The Evolution Deceit
The Faithfulness Of Believers
Believers Are Faithful to Allah
Believers Spend of Their Wealth and Themselves to Win the Favor of Allah
In many verses of the Qur'an, it is commanded that an act of worship required of a believer is to spend in the Way of Allah. Spending in the Way of Allah, in the sense intended here, means to use all the blessings conferred by Allah in His Way so as to win His favor.
It is possible to understand the meaning of "spending" in the Way of Allah as a sign of the faithfulness that a believer feels towards Allah by comparing it to its perception by the faithless and hypocrites. For an insincere person, who has no certain faith, material wealth carries great importance. Such people would never consider spending of their valuable possessions towards something they did not really believe in. Because of their weak faith in Allah and the afterlife, it is not possible for them to feel loyalty toward Him and His messenger, nor to willingly contribute to the promotion of these truths. For that reason, when they are called upon to spend in the Way of Allah, they recoil and become miserly. In the Qur'an, Allah describes this kind of insincerity shown by those who are sick in their hearts:
Another despicable form of behavior typical of these individuals, whose faith is corrupted, is that they try to prevent others from assisting the Muslims; they do this to harm the religion and to destroy the bond that exists between believers. In this regard, Allah says, "They are the people who say, 'Do not spend on those who are with the Messenger of Allah, so that they may go away.' The treasuries of the heavens and earth belong to Allah. But the hypocrites do not understand this." (Surat al-Munafiqun, 7). Because the sense of loyalty they feel towards one another is based only on money and property, they expect the bond between believers to be the same. Therefore, they believe that the community of believers will eventually falter and disappear in times of financial difficulty. However, the unity among the believers is not based on material things. What keeps them united is their loyalty, their faith and their fear of Allah. For this reason, these hypocrites will never succeed in their designs.
This morality of people with hypocritical character shows that it is important for believers to use their possessions to gain the favor of Allah. Spending in the Way of Allah is an important act of worship that separates devout believers from hypocrites and those who reject Allah, and the fact that the latter use their wealth to obstruct the Way of Allah shows again the mindlessness of their behavior. In the Qur'an, Allah says that these people will regret that they have spent their resources for such evil end:
These people are not aware of the meaning or the value of spending in the Way of Allah, or of the great gain it will bring them, both in this world and the next. They do not know that everything they have belongs to Allah and, for this reason, they refuse to spend anything of this in the Way of Allah. Even if they were to spend of something, their gesture would not be to gain the favor of Allah, but to make a show and to further their own advantage. Instead of feeling love and devotion towards Allah and His Prophet, they are inordinately devoted to the material objects that Allah has given them as a means to show their generosity. Their passion for wealth and possessions is so great that, when they are reminded that they should be generous, their reaction reveals their corrupted mentality. In the Qur'an, Allah describes how those who reject Him behave in this respect:
This psychology of "material attainment" prevents the individual from spending what he has to further the Way of Allah, otherwise a very important act of worship. For, spending in the Way of Allah demonstrates the deep faithfulness and devotion that believers feel towards Allah. In the Qur'an, Allah speaks of the moral quality of certain believers, whose devotion to Him is so profound that they came back with tears streaming from their eyes when they were not able to find something they could offer to further His Way:
One who feels sincere love and faithfulness towards Allah will gladly and willingly offer what he possesses, or will possess, to promote His Way. What Allah describes in verse 35 of Surat al-Hajj is an important quality to be found in a believer:
Believers exploit every blessing Allah has given them to exercise a level of generosity that will win His favor, trying to the best of their ability to demonstrate their devotion and submission to Him.
Moreover, for believers, spending in the Way of Allah is not an act of worship limited by the demands of a particular instance. A person with limited means is as much responsible to complete this act of worship as a rich person with much in goods and possessions at his disposal. But, in the following verse, Allah explains that those who can find nothing to give will not be held responsible so long as they are "true to Allah and His Messenger," and remain sincerely devoted to Him and exhort others to be generous:
No matter how trying a believer's circumstances may be, if he has something to offer he will gladly give it. No matter what his situation may be, he will willingly fulfill his obligation. For this reason, Allah refers to believers in a verse as, "those who give in times of both ease and hardship" (Surah Al 'Imran, 134). In another verse, Allah says that, no matter what conditions he finds himself in, a believer will show determination in the matter of giving, and will continually fulfill this obligation, either openly or in secret:
The fact that believers regard these acts of worship as a way to "bring them nearer to Allah and to the prayers of the Messenger," is an indication of how sincere and submissive they are to Him. Believers use their possessions to do good deeds by which they will win Allah's favor; in doing so, their desire is to show Him gratitude and draw closer to Him. Therefore, spending in the Way of Allah is a demonstration of the strength of their faithfulness towards Allah; at the same time, it both strengthens their faith, and increases their submission as they draw nearer to Him. In verse 265 of Surat al-Baqara, Allah praises the moral character of those believers who offer their goods for the purpose of " "desiring the pleasure of Allah and firmness for themselves." (Surat al-Baqara, 265)
Worldly possessions, which are deemed of excessive value by the disbelievers, and to which they are actually passionately devoted, are, for believers, blessings which they hope will bring them Allah's favor. Because they know that everything they own belongs to Allah, they have no qualms about performing this act of worship. They happily make use any of their blessings to win Allah's favor, and regard spending in the Way of Allah a way to draw closer to Him. Their devotion clearly shows their faithfulness towards Allah.
Believers Follow "Straight" on the Way of Allah
How people think, and the way they live, is determined by the goals they choose. Everyone has particular expectations of this life, and follows a way of living that will result in their fulfillment.
For example, a person who wants to fulfill his expectations of becoming the manager of a large firm, will have to enter university, and study in a field relative to the business, and gain all the knowledge and experience necessary to become that manager. Because he will remain in this field for the rest of his life, he will adopt the lifestyle that it will permit it. One who wants to become a university professor will have to work very hard, perhaps spending years abroad completing his education and, if necessary, will sacrifice his youth and particular interests. In short, people choose a lifestyle that corresponds to their goals, organizing their lives towards their future fulfillment.
Certainly, there is nothing wrong with a person setting goals in his life and career goals and working hard to achieve them. What is wrong is limiting one's expectations only to this life, and not making apt consideration of the afterlife. If a person's attainments are limited to this life, his life will be no different from that of those outlined above. One who lives without faith, nor knows anything of the life of the world to come, will strive only to attain the transient worldly goals he has set for himself.
This is one of the most pronounced differences between believers and disbelievers. Believers are well aware of the transience and mundane nature of this world, and could never become excessively attached to it. Of course, they benefit from the blessings of this life, but the goal of the believers ultimately is to serve Allah, earn His mercy and favor, and attain Paradise. For this reason, they devote their lives to good works that will win the favor of Allah, and to living according to the moral teachings of the Qur'an. Allah says in the Qur'an that He directs them on His straight Path because they are deeply devoted to Him:
Believers, who remain steadfast on the Path that Allah has shown throughout their lives, say, " Allah's guidance, that is true guidance. We are commanded to submit as Muslims to the Lord of all the worlds" (Surat al-An'am, 71). Remaining steadfast on the Path of Allah means that a believer will never depart, at any time during his life, from that which Allah has shown him. Indeed, the strong sense of faithfulness and devotion to Allah of a person who dedicates himself to winning His favor and love, without any desire for earthly gain, will be very definite. In the Qur'an, Allah has provided examples of the superior moral character of believers, and declares that the good news of Paradise will be announced to them by angels:
Believers put everything second to winning the favor of Allah, and so they-unless Allah wills otherwise-cannot depart from the right path, as the following verse reveals, "Allah has inscribed faith upon such people's hearts and will reinforce them with a Spirit from Him." (Surat al-Mujadala, 22) Believers do not make any compromises when on the Way that Allah has revealed to them and, in this regard, live their lives with a strong sense of faithfulness and submission, with a view to winning Allah's favor:
They are mindful of Allah in everything they do, and do everything with the intention of gaining His pleasure. Moreover, believers exercise great patience throughout the difficulties they experience, and constantly pray for His assistance. They attribute great value to the need to remain throughout their life on His Path, and to be able to do good deeds that will win Allah's favor. The strong sense of determination, as well as enthusiasm in their efforts on this Path, demonstrate the sincere faithfulness and submission they feel towards Him.
They Are Determined in Their Worship of Allah
Steadfastness is the determination to make every effort necessary to achieve a certain goal, without any regard for the difficulties that might result along the way. Essentially, steadfastness is an important moral quality that a believer must possess to win Allah's favor. In the following verse, Allah warns believers that they must show determination in performing acts of worship:
In the Qur'an, Allah says that He has ordained all the commands and prohibitions, that sincere and devout believers must follow, and has revealed the faith and moral qualities according to which they must live in this world. Every believer knows he is responsible to Allah, and that he must win His approval. Therefore, he complies with every prescription and prohibition that Allah has revealed, in the attempt to attain the kind of moral perfection that will make him worthy of Paradise. Believers serve Allah as best as they can; their every thought and action is to win His favor.
In many verses of the Qur'an, Allah explains the kind of worship that believers must perform. Believers show no laxity in performing their acts of worship, and fulfill them with determination and willingly. In the Qur'an, Allah tells us about this determination:
As Allah says in verse 37 of Surat al-Hajj, "Their flesh and blood does not reach Allah but your heedfulness does reach Him. In this way He has subjected them to you so that you might proclaim Allah's greatness for the way that He has guided you. Give good news to the good-doers.", believers know that what will make their acts of worship worthy in the sight of Allah are the intentions in their heart. For this reason, they are very careful to act with true sincerity.
Believers show this steadfastness in their worship in order to attain the high moral character that pleases Allah, and which He has described in the Qur'an. The struggle with their lower-selves to attain moral excellence also reveals their sense of determination in this regard.
In the test that is this earthly life, Allah has revealed two paths to human beings: the good and the evil. In order to retain good moral character throughout their lives, they must be careful not be diverted into the evil ways of their lower-selves. For example, in a situation that might incite anger, a believer restrains himself, and acts in a conciliatory fashion. When he meets an arrogant individual, he does not return arrogance for arrogance, but maintains a modest composure. In the Qur'an, our Lord says: " People are prone to selfish greed..." (Surat an-Nisa', 128). He commands us to be cautious against the selfishness of our lower-selves, and to be steadfast in exhibiting good morals. One who pursues the kind of morality revealed by Allah is generous, and thinks of others before himself. He is composed under all situations and always speaks best of other people.
Believers feel a great sense of respect for the moral teachings of the Qur'an. Whether their lives are trying, filled with much anxiety, or prosperous and comfortable, they never compromise the moral teachings of the Qur'an. As Allah says in the Qur'an, "Those who, when disaster strikes them, say, 'We belong to Allah and to Him we will return,'" (Surat al-Baqara, 156), they never lose their sense of devotion and submission to Him. This way of practicing their faith gives believers strength of character, and, ultimately enhances their faith. In the Qur'an, Allah praises this superior moral character to be found in believers, as well as their faithfulness and submission to Him:
In the Qur'an, Allah praises the Prophet Ibrahim (as) for his submission to the religion, and reveals that He had made him His friend. He tells us that believers are those who are devoted to Him, and whose submission does not falter under any circumstance:
Another characteristic of the believers, which shows forth their steadfastness in complying to the moral teachings of the Qur'an, is the effort they expend to win Allah's favor. They continually think of pleasing Him, performing good works to this end. They sincerely desire to be a servant whom Allah loves, and upon whom He showers His mercy. Throughout their lives, they make Allah their guardian, and worship Him, making the morality of the religion sincerely His. Believers are never lax in their efforts to strengthen their faith, demonstrating that their faithfulness to Allah has achieved for them true firmness.
They Make a Concerted Effort to Attain the Afterlife
In order to win Allah's favor, and attain Paradise, believers put forth great effort, this being a sign of their faithfulness towards Allah. In the Qur'an, our Lord says that believers are responsible to expend this great effort in order to win His favor and attain Paradise. They expend this effort in combating their lower-selves, to preserve their faith, to be among those most pleasing to Allah, and to tell others about the superior morality that Allah revealed in the Qur'an. This effort on the part of the believers is possible because of the willpower that derives from their submission to Allah. The zeal that Allah makes them feel in their hearts will be as strong as their faith in Him. In the Qur'an, Allah advises believers to put forth serious effort on His Way:
So, believers exert effort, first of all, to bring their lower-selves into a condition that will please Allah. It is not possible for a disbeliever-as long as he does not embrace faith-to struggle with his lower-self, or make a concerted effort in this struggle. Many live their lives far removed from the moral teaching of the Qur'an, completely given to their desires and passions. And, because they can never relinquish these desires, they can never come near to living in a manner that is pleasing to Allah.
When we see the coercive influence their lower-selves exercise on disbelievers, we can understand the implications of the struggle believers themselves endure. While disbelievers are confounded by their lower-selves, believers have the strength and will to struggle successfully with their lower-selves, because of their faith in Allah, and their sincere devotion to Him. That an individual can expend the effort to act as Allah wills, and not according to his own passions and desires, is possible only because of this sincere devotion he feels towards our Lord.
As Allah says in verse 105 of Surat al-Ma'ida, believers are aware that one of the greatest responsibilities conferred upon them in this world is to restrain their lower-selves:
Throughout their lives, they struggle with these inclinations that continually urge them towards evil, and which try to prevent them from gaining Allah's favor. They are awake to the deceptions of their lower-self, and carefully avoid all actions that would be displeasing to Allah. Because their goal is to win Allah's favor, they always put their personal urges second to conforming to that which will please Him. In this regard, Allah says this in the Qur'an, "And among the people there are some who give up everything, desiring the good pleasure of Allah. Allah is Ever-Gentle with His servants."(Surat al-Baqara, 207) The sincere and devoted effort of believers put forth to curb their inner urges, and win Allah's favor, is a good example of their persistent faithfulness towards Him. They always succeed in their efforts; Allah supports them through His mercy, so that all they endeavor turns out for the best.
Along with this concerted effort believers put forth with regard to their inner-urges, they convey to others about the morality that Allah has been pleased to choose as a way of life for human beings; in so doing, they contribute greatly towards the eradication of conflict and corruption in the world.
Throughout history, non-believers have been hostile to the true religion, and opposed the believers and prophets. They have tried to degrade them in the eyes of others, by inhibiting their efforts and making certain false accusations. They have gone so far as to assault them physically, not refraining from violence. Believers tried to establish peace and order in the world, and to suppress the ideological and physical assault of non-believers. They have been subject to slander, and driven out of their cities. Yet, in spite of all such trials, they never abandoned the moral teaching of the Qur'an; they never feared criticism, and have not been adversely affected by the negative response of others.
Difficult times do not demoralize believers; on the contrary, they strengthen them, and make them still more determined. They are aware that, in order for peace, justice and order to reign on earth, there must be no confusion or corruption. Allah says in the Qur'an:
They know that this can come about only by practicing the moral teachings of the Qur'an, and so convey these truths to others.
Our prophet (saas) has pointed out in his Sayings the importance of good moral character, and invited believers to undertake sincere efforts towards its attainment:
"By One in whose hand there is my life: None shall enter Paradise except one who has got good conduct." (Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din)
Believers, who are aware of the recommendations communicated by Allah and our Prophet (saas), on how to live a moral life, stress the great importance of struggling against their own inner-urges, and conveying the moral teachings of the Qur'an to others. Their commitment to sacrificing their lives, and everything they have, becomes possible by embracing the teachings of the Qur'an, and feeling a deep sense of faithfulness and devotion towards Allah. In the Qur'an, Allah states that believers prove their faithfulness to Him by keeping their promises to Him:
Faithfulness towards the Prophets
They Believe that the Prophets Are Allah's Messengers
Throughout the ages, Allah, in His mercy, has sent prophets to communicate the religion to human beings, to reveal to them what they did not know, and to reform them and make them pure. What makes prophets different from other human beings is that Allah has given them a special mission, that is, He has chosen them. For this reason, believers regard prophets as honored individuals. Because they exercise sincere devotion to Allah, they also love and respect the prophets that Allah has sent to them as a mercy, as well as being deeply attached and faithful to them. They show profound respect and love towards the prophets in both word and deed.
Moreover, believers know that Allah has commanded them to have faith in and respect His messengers. Prophets are examples to those believers who proclaim Allah's religion. This responsibility entrusted upon them shows that their faith is superior. Because of this, believers obtain great benefit by remaining faithful to Allah's messenger (saas), and accepting his advice. In the Qur'an, Allah explains that those who obey His messengers will have a great reward in the world to come:
In another verse, Allah announces this good news to those who show faithfulness to our Prophet (saas) and follow his path:
Believers, who are faithful to Allah's Prophet (saas), and follow his path, will find great inner-peace and happiness in this world. This will add to their strength and increase their faith, and-if Allah wills-it will be a means by which they will obtain Allah's mercy of Paradise.
They Obey the Prophets
One of the most decisive indications of how faithful are believers towards the prophets is their recognizing they are Allah's messengers, and being completely obedient to them. In many parts of the Qur'an, Allah calls believers to obey the prophets. Throughout history, and in every society, prophets have called people to heed their words and obey Allah, and reminded them that adopting this morality is the only way to salvation in this world and in the world to come.
The obedience that believers show to Allah and His messengers is a product of the faithfulness they have towards Him. Allah declares that believers demonstrate their submission to Him in accepting the authority of His messengers:
Therefore, such obedience is possible only through sincere faithfulness, and can only be found in the actions of believers. In many verses of the Qur'an, Allah speaks of the importance of obedience, and the wonderful things it will bring to believers. In verse 132 of Surah Al 'Imran, Allah says that believers will win His mercy through their obedience: "Obey Allah and the Messenger so that hopefully you will gain mercy" (Surah Al 'Imran, 132). For this reason, believers regard this matter as being of the greatest importance. As Allah says in Verse 32 of Surah Al 'Imran, they know it will earn them Allah's favor and are meticulous in their obedience:
In the Qur'an, Allah refers to the determination exhibited by believers in their faithfulness and obedience towards His messengers:
Allah tells us in this verse of the fact that believers cannot undertake an endeavor without the permission of His Messenger. This is one of the clearest indications of the sincere devotion and faithfulness they feel towards him. This submission on the part of the believers shows the importance they attach to the opinion of our Prophet (saas), and their unquestioning obedience to his rulings, whatever they may be. In another verse in the Qur'an, Allah advises believers to accept the invitations of our Prophet (saas) to things that will give them true life:
Obeying Allah's messengers is an important act of worship, that will bring great benefit to believers in this world and the next. As our Prophet (saas) declares in his Sayings, the two most important guides for Muslims are the Qur'an and the Sunnah.
"Verily, I have left amongst you the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Apostle which if you hold fast, you shall never go astray." (Prophet Muhammad's (saas) Last Sermon)
Today, obedience to our Prophet (saas) means following the example of his moral virtue and walking in his path.
They Are Faithful to the Qur'an
Throughout the ages, Allah has sent prophets and messengers to many peoples, and revealed books from His presence. He sent the Psalms to Prophet Dawud (as), the Torah to Prophet Musa (as), the Gospel to Isa (as) and, finally, the Qur'an to Prophet Muhammad (saas). When those books which had been revealed before the Qur'an became corrupted, Allah revealed the Qur'an, and promised that He would preserve it unchanged. The Qur'an is the only book those who believe in Allah and His Prophet (saas) may take as their guide.
Believers comply with the teachings of the Qur'an, though they also believe in and honor the books revealed before it. Allah states in the Qur'an that these early books also bore witness to the truth:
In this regard, a believer accepts all the messengers that have been sent, and does not discriminate between one and another: "You who believe! Believe in Allah and His Messenger and in the Book He sent down to His Messenger, and the Books He sent down before " (Surat an-Nisa', 136). But, believers know that the Qur'an is under the protection of Allah, and take only it as their guide. Allah declares that the Qur'an has never undergone any alteration, and that it will be protected until the Day of Judgment. In the Qur'an, our Lord says:
As the message from our Lord, the Qur'an holds great importance for believers. From it, believers learn of the religion that Allah has been pleased to choose for them, and the responsibilities it entails. The guide to wisdom a believer requires is the Qur'an. In every situation he encounters, throughout his life, he will direct his actions according to the commands and advice that Allah provides in the Qur'an. Allah reveals that the Qur'an is the one guide believers should follow:
It is only from the Qur'an that believers can learn the commands and the moral teachings that Allah ordained, and to discover details of the Day of Judgment and the Afterlife. As Allah states in the verse 54 of the Surat al-Kahf, "We have variegated throughout this Qur'an all kinds of examples for people," all the knowledge a believer needs throughout his life is to be found in the Qur'an. Therefore, believers always read the Qur'an, believe what Allah declared in its verses, and assess everything that happens to them according to it. Everything Allah stated in the Qur'an is "consummate wisdom" (Surat al-Qamar, 5) for believers For this reason, believers "hold fast to" the Qur'an, and try to practice as best as they can all the precepts that Allah has revealed in it. In the Qur'an, Allah tells us of this strong devotion of the believers to the Qur'an:
With regard to issues of righteousness and justice, the Qur'an is complete:
For this reason, believers, who take the Qur'an as their guide, live every moment of their lives in the best and most fulfilling way.
Allah revealed the Qur'an to believers as the path of truth, as well as for advice and as a healing. Their devotion to it strengthens their faith and fear towards Him, and draws them closer to Him. Allah reveals this truth to us in the Qur'an:
They Are Faithful to their Nation and Its People
As with believers everywhere, the faithfulness and obedience of people of faith in certain parts of the world is due to their acceptance of the moral teachings that Allah has revealed in the Qur'an. But, the reason for their devotion to a state lies in their definition of a state.
In a society that shares life and common objectives, the state is an institution whose goal is to ensure order, security, prosperity and well-being, and uses those methods most just to attain that goal. From this definition of the role of the state it can be understood that the possibility for a state to achieve order and security; for it to enjoy unity and co-operation, with the peace and stability resulting from it, the state must possess certain powers and authorities. The state is the most important and most crucial of institutions for the existence of a people. Whether it is for collective defense, ensuring peace or for economic security, the role of the state is critical.
This is the reason why every group that wants to do harm to a country attacks first the state and its authority. Throughout history, separatist organizations and individuals who have felt dissatisfied with the existing authority in a particular state, have engaged in various activities designed to diminish or destroy its power.
These individuals and groups have disapproved of the intervention of the state and its operations in various spheres. But, when we examine their ideologies, we find that they all share a certain point in common: they want to destroy religion and the true morality it fosters. These opponents of the state work to destroy the unity of its structure, and to put in its place a system shaped by their own anti-religious ideology. And, because they have no religion, they resort to belligerence and violence in the attempt to attain their goals. Their goal is the destruction of the peace and order of the country. Surely, this condition poses a danger and a threat, not only to the state but also to its citizens. Therefore, in order to prevent the danger, to remove it and maintain peace in a country, every individual must be a part of the state, and respect it and obey it.
Outside of that though, there is another point we must consider seriously. Obedience to the state is dependent on the way it enforces morality. If a state regards profiteering, insubordination, conflict and other such forms of corruption in public life as legitimate, and rejects mutual respect, compassion, self-sacrifice, justice, tolerance and other such virtues, it is inconceivable that its members should feel any sense of belonging to that state. Therefore, the basis of this sense of belonging lies in proper morality. Those who practice the moral teachings of the Qur'an are aware of this truth. They know that devotion to Islamic values, and living according to the moral teaching of the Qur'an, will bring unity to both the state and its citizens; and they realize that, as a result of this, the country's standard of living will be enhanced.
With this truth in mind, believers are eager to tell others about the moral teachings of the Qur'an, and to invite them to implement them in their lives. The main source of this zeal is their awareness that their efforts are for the good of all.
There is another virtue the teachings of the Qur'an fosters among the believers, and human beings in general: obedience. The moral lessons of the Qur'an play a very important role in an Islamic society because it makes them obedient. The practice of this morality, and the communicating of it to others, play an important role in strengthening the state and establishing prosperity and well-being among its people. And, therefore, the communication of this morality exercises a profound impact on the existence of the state and the unity of its citizens. As such, a society composed of individuals living according to the moral teachings of the Qur'an, will both ensure unity and co-operation, through the practice of this morality, and foster an environment in which citizens will remain obedient to the state. People will be more compassionate, merciful, just and tolerant, while their collective unity and sense of cooperation will be strengthened. The dissemination of the moral teachings of the Qur'an, until every individual learns to follow its precepts, will eradicate the degradation that gives rise to anarchy, terrorism and immorality, and usher in peace, order and well-being. In many verses of the Qur'an, Allah describes the moral chaos and corruption that human beings create, of which He commands all people to beware:
As can be seen, those individuals who are faithful, because they live according to the moral precepts of the Qur'an, would feel great respect and devotion to their state. The morality of the Qur'an is needed to create the foundation of the state, as well as to establish unity and co-operation; and believers who communicate the meaning of this morality to others, call them to comply their lives according to it, experience a great sense of honor and personal contentment.