdi (as) has already come. Because the Mahdi is a collective personality; that is the Mahdi who will appear. His collective personality already exists." In the same way, when asked, "Will the Prophet Jesus (as) come to Earth a second time?" they respond, "No. The Prophet Jesus (as) will not return; the Prophet Jesus (as) himself will not descend to Earth, he will be in the world as a collective personality," or "The collective personality of the Prophet Jesus (as) has already come, as has the collective personality of Hazrat Mahdi (as)." Some people try to back up their ideas by using the words of Bediuzzaman, saying, "In his works, Bediuzzaman has not made any clear statements regarding the coming of the Prophet Jesus (as) and Hazrat Mahdi (as)."

Yet this perspective is exceedingly mistaken and false. All these clichéd responses express solely a personal opinion, based on no evidence, maybe due to force of habit or else that has taken root in the public subconscious. Bediuzzaman has actually described the coming of the Prophet Jesus (as) and Hazrat Mahdi (as) in very clear terms; he has expressly stated that these personages awaited in the End Times will both appear as individuals, not as collective personalities.

In addition, a collective personality, the representation of his spiritual identity, forms around every prophet and messenger of Allah. This grouping and movement, consisting of people who follow the messenger, take him as a role model, and observe his message, constitute his collective personality. It is, however, evident that one cannot speak of an individual's collective personality in the absence of the individual himself. The fact that every community of the faithful has a leader is a law of Allah revealed in the Qur'an. Therefore, in using the term "collective personalit", Bediuzzaman uses it in the sense of the law of Allah revealed in the Qur'an.

Indeed, in employing the term collective personality in reference to his own followers and works, Bediuzzaman Said Nursi is again at the head of that collective personality. His works and followers who observe them are part of the collective personality of the Risale-i Nur, although Bediuzzaman, leader of the Nur movement, cannot be regarded as distinct from the term.

When the Prophet Jesus (as) returns to Earth there will be a community that forms, consisting of those people close to him, and the Prophet Jesus (as) will be at its head. In the same way that there can be no collective personality in the absence of the individual with regard to all the other prophets, so neither can there be in the case of the Prophet Jesus (as). The words of Bediuzzaman quoted below are sufficiently clear as to leave no room for any debate over the issue.

The Prophet Jesus (as) will Return to Earth

The term "individual" that Bediuzzaman uses to refer to the Prophet Jesus (as) reveals that he is not a "collective personality".

• Then the person of the Prophet Jesus (as), who is present with his human body in the world of the heavens, will come to lead the current of true religion... (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Letters, p. 79)

... even sends the spirits of most of the dead saints to the world with similitude of their bodies, it would not be far from His Wisdom -even if he was not alive and present with his body in the skies of the world, and had truly died and departed for the furthest corner of the Hereafter- to clothe the Prophet Jesus (as) in his body and send him to the world, ... for such a momentous result. Indeed He promised it because His wisdom required it to be thus, and since He promised it, He will most certainly send him. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Letters, p. 80)

In this passage Bediuzzaman says that the Prophet Jesus (as) who is currently in the world of the heavens will return to Earth in his human body and will assume leadership of the true faith. It is clear that Bediuzzaman does not refer to a collective personality here, but rather to an individual. This is clear from his use of the term "human body". If he had wanted to say that the Prophet Jesus (as) would return to Earth as a collective personality, Bediuzzaman Said Nursi would not have referred to "clothing him in his body".

• Yes, with the words of that hadith, the descent from the heavens of the Prophet Jesus (as) is certain... (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Kastamonu Addendum, pp. 80-82)

In this statement, Bediuzzaman says that "the coming of the Prophet Jesus (as) is a certain fact", using a language that makes it clear that the Prophet Jesus (as) is not a collective personality.

• Our Prophet (saas) has indicated this great secret: The Prophet Jesus (as) will come, and be of my community and act with my law. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Sunuhat-Tuluat-Isharat, p. 59)

It again appears from Bediuzzaman's statement that the Prophet Jesus (as) will act with the law of our Prophet (saas) that he will come to Earth as a human being, not as a collective personality. If he were referring to a collective identity, it would be impossible for such an entity to "act."

• When the Prophet Jesus (as) comes, it is not necessary that everyone should know him to be the true Jesus. His elect and those close to him will recognize him through the light of belief. It will not be self-evident so that everyone will recognize him. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Letters, p. 80)

Several words in this extract from Bediuzzaman reveal that the Prophet Jesus (as) will be an individual, not a collective personality:
-... the true Jesus
-... When the Prophet Jesus (as) comes,
-... it is not necessary that everyone should know HIM to be the true Jesus...
-... HIS elect and those close to him will recognize HIM through the light of belief.
-... It will not be self-evident so that everyone will recognize HIM...

These five terms used by Bediuzzaman Said Nursi also suggest that he is referring to the Prophet Jesus (as) as a human being. It appears from the term "the true Jesus" in particular that the reference here is to a person, and his difference from other people is made clear in that expression.

According to the following expressions, 1 – The Prophet Jesus (as) will return. 2- Not everyone will recognize the Prophet Jesus (as) as the anticipated prophet, 3 – only those close to him will recognize him, 4 – society as a whole will not recognize him. The concept of "recognition" applies in three of these statements, and that can only be possible when used in terms of a person. A collective personality cannot have people close to it; and there is no possibility of people recognizing a collective personality. These statements all therefore show that the Prophet Jesus (as) is not a collective identity. In addition, Bediuzzaman uses the words "HE" and "HIS" which again apply to a person and this again reveals he is referring to the Prophet Jesus (as) as an individual, not as a collective identity.

• … In fact, even the descent of the Prophet Jesus (as) and that he HIMSELF is the Prophet Jesus (as), can only be known by the light of faith; not everyone will know. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, The Rays / The Fifth Ray, p. 99)

The situation described above also applies to these words of Bediuzzaman's. Here, too, he stresses the fact that the Prophet Jesus (as) will come to Earth as a human being.

-... the descent of the Prophet Jesus (as) …
-… he HIMSELF is the Prophet Jesus (as)…
-… can only be known by the light of faith;
-… not everyone will know.

First and foremost, Bediuzzaman speaks of the descent of the Prophet Jesus (as). This shows that the Prophet Jesus (as) will come with a physical body, not as a collective identity.

Bediuzzaman reveals that when the Prophet Jesus (as) first returns he will not know who he is, but he will realize it later. It is clear that no collective personality can have such awareness and consciousness. Only a person can know who he is and the circumstances in which he finds himself. This is also confirmed by the use of the word "he."

Bediuzzaman Said Nursi says that the people around the Prophet Jesus (as) will only be able to recognize him as the awaited prophet of the End Times through the light of their faith. It is clear that people will recognize "an anticipated individual" and not a collective personality.

• ... representing the collective personality of Christianity, the Prophet Jesus (as) will kill the antichrist, who represents the collective personality of irreligion. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Letters, First Letter, p. 23)

In this extract Bediuzzaman describes the collective personality of Christianity. As can be seen from his description, a collective personality does not represent a collective personality. This can be seen from the answers to these two questions:

- One individual represents the collective personality of Christianity. Who is that? The Prophet Jesus (as).

- Who does the Prophet Jesus (as) represent? The collective personality of Christianity.

The answers to these questions clearly reveal that Bediuzzaman refers to the Prophet Jesus (as) and the collective identity as separate concepts.

• It could only be a wondrous person with the power of miracles ... And that person will be the Prophet Jesus (as), who is the prophet of the majority of mankind, and whom most people follow. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, The Rays / The Fifth Ray - Second Station, p. 109)

In this statement by Bediuzzaman the Prophet Jesus (as) is described as a person, not two or three people. And it is again emphasized that the Prophet Jesus (as) will come as a person, not as a collective personality. These words all appear in the singular and all refer to "a single person," not a collective entity.

Bediuzzaman also refers to someone possessing the miracles that can eliminate the deeds of the antichrist. He says that the Prophet Jesus (as) is the only person who can work these miracles. Since it is impossible for a collective personality to work miracles, this again is a clear reference to the Prophet Jesus (as) as an individual.

• ... Christian community but worthy of being called "Muslim Christians," ... will kill and rout that society of the antichrist under the leadership of the Prophet Jesus (as) ... (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Letters / Twenty - Ninth Letter - Seventh Section, p. 516)

In this passage Bediuzzaman reveals that a group of Muslims will strive against the antichrist under the leadership of the Prophet Jesus (as): he refers separately to the Prophet Jesus (as) and his community.

• ... the spiritual community of those struggling [in Allah's cause] who will recognize the Prophet Jesus (as) through the light of faith and follow him... (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, The Rays / The Fifth Ray - Second Station, p. 111)

Bediuzzaman refers to the Prophet Jesus (as) being recognized by the radiance of faith. This also shows that he is referring to the Prophet Jesus (as) as a person, not as a collective personality.

In addition, here, as in the above passage, the reference is to a community that will follow a person, the Prophet Jesus (as) in other words, and the matter is clarified by the community being referred to separately from the Prophet Jesus (as).

• "The Prophet Jesus (as) will come and will perform the obligatory prayers behind Hazrat Mahdi (as) and follow him," alludes to this union, and to the sovereignty of the Qur'an and its being followed. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, The Rays / The Fifth Ray - Second Station, p. 109)

In this quotation Bediuzzaman describes how the Prophet Jesus (as) and Hazrat Mahdi (as) will perform the prayer (salat) together. This reference, which appears in many completely reliable hadiths, shows that the Prophet Jesus (as) and Hazrat Mahdi (as) will enjoy a dialogue between them and will lead believers personally, in their physical bodies. This is yet further evidence that the Prophet Jesus (as) and Hazrat Mahdi (as) are both individuals, not collective entities. By Allah's will, when he returns the Prophet Jesus (as) will maintain the observance of salat that he observed on his first time on Earth. This is revealed as follows in the Qur'an:

He [Jesus] said, "I am the servant of Allah, He has given me the Book and made me a Prophet. He has made me blessed wherever I am and directed me to perform the prayer and give the alms as long as I live." (Surah Maryam, 30-31)

Hazrat Mahdi (as) Who will Come in the End Times is Not A Collective Personality

The coming of Hazrat Mahdi (as), a blessed and valuable individual whose coming in the End Times is foretold by our Prophet (saas), who will eliminate corruption (fitnah) on Earth, and who will bring peace, justice, plenty, security, happiness and well-being to all the world, is something that the Islamic community has been awaiting for hundreds of years. Indeed, the fact that the great majority of the events revealed as portents of the coming of Hazrat Mahdi (as) have taken place one after the other is a clear sign that his appearance is close at hand. There are verses in the Qur'an alluding to the coming of Hazrat Mahdi (as), whose name, attributes and actions are described in detail in many hadiths of our Prophet (saas). In the light of all this information, the subject of Hazrat Mahdi (as) is too certain not to permit any controversy and can clearly be understood by any rational person of good conscience.

Bediuzzaman Said Nursi's statements are also compatible with the signs in the Qur'an and the hadiths of the Prophet (saas). However, there is a common misunderstanding regarding the concept of "collective personality" that Bediuzzaman employs in his works concerning Hazrat Mahdi (as). It is very clear and certain from the accounts and the statements made by Islamic scholars that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will not be a collective personality, but a blessed individual who has been described in great detail in terms of his physical characteristics, character and moral values and even family background. Like all the messengers before him, of course, Hazrat Mahdi (as) will also have a collective personality. It is even narrated that this collective personality will encapsulate the whole world. But Hazrat Mahdi (as) will also be an individual in charge of his own tasks. Therefore, Hazrat Mahdi (as) is the imam who will lead his collective personality and followers. Various statements by Bediuzzaman in his writings make this crystal clear. The passages taken from Bediuzzaman below are too evident and clear not to permit any controversry on the subject of Hazrat Mahdi (as) representing a blessed individual, not a collective entity.

Bediuzzaman's referral to Hazrat Mahdi (as) as "that person" or "that individual" clarifies any misunderstanding regarding the concept of "collective personality."

• ... THOSE INDIVIDUALS OF THE END TIMES will be known through the insight of the light of belief. (The Words / Twenty-Fourth Word - Third Branch, p. 355)

Moreover, they imagined the mighty works pertaining to the collective identity or community which those individuals represent to be in their persons and expounded them in that way, so that they ascribed a form to them whereby when those extraordinary individuals [the Prophet Jesus (as) and Hazrat Mahdi (as)] appear, everyone will recognize them. (The Words / Twenty-Fourth Word - THIRD BRANCH - EIGHTH PRINCIPLE)

- The term "INDIVIDUALS of the End Times" here clearly reveals that the Prophet Jesus (as) and Hazrat Mahdi (as) are not collective personalities.

- The way that Bediuzzaman says that these people who will be coming in the End Times will be "recognized through the light of faith" shows that he means that the Prophet Jesus (as) and Hazrat Mahdi (as) will not come as collective personalities. As set out previously in the context of the Prophet Jesus (as), the verb "recognize" can only apply to people. It is of course out of the question to recognize whether or not a collective personality is itself.

• ... Yet THAT GREAT PERSONAGE OF THE END TIMES WILL BE FROM THE AHL AL-BAYT (descended from the Prophet [saas])… (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Emirdag Addendum, pp. 247-250; Rays, p. 442)
• To oppose him [the Sufyan], a radiant individual called Muhammad Mahdi of the Family of the Prophet will come to lead the people of sainthood and mature faith, who are bound to the luminous chain of the Family of the Prophet, and he will kill and scatter the movement of hypocrites, which will be the collective personality of the Sufyan... (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Letters / Fifteenth Letter, p. 79)

- In this extract, in the words "that great personage of the End Times", Bediuzzaman makes it clear that Hazrat Mahdi (as) is not a collective personality.

• … That person will make a program of research already conducted by that community and writing, by which he will have fulfilled his first duty. The force and spiritual host on which that duty depends consist of followers who are in full possession of the qualities of purity and loyalty and solidarity. No matter how few in number, they are regarded as being as powerful and valuable as a spiritual army. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Emirdag Addendum, pp. 266-267)

In this extract Bediuzzaman refers to Hazrat Mahdi (as) separately from his community by addressing him as "that person."

• ... Said stated in his objections, saying: "I am not a sayyid, and HAZRAT MAHDI (AS) WILL BE A SAYYID [from the descent of our Prophet (saas)]," and thus refuted them. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, The Rays / The Fourteenth Ray, p. 407)

… And I told them: "I am not a sayyid [descended from our Prophet (saas)]. Descendants are unknown in this time. However, that great person of the End Times will be from the Ahl al-Bayt [be descended from the Prophet (saas)]. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Emirdag Addendum, p. 267)

In the above three passages Bediuzzaman states that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will be a person, a sayyid, in other words a descendant of the Prophet (saas). It can be seen from this expression that he is not referring to Hazrat Mahdi (as) as a collective personality. It is impossible for a collective personality to be descended from another human being. One would have to be a human being in order to be descended from our Prophet (saas), which is what Bediuzzaman is clearly stressing in his words.

• I believe I am a servant of this wondrous person who will appear in the future, a rear-guard to set a background for him, and a pioneering soldier of that great commander... (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Barla Addendum, p. 162)

These descriptions by Bediuzzaman represent significant evidence that Hazrat Mahdi (as) is a person, not a collective personality. In the words "a wondrous person," Bediuzzaman is making it clear that Hazrat Mahdi (as) is an individual. In addition, Bediuzzaman draws attention to his quality of "commander." There is no question of a collective personality being a commander.

Furthermore, while stating that he could only be the servant of this "wondrous person" in the great duty Hazrat Mahdi (as) would undertake, Bediuzzaman Said Nursi once again emphasized that Hazrat Mahdi (as) is a person:

• Since His custom has proceeded in this way, certainly, at the time of the greatest corruption at the end of time, He will send a mujtahid (a scholar who derives legal rulings), a mujaddid (reviver), and a judge, and ruler, and a Mahdi, and a guide to the true path, and a Qutb al-Azam (a great saint to whom Muslims adhere) and a radiant individual, and that person will be from the Family of the Prophet (saas). (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Letters / Twenty - Ninth Letter - Seventh Section, p. 515)

... mujtahid (a scholar who derives legal rulings)
... mujaddid (reviver)
... judge
... Mahdi
... guide to the true path
... Qutb al-Azam
... a radiant individual

- The attributes that Bediuzzaman employs in this passage are attributes referring to a single person, as is apparent from their meaning. In addition, Bediuzzaman Said Nursi refers to Hazrat Mahdi (as) as a radiant person. If Bediuzzaman had wanted to emphasize that Hazrat Mahdi (as) is a collective personality, he would have referred to a "radiant collective personality" and not to a "radiant individual." Moreover, the use of the word "a" here also makes the matter quite clear. The word "individual" is in any case an expression of a singular concept. The term employed is "an individual" not "two" or "people."

Bediuzzaman's use of the word "and" in referring to Hazrat Mahdi (as) and his community is further evidence he is dealing with two separate concepts.

• Until the true lords of the broad sphere of life, Hazrat Mahdi (as) and his followers come in the End Times, by Almighty Allah's leave, and broaden that sphere and cause those seeds to flourish. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, The Ratifying Stamp of the Unseen, p. 172; Kastamonu Addendum, p. 72)

Here, too, Bediuzzaman clearly states that Hazrat Mahdi (as) and his community are two distinct concepts. He refers to Hazrat Mahdi (as) and his followers as separate concepts; Hazrat Mahdi (as) himself and his followers. The word "and" puts the matter beyond a doubt. These two are distinct from one another and when they come together, then they constitute the collective personality of Hazrat Mahdi (as).

• These three qualities being present at one time in one person or community, and their being perfect and not impairing one another seems very remote, or even impossible in this age. In the End Times, they can only come together in Hazrat Mahdi and the collective personality of his community, who represent the radiant community of the Ahl al-Bayt [the line of our Prophet (saas)]. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Kastamonu Addendum, p. 139; The Ratifying Stamp of the Unseen, p. 186)

In this extract, too, Hazrat Mahdi (as) and the collective personality of his community are separated by the word "and." This means that Hazrat Mahdi (as) and the collective personality represent two distinct concepts. Therefore, Hazrat Mahdi (as) and his collective personality are two different things.

• … The collective personality of the holy community represented by Hazrat Mahdi (as) has three duties. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Emirdag Addendum, p. 265)

In this passage, Bediuzzaman refers to the collective personality of the community of Hazrat Mahdi (as) having three great duties to perform. Hazrat Mahdi (as) represents the collective personality of this community and is the person at their head. But it is the collective personality of this holy community that will perform this task. Bediuzzaman's statement shows that Hazrat Mahdi's (as) collective personality and his "person" are to be considered separately.

• ... It is a truth as powerful as the sun that THIS GLORIOUS PERSON will bring about the trust and neutralize the concerns of those who doubt the likelihood of his command. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Barla Addendum, p. 110)

Bediuzzaman's use of the term "this glorious person" again shows that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will come as a person.

• The most important and greatest and most valuable of the three duties of THE PERSON AWAITED BY THE COMMUNITY AND WHO WILL COME IN THE END TIMES is to spread the true faith and to save believers from deviation... (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, The Ratifying Stamp of the Unseen, p. 9)

Here, too, Bediuzzaman makes it clear that Hazrat Mahdi (as) is not a collective personality by saying he is "a person...who will come in the End Times."

• It appears from this truth that THIS HOLY PERSON WHO WILL COME LATER… (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, The Ratifying Stamp of the Unseen, p. 9)

In this extract Bediuzzaman reiterates that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will come as a person, by referring to him as "this holy person".

• ... There are such intellectual trends at that time that even IF THAT PERSON WHO IS TRULY AWAITED and WILL COME IN A CENTURY'S TIME comes at that time, since he takes everything for his own account... (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Kastamonu Addendum, p. 57)

- Bediuzzaman refers to Hazrat Mahdi (as) as that "awaited person." Not as "that awaited collective personality". The reference here to "that person" removes all doubt on the subject.

- Bediuzzaman says that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will come "in a century's time". The verb "come" is one that can only be used of a person, and it can therefore clearly be seen that Bediuzzaman is referring to Hazrat Mahdi (as) as a person.

• In the narrations are various different prophecies about HAZRAT MAHDI (ra), who is one of the signs of the end of time and will be FROM THE FAMILY OF THE PROPHET. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, The Rays / The Fifth Ray - Second Station, p. 112)

• … THAT PERSON will strive to perform his great duty with the help of all believers and the assistance of the Islamic union, and of scholars and saints and of millions of loyal people from the Ahl al-Bayt [the line of our Prophet (saas)] present powerfully and in large numbers every century. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Emirdag Addendum, pp. 266-267)

In this extract, Bediuzzaman again states, in the words "that person", that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will come as an individual. Furthermore, by referring to the great task Hazrat Mahdi (as) will perform he again states that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will discharge his duties as a person, not as a collective personality.

• ... But flowers appear in the spring, and the ground has to be prepared for sacred flowers such as that. I understood that with this service of ours we are preparing the ground for THOSE LUMINOUS PEOPLE. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Letters / Twenty - Eighth Letter - Seventh Matter, p. 436)

In this extract, Bediuzzaman again uses the word "people" for these holy individuals who will come in the End Times. By saying that he has prepared the ground for these people he makes it clear that the Prophet Jesus (as) and Hazrat Mahdi (as) are not collective personalities.

• … to protect believers from madness [prevent them straying from the true path]; HAZRAT MAHDI will have no time and be in no state to PERSONALLY perform that duty since it requires to abandon the whole world, leaving nothing behind, and much research... (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Emirdag Addendum, pp. 266-267)

The word "personally" that Bediuzzaman uses here is another proof that Hazrat Mahdi (as) is not a collective personality.

Bediuzzaman makes other emphases in this passage that also show that Hazrat Mahdi (as) is a person:
1 – Hazrat Mahdi (as) has a duty he will discharge. That means Hazrat Mahdi (as) is an individual.
2 – Hazrat Mahdi (as) will be occupied with his other duties and will have no time to perform that task himself.
"Being busy and not having enough time" are conditions that only apply to people. There is no question of a collective personality being busy or not having enough time.

• Certainly, the elevated ardor in that huge force will surge up and HAZRAT MAHDI SHALL COME TO LEAD IT, GUIDING IT TO THE WAY OF TRUTH AND REALITY. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Letters / Twenty - Ninth Letter - Seventh Section, p. 516)

Bediuzzaman states that another of Hazrat Mahdi's (as) duties is to guide people to the truth. He says that in performing that task "Hazrat Mahdi (as) will personally lead it," a clear statement that Hazrat Mahdi (as) is an individual.

• ... To give the name of THE INDIVIDUAL TO COME, recalling his three duties at once, would be wrong… (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, The Ratifying Stamp of the Unseen, p. 9)

Bediuzzaman also speaks of "the individual to come," confirmation that Hazrat Mahdi (as) is not a collective personality. He refers to "Hazrat Mahdi" (as) and the "collective personality of his community" as two distinct concepts.

• ... THE PEOPLE who will disperse the darkness in a century's time may be THE FOLLOWERS OF HAZRAT MAHDI." (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Rays, p. 605)

-... who will disperse the darkness in a century's time...
-... the followers of Hazrat Mahdi (as)

1- Bediuzzaman says that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will have followers. It is clear that in order for Hazrat Mahdi (as) to have a community he will have to be present at its head as a person. It is otherwise impossible for him to have a community without his being an individual.

2- This community of Hazrat Mahdi (as) will form one century after Bediuzzaman's own time, and all oppression and darkness will be eliminated by means of that community. As has already been made clear, the existence of these followers is only possible with Hazrat Mahdi (as) existing as a person.

• ... We anticipate from the Divine mercy that HIS community and the community of the sayyid will perform these duties. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Emirdag Addendum, p. 265)

• Hazrat Mahdi's radiant community... (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Letters / Twenty - Ninth Letter - Seventh Section, p. 516)

-... His community...
-... Hazrat Mahdi's radiant community...

In the above two extracts, Bediuzzaman states that there will be a community consisting of Hazrat Mahdi's (as) followers. This community is the collective personality that will form Hazrat Mahdi (as) being at its head. "The community of Hazrat Mahdi (as)" refers to a society headed by Hazrat Mahdi (as) and made up of people who follow him and abide by his message. However, the most important feature of this community is the presence of Hazrat Mahdi (as), the person who forms this collective personality. Therefore, Bediuzzaman's concept of "Hazrat Mahdi's (as) radiant community" again shows that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will come as a person.

Bediuzzaman has made it clear in the passages about the duties of Hazrat Mahdi (as) that he is a person and not a collective personality.

1) Also, THE CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE GREAT MAHDI do not fit the narrations alluding to the earlier Mahdis, and these have become allegorical hadiths. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Rays, p. 582)

2) ... a guide, a kind of Mahdi and reformer comes in every century, but in terms of discharging each of these three duties, none have received the title of THE GREAT MAHDI OF THE END TIMES. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Emirdag Addendum, p. 260)

3) ... one interpretation of these various narrations is this: THE GREAT MAHDI WILL HAVE NUMEROUS DUTIES. He will carry out duties in the world of politics, the world of religion, the world of government, and in the many spheres of the world of jihad [striving in the way of Allah] ... (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Rays / The Fifth Ray - Second Station, p. 112)

In these three passages, Bediuzzaman states that various Muslim individuals have come in previous centuries for the purpose of causing the moral values of the Qur'an to rule the world, but that none of these have been able to perform the three major tasks that the "Great Mahdi" who comes in the End Times will perform. It is apparent from these statements by Bediuzzaman that Hazrat Mahdi (as) he refers to is a person:

1- Bediuzzaman has set out the difference between the Great Mahdi and previous Mahdis, all of whom have been individual people. This means that the Great Mahdi is also a person.

2- These previous individuals have been unable to perform the tasks set out. But the Great Mahdi will perform them. This also means that the Great Mahdi is also a person.

3- These previous individuals do not meet the features used by the Prophet (saas) in his hadiths describing Hazrat Mahdi (as). But the Great Mahdi will meet them. It is a fact known to all Islamic scholars for hundreds of years that Hazrat Mahdi (as) whose physical and moral characteristics are described in the hadiths is a person, not a collective personality. Therefore, in this passage Bediuzzaman again reminds us that Hazrat Mahdi (as) is a person who will match the descriptions in the hadiths of the Prophet (saas).

The Person and the Collective Personality Comprisea Single Whole

The Person and the Collective Personality Are Like the Body and Soul

It is impossible to speak of a person's collective personality in the absence of the person. Both constitute a single whole, literally like the body and soul. One cannot accept one and deny the other.

Every prophet and messenger has a collective personality around him representing his spiritual aspect. The group or movements consisting of people that follow the messenger, take him as a role model and heed his message constitute his collective personality.

Every community of believers has a leader, and that is a law of Allah revealed in the Qur'an. Therefore, in using the term "collective personality" Bediuzzaman Said Nursi uses it in the sense of this law of Allah in the Qur'an. Bediuzzaman Said Nursi also uses the term collective personality for his own followers and works, and he was the person at the head of that personality. The Risale-i Nur collection and those who follow his works are part of that collective personality, but Bediuzzaman, the leader of the Nur movement, cannot be separated from it.

It is a grave error to consider the concept of a collective personality separately and independently of the individual at its head. All the communities of the faithful mentioned in the Qur'an have had a messenger or leader at their head. It is incompatible with the law of Allah for believers to be left leaderless and to their own devices at such an exceptional time in world history as the End Times when the moral values of the Qur'an will rule the world. (Allah knows the truth.)

Hazrat Mahdi (as) will come in person in the End Times, not as a collective personality, and will assume the leadership of Muslims and, by Allah's leave, free them from troubles and difficulties and bestow peace, justice, blessings and abundance on them. Bediuzzaman has openly stated that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will come as a person, and act by representing the collective personality of his community by heading it in person.

"As I have indicated many times in my letters, THE COLLECTIVE PERSONALITY OF THE HOLY COMMUNITY REPRESENTED BY HAZRAT MAHDI (AS), THE GREAT MESSENGER, has three duties. If the Day of Judgment does not come very quickly and if people do not all depart from the path, then we may expect, by the Divine mercy, that his community and that of the sayyid [those descended from the Prophet (saas)] will perform those three tasks. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Emirdag Addendum, p. 259)

In the words, "THE HOLY COMMUNITY REPRESENTED BY HAZRAT MAHDI (AS), THE GREAT MESSENGER," Bediuzzaman refers to Hazrat Mahdi (as) and his holy community. It is clear he is referring to two distinct concepts. Who represents the holy community? Hazrat Mahdi (as). What does Hazrat Mahdi (as) represent? His holy community. There will be a community LED BY HAZRAT MAHDI (AS) AND THAT HE REPRESENTS. This holy community will constitute the collective personality of Hazrat Mahdi (as).

In order for an activity to be exhibited, a leader and a collective personality are necessary, as demanded by the law of Allah. Both of the dajjals anticipated in the End Times are also people and both also have collective personalities.

"At the end of time, the Prophet Jesus (as) will come and will act in accordance with the Shari'a of Muhammad (saas)," indicates that at the end of time the religion of Christianity will be purified and divest itself of superstition in the face of the current of unbelief and atheism born of naturalist philosophy, and will be transformed into Islam. At this point, the collective personality of Christianity will kill the fearsome collective personality of irreligion with the sword of heavenly Revelation; so too, representing the collective personality of Christianity, the Prophet Jesus (as) will kill the antichrist, who represents the collective personality of irreligion, that is, he will kill atheistic thought. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Letters, p. 6)

Bediuzzaman states very clearly above that the antichrist who will come in the End Times is a person who will produce and spread movements of irreligion, and that he will be active through the activities of a collective personality that forms around him and he represents.

Hazrat Mahdi (as) in the End Times, together with the community that will act alongside him, will also constitute a collective personality.

For the people of the truth, this time is not one of personality and stubbornness. The time is that of the community. A collective personality emerging from the community will rule. In order to possess a large pool one must throw one's selfishness and personality, a piece of ice in its nature, into that pool and melt it. Otherwise that piece of ice will melt and be wasted and the pool cannot be benefited from. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Kastamonu Addendum, p. 154)

The unity and solidarity brought about by the community is very powerful and the collective personality of the community of the End Times will be very powerful because of the strength brought with it by that community.

The time is that of the community. The collective personality, the spirit of that community, is more powerful and sufficiently strong to implement the faith. Even if there is a successor, he can discharge his duties by leaning on that strength. If the collective personality, that is the soul of the community, is sound, it will be very bright and perfect. If it is bad, it will be very bad. The good or evil of the individual are limited. But that of the community is unbounded... (Tarihce-i Hayat, (History of Life), p. 134)

The Question of the Collective Personality Must Not Cause Any Disquiet

Various problems underlie the way that the collective personality causes disquiet, and it will be beneficial to touch on some of these here.

The Idea That Hazrat Mahdı (as) will Not Come:

Despite believing that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will appear, some people begin harboring doubts as time passes regarding his appearance as they exhibit a weakening in their faith. They imagine that if Hazrat Mahdi (as) does not appear this will harm both their own faith and that of other Muslims.

Bediuzzaman Said Nursi says that people who think along those lines are weak in faith. He also states that those among such people who regard themselves as very learned and trust in their own minds are very pleased with themselves:

Since the hadiths that speak of the signs of the end of time, the events at the end of time, and the merits and rewards of certain actions have not been well understood, some scholars who rely on their reason have pronounced some of them to be either weak or false. While some of the scholars WHOSE BELIEF WAS WEAK BUT WHOSE EGOTISM WAS STRONG have gone as far as denying them. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Words, Twenty-Fourth Word, Third Branch)

Concern Over The Appearance of False Mahdis:

Some people are also concerned about the appearance of false Mahdis. This concern leads them into the error of thinking that Hazrat Mahdi (as) is a collective personality.

These concerns are groundless, because our Prophet (saas) has already revealed that false Mahdis, false Messiahs and false prophets will emerge in the End Times.

The Day of Judgment will not take place until some 30 liars all claiming to be the Messenger of Allah are sent. (Tirmidhi, Fitan 43; Sunan Abu Dawud, Malahim 16)

The emergence of false messengers is like a herald of the true messengers to come, and this is the law of Allah. This law, which assumes the form of a social rule, also appears in the Bible:

He [Jesus] replied: "Watch out that you are not deceived. For many will come in my name, claiming, 'I am he,' and, 'The time is near.' Do not follow them." (Luke 21: 8)

There were false Mahdis and false messengers also in the time of our Prophet (saas), because that is the law of Almighty Allah. There have always been false messengers, false prophets and false Mahdis. It is perfectly natural that there should be so again. In addition, since this is a sign that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will appear there is no need to feel disquiet; on the contrary, it is a portent showing that his coming is approaching, and thus a cause of great joy.

Hazrat Mahdi (as) Is Known by His Service

The false Mahdis who emerge can easily be seen not to be the true Mahdi (as). First and foremost, the true Mahdi (as) will not declare himself to be the Mahdi. This is one of the characteristics of Hazrat Mahdi (as) and is a most important criterion. Consequently someone who claims to be the Mahdi is not the true Mahdi.

Another clear indication is that only Hazrat Mahdi (as) can perform the task allotted to him. Allah has so determined in destiny that only he can perform those activities; for that reason, only that person has been given possession of the qualities of Hazrat Mahdi (as). Therefore, those who emerge as false Mahdis can do nothing in terms of the actions of Hazrat Mahdi (as). Indeed, Bediuzzaman Said Nursi has listed the activities that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will perform and stated that none but he can carry these out.

- ... THE GREAT MAHDI WILL HAVE NUMEROUS DUTIES. HE WILL CARRY OUT DUTIES IN THE WORLD OF POLITICS, THE WORLD OF RELIGION, THE WORLD OF GOVERNMENT, AND IN THE MANY SPHERES OF THE WORLD OF STRIVING [IN THE WAY OF ALLAH] ... (The Rays / The Fifth Ray - Second Station, p. 112)

- And HE WILL HAVE THREE GREAT DUTIES. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Emirdag Addendum, p. 259)

Bediuzzaman refers to Hazrat Mahdi's (as) who will appear in the End Times having three tasks, and to how he will perform these together with the community he represents. These duties are to be a means of restoring people to faith in such a way as to silence materialist and atheistic philosophies, to establish an Islamic Union, and to be a means whereby Qur'anic moral values come to rule the world. (Emirdag Addendum, p. 259)

He has revealed that it is these three tasks that will distinguish him from other Mahdis and that are one of the major portents showing that he is the Great Mahdi.

… the circumstances of THE GREAT MAHDI do not fit the narrations alluding to THE EARLIER MAHDIS, and these have become allegorical hadiths. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, The Rays / The Fifth Ray, p.102)

Allah has determined in destiny that Hazrat Mahdi (as) should bring Islamic moral values to rule the world. Muslims must feel no doubts regarding the coming of Hazrat Mahdi (as) or over the emergence of false Mahdis.

Concern Over the Impairment of the Established Order

Another group of people are unwilling for Hazrat Mahdi (as) to come. These people are concerned that their own positions will be impaired with the coming of Hazrat Mahdi (as). These people who are unwilling to see the existing system altered have their own order that pleases their own worldly desires. They have ways of life that suit their prestige, family relationships and comfort. Their attitude is one of continuing with this risk-free lifestyle and waiting for Paradise. A lifestyle in which they will have to expend effort and undertake difficult tasks appears very troublesome and difficult to them.

Some of these people, possessed of self-love and rank, are also concerned at the prospect of losing prestige in the public eye. That is because there are hadiths revealing that when Hazrat Mahdi (as) comes people will follow and obey him, as in the words of our Prophet (saas): "Follow him even by crawling over the snow." These people are afraid that following Hazrat Mahdi (as) will be difficult in terms of their self-esteem and also damage their interests and advantages in their worldly system.

We have here referred to a few of the perspectives of some people who harbor concerns regarding the coming of Hazrat Mahdi (as) or whose interests will be harmed by that coming. The misinterpretation in any way of the coming of Hazrat Mahdi (as), due to these or similar ideas, or the concealment of the true facts by saying that he is a collective personality rather than an individual, may well have unwelcome consequences for those who do so.

Hazrat Mahdi (as) is an individual, the glad tidings of whom have been imparted and who is enthusiastically awaited by the Muslim community. It is the duty of every Muslim to await and impart the glad tidings of the coming of that personage. Bediuzzaman, the reviver of the Hijri 13th century, also imparted these tidings regarding Hazrat Mahdi (as) to Muslims:

He will send A RADIANT PERSON as both the greatest INTERPRETER OF THE LAW, and the greatest RENEWER, and RULER, and the MAHDI, and as GUIDE, and SPIRITUAL POLE, and THAT PERSON will be from the Family of the Prophet. Almighty Allah, Who fills and empties the world between the heavens and earth with clouds, and in an instant stills the storms of the sea, and in an hour in spring creates samples of the summer and in an hour in summer creates a winter storm, such an All-Powerful One of Glory can also SCATTER THE DARKNESS OF THE WORLD OF ISLAM BY MEANS OF HAZRAT MAHDI (AS). He has promised this, and certainly He will carry out His promise." (Bediuzzaman Sair Nursi, Letters / Twenty - Ninth Letter - Seventh Section, p. 515)

Conclusion

Many other examples could be added to these clarifications of the misinterpretations regarding the concept of the collective personality employed in his works by Bediuzzaman. However, just one of these is sufficient to see how the Prophet Jesus (as) and Hazrat Mahdi (as) will appear in the End Times with a collective personality of communities of believers, and how they will appear by assuming the leadership of these.

In all these extracts, Bediuzzaman refers to "the Prophet Jesus (as) and the collective personality of his community" and "Hazrat Mahdi (as) and the collective personality of his community" as two distinct concepts. He explains that the combination of the two constitutes the concept of the collective personality, but that these blessed individuals will lead the believers alongside them with their collective personalities. Bediuzzaman has many times clearly stated that, like the successors, commanders and rulers who went before him, Hazrat Mahdi (as) will be a corporeal individual and will appear as a personage descended from the line of the Prophet (saas).

As can be seen from what has been set out so far, it would be a serious error to regard the concept of the "collective personality" as something separate, distinct and independent of the individual at its head. There has been either a messenger or a commander at the head of every community of believers referred to in the Qur'an. It is incompatible with the law of Allah for believers to be leaderless, left to their own devices as a society, in such an exceptional period in world history as the End Times, when Qur'anic moral values will come to rule the whole world.

The Prophet Jesus (as) will come to Earth in the End Times, will lead believers and, together with Hazrat Mahdi (as), will be a means whereby the radiance of Islam illuminates all of mankind. Hazrat Mahdi (as) will also come in person, not as a collective personality, and lead Muslims in the End Times, and by Allah's leave will rescue them from the troubles and difficulties in which they find themselves and enable them to attain peace, justice, blessings and plenty.

Hazrat Mahdi (as) will Not Say "I am the Mahdi." the Rankof Mahdi is A Good Opinion That is Held

One of the major portents of the Great Mahdi of the End Times is that he will not emerge and claim to be the Mahdi. Hazrat Mahdi (as) has no need to introduce himself. Since he has been charged with this task in his destiny, Almighty Allah will grant him success. As a result of this, the whole world will attain justice, peace, abundance and well-being. In the End Times, in which he will appear, there will be many false mahdis all claiming to be the Mahdi. Yet Hazrat Mahdi (as) of the End Times will not say "I am the Mahdi," but will be known by the radiance of his faith.

In his works, Bediuzzaman Said Nursi has stated that not everyone will recognize the individuals reported as appearing in the End Times, but that those around them will be able to do so from the light of their faith:

… When the Prophet Jesus (as) comes, it is not necessary that everyone should know him to be the true Jesus. His elect and those close to him will recognize him through the light of belief. It will not be self-evident so that everyone will recognize him… (Bediuzzaman Sair Nursi, Letters / Fifteenth Letter, p. 80)

However, as we said, this world is the arena of trial. The door is opened to the reason, but the will is not taken from the hand. So, when those individuals, and even the terrible dajjal, appear, many people and even himself will not know to start with that he is the dajjal. Those individuals of the end of time will be known through the insight and the light of belief. (Bediuzzaman Sair Nursi, Words / Twenty-Fourth Word - Third Branch, p. 355)

Every believer possessed of faith may wish to be "a leader" of the faithful, as stipulated in the verse:

[Believers are] those who say, "Our Lord, grant us in our wives and our offspring the joy of our eyes, and give us [the grace] to lead those who guard against evil." (Surat al-Furqan, 74)

If someone unifies Muslims, assumes the leadership of them, rescues them, by Allah's leave, from the troubles and difficulties confronting them and brings them peace, justice, abundance and well-being, then it is not important what that individual is called. Whether that individual goes by the name of commander, leader or unifier, he will have performed actions that are one of the greatest portents of Hazrat Mahdi (as). The attitude and good opinion that "whoever performs the actions particular to him, that person is Hazrat Mahdi (as)," will be correct. What matters here is for such a historic and sacred duty to be discharged. In short, the person who will permit Muslims to enjoy the Golden Age, no matter what his name, may be hoped to be Hazrat Mahdi (as) and it may be thought that the person who succeeds in doing all this after 1400 years is him.

This is a state of affairs that has arisen in all periods. Bediuzzaman has stated that he had followers who formed the good opinion of him that he was the Mahdi, that this was normal, and that he regarded this as a prayer.

Since the students of the Nur see this task entirely in the Risale-i Nur, they correctly perceive the collective personality of the Risale-i Nur as a kind of Mahdi. And since they imagine that that collective personality has a representative, that there is a collective personality coming from the solidarity of the students of the Nur, and that its poor translator is in one way a representative of that collective personality, they sometimes give him that name too. The fact is that this is a confusion and an error, but one they are not responsible for. That is because good opinion is one that has been around for a very long time and cannot therefore be denied. Since I regarded that good opinion of my brothers as an expression of prayer and hope and of the sound faith of the students of the Nur, I did not intervene much. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Emirdag Addendum, p. 248)

Bediuzzaman also set out the reason behind this good opinion, stating that their evaluation was based on the duty of faith alone, and that they were in error since they failed to take into account the other duties of Hazrat Mahdi (as), which are returning the faith to its original state and uniting Muslims under a single roof:

Some verses and hadiths report, in a figurative sense, a great figure who will restore the faith. But since the most important of the three tasks of that person who will come in the future [Hazrat Mahdi (as)] and his community, yet which is superficially the smallest, that is to rescue the faith and portray the signs leading to faith like the Sun is done by the collective personality of its students and the Risale-i Nur, they have sometimes compared the reports and signs regarding that personage to come to the collective personality of the Risale-i Nur and even to its author and not taken into account the two important duties of restoring the faith to its original essence and bringing Muslims together in unity. (Tilsimlar Mecmuasi, [Talisman Magazine], p. 168)

In his works, Bediuzzaman says that even if the future coming of Hazrat Mahdi (as) had not been revealed very clearly in the hadiths, that coming is nevertheless in agreement with the law of Allah.

Almighty Allah … All-Powerful One of Glory can also scatter the darkness of the world of Islam by means of Hazrat Mahdi (as). He has promised this, and certainly He will carry out His promise. If considered from the point of view of Divine power, it is most easy. If it is thought of from the point of view of causes and Divine wisdom, it is again so reasonable and necessary that thinkers have asserted that even if it had not been narrated from the Bringer of Sure News, it still should have been. And it will be. (Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, Letters / Twenty - Ninth Letter - Seventh Section, p. 515)

In addition, this applies not solely to Hazrat Mahdi (as), but also to the Prophet Jesus (as). If an individual, who rids Christianity of its subsequent accretions and is a means whereby it is purified, is also a means whereby Christians ally themselves with Muslims and has no mother or father, that person may be expected to be the Prophet Jesus (as).

In conclusion, these holy individuals will come and will, by Allah's leave, and by doing what is in their destinies will be means whereby religious moral values come to prevail over the world.

34 / total 34
You can read Harun Yahya's book The Prophet Jesus (as) and Hazrat Mahdi will come this century online, share it on social networks such as Facebook and Twitter, download it to your computer, use it in your homework and theses, and publish, copy or reproduce it on your own web sites or blogs without paying any copyright fee, so long as you acknowledge this site as the reference.
Harun Yahya's Influences | Presentations | Audio Books | Interactive CDs | Conferences| About this site | Make your homepage | Add to favorites | RSS Feed
All materials can be copied, printed and distributed by referring to this site.
(c) All publication rights of the personal photos of Mr. Adnan Oktar that are present in our website and in all other Harun Yahya works belong to Global Publication Ltd. Co. They cannot be used or published without prior consent even if used partially.
© 1994 Harun Yahya. www.harunyahya.com - info@harunyahya.com
page_top