Indications from the hadith that Gog and Magog are likely to be world wars I and II
Our Prophet (saas) has revealed that the human society known as “Gog and Magog” is one of the portents of Doomsday. The appearance of Gog and Magog in the End Times, shortly before the coming of Hazrat Mahdi (as), became a reality with the First and Second World Wars. (Allah knows the truth.) It appears from the hadith of our Prophet (saas) that "Hazrat Mahdi (as) will rule over the world just like Dhu'l-Qarnayn (as) and Sulayman (as)." 1 That there are indications of the End Times in the story of Dhu’l-Qarnayn, in which the tribe of Gog and Magog is mentioned.
In the Qur’an, Gog and Magog are a people noteworthy as a bloodthirsty movement opposed to Allah. There have always been corrupt movements opposed to Allah; but the real global corruption took place in the End Times in World Wars I and II.
The want experienced in this time of corruption can be seen in the following hadith of our Prophet (saas):
"... The peoples of Gog and Magog will flood down from high places, such as mountains and hills, and will infect people and eat everything and drink lakes dry, as a result of which there will be a great famine." 2
“Gog and Magog… will attack people and drink all their water, and people will begin to flee from them …" 3
“Gog and Magog will come down. As Almighty Allah says, ‘They will flow down from high places,’ and infect people, and Muslims will flee from them and retire to the cities and their castles and will take their animals with them. Gog and Magog will drink the waters of the earth and when they come to a river they will drink it dry, and those who come after them will say, ‘There used to be water here.’ When nobody remains who has not entered special shelters, their spokesman will say, ‘We have been saved from the people of the earth, now it is the turn of the people of the sky...’ 4
The hadith may be indicating the climate of trouble, famine and difficulty between the world wars. (Allah knows the truth.) The wars involved cities, and people fled the bombing from the ground and sky by moving into shelters. These hadith emphasize the misery and poverty of those days.
In another hadith, our Prophet (saas) reveals that Gog and Magog are a human society made up of various peoples:
“Gog and Magog consist of 22 tribes...” 5
In that regard, Gog and Magog refer to the alliance of communist and fascist countries that joined forces in the world wars. (Allah knows the truth.)
We also know from other hadith of our Prophet (saas) that the people Gog and Magog will "spread corruption"6 and "be a community of deniers,"7 In one hadith our Prophet (saas) states:
“On the night of the Ascension [the Miraj], Allah sent me to Gog and Magog; I called them to the religion, but they refused ... For that reason, they will go to Hell together with those of the line of Adam and satan who rebelled against Allah.” 8