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Harun Yahya - The Collapse of the Theory of Evolution
The Collapse of the Theory of Evolution
There is no concrete fossil evidence to support the "ape-man" image,
which is unceasingly indoctrinated by the media and evolutionist academic
circles. With brushes in their hands, evolutionists produce imaginary
creatures, yet the fact that these drawings have no matching fossils constitutes
a serious problem for them. One of the interesting methods they employ
to overcome this problem is to "produce" the fossils they cannot find.
The Piltdown Man, the biggest scandal in the history of science, is
a typical example of this method.
Piltdown Man: An Orang-utan Jaw and a Human Skull!
A well-known doctor and also an amateur paleoanthropologist, Charles
Dawson came out with an assertion that he had found a jawbone and a cranial
fragment in a pit in Piltdown, England in 1912. Even though the jawbone
was more ape-like, the teeth and the skull were like a man's. These specimens
were labelled the "Piltdown Man". Alleged to be 500 thousand years old,
they were displayed as an absolute proof of human evolution in several
museums. For more than 40 years, many scientific articles were written
on the "Piltdown Man", many interpretations and drawings were made, and
the fossil was presented as an important evidence of human evolution.
No less than five hundred doctoral theses were written on the subject.45
The famous American paleoanthropologist
Henry Fairfield Osborn said "we have to be reminded over and over again
that Nature is full of paradoxes and this is an astonishing finding about
early man" while he was visiting the British Museum in 1935.46
In 1949, Kenneth Oakley from the British Museum's paleontology department
attempted to try the method of "fluorine testing", a new test used for
determining the date of some old fossils. A trial was made on the fossil
of the Piltdown Man. The result was astounding. During the test, it was
realised that the jawbone of the Piltdown Man did not contain any fluorine.
This indicated that it had remained buried no more than a few years. The
skull, which contained only a small amount of fluorine, showed that it
was only a few thousand years old.
The latest chronological studies made with the fluorine method have revealed
that the skull is only a few thousand years old. It was determined that
the teeth in the jawbone belonging to an orang-utan had been worn down
artificially and that the "primitive" tools discovered with the fossils
were simple imitations that had been sharpened with steel implements.47In the detailed analysis completed by Weiner, this forgery
was revealed to the public in 1953. The skull belonged to a 500-year-old
man, and the mandibular bone belonged to a recently dead ape! The teeth
were thereafter specially arranged in an array and added to the jaw and
the joints were filed in order to resemble that of a man. Then all these
pieces were stained with potassium dichromate to give them a dated appearance.
These stains began to disappear when dipped in acid. Le Gros Clark, who
was in the team that disclosed the forgery, could not hide his astonishment
at this situation and said that "the evidences of artificial abrasion
immediately sprang to the eye. Indeed so obvious did they seem it may
well be asked - how was it that they had escaped notice before?"48 In the wake of all this, "Piltdown Man" was hurriedly
removed from the British Museum where it had been displayed for more than
Nebraska Man: A Pig's Tooth
In 1922, Henry Fairfield Osborn, the manager of the American Museum of
Natural History, declared that he had found a fossil molar tooth in West
Nebraska near Snake Brook belonging to the Pliocene period. This tooth
allegedly bore the common characteristics of both man and ape. Deep scientific
arguments began in which some interpreted this tooth to be of Pithecanthropus
erectus while others claimed it was closer to human beings. This fossil,
which aroused extensive debate, was called the "Nebraska Man". It was
also immediately given a "scientific name": Hesperopithecus haroldcooki.
The picture on the left was drawn on the basis of a single tooth
and it was published in the Illustrated London News magazine on
July 24, 1922. However ,
evolutionists were extremely disappointed when it was revealed that
this tooth belonged neither to an ape-like creature nor to a man,
but rather to an extinct species of pig.
Many authorities gave Osborn their support. Based on this single tooth,
reconstructions of the Nebraska Man's head and body were drawn. Moreover,
the Nebraska Man was even pictured along with his wife and children, as
a whole family in a natural setting.
All of these scenarios were developed from just one tooth. Evolutionist
circles accredited this "ghost man" to such an extent that when a researcher
named William Bryan opposed these biased decisions relying on a single
tooth, he was harshly criticised.
In 1927, other parts of the skeleton were also found. According to these
newly-discovered pieces, the tooth belonged neither to a man nor to an
ape. It was realised that it belonged to an extinct species of wild American
pig called prosthennops. William Gregory entitled his article published
in Science magazine where he announced this fault as: "Hesperopithecus:
Apparently not an ape nor a man".49 Then
all the drawings of Hesperopithecus haroldcooki and "his family" were
hurriedly removed from evolutionary literature.These scandals demonstrate
that evolutionist scientists do not hesitate to employ any kind of unscientific
method to prove their theory. Bearing this point in mind, when we look
at the other so-called evidence of the "human evolution" myth, we confront
a similar situation. Here there are a fictional story and an army of volunteers
ready to try everything to verify this story.
45 Malcolm Muggeridge, The End of Christendom,
Grand Rapids, Eerdmans, 1980, p. 59. 46 Stephen Jay Gould, "Smith Woodward's Folly", New Scientist,
February 5, 1979, p. 44. 47 Kenneth Oakley, William Le Gros Clark & J. S, "Piltdown",
Meydan Larousse, Vol 10, p. 133. 48 Stephen Jay Gould, "Smith Woodward's Folly", New Scientist,
April 5, 1979, p. 44. 49 W. K. Gregory, "Hesperopithecus Apparently Not An Ape Nor
A Man", Science, Vol 66, December 1927, p. 579.
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