THE SCIENTIFIC MIRACLES OF THE QUR'AN
The Date and Its Uses as Described
in the Qur'an
The Fig: A Fruit whose Perfection
Has Only Recently Been Revealed
Fish: A Valuable Source of Nutrition
Pork and Its Harmful Effects
The Wisdom Behind the Prohibition of Blood in the Qur'an
The Olive: A Health-Giving Plant
Coronary By-Pass Surgery
Health Benefits of Movement,
Washing and Drinking Water
The Existence of Microscopic
The Existence of Animal Societies
THE DATE AND ITS USES AS DESCRIBED IN THE QUR’AN
In a number of Qur'anic verses, the
humble date is honoured as one of the blessings of Paradise. (Qur'an,
55:68) When this fruit is examined, it can be seen to have a great many
important features. One of the oldest known species of plant, the date
is today a food of preference not only for its delicious taste but also
for its nutritious properties. New benefits imparted by the date are
being discovered every day and has come to be used as a medicine as well
as a food. These features of the date are noted in Surah Maryam:
The pains of labour drove her to the trunk of a date-palm.
She [Maryam] said, "Oh if only I had died before this time and was
something discarded and forgotten!" A voice called out to her from
under her, "Do not grieve! Your Lord has placed a small stream at your
feet. Shake the trunk of the palm towards you and fresh, ripe dates
will drop down onto you. Eat and drink and delight your eyes…" (Qur'an,
There is considerable wisdom in the way that Allah recommends Maryam
to eat this fruit. The date is an excellent choice of food for the pregnant
women and for those who have just given birth. This is a widely accepted
scientific fact. Maryam was inspired to understand this point, in order
to make her own labour easier. The date has one of the highest sugar
levels, 60-65%, of all fruits. Doctors recommend that pregnant women
be given foods containing fruit sugar on the day they give birth. The
aim behind this is to energise and revitalise the mother's weakened body
and at the same time to stimulate the milk hormones and increase the
levels of mother's milk essential to the new-born baby.
In addition, loss of blood during birth leads to a fall in body sugar
levels. Dates are important from the point of view of enabling sugar
to enter the body and prevent blood pressure from dropping. Their high
calorific value strengthens people weakened by illness or suffering from
These facts reveal the wisdom in the way that Allah recommended Maryam
to eat dates, designed to energise and invigorate the woman and ensure
the emergence of milk, the only food for a baby. For example, the date
contains more than ten elements of vital importance if the body is to
remain healthy and energetic. Modern-day scientists state that human
beings can actually live for years on nothing more than dates and water.115 V.
H. W. Dowson, a recognised expert in this field, says that one grain
of date and a glass of milk are enough to meet all of a person's daily
The substance oxytocin, which is present in the date, is used in modern
medicine to facilitate birth. In fact, oxytocin means "rapid birth." It
is also known to increase levels of mother's milk after birth.117
is actually a hormone released by the pituitary gland which stimulates
contractions of the womb during childbirth. All the pre-birth preparations
in the body take place thanks to this hormone. The effects of the hormone
can be seen in the muscles that form the mother's womb and in cells in
the muscular structure that enables the secretion of mother's milk. The
effective contraction of the womb is essential if birth is to take place.
Oxytocin enables the muscles that comprise the womb to contract in a
very powerful manner. Moreover, oxytocin also initiates the secretion
of mother's milk. This feature of the date alone-the way it contains
oxytocin-is important evidence that the Qur'an is the revelation of Allah.
The medical identification of the benefits of the date only became possible
in recent times. Yet it was set out fourteen centuries ago in the Qur'an
that Allah revealed to Maryam that she should eat dates.
Dates also contain a form of sugar that gives the body high levels of
mobility and heat energy and which can be easily broken down in the body.
Furthermore, this sugar is not glucose, which rapidly raises the level
of blood sugar but the fruit sugar fructose. A rapid rise in blood sugar
levels in diabetics in particular has a damaging effect on a great many
organs and systems, especially the eyes, kidneys, heart and circulatory
system and nervous system. High blood sugar is one of the main causes
of disorders as serious as loss of sight, heart attacks and kidney insufficiency.
Dates contain a great many vitamins and minerals. They are very rich
in fibre, fat and proteins. They also contain sodium, potassium, calcium,
magnesium, iron, sulphur, phosphorus and chlorine, as well as vitamins
A, beta-carotene, B1, B2, B3 and B6. Some of the benefits of the vitamins
and minerals in dates to the normal human body and especially during
pregnancy can be summarised as follows:
? The nutritional value of dates stems from the appropriate mineral
balance within them. The date also contains folic acid, a B vitamin of
great importance to pregnant women. Folic acid (B9) is a vitamin which
serves important functions in the construction of new blood cells and
of amino acids, the body's building blocks, and in cell renewal. The
need for folic acid thus rises significantly during pregnancy and the
daily requirement doubles. When folic acid levels are insufficient, red
blood cells that are larger than normal but with lower functionality
emerge, along with the symptoms of anaemia, appear. Folic acid plays
a particularly important role in cell division and in the formation of
the genetic structure of the cell and is the only substance daily requirements
of which double during pregnancy. The date is exceedingly rich in folic
? On the other hand, the long-term nausea and physical reactions that
appear during pregnancy do so because of a lack of potassium. Levels
therefore need to be reinforced. In the same way that the large quantities
of potassium in dates are of great importance in this regard, they are
also important in regulating the water balance in the body. Moreover,
by helping oxygen to reach the brain potassium enables one to think clearly.
In addition, it provides the appropriate alkaloidal features for body
fluids and stimulates the kidneys to expel toxic bodily wastes. It helps
bring down high blood pressure and the formation of healthy skin.118
? The iron contained in dates controls the synthesis of haemoglobin
in the red blood cells and ensures an appropriate level of red cells
in the blood. This is of vital importance in preventing anaemia during
pregnancy and the development of the baby. Red blood cells play a role
in keeping cells alive by carrying oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
Due to dates' high iron levels, a human being can meet his or her iron
requirements by eating just 15 dates a day and will thus be protected
from disorders arising from iron deficiency.
? The calcium and phosphate in dates are important elements for skeletal
growth and balancing the body's bone structure. The high levels of phosphorus
and calcium in dates protect the body against bone weakness and help
reduce such disorders.
? Scientists also emphasise the way in which dates reduce stress and
tension. Research by Berkeley University experts has revealed that dates
contain high levels of vitamin B6, which strengthens the nerves, and
magnesium, which is very important for the kidneys. A person can meet
his magnesium requirement by eating just 2-3 grains of date a day.119
Fig Nutritional Value
Fig Nutritional Value
|Vitamin A (IU)
||Vitamin A (IU)
|Vitamin C (mg)
||Vitamin C (mg)
? The vitamin B1 in dates facilitates the health of the nervous system,
assists the transformation of the carbohydrates in the body into energy
and the use of protein and fats to meet the body's needs. Vitamin B2
assists in the burning of protein, carbohydrates and fats for the provision
of bodily energy and cell renewal.
? The body's vitamin A requirement rises during pregnancy. Thanks to
the vitamin A it contains, the date improves vision and bodily resistance
and strengthens the teeth and bones. Dates are also especially rich in
helps prevent cancer by controlling molecules that attack the cells.
? In addition, unlike dates, other fruits are generally lacking in protein.121 Thanks
to this feature, dates enable the body to protect itself against illness
and infection, to renew cells and ensure fluid balance. Meat is also
a useful foodstuff but maybe not as much as the date, which is a fresh
fruit, especially at such a time. Indeed, excessive consumption of meat
during pregnancy can actually lead to toxicity in the body. It is much
better for pregnant women to choose fruit and vegetables, which are light
and easily digested.
All these facts about dates reveal Allah's infinite knowledge and compassion
for human beings. As we have seen, the benefits of the date, especially
during pregnancy and only recently established by modern medical science,
were indicated in the Qur'an many years ago.
THE FIG A FRUIT WHOSE PERFECTION HAS ONLY RECENTLY BEEN
[I swear] by the fig and the olive. (Qur'an, 95:1)
The reference to the fig in the first verse of Surat at-Tin is a most
wise one in terms of the benefits imparted by this fruit.
The Benefits of the Fig for Human Beings
Figs have a higher fibre level than
any other fruit or vegetable. One single dried fig provides two grams
(0.07 ounce)of fibre: 20% of the daily recommended intake. Research over
the last fifteen years or so has revealed that the fibre in plant foods
is very important for the regular functioning of the digestive system.
It is known that fibre in foods assists the digestive system and also
helps reduce the risk of some forms of cancer. Nutritionists describe
eating figs, which are rich in fibre, as an ideal way of increasing one's
Fibrous foodstuffs are divided into two types: soluble and insoluble.
Foods rich in insoluble fibre facilitate the passage of substances to
be expelled from the body through the intestine by adding water to them.
They thus accelerate the digestive system and ensure its regular functioning.
It has also been established that foods containing insoluble fibre have
a protective effect against colon cancer. Foods rich in soluble fibre,
on the other hand, have been shown to reduce cholesterol levels in the
blood by more than 20%. These are therefore of the greatest importance
in reducing the risk of heart attack. Excessive levels of cholesterol
in the blood collect in the arteries, hardening and narrowing them. Depending
on which organ's blood vessels the cholesterol accumulates in, disorders
connected to that organ arise. For example, if cholesterol accumulates
in the arteries that feed the heart, problems such as heart attacks result.
Accumulations of cholesterol in the kidney veins can lead to high blood
pressure and kidney deficiency. Furthermore, the intake of soluble fibre
is important in terms of regulating blood sugar by emptying the stomach
because sudden changes in blood sugar can lead to life-threatening disorders.
Indeed, societies with fibre-rich diets have been shown to have far lower
incidences of illnesses such as cancer and heart disease.122
It is also another major health advantage for soluble and insoluble
fibres to be present at one and the same time. It has been shown that
when both forms are present together, they are much more effective in
preventing cancer than when they are on their own. The presence of both
forms of fibre, soluble and insoluble, in the fig makes it a most important
foodstuff in this regard.123
Dr. Oliver Alabaster, Director of the Institute for Disease Prevention
at the George Washington University Medical Centre, refers to figs in
… [H]ere is an opportunity to add a really healthy, high fiber
food to your diet. Choosing figs and other high fiber foods more frequently
means that you'll naturally choose potentially harmful foods less frequently-and
this is great for your lifelong health.124
According to the California Fig Advisory Board, it is believed that
the antioxidants in fruit and vegetables protect against a number of
diseases. Antioxidants neutralise harmful substances (free radicals)
that arise as a result of chemical reactions in the body or else are
taken in from the outside and thus prevent the destruction of cells.
In one study performed by the University of Scranton, it was determined
that dried figs had a much higher level of the phenol makeup, which is
rich in antioxidants, than other fruits. Phenol is used as an antiseptic
to kill micro-organisms. The level of phenol in figs is much higher than
that in other fruits and vegetables.125
Another study, by Rutgers University in New Jersey, revealed that due
to the essential fatty acids omega-3 and omega-6 and phytosterol contained
in dried figs, they can play a considerable part in reducing cholesterol.126 It
is known that omega-3 and omega-6 cannot be manufactured in the body
and need to be absorbed with food. Furthermore, these fatty acids are
indispensable to the proper functioning of the heart, brain and nervous
system. Phytosterol permits the cholesterol in animal products, which
has the potential to harden the heart's arteries, to be expelled from
the body without entering the blood stream.
Despite being one of the oldest fruits known to man, the fig-described
as "nature's most nearly perfect fruit" by the California Fig Advisory
Board127 -has been rediscovered
by food producers. The nutritional value of this fruit and its health
benefits have led to its acquiring a whole new importance.
The fig can constitute a part of just about any special diet. Since
figs do not naturally contain fat, sodium or cholesterol but have high
levels of fibre, they are an ideal food for those trying to lose weight.
At the same time, figs have higher mineral contents than any other known
fruit. Forty grams (1.4 oz)of figs contains 244 mg (0.008 oz)of potassium
(7% of the daily requirement), 53 mg (0.002 oz)of calcium (6% of the
daily requirement) and 1.2 mg (0.00004 oz)of iron (6% of the daily requirement).128 The
calcium level in figs is very high: The fig ranks second after the orange
in terms of calcium content. A crate of dried figs provides the same
level of calcium as a crate of milk.
Figs are also thought of as a medicine which gives strength and energy
to long-term patients as they seek to recover. They eliminate physical
and mental difficulties and give the body strength and energy. The most
important nutritional component of figs is sugar, which comprises 51-74%
of all fruits. The sugar level in figs is one of the highest. Figs are
also recommended in the treatment of asthma, coughs and chills.
The benefits we have restricted ourselves to mentioning here are an
indication of the compassion Allah feels for human beings. Our Lord provides
the substances required by human beings in this fruit, which is so pleasant
to eat, already packaged and at the ideal levels for human health. The
way that this special blessing from Allah is mentioned in the Qur'an
may indicate the importance of the fig for human beings. (Allah knows
best.) From the point of view of human health, the nutritional value
of the fig was only established with the advance of medicine and technology.
This is another indication that the Qur'an is indisputably the word of
Allah, the Omniscient.
FISH A VALUABLE SOURCE OF NUTRATION
Anything you catch in the sea is lawful for you, and
all food from it, for your enjoyment and that of travellers… (Qur'an,
The fact the average age of people developing and dying from heart disease
is constantly decreasing has considerably increased the importance attached
to coronary health. Although a great many advances have been registered
in the treatment of heart disease, experts in the field basically recommend
that careful precautions be taken before such diseases ever arise. Experts
also recommend one important foodstuff for the healthy functioning of
the heart and the prevention of disease: fish.
The reason why fish is such an important source of nutrition is that
it both provides substances necessary for the human body and also reduces
the risk of various diseases. For example, it has been revealed that
when fish-which acts as a shield in terms of health with the omega-3
acid it contains-is consumed on a regular basis, it reduces the risk
of heart disease and strengthens the immune system.
The fact that fish, the health benefits of which have only newly been
scientifically registered, is an important nutritional source is revealed
in the Qur'an. Almighty Allah makes the following references to seafood
in the Qur'an: "It is He Who made the sea subservient to you so that
you can eat fresh flesh from it..." (Qur'an, 16:14), "Anything you catch
in the sea is lawful for you, and all food from it, for your enjoyment
and that of travellers…" (Qur'an, 5:96) Furthermore, particular
attention is drawn to fish in Surat al-Kahf, in which it is revealed
that the Prophet Musa (as) set out on a long journey with his servant
and that they took fish along with them to eat:
But when they reached their meeting-place, they forgot
their fish which quickly burrowed its way into the sea. When they had
gone a distance further on, he said to his servant, "Bring us our morning
meal. Truly this journey of ours has made us tired." He said, "Do you
see what has happened? When we went to find shelter at the rock, I
forgot the fish…" (Qur'an, 18:61-63)
It is noteworthy that in Surat al-Kahf fish should be specially chosen
as a foodstuff after a long, tiring journey. Therefore, one of the pieces
of wisdom in this tale may well be an indication of the nutritional benefits
of fish. (Allah knows best.)
In fact, when we examine the nutritional properties of fish, we encounter
some very striking facts. Fish, given to us as a blessing by our Lord,
are a perfect food, particularly in terms of protein, vitamin D and trace
elements (certain elements found in minimal quantities in the body but
which are still of great importance to it). Due to the minerals they
contain-such as phosphorus, sulphur and vanadium-fish encourages growth
and enables tissues to recover. Fish meat also assists in the formation
of healthy teeth and gums, benefits the complexion, makes the hair healthier
and contributes to the fight against bacterial infection. It also plays
an important role in the prevention of heart attacks as it beautifully
regulates the level of cholesterol in the blood. It helps the body to
break down and use starch and fats, making it stronger and more energetic.
On the other hand, it also influences the functioning of mental activities.
In the event that the vitamin D and other minerals contained in fish
are not consumed in sufficient quantities, disorders such as rickets
(bone weakness), gum disease, goitre and hyperthyroid may all arise.129
In addition, modern science has also discovered that the omega-3 fatty
acids in fish also occupy an important place in human health. These fats
have even been described as essential fatty acids.
The Benefits of Omega-3 in Fish Oil
There are two kinds of unsaturated fatty acid in fish oil which are
particularly important for our health: EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and
DHA (docosahexaenoic acid). EPA and DHA are known as polyunsaturated
fats and contain the important omega-3 fatty acids. Since the fatty acids
omega-3 and omega-6 are not manufactured in the human body, they need
to be taken in from the outside.
There is a large body of evidence relating to the benefits to human
health of fish oil, the actual benefit stemming from its omega-3 fatty
acid content. Despite being present in vegetable oils, these omega-3
fatty acids are less effective in relation to human health. However,
marine plankton is very effective at turning omega-3 into EPA and DHA.
When fish eat plankton, their constitution becomes much richer in EPA
and DHA. That, in turn, makes fish one of the richest sources of these
vitally important fatty acids.130
Vital Benefits of the Fatty Acids Found in Fish
One of the main features of the fatty acids in fish is the contribution
they make to the body's energy production. These fatty acids carry out
electron transfers by attaching themselves to oxygen in the body and
permit energy to be produced for various chemical processes within it.
There is therefore considerable evidence that a diet rich in fish oil
helps combat fatigue and increases mental and physical capacity. Omega-3
increases the individual's powers of concentration as much as it does
his or her energy levels. There is a scientific foundation to the old
saying "fish is good for the brain": The main compound in brain fat is
DHA, which contains omega-3 fatty acids.131
The Importance of Fish for a Healthy Heart and
The omega-3 fatty acid in fish is acknowledged to protect against cardiovascular
disease by reducing blood pressure and the cholesterol and triglyceride
in the blood.132 Triglyceride
is a form of fat and resembles LDL (bad cholesterol) which is high in
fat and low in protein content. A raised triglyceride level, especially
together with high cholesterol, increases the risk of heart disease.
In addition, fish oils reduce life-threatening post-heart attack abnormal
In one study by the American Medical Association, it was observed that
heart attack levels in women eating five portions of fish a week fell
by one-third. This is thought to stem from the omega-3 fatty acids in
fish oil causing less blood clotting. The normal speed of blood in our
veins is 60 kmph (37.3 mph) and it is of vital importance for the blood
to be of the right viscosity and for the density, quantity and speed
to be at normal levels. The worst danger for our blood-apart from normal
conditions of bleeding-is for it to clot and lose the ability to flow
properly. Fish oils are also effective in reducing blood clotting by
preventing the thrombocytes in the blood (blood platelets that concentrate
the blood in the event of bleeding) from adhering to one another. Otherwise,
blood thickening can lead to narrowing of the arteries. In turn, this
can lead to many organs in the body-especially the heart, brain, eyes
and kidneys-receiving an inadequate blood supply, function deceleration
and eventually, loss of function. For example, when an artery is totally
blocked on account of clotting this can lead to heart attack, paralysis
or other disorders, depending on the location of the artery.
Omega-3 fatty acids also play an important role in the production of
the molecule haemoglobin, that carries oxygen in the red blood cells,
and in controlling the nutrients passing through the cell membrane. They
also prevent the damaging effects of fats harmful to the body. Research
reveals that omega-3 fatty acids found in fish reduce the risk of heart
Importance for the Development of New Born Babies
Being an important component of the
brain and eye, omega-3 fatty acids have been the subject of research,
especially over the last 10 years, in connection with the needs of new
born babies. There is a considerable body of evidence relating to the
importance of omega-3 to the development of the foetus in the mother's
womb and of the new-born baby. Omega-3 is of the greatest importance
for the proper development of the brain and nerves throughout pregnancy
and in early babyhood. Scientists emphasise the importance of mother's
milk since it is a natural and perfect store of omega-3.134
Benefits for Joint Health
The major risk in rheumatoid arthritis (a painful joint condition linked
to rheumatism) is that of wearing of the joints, leading to irreparable
damage. It has been proven that a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids prevents
arthritis and reduces discomfort in swollen and sensitive joints.135
Benefits Regarding the Healthy Functioning of the
Brain and Nervous System
A large number of studies have revealed the effects of omega-3 fatty
acids on the healthy functioning of the brain and nerves. In addition,
it has been shown that fish oil reinforcement can reduce symptoms of
depression and schizophrenia and prevent Alzheimer's disease (a brain
disease which causes loss of memory and hinders day-to-day activities).
For example, reductions in such problems as anxiety, stress and sleeping
difficulties have been observed in individuals suffering from depression
who took 1 gram (0.035 oz) of omega-3 fatty acid over a period of 12
Benefits against Inflammatory Disorders and Strengthening
of the Immune System
At the same time, omega-3 fatty acids have an anti-inflammatory (preventing inflammation that is, the condition of swelling, redness and pain) function. Omega-3 can therefore be employed in the following
*Rheumatoid arthritis (joint inflammation linked to rheumatism),
"*Osteoarthritis (a form of arthritis gradually degenerating the
functions of joints)
*Ulcerative colitis (ulcers linked to the inflammation of the colon),
*Lupus (a disease which causes patches on the skin).
*It also protects myelin (the material surrounding nerve cells). It
is therefore used in the treatment of
*Glaucoma (an eye disorder marked by abnormally high pressure within
the eyeball that may even lead to blindness)
*Multiple sclerosis (a serious progressive disease resulting from tissue
hardening in the brain and spinal cord),
*Osteoporosis (a disease leading to structural weakening in the bone
*In addition, it is also reported to be useful in the treatment of
*Anorexia (a possibly fatal eating disorder)
* Problems concerning skin health.
There is also wide-ranging evidence that societies such as the Greenland
Eskimos and Japanese, who eat a lot of fish, rich in omega-3 fatty acid,
have a much lower incidence of heart and artery disease, asthma and psoriasis.
Fish is therefore recommended as a form of treatment and is particularly
recommended by nutritionists on account of its proven benefits for coronary
Additional benefits to those outlined above are emerging every day.
Moreover, it has only been possible to reveal the health benefits of
fish by a great many scientists working in well-equipped research laboratories.
The fact that such a valuable source of nutrition is indicated in the
Qur'an, and especially that it is described as a fatigue eliminator in
Surat al-Kahf, is nothing short of awe-inspiring. All the benefits provided
by fish are a great blessing given us by our Lord. As with all foods,
it is Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, Who has created the superior structure
in fish for our benefit.
PORK AND ITS HARMFUL EFFECTS ON HEALTH
He has only forbidden you carrion, blood and pork
and what has been consecrated to other than Allah. But anyone who is
forced to eat it-without desiring it or going to excess in it-commits
no crime. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Qur'an, 2:173)
pork is harmful to health in a great many regards. This harm still persists
today, despite all the precautions that are taken. First and foremost,
no matter how clean the farms and environments on which it is raised
may be, the pig is not by nature a clean-living animal. It often plays
in, and even eats, its own excrement. Due to this and its biological
structure, the pig produces much higher levels of antibodies in its body
than other animals. In addition, far higher levels of growth hormone
are produced in the pig compared to those in other animals and human
beings. Naturally, these high levels of antibodies and growth hormone
pass across to and collect in the pig's muscle tissue. Pork meat also
contains high levels of cholesterol and lipids. It has been scientifically
proven that these significant amounts of antibodies, hormones, cholesterol
and lipids in pork represent a serious threat to human health.
The existence of above-average numbers of obese individuals in the populations
of countries such as the USA and Germany, in which large quantities of
pork are consumed, is now well-known. When exposed to excessive quantities
of growth hormone as a result of a pork-based diet, the human body first
puts on excessive weight and then suffers physical deformations.
Another harmful substance in pork is the "trichina" worm. This is frequently
found in pork and when it enters the human body, it settles directly
in the muscles of the heart and represents a possibly fatal threat. Even
though it is now technically possible to identify pigs that are infected
with trichina, no such methods were known in earlier centuries. That
means that everyone who ate pork risked infection by trichina and possible
All these reasons are just a part of the wisdom in our Lord's prohibition
on the consumption of pork. Moreover, this commandment of our Lord's
provides complete protection from the harmful effects of pork under any
Until the 20th century, it was impossible to be aware of the danger
posed to human health by pork. The fact that the Qur'an, revealed fourteen
centuries ago, warns against this harm which has been incontrovertibly
revealed with modern medical equipment and biological tests, is one of
the miracles demonstrating that the Qur'an is the revelation of Allah,
the Omniscient. Despite all the precautionary measures and inspections
that take place in modern-day pig rearing, the fact that pork is physiologically
incompatible with the human body and is a variety of meat harmful to
human health has not altered.
THE WISDOM BEHIND THE PROHIBITION OF BLOOD IN THE QUR’AN
He has only forbidden you carrion, blood and pork and what has been consecrated to other than Allah. But anyone who is forced to eat it – without desiring it or going to excess in it – commits no crime. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surat al-Baqara, 173)
The wisdom behind Allah’s prohibition of blood emerged during the 20th century. By carrying vitamins, hormones, oxygen and substances such as protein, sugar and fat absorbed during digestion to the cells, blood makes it possible for life to survive. On the other hand, it also carries various toxins and waste products that need to be expelled from the body. One of the most important tasks performed by blood is to transport substances such as urea, uric acid, keratin and carbon dioxide that need to be removed from the body.
Therefore, in the event that significant quantities of blood are consumed, the level of products in the body that should be expelled will rise considerably. That will increase the levels of urea, harmful substances transported to the kidneys for expulsion from the body. This can impair brain functions and even result in coma. That is why, because of its very nature, there will always be harmful compounds in blood, even if taken from healthy animals. If it is taken from a sick animal, various parasites and germs will also be transmitted in it. In that event, the germs may multiply and spread throughout the body. And that is the real danger. If someone consumes blood, all the germs and waste products in it may spread through the body and lead to such diseases as kidney insufficiency or liver coma. In addition, most of the microbes carried in the blood may cause other diseases by damaging the lining of the stomach and the intestines.
What is more, blood is not a sterile environment; to put it another way, it is ideal for germs to grow in. (http://www.explorepub.com/articles/enderlein1.html; Karl Windstosser, Polymorphic Symbionts as Potential Cofactors in Cancer Processes", Explore, Vol. 7, no. 6, 1997.) Since microbes have excellent opportunities to feed in blood, it represents an ideal environment for them. When in equilibrium with the functions of the other fluids in the body and the immune system, blood does not support micro-organisms, and therefore disease. In a healthy individual, these micro-organisms live by making use of one another inside the body. When that environment is seriously impaired, when the internal equilibrium is damaged, in other words, they may turn into micro-organisms that cause disease when they find the appropriate surroundings.
For example, when the blood pH level (acid and alkali balance) is imbalanced because of poor nutrition or harmful chemicals, harmless microbes can change into ones that cause disease. If the body is to be healthy, the pH level of the blood should be around 7.3. Even small variations in that level may cause that balance to be impaired and cause micro-organisms to become more harmful in order to adapt to their surroundings. Blood being sterile may be compared to milk going off when left outside. Microbes already present in the blood exhibit harmful effects by adapting to their new environment. (http://biomedx.com/microscopes/rrintro/rr2.html)
In addition to all this, blood is not suitable for use as a food product. The level of digestible proteins such as albumin, globulin and fibrinogen is low; just 8 grams in 100 ml. of blood. The same applies to fats. In addition, blood contains a high level of hemoglobin, a complex protein that is very difficult to digest and is unacceptable to the stomach. When blood clots, the protein fibrinogen gives rise to a plate containing erythrocytes (red blood corpuscles) by turning into fibrin. Fibrin is one of the hardest proteins to digest, thus making blood even more difficult to digest. In conclusion, health experts agree that blood is unfit for human consumption in any form.
After saying: “Unlawful for you are carrion, blood and pork, and what has been consecrated to other than Allah, and animals which have been strangled, and animals which have been killed by a blow, and animals which have fallen to their death, and animals which have been gored, and animals which wild beasts have eaten – except those you are able to slaughter properly – and animals which have been sacrificed on altars, and deciding things by means of divining arrows – that is deviance….” Almighty Allah goes on to say…” But if anyone is forced by hunger, not intending any wrongdoing, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful” (meaning that an exception can be made.) (Surat al-Ma’ida, 3) People of the time were unaware of the wisdom behind it, but were protected by abiding by Allah’s prohibition. Those who believe and trust in Allah and comply with His commandments and prohibitions will enjoy auspicious lives in terms of the Hereafter and also live under Allah’s protection and infinite mercy.
THE OLIVE A HEALTH GIVING PLANT
One of the foods to which attention is drawn in the Qur'an is the olive.
Research in recent years has revealed that the olive is not just a delicious
food but also represents an important source of good health. In addition
to the olive itself, olive oil is also an important source of nutrition.
Attention is drawn to the oil of the olive tree in these terms in the
Allah is the light of the heavens and the Earth. The
metaphor of His light is that of a niche in which is a lamp, the lamp
inside a glass, the glass like a brilliant star, lit from a blessed
tree, an olive, neither of the east nor of the west, its oil all but
giving off light even if no fire touches it. Light upon light. Allah
guides to His light whoever He wills and Allah makes metaphors for
humanity and Allah has knowledge of all things. (Qur'an, 24:35)
The expression "mubaarakatin zaytoonatin" in the above verse describes
the olive as being "plentiful, sacred, auspicious, providing countless
blessings." Olive oil, referred to in the term "zaytuhaa," is known as
one of the most highly recommended types of oil by all experts, especially
for coronary and arterial health. Its health benefits may be summarised
*Benefits for Coronary and Arterial Health:
Most of the fatty acids in olives and
olive oil are mono-unsaturated. Mono-unsaturated fatty acids do not contain
cholesterol. Therefore, olive oil does not raise cholesterol levels but
instead keeps them under control. Olive oil also contains omega-6 linoleic
acid (EFA: essential fatty acid), which is essential for the human body.
Due to this feature, health-related bodies (such as The World Health
Organization) recommend that at least 30% of the fatty acid consumed
in societies in which hardened artery and diabetes levels are high should
consist of omega-6. This increases the importance of the olive still
Studies in this area have revealed much lower LDL (bad cholesterol)
and higher antioxidant levels in people who consume 25 millilitres (about
two dessertspoonfuls) of natural olive oil a day for one week.139 Antioxidants
are important as they neutralise the harmful substances in the body known
as free radicals and prevent cell damage. It has also been established
in a great many studies that the consumption of olive oil reduces cholesterol
levels and prevents heart disease.140
Olive oil is also recommended for patients with heart and artery disease
since it reduces the level of harmful cholesterol (LDL) in the bloodstream
and raises that of useful cholesterol (HDL).141 In
countries with high occurrences of heart and artery diseases, saturated
fats with high cholesterol content are generally consumed.
In addition, olive oil does not disrupt the proportion of omega-6 to
that of omega-3. It is very important that omega-3 and omega-6 be present
in the body at specific levels because any imbalance in these proportions
can lead to progression in many diseases, especially those of the heart
and immune system and cancer.142 For
all these reasons, many people enjoy good health thanks to olive oil.
The American Heart Association suggests that in order to reduce the risk
of heart disease high mono-unsaturated fats can be an alternative to
a 30% reduced fat diet.143
One study, published by The Archives of Internal Medicine, showed that
women who consume high levels of mono-unsaturated fat have a lower risk
of developing breast cancer.144 Another
study by scientists at the University at Buffalo, The State University
of New York demonstrated that b-sitosterol, a fat found in vegetable
oils such as olive oil, helps prevent the formation of prostate cancer
cells. The researchers concluded that b-sitosterol strengthens the internal
communication system of the cell that issues the command for the cells
to divide and that cancer can thus be prevented before cell division
reaches an uncontrollable level.
A recent study by doctors at the University of Oxford has shown that
olive oil has a protective effect against intestinal cancer. The doctors
discovered that olive oil enters into a reaction with stomach acid in
order to prevent intestinal cancer from beginning. At the same time,
the University of Oxford researchers also established that olive oil
reduces the level of bile and raises that of DAO (the enzyme diamine
oxidase), thus protecting against abnormal cell growth and cancer.145
*Prevention of Arthritis
According to researchers' reports, people who consume large quantities
of olive oil and cooked vegetables can have a reduced risk of rheumatic
arthritis, a chronic inflammatory disease of the joints.
*Olive Oil Assists Bone Development
The vitamins E, A, D and K contained in olive oil are particularly important
from the point of view of assisting bone development in adults and children,
and in strengthening the bones by fixing calcium. It is also recommended
for the elderly as it is easily digested and through its minerals, it
assists with the use of vitamins in the body. It also prevents calcium
loss by stimulating bone mineralisation.146 Bones
are the organism's mineral structure storehouses and an absence of mineral
accumulation in the bones can lead to serious complications such as bone
softening. Olive oil has a most beneficial effect on the skeleton in
*Prevention of Aging
Since the vitamins contained in olive oil have a cell renewing effect
they are also employed in the treatment of the elderly, as well as nourishing
and protecting the skin. As foodstuffs are transformed into energy in
our bodies, certain substances known as oxidants are formed. With the
high levels of anti-oxidants it contains, olive oil prevents damage by
harmful substances, renews our cells and delays aging in the tissues
and organs. Olive oil is also rich in vitamin E, which suppresses the
free radicals that destroy the cells in our bodies and cause aging.
*Contribution to Child Development
to the linoleic acid (omega-6 fatty acid) contained in olives and olive
oil, these are a most healthy food for newborn babies and growing children.
A deficiency in linoleic acid leads to the emergence of a retardation
of development in babyhood and various skin disorders.147
Olive oil contains anti-oxidant elements that prevent the destructive
effects of harmful substances in our bodies, and fatty acids of great
importance to human health. These support the hormones and assist in
cell membrane formation.
Olive oil possesses a balanced polyunsaturated compound at a similar
level to that in human milk. Olive oil is a sufficient source of these
fatty acids, which cannot be obtained from the human body but which are
of the most essential importance to it. These factors make olive oil
very important for new-born babies.
Since it contributes to the natural development of the baby's brain
and nervous system before and after birth, olive oil is the only oil
recommended for mothers by experts. As well as containing similar levels
of linoleic acid to those of mother's milk, when olive oil is added to
fatless cow's milk, it becomes as natural a food source as mother's milk
*Blood Pressure Reduction
One study published in the 27 March 2000 edition of Archives of Internal
Medicine once more stressed the beneficial effect of olive oil on high
blood pressure. Medicines to reduce high blood pressure are also made
from olive leaves.
*Benefits for the Internal Organs
Whether consumed hot or cold, olive oil protects the stomach against
diseases such as gastritis and ulcers by reducing gastric acid levels.149 In
addition to this, by activating the bile, it makes it perfect. It regulates
the discharge of the gall bladder and reduces the risk of bile stone
formation.150 Moreover, thanks
to the chloride it contains, it also assists the functioning of the liver
and thus helps the body eliminate waste products. In addition, it also
has a beneficial effect on the brain arteries.151
On account of all these properties, olive oil has attracted considerable
expert attention in recent years.152 Some
of the comments made by experts are as follows:
Jean Carper, a prominent authority in the field of health and nutrition,
the CNN award-winning correspondent, columnist and author of The Food
Pharmacy and Food-Your Miracle Medicine:
New Italian research finds olive oil contains antioxidants... that combat
disease processes, including LDL cholesterol's ability to clog arteries.
Pat Baird, a dietician and nutrition consultant:
I love the whole idea of olive oil's versatility... the more we know
about it, the more we learn about its great contribution to good health.
Dr. Dimitrios Trichopoulos, chairman of the Department of Epidemiology,
Harvard University School of Public Health:
American women might actually experience as much as a fifty percent
(50%) reduction in breast cancer risk if they consumed more olive oil
in place of saturated fats.
Olive oil has a protective effect against some types of malignant tumors:
prostate, breast, colon, squamous cell, and oesophageal.
D. Peck of the School of Medicine, University of
Olive oil has been shown to strengthen the immune system in mice...
Bruno Berra of the Institute of General Physiology and Biological Chemistry,
University of Milan:
… [T]he minor polar components of extra virgin olive oil increase
significantly the resistance of LDL to oxidation.
A.A. Rivellese, G. Riccardi and M. Mancini of the Institute of Internal
Medicine and Metabolic Diseases at Federico II University, Naples:
Olive oil prevents insulin resistance and ensures better control of
the glucose in the blood.
Patrizia Galletti of the Second University of Naples, Faculty of Medicine
Dietary intake of olive oil polyphenols may lower the risk of reactive
oxygen metabolite-mediated diseases such as some gastrointestinal diseases
and atherosclerosis. Olive oil hydroxytyrosol protects human erythrocytes
against oxidative damage.
Frank Sacks of the Harvard School of Public Health:
An olive-oil-rich diet is more effective than a low-fat diet in controlling
and treating obesity. Moreover, it leads to longer-lasting weight loss
and it is easier to keep to…
As we have seen, a great many scientists today think that an olive oil-based
diet constitutes the ideal nutritional model. It is stated that on account
of these properties, olives and olive oil should be the fundamental constituents
of every meal in one's daily nutrition programme. The benefits of the
olive plant, emphasised by Allah in many verses of the Qur'an, have been
discovered in parallel to the advances made by medical science.
It is He Who sends down water from the sky. From it
you drink and from it come the shrubs among which you graze your herds.
And by it He makes crops grow for you and olives and dates and grapes
and fruit of every kind. There is certainly a Sign in that for people
who reflect. (Qur'an, 16:10-11)
CORONARY BY-PASS SURGERY
Didn't We open up and expand your breast for you and
remove your load from you which weighed down your back? Did We not
raise your renown high? For truly with hardship comes ease; truly with
hardship comes ease. (Qur'an, 94:1-6)
In order for it to survive and function, every organ needs to be nourished
by means of the blood. Blood flows to the heart through the coronary
artery. In cases of hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis), narrowing
and blockages can arise in these arteries. When the condition progresses,
the passage of the blood is obstructed and the heart receives insufficient
supply. This leads to chest pains, which show that the heart is unable
to function properly and also to heart attacks.
The expression "A lam nashrah laka sadraka" in the above verse-translated
as "Didn't we open up and expand your breast for you…"-may be
a sign of heart disorders of this kind and present-day coronary by-pass
surgery. (Allah knows best.) That is because the first meaning of the
term "lam nashrah" expresses the verb "to cut open flesh and similar
substances." Indeed, in such operations, the heart is accessed by splitting
the breastbone into two. As a result of the operation, the blood is enabled
to flow again and chest pain is eliminated. The term "expand" in the
above verse may be a sign of the removal of such congestion of the arteries.
Furthermore, it is most wise that immediately after
this Sura Allah should swear by the olive, which is so beneficial to
the heart. (Qur'an, 95:1)
HEALTH BENEFITS OF MOVEMENT, WASHING AND DRINKING WATER
One of the forms of behaviour noted in the Qur'an is concealed in a
revelation vouchsafed to the Prophet Ayyub (as):
Remember Our servant Ayyub when he called on his Lord: "Satan
has afflicted me with exhaustion and suffering." "Stamp your foot!
Here is a cool bath and water to drink." (Qur'an, 38:41-42)
One of the pieces of advice given to Prophet Ayyub (as) by Allah in
the face of the exhaustion and suffering inflicted by Satan is "stamping
the foot." This expression in the verse may be indicating the benefits
of movement or sport.
During sport, blood flow is accelerated, particularly by the movement
of long muscles such as those in the legs (isometric movements) and the
level of oxygen reaching the cells increases. As a result, the individual's
fatigue is eliminated and he or she is energised as toxic substances
are expelled from the body.153 At
the same time, the body acquires increased resistance to microbes. People
who take regular exercise possess broad, clean arteries and this has
the effect of preventing them from clogging and thus of preventing heart
disease.154 In addition, regular
exercise plays a role in the prevention of diabetes by regularising the
blood sugar balance. The beneficial effects of sport on the liver raise
the levels of good cholesterol.155
What is more, walking barefoot is a very effective method of releasing
the static electricity accumulated by the body. It serves as a kind of
earthing of the body.
As emphasised in the verse, washing is also known to be the most effective
method of discharging the static electricity in the body. In addition
to providing physical cleanliness, washing also reduces stress and tension.
Washing therefore has a curative effect on many physical and psychological
disorders, especially stress and fevers.
In the verse, in addition to washing, drinking water is also recommended.
The beneficial effects of water on all organs of the body cannot be ignored.
The health of many organs-such as the sweat glands, the stomach, the
intestines, the kidneys and the skin-is directly related to the presence
of adequate amounts of water in the body. The treatment of all such disorders,
as may arise in this field, is possible by means of providing extra water.
The answer to fatigue, tiredness and drowsiness is again to increase
the level of water in the body and thus to cleanse it of impurities.
Implementing each of these recommendations, of vital
importance to our physical and mental health, will bring about the
ideal results. Each of these recommendations is also a manifestation
of the verse "We send down in the Qur'an that which is a healing and
a mercy to the believers…" (Qur'an, 17:82)
THE EXISTENCE OF MICROSCOPIC LIFE
Glory be to Him Who created all the pairs: from what
the earth produces and from themselves and from things unknown to them.
… And He creates other things you do not know.
above verses indicate the existence of life forms unknown to people at
the time of the revelation of the Qur'an. Indeed, with the discovery
of the microscope, new living things too small to be seen with the naked
eye have also been discovered by man. People have therefore begun to
learn about the existence of these life forms, indicated in the Qur'an.
Other verses which point to the existence of micro-organisms, which are
invisible to the naked eye and generally consist of a single cell, read:
… He is the Knower of the Unseen, Whom not
even the weight of the smallest particle eludes, either in the heavens
or in the earth; nor is there anything smaller or larger than that
which is not in a Clear Book. (Qur'an, 34:3)
… Not even the smallest speck eludes your Lord,
either on earth or in heaven. Nor is there anything smaller than that,
or larger, which is not in a Clear Book. (Qur'an, 10:61)
There are 20 times more members of this secret world, which is spread
all over the planet, micro-organisms in other words, than there are animals
on Earth. These micro-organisms, invisible to the naked eye, comprise
bacteria, viruses, fungi, algae and Acarina (mites and ticks). They also
constitute an important element in the balance of life on Earth. For
example, the nitrogen cycle, one of the fundamental components of the
formation of life on Earth, is made possible by bacteria. Root fungi
are the most important element in plants being able to take up minerals
from the soil. The bacteria on our tongues prevent us being poisoned
by food containing nitrates, such as salad stuffs and meat. At the same
time, certain bacteria and algae possess the ability to make photosynthesis,
the fundamental element in life on Earth, and share that task with plants.
Some members of the Acarina family decompose organic substances and turn
them into foodstuffs suitable for plants. As we have seen, these tiny
life forms, about which we have only learned with modern technological
equipment, are essential to human life.
Fourteen centuries ago, the Qur'an indicated the existence of living
things beyond those which can be seen with the naked eye. This is another
spectacular miracle contained within the verses of the Qur'an. (See Harun
Yahya, The Miracle of the Microworld)
THE EXISTENCE OF ANIMAL SOCIETIES
There is no creature crawling on the Earth or flying
creature, flying on its wings, who are not communities just like yourselves… (Qur'an,
As a result of modern-day animal and
bird ecology study, we know that all animals and birds live in the form
of separate societies. Lengthy and wide-ranging studies have shown that
there is a rather systematic social order among animals.
Honey bees, for example, whose social life amazes scientists, build
their nests in colonies in tree hollows or other covered areas. A bee
colony consists of a queen, a few hundred males and 10-80,000 workers.
As we have already mentioned, there is only one queen in every colony
and her fundamental task is that of laying eggs. In addition, she secretes
important substances which maintain the unity of the colony and allow
the system within the hive to function. The males' only function is to
fertilise the queen. All other functions-such as building honey combs
in the hive, gathering food, creating royal jelly, regulating the temperature
of the hive, cleanliness and defence-are carried out by the workers.
There is order in every phase of life in the hive. All duties, from caring
for the larvae to provision of the general needs of the hive, are performed
Despite having the greatest numbers in the world, ants also exhibit
an order which can serve as an example to human beings in many areas:
technology, collective labour, military strategy, an advanced communications
network, a hierarchical order, discipline and flawless town planning.
Ants live in societies known as colonies and in such order amongst themselves
that one could even say that they have a civilisation similar to that
of human beings.
As ants produce and store their food, they also watch over their young,
defend the colony and wage war against their enemies. There are even
colonies which engage in "sewing," "agriculture" and "animal rearing." These
animals have a very powerful communications network amongst themselves.
Their social organisation and expertise are far superior to any other
living thing. (See Harun Yahya, The Miracle in the Ant, Goodword Books,
Communal animals with ordered lives also operate together in the face
of danger. For instance, when birds of prey such as hawks or owls enter
the area, smaller birds surround these birds en masse. They then produce
a special sound to draw other birds to the area. The aggressive behaviour
displayed by small birds en masse generally drives birds of prey away.156
A flock of birds flying together protects all its members in the same
way. For instance, a flock of starlings flying together leave a wide
distance between one another. When they see a hawk, however, they close
the distance between them. They thus make it harder for the hawk to dive
in amidst the flock. Even if the hawk does so, it will be acting to its
own detriment. Its wings will be damaged and it will be unable to hunt.157 Mammals
also act in consort when there is an attack on the group. For example,
zebras take their young into the middle of the herd when they flee from
enemies. Dolphins also swim in groups and fight off their greatest enemy,
sharks, as a group.158
There are countless examples of and a great many details concerning
the social lives of animals. These facts acquired about animals are the
result of long years of research. As we have seen, the information about
animals given in the Qur'an-as in all areas-shows that the book of Islam
is indeed the word of Allah.